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Full text of "Eckerd College on Florida's Gulf Coast 2006-2008 Catalog"

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CONTENTS 

Introductimi Page 1 

Commitments o\ Eckerd College 2 

Academic Program 5 

Descriptions of Courses and Majors 29 

Campus and Student Life 115 

Admission 120 

Financial Aid 124 

Expenses 129 

Faculty 133 

Administration 138 

Board of Trustees 140 

Academic Calendars 141 

Index 143 

Campus Map 146 



SECOND EDITION, July 2007 



«lll.. 



EcKERD College 



AN INTRODUCTION 

The mission of Eckerd College is to provide an undergraduate liberal arts education 
and lifelong learning programs of the highest quality in the unique environment of 
Florida, within the context of a strong relationship with the Presbyterian Church 
and in a spirit of innovation. 

Eckerd College is accredited by the Commission on Colleges ot the Southern 
Association of Colleges and Schools to award the Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor 
of Science degrees. A coeducational college ot the liberal arts and sciences, it is 
related by co\'enant to the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.). The campus is located on 
188 acres of tropical waterfront property in a suburban area of St. Petersburg, Florida. 

The school was founded in 1958 as Florida Presbyterian College and admitted its 
first students in 1960. In 1972, the College's name was changed to honor the late 
Jack M. Eckerd, a prominent Florida civic leader and businessman whose gifts and 
commitments to the institution have helped to insure its continuing excellence. 
More than 11, 000 graduates are seeking to lead lives of leadership and ser\'ice in 
communities throughout the world. 



ECKERD COLLEGE 
BASIC COMMITMENTS 

This catalog is designed to give a comprehensive 
picture of Eckerd College. We are proud of what 
we have achieved, and welcome the reader to join 
us in an exciting and continuing educational 
adventure. As you read this document, you should 
he aware of certain basic commitments that have 
guided the college's history' and planning. Tliese 
commitments and the efforts to achieve them 
have enabled Eckerd College to be distinctive 
among the 3,000 colleges and universities in the 
United States. 



THE COMMITMENT TO 
INDIVIDUAL DEVELOPMENT 

The primary' purpose of the educational program 
is to foster the personal development of each 
student. We seek to prepare students for the basic 
responsibilities of life, especially for competent, 
humane leadership and service. We are vitally 
concerned with the development of ivhole persons 
and therefore encourage the intellectual, spiritual, 
cultural, social, emotional and physical growth 
of each student. While education is a lifelong 
process, the Eckerd experience is designed to 
assist students to go beyond the limitations 
imposed by ignorance, narrowness, conformity, 
self'Centeredness, and irresponsibility. Our aims 
are to help individuals achieve excellence in 
thought and conduct and to spark their 
imagination about future possibilities. 



THE COMMITMENT TO 
SPIRITUAL LIFE 

Eckerd College was founded by the Presbyterian 
Church (U.S.A.), a tradition of Refomied 
Christianity that believes an educated society is 
cmcial for resisting political and religious tyranny. 
These Presbyterian founders built the college on 
the foundational conviction that taith, in its 
innumerable fornns and expressions, holds the 
power to set humanity' free from oppressive ideas 
and practices. This conviction is the heart and 
soul of a liberal arts education. 

To nurture this foundational conviction, Eckerd 
College maintains a covenant relationship with 
the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.). This relation- 



ship with the church empowers the campus 
community to embrace students, faculty, and staff 
of many different faiths, and those of no faith. 
Everyone on this campus is welcome to participate 
in the search for truth through open dialogue 
about human spirituality, religion, and worldwide 
expressions of faith. 

The General Education program includes study of 
important religious texts, art, architecture, and 
ritual from many traditions. The Center for 
Spiritual Life sponsors lectures, workshops, and 
on-campus activities designed to stimulate a 
deeper evaluation of human spirituality among 
students, faculty, and staff, as well as members of 
the surrounding community. Campus Ministries 
and the Campus Chaplain work directly with 
students to help them address personal questions of 
faith, clarify beliefs, assess values, and discover the 
power of responsible action. Service Ministry 
provides life-expanding opportunities for faith- 
based outreach in the larger world. 

Through intellectual inquiry', social interaction, 
worship, service, and recreation, Eckerd leads 
students into the life-changing spiritual riches of a 
complete liberal arts experience. 



THE COMMITMENT OF 
FACULTY TO STUDENTS 

Tl^e relatively small size of the Eckerd student 
body allows numerous opportunities for close 
personal relationships between students and 
faculty. Each Eckerd student has a faculty 
academic adviser, biown as a "Mentor," who 
seeks to facilitate the total growth of students 
and helps them to get the most out of their 
college years. 

Because the faculty is committed to the primary 
importance of teaching, it has developed a 
reputation for excellence in the teaching of 
undergraduates. Many Eckerd College faculty 
members are engaged in primary scholarship 
and artistic creativity and, wherever possible, 
seek to involve students in these enterprises. 
The intention of the faculty is to provide an 
educational environment characterized by high 
expectation, personal attention and enthusiasm 
for learning. 



THE COMMITMENT TO 
GENERAL EDUCATION 

Wliile Eckerd College is committed to helping 
students develop competence in a specific field of 
study, it is equally committed to general education. 

Tlie general education program is designed to 
provide a foundation for lifelong learning by 
helping students to develop a love for learning, 
acquire an infonned awareness of the major 
elements of their cultural heritage, explore various 
perspectives on the central concerns of human 
existence, assume increased responsibility for their 
own growth, and master the skills that are 
necessary to understand and deal with a rapidly 
changing and increasingly complex world. 

TTie general education program is made up of the 
Autumn Temi project, computation, foreign 
language, and the Western Heritage in a Global 
Context sequence in the first year; one course in 
each of four academic areas plus an environmental 
perspective course and a global perspective course 
in the second and third years; and a course in the 
Quest for Meaning in the senior year. 



THE COMMITMENT TO THE 
INTEGRATION OF LIBERAL 
ARTS AND CAREER 
PREPARATION 

The commitment to individual development 
includes a commitment to helping students 
prepare themselves for a vocation. Through 37 
fonxial majors and pre-professional programs, 
opportunities are available to develop the 
knowledge, skills, and attitudes necessary for 
successful careers. In addition, through indepen- 
dent study and individually designed areas of 
concentration, students are encouraged to 
supplement and adapt the fomial curriculum to 
their particular interests and aspirations. 

Tlie college recognizes that significant learning 
can occur in a variety of settings. Internships, jobs, 
and other off-campus learning experiences, both 
in this countiy and abroad, enable students to 
integrate theory and practice and help them to 
clarify their values and career choices. Because 
they are committed to a participatory educational 
process, faculty engage students in the learning 
of science, theatre, management and other 



disciplines by doing. The aim is to assist each 
student to become a self-directed, competent, 
humane person capable of making a significant 
contribution to society. 



THE COMMITMENT TO 
HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS 
IN COMMUNITY 

There is rich diversity within the Eckerd College 
community. Students come to campus from more 
than 49 states and 44 countries. They enroll from 
urban, suburban, and rural areas; from developed 
and developing countries; and from a variety of 
cultural, ethnic, and religious backgrounds. The 
cosmopolitan nature of the Eckerd campus 
enriches the total educational experience as 
students learn from each other. 

Built upon this diversity is a sense of community 
based upon common objectives, concerns and 
experiences. Academic interests provide the basis 
for a sense of community, which is enhanced by 
wtirship, student activities, athletic events, 
concerts, lectures, and other opportunities for 
shared experiences. Because most students reside 
on campus, they have the enriched experiences 
that occur when people are learning both how to 
learn and how to live together. 




THE COMMITMENT TO BE A 
PACE'SETTING INSTITUTION 

Eckerd College is nationally known tor pioneering 
new programs designed to deal directly with the 
varying needs of college students. It has shown the 
will to improve education and the vision and 
courage to take steps that will facilitate the growth 
of students. Many oi its programs of interdiscipli- 
nary study, independent study, international 
education, values inquiry, and student orientation 
and advising have become models for other 
educational institutions. Within the context of its 
objectives as a church-related college of the liberal 
arts and sciences, it continues to seek better ways 
of meeting its commitments. 



STUDENT HONOR PLEDGE 
AND A SHARED COMMITMENT 

Upon entering Eckerd College evei7 student is 
asked to sign a promise to uphold the following 
statement of Shared Commitment and the 
Student Honor Pledge: 

On my honor, as an Eckerd College student, 

I pledge not to lie, cheat, or steal, 

nor to tolerate these behaviors in others. 

The choice to join the community' of scholars of 
Eckerd College commits each student to the 
values embodied in the mission and objectives of 
this church-related college of liberal arts and 
sciences. Inherent in this commitment is the 
responsibility: 

1 . To use one's abilities and opportunities to 
pursue personal and academic growth and 
excellence. 

2. To exercise respect for human dignity in 
attitudes and relationships. 

3. To conduct oneself with integrity in academic 
work and as a citizen of the college community-. 

4. To respect the rights and property of other 
students and their need for an environment 
conducive to scholarly work. 

5. To respect the rights and property of Eckerd 
College and to protect its reputation as a 
college of distinction with a student body of 
high quality. 



6. To respect and learn from human differences 
and the diversity of ideas and tipinions. 

7. To seek out opportunities to prepare for a life 
of leadership and service. 

Each student's commitment to these ideals 
obligates that student to abide by college 
regulations and to work with others to prevent 
the following behaviors that threaten the 
freedom and respect that members of the 
Eckerd community enjoy: 

1. Academic dishonesty 

2. Chronic interference with the right to study 

3. Willful destruction of property 

4. Theft 

5. Personal violence 

6. Bigotry 

7. Dismptive intoxication 

Thus all students share a commitment to excel- 
lence and to the creation of a college community 
in which they can take pride. 




THE ACADEMIC PROGRAM 



Since Eckerd College (then known as Florida 
Presbyterian College) opened its doors, it has 
earned a reputation for creating new and better 
opportunities for learning. Eckerd has been 
consistently rated among the foremost of 
American colleges and universities. 

Tlie college looks for superior methods of 
educating its students, not in order to be 
different but to offer a more rewarding and 
useful educational experience. 

For example, you have probably come across such 
expressions as "4-1-4," "winterim," "miniterm," 
"interim," or "winter temn." (All of them mean 
essentially the same thing: separating the two 
tenns of an academic year with a one month 
period of study on a single topic.) The winter temi 
is an Eckerd College concept. This innovation was 
created and tested first on the Eckerd College 
campus; other colleges found it so exciting that 
they adopted it. 

Since the creation of the winter term in 1960, 
Eckerd has discovered and implemented other 
innovative ways of teaching. Perhaps the best way 
of providing you with an understanding of the 
Eckerd experience is to take you on a "verbal tour" 
of the academic program. 



THE MENTOR 

Shortly after you have been accepted as an Eckerd 
student, you will receive material about selection 
of a Mentor. The original Mentor was the guide 
and companion of Odysseus. As you are, in a 
sense, embarking oi~l your odyssey, it is fitting that 
you have your own Mentor. 

Throughout your career at Eckerd, you will have 
continuing support and counsel from a faculty 
Mentor, who is more than the conventional 
faculty adviser. Mentors are faculty members who 
have been traiiied to help you in your academic 
program, career planning, and personal growth. 
You choose your own Mentor before you enter 
Eckerd, from a descriptive list of Mentors and 
projects. In your freshman year, you will take at 
least one course from your Mentor, and together 
you will work out the rest of your academic 
program for the first academic year. 



During the second semester of your freshman year, 
you may choose a new Mentor — a specialist in 
your area of academic concentration. The two of 
you will continue to plan your academic program, 
including independent and directed studies, 
internships, off-campus programs, work experi- 
ence, career planning, foreign study, and the many 
other options that Eckerd offers. 



THE ACADEMIC CALENDAR 

Eckerd College follows a modified 4-1-4 calendar. 
The fall and spring semesters each consist of one 
short term and one 14-week tenii which is 
followed by an examination period. Ordinarily, a 
full-time student will enroll for four courses each 
14- week temi. 

The three-week autumn tenn for freshmen occurs 
at the beginning of the fall semester, while the 
four week winter temi (January) occurs at the 
beginning of the spring semester. During these 
shorter terms, students will enroll for no more 
than one academic project at a time. This fomiat 
provides for indepeiident investigation of a topic 
in a concentrated manner. 



THE AUTUMN TERM 

As a freshman, you will start your Eckerd College 
experience in mid-August, when you enroll for 
autumn tenn. In contrast to the usual freshman 
orientation of two or three days, autumn temi lasts 
three weeks. It is designed for freshmen only, and 
provides an intensive foretaste of college living 
and academic work. 

During autumn temi, yi^u will take one academic 
project, for credit from your Mentor. This project 
is stimulating in content, teaches basic academic 
skills, and focuses on the interdisciplinary nature 
of learning. The course will give you a clear idea of 
what is expected of you at Eckerd. 

New students choose from among 20 projects 
offered by the professors who thus become their 
Mentors (advisers) and their Western Heritage m 
a Global Context instixictors for the freshman 
year. Typical autumn temi offerings in recent years 
have included Women and Fiction, Food in 



History-, Geology' of Beaches, The Computer: 
Slave or Master, Health Psychology, and The 
Sociology of Sex Roles. International students are 
encouraged to choose the project taught by the 
Director ot International Student Programs who is 
knowledgeable in the legal matters facing interna- 
tional students and helpful in providing an 
introduction to living in the U.S. and Florida. 

Autumn temi provides an excellent opportunity 
for certain kinds of interest and competency 
testing that will allow you to begin your academic 
program in courses that are best suited to your 
current stage ot development. 

You will also learn a great deal aboLit living, 
working, and playing in a college community. The 
student Resident Adviser in your residence hall 
will be on hand during autumn temi to help you 
make the transition into college life. In fact, the 
entire staft of the college and the autumn term 
faculty will participate with you in periods of 
inquiry, reflection, and fun. The sense of commu- 
nity that develops will assist you to take full 
advantage of the opportunities and resources 
available on campus. By the time the upperclass 
students return in September, you will be well 
established in campus life. 



GENERAL EDUCATION 

An important part ot your studies throughout 
your career at Eckerd College will be in general 
education. 

During your freshman year, you will take two 
classwide interdisciplinary courses called Western 
Heritage in a Global Context 1 and II that will 
explore the cultural riches of the past. Your 
discussion sections in these courses will be led by 
your Mentor. In addition you will be expected to 
demonstrate proficiency in oral communication 
skills and the ability to use infonnation technol- 
ogy in the first year cultural heritage course and 
later in your chosen major; demonstrate writing 
competency by assembling a portfolio of your 
collegiate writing for evaluation by the faculty; 
take one college level computation course; take 
one year of a foreign language or demonstrate 
competency at the first year by evaluation ot the 
language faculty. 



During your years at Eckerd you will also take at 
least one course from each of four academic areas 
— the arts, humanities, natural sciences, and 
social sciences — and one course designated as an 
environmental perspective and one designated as 
a global perspective. 

Seniors will take Quest tor Meaning. This course 
explores issues ot purpose, value, and vocation 
through the lens ot various religious and ethical 
traditions and includes a sustained sei-\'ice- 
leaming project in which in-class ideas are 
translated into action. 



WINTER TERM 

Winter term is a special tour- week period in 
January that emphasizes independent study. You 
may enroll in projects designed by professors or 
design your own with the sponsorship ot a 
professor. Winter temi provides the opportunity 
tor study concentrated on a single topic. Neither 
regular catalog courses nor directed study courses 
are taken as winter tenn projects. Off-campus 
independent study projects may be taken only by 
students above freshman standing tor whom the 
off-campus location is essential to the nature oi 
the project itself. 

All winter term projects must have strong 
academic merit. A typical project requires you 
to select a subject, gather information, organize it, 
and present it as a paper, a short story, a painting, 
or a pertonnance. 

Freshmen may take a winter term in addition 
to autumn temi. The cost of an additional winter 
term for freshmen is a separate charge not 
included in the full-time tees. The Leadership 
and Self-Discovery Practicum for freshmen 
(see page 8) may not substitute tor winter temi. 
The winter tenn in the senior year is usually spent 
working on a comprehensive examination or 
senior thesis or project required for completion 
of a major. 

As an indication of the range of educational 
opportunities available through Eckerd College 
during the winter temi, the following is a list of 
project titles offered in the past. 



On Campus: Theatre Production; Music in 
the 21st Century; Subcultures and Deviance; 
Psychology and Medicine; Management in the 
Year 2000; Human Ecology; The Energy Problem: 
Now and the Future; The Economics oi' Public 
Issues; Speaking Russian; Developing Expository 
Writing; The South in American History-; The 
Art of Biography; The New Religions; Perspec- 
tives on Violence; Florida's Exotic Plant Lite; 
The Basics of Color Photography; Mathematical 
Modeling; Computer Project; Chemistry', 
Tlie En\-ironment and the Future. 

Off-Campus: Greece: Tlie Birthplace of Civili- 
zation; The Lively Arts in London; Paris: A 
Cultural and Linguistic Perspective; Geology: 
Geophysics of Volcanoes iii Fiawaii; International 
Banking in the Caribbean (Cayman Islands); The 
Ecology' of Belize; Mexico: Language and/or 
Culture; Global Studies at the United Nations. 

Many colleges have followed Eckerd College's 
example in adopting a winter term program, 
making it possible to exchange students and to 
increase the range of projects offered. Eckerd 
College also cooperates with other 4-1-4 colleges 
in sponsoring winter temi projects abroad or in 
major cities and interesting locations in the 
United States. Many winter term projects include 
at least eight contact hours per week, which meets 
the Veteran's Administration standards for full 
tuition benefits. 

In addition, there are special winter temi 
opportunities for freshmen such as the Leadership 
and Self Discovery Practicum. 



THE COLLEGIUM CONCEPT 

Educators acknowledge that the traditional 
division of learning into academic "departments" 
is not necessarily the best way to organize the 
educational process. Increasingly popular among 
colleges is the interdisciplinary major, in which 
the student combines courses from two or more 
disciplines to fornri an indix'idual academic 
program. At Eckerd, we have established 
interdisciplinary "collegia," which encourage new- 
combinations of studies and demonstrate the 
interrelatedness of knowledge. 



The word "collegium" goes back to medieval days, 
when it meant a fellowship of equals (i.e., persons 
communicating without artificial obstacles to 
discourse) pursuing a common objective (which in 
Eckerd 's case is learning). The word vividly 
describes what we are trying to do: to bring you 
(the student) together with a highly knowledge- 
able person (the professor) in an atmosphere 
where you can debate freely, challenge one 
another's viewpoints, learn together. 

In a collegium, subjects are grouped according to 
the intellectual discipline required to master them. 
You learn mathematics and physics in similar 
ways, for example; hut you learn dance differently, 
and a foreign language in still another way. 

Eckerd faculty' members choose to affiliate with a 
particular collegium, depending upon their 
approach to their subject. You will do the same. 
At the end of your freshman year you will focus 
upon a major or area of concentration and affiliate 
with the collegium that best suits your perception 
of that study. Your concentration does not have to 
lie in a single field, such as history? or biology^ You 
can create your own concentration by combining 
those studies that will help you achieve your 
career or professional goal. For example, if you 
wish to become an environmental economist, you 
can combine economics and biology, thus creating 
your own concentration to fit your own goal. The 
collegium concept makes this interdisciplinary- 
approach to learning a natural one that is easy 
to accomplish. 

Eckerd sees the members of a collegium — 
students and faculty alike — as partners in 
learning. Professors bring high expectation to the 
learning process; students are expected to become 
independent learners and researchers, able to take 
maximum advantage of their professors' strong 
qualifications. Each collegium has its own 
decision-making group, composed of professors 
and students, which gives students an important 
voice in the academic decisions of the college. 



THE FOUNDATIONS 
COLLEGIUM 

Eckerd College provides a special, perhaps unique, 
program for all freshmen through the Foundations 
Collegium. Tliis is the first-year home for students, 
helping them to establish a foundation for their 
upper-level studies. Tlie collegium's program 
includes four important parts with a fifth option: 

1. Autumn Term. Freshmen anive in mid-August 
to take a three-week course before the opening 
of the fall semester early in September. During 
this time, they also complete orientation and 
registration. Freshmen choose from 20 or so 
projects limited to about 22 students each. Tlie 
professor for that course will be the Mentor for 
those students. 

Z.Mentorship. Eckerd College has expanded the 
notion of the academic adviser to allow more 
help, care, and encouragement to its students. 
Each freshman has a Mentor from the faculty 
who helps to guide him or her through the 
freshman year. 

3. Western Heritage in a Global Context. All 

freshmen are required to take Western Heritage in 
a Global Context 1 (fall) and Western Heritage in 
a Global Context II (spring). These courses 
explore central concepts and materials of civiliza- 
tion and introduce freshmen to the themes of 
Eckerd College's general education program. 
Western Heritage in a Global Context courses are 
interdisciplinary, using lecture and discussion 
formats. The discussion sections are the same 
groups, with the same instmctor, as the autumn 
tenn groups. 

4. Skills Development. Every student must 
demonstrate proficiency, or take courses to 
develop skills, in composition, foreign language, 
infomiation technology, oral, and quantitative 
skills. For more details see page 18 under Degree 
Requirements, and under Composition in the 
course listings. Foundations also provides a 
Writing Center to assist students with their 
writing and an oral communication laboratory to 
help them improve their speaking skills. 

5. The Leadership and Self -Discovery Program. 

First year students have the opportunity to 
participate in an optional winter term designed 
specially for them. The Leadership and Self- 
Discovery Program enables students to develop a 



better understanding of their own personal 
attributes and possibilities while improving their 
learning skills, life planning skills, and leadership 
skills. The goal of LSDP, which combines worth- 
while learning with enjoyable experiences, is to 
provide first year students with the enhanced skills 
and knowledge that will help them get the most 
from an Eckerd College education. The cost of the 
program is a significantly reduced tuition fee plus 
room, board, and fees. The Leadership and Self- 
Discover^' Practicum substitutes for one of the 32 
courses required for graduation. It does not fulfill a 
Winter Term requirement. 

At the end of the freshman year, students choose 
an upper-level collegium and a new Mentor; any 
students still unsure of what to choose can get 
help from the Foundations office and/or Career 
Counseling. 



THE UPPER DIVISION 
COLLEGIA 

THE COLLEGIUM OF 
BEHAVIORAL SCIENCE 

Members of the Behavioral Science Collegium 
believe that the urgent problems of today — 
racism, environmental pollution, overpopulation, 
world hunger and crime — are problems of human 
behavior. Therefore, there is much to be gained by 
developing methodological and conceptual tools 
to understand both individual and collective 
behavior. Students will encounter quantitative 
techniques for analyzing data in a statistical 
methods course. Majors are available in business 
administration, economics, environmental studies, 
inten^ational relations and global affairs, manage- 
ment, political science, psychology and sociology. 



TEIE COLLEGIUM OF 
COMPARATIVE CULTURES 

The Collegium of Comparative Cultures seeks to 
promote an understanding of the breadth of 
human cultural achievements through languages, 
area studies, anthropology, international business, 
and related disciplines. Tlie Collegium serves as 
both a window and a gateway to the cultures of 
the world: a window for those who learn in the 
classroom from professors who have lived and 



studied in other cultures; a gateway for those who 
wish to visit these cultures after preparatory study 
on campus. Language study in Chinese, French, 
Gemian, Italian, Japanese, or Spanish can be 
integrated into a major program, an interdiscipli- 
nary concentration with ariother discipline (such 
as International Relations, Political Science, or 
Comparative Literature), or it may serve to round 
out a student's liberal arts program. Anthropology 
encourages students to learn about the world's 
peoples and cultures, both past and present, as they 
become experienced in how the methods and 
theory of the discipline apply to contemporary life. 
International Business focuses on how business 
C)rganizations need to adapt their products, services 
and management approaches to multicultural 
marketplaces and workplaces around the world. 
Areas of emphasis include marketing, finance and 
human resources. Students may, in addition, plan 
their studies around a particular area of the world, 
and the Office of International Education will 
assist in planning appropriate study-abroad 
experiences. Comparative Cultures graduates have 
gone on to careers such as teaching, translating, 
and international service, and have pursued 
graduate study in international business, languages, 
anthropology and international studies. 



THE COLLEGIUM OF 
CREATIVE ARTS 

Creative Arts Collegium faculty are dedicated tt) 
promoting the developiTient of creativity in each 
person and the integration of the intellectual, 
physical, emotional, and spiritual dimensions of 
the self Sharing a belief in the value of experien- 
tial learning, members of the Collegium recognize 
that students learn as much through experiencing 
the creative process as in the completion of a 
product. In addition to programs in art, music, 
theatre, creative writing, interdisciplinary arts, 
and communication, where students are encour- 
aged to explore and express their talents within 
the context of freedom with responsibility, the 
Collegium includes the human development 
program where learning to help others realize their 
full potential is the primaiy goal. 



THE COLLEGIUM OF LETTERS 

The Collegium of Letters is composed of students 
and faculty who share an interest in histoiy, 
literaiy and artistic creations, philosophical and 
religious traditions, axxd political theories — 
fields of study that have shaped and enriched 
human lives from our earliest existence. Our goal 
in all these disciplines is to understand more fully 
what it means to be human and to fairly critique 
ourselves, our institutions, and our world. While 
we often study events, art, and film, our mutual 
enterprise in Letters lives primarily in words. We 
strive to understand and appreciate the texts that 
embody human intellect and imagination at its 
best, the better to know ourselves and be prepared 
to offer infomied, ethical judgments about our 
collective future. 

Letters faculty specialize in and teach the original 
liberal arts subjects and those deriving from 
them — philosophy, religious studies, rhetoric, 
classics, literature, history and political science, 
American studies. East Asian studies, environmen- 
tal humanities, and women's and gender studies. 
We are especially committed to developing skills 
of close reading, analysis, critical thinking, 
interpretation, and written and oral expression, 
thereby preparing our students for graduate and 
professional training as well as for lifelong 
career options. 



THE COLLEGIUM OF 
NATURAL SCIENCES 

Tlie Collegium of Natural Sciences brings 
together biologists, chemists, environmental 
scientists, earth and marine scientists, computer 
scientists, mathematicians, physicists, and those 
interested in the health professions, including 
medicine, veterinary medicine, dentistry and 
medical technology. 

The major emphasis of the Collegium is on 
the development of the skills of observation, 
experimental design, problem-solving, research 
and the study of the principles and concepts that 
are necessary to successful scientific investigation. 
The programs in the natural sciences are designed 
to provide students with information and tech- 
niques that can be applied to the problems of a 
changing society. 




THE ECKERD 
COLLEGE LIBRARY 

Designed specifically to meet the needs of 
undergraduate students and conveniently located 
close to residence halls, the spectacular new 
Annacost Library is a state-of-the-art facility 
containing over 125,000 book volumes, 840 print 
periodical titles, and offering access to thousands 
oi electronic journals and books. It provides an 
open and in\'iting environment tor study and 
leisu.re as well as a 24/7 computer lab and a 
multimedia production/training room. In addition 
to offering wireless connectivity to the Internet, 
study spaces are also wired to accommodate plug- 
in users. 

The library's catalog and electronic subscriptions 
are accessible via the campus intranet and, in most 
cases, the World Wide Web. To augment its own 
holdings, the library has reciprocal bonowing 
agreements with the University oi South Florida's 
Tampa and St. Petersburg campus libraries. It also 
provides computerized interlibrary loan access to 
thousands of other libraries throughout the United 
States. Materials in these libraries can be identified 
using a variety of databases, including OCLC's 
WorldCat. 



In addition to supporting the college's educational 
mission through the provision of facilities and 
resources, the library stafl is committed to helping 
students learn how to navigate the increasingly 
complex world of information. Formal instaiction 
begins in autumn temi and continues into upper 
class levels where studeiits encounter ever more 
sophisticated computer technology and print 
resources. In addition to offering fomial instaic- 
tion, the stafl is committed to providing the kind 
of personal attention that is a hallmark of the 
Eckerd tradition. The librarians pride themselves 
on their approachability, their desire to help 
students, and their overarching commitment to 
the individual. 

To learn more about the library? and its staff, visit 
our website at www.eckerd.edu/library. 



THE CO-CURRICULAR 
PROGRAM 

The philosophy of the Co-cuiTicular Program at 
Eckerd College is shaped by the convictions that 
significant intentional learning takes place both 
within and beyond the classroom, that there 
should be coordination and integration between a 
student's academic and co-cuiTicular learning 
experiences, and that a student should be given an 



10 



opportunity to pursue learning activities in each of 
the major co-curricular areas. These include 
community service, career exploration, cultural 
appreciation, leadership development, health and 
fitness, and spiritual and religious pursuits. 

Students are given manifold opportunities to 
pursue learning activities beyond the classroom 
and to document co-curricular involvement and 
special recognitions on their Co-curricular 
Transcripts. Eckerd College is among a small 
number of colleges that utilizes a fomial transcript 
to certify co-curricular activity. The Co-curricular 
Transcript at Eckerd College illustrates the 
high value that the College places on co-curricular 
learning and provides a valuable official record 
that students may use when applying for 
professional positions, graduate program admis- 
sion, and other post-graduate opportunities. 
A student should contact the Campus Activities 
office in Brown Hall to establish a Co-curricular 
Transcript file. 



INFORMATION 
TECHNOLOGY SERVICES 

From network or telephone connections and 
e-mail accounts to video-data projectors and 
computer labs. Information Technology Services 
(ITS) provides professional assistance to faculty, 
students, and start to meet their technology needs. 

Eckerd College continues to make major invest- 
ments in information technology. The backbone 
ot the campus is a fiber optic network using 
high-speed gigabit technology. 

Eckerd College dorms, classrooms, labs, and offices 
are wired into the campus network and connected 
to the internet through a T3 connection. Several 
general purpose computing labs are available as 
well as specialized labs such as the scientific 
computing lab and those in the physics, chemistry-, 
biology, marine science, mathematics, psychology, 
and creative arts areas. 

Each student is pnivided an e-mail account. 
Internet and cable TV are available in their 
dorm rooms and wireless connectivity is available 
in many areas. 

Eckerd College treats technology' as an investment 
m your educational experience. For complete 
mfomiation, please visit our website at 
www.eckerd.edu/its. 



SPECIAL ACADEMIC 
PROGRAMS 

PRE^PROFESSIONAL 
PROGRAMS 

Eckerd College regards liberal education as 
essential to thorough professional training and 
unites a broad freedom of student choice with 
graduate education in a number of fields: law 
and medical school, medical technology, the 
ministi7, engineering, management, business 
administration, and selected public service, human 
development and community professions. 

Eckerd seeks to provide pre-professional 
experience through supervised internships rather 
than by professional and preprofessional courses 
that tend to limit the scope and quality of liberal 
education. Students in management take certain 
specialized courses, such as accounting, and 
prepare themselves through internships carefully 
planned with the Mentor of the management 
program. Similarly, human relations occupations 
involve a thorough liberal arts base, to which are 
added supervised field and employment experi- 
ences designed to meet the particular interest and 
need of the student. 



ENGINEERING AND 
APPLIED SCIENCE — 
DUAL DEGREE PROGRAM 

The engineering and applied science program is 
designed for students who wish to combine a 
broad, values-oriented knowledge base with one of 
many fields of engineering or applied science. 
Students may pursue a career in applied science or 
one of many engineering disciplines including 
electrical, civil, chemical, industrial, aerospace, 
textile, nuclear, biomedical, or systems engineer- 
ing. Students complete all requirements for majors 
at both institutions. 

Students apply to Eckerd College for regular 
admission and spend three years at Eckerd taking 
mathematics and science courses that will qualify 
them to enter an engineering program at the 
junior level. In general, students take Calculus I, 
II, and III; Differential Equations; General 
Chemistry' I and II; Fundamental Physics I and II; 
and Introduction to Computer Science, along with 



11 



the general education requirements and the 
requirements of an Eckerd College major. Some of 
the courses required for the Eckerd College major 
may be completed at the other institution. The 
detailed curriculum depends on the student's 
choice of eiigineering college and specific degree 
program. Students may attend an engineering 
winter temi before they transfer to the 
engineering college. 

Upon successful completion of the three-year 
portion of the program (requirements of grade 
point average vary somewhat) and recommen- 
dation of Eckerd College, a student is admitted to 
an engineering college, where the dual-degree 
requirements may normally be completed in two 
years. The student is then awarded degrees from 
both Eckerd College and the engineering school. 

At present, Eckerd has cooperative dual-degree 
an-angements in engineering and applied science 
with Washington University (St. Louis), Auburn 
University, the University of Miami, arid Colum- 
bia University. It is possible that cooperative 
programs may be established with other institu- 
tions in the future. The Eckerd pre-engineering 
courses in mathematics, physics, chemistry, and 
computer science also provide strong preparation 
for the student who does not wish to pursue the 
dual degree program, but rather desires to transfer 
directly into an engineering program. 

Due to the sequential prerequisite requirements, 
it is vital for dual degree candidates to obtain 
counseling early in their careers at Eckerd College. 



RESERVE OFFICERS TRAINING 
CORPS (ROTO 

Eckerd College provides both an Air Force and 
Amiy ROTC program through a cross-enrollment 
agreement with the University of South Florida 
in Tampa. 



Air Force ROTC 

Students who complete the program, which 
consists of either a four year or two year program, 
are commissioned as second lieutenants and 
guaranteed a position in the active Air Force. 
Completion of 12-16 course hours of instaiction 
and enrollment in a weekly leadership laboratory 
are required of all students. 



Army ROTC 

Students who complete the program, which 
consists of four courses in military science, a 
weekly leadership laboratory, and one summer 
camp, are commissioned in the United 
States Army. 

Both programs are open to men and women, and 
scholarships are available on a competitive basis to 
qualified students. See ROTC under the course 
description section of this catalog. 



RAHALL COMMUNICATION 
PROGRAM 

Tlie puipt)se of the Farris and Victoria Rahall 
Communication Program is to help students 
develop effective oral communication skills, teach 
the fundamentals of ethical journalism, and 
provide practical experience through internships. 
The Rahall Professor of Communication teaches 
courses in media studies, including Media Ethics. 
The Director of the Oral Communication Program 
works closely with faculty across the curriculum to 
provide opportunities for students to develop their 
speaking skills and with a variety of organizations 
in the Tampa Bay area to place students in 
communication-related internships. 



THE WRITING CENTER 

The purpose oi the Writing Center is to enhance 
student learning through collaboration. Working 
closely with Fcxindatitms Collegium faculty, 
trained peer consultants help students improve 
writing skills and competence in research. In 
addition, the Writing Center offers a variety of 
workshops throughout the semester, ranging 
from Preparing Writing Portfolios to Essay 
Writing Basics. 

Resources include 18 Macintosh workstations, 
highspeed internet, CD-ROM databases, software 
for collaborative writing, as well as capability for 
word processing, data graphics, design, and page 
layout. The Writing Center also houses a library 
for composition theoiy and pedagogy. 



12 



THE CENTER FOR THE 
APPLIED LIBERAL ARTS 

Through its Center for the Applied Liberal Arts 
(CALA), Eckerd College provides oif-campus and 
experiential learning opportunities aimed at 
enhancing students' academic and personal 
development, and bridging their transition from 
college to graduate study or employment. Tlie 
programs of the Center include internships, service 
learning opportunities and career planning 
assistance. The Center works closely with Interna- 
tional Education on study abroad experiences and 
international internships, and with Faculty on 
graduate and professional school admissions 
resources. The Center includes the Oftice of 
Career Resources, the Office for Ser\ace Learning 
and the Oftice of the Associate Dean and Director 
of CALA. Adjunct resources are drawn from 
rele\'ant areas within Eckerd College. 

The approach of the Center is integrative and 
holistic. The student is encouraged to begin the 
process of career exploration early and, with his or 
her Mentor, plan an academic program, internship 
experiences, service learning projects and other 
experiences that both flow from and enhance the 
student's ongoing process of career exploration. 
Students face a myriad of career choices and a 
graduate school and employment environment 
that is d>Tiamic and competitive. From the 
moment that first year students arrive for autumn 
temi, the resources of the Center are available to 
assist them. 



EXPERIENTIAL AND 
COMMUNITY-BASED 
LEARNING 

Among the better ways for a student to test the 
waters of an intended career path, or gain neces- 
sary experience in a field, is to complete a fornial 
internship, shadow a working professional, or 
engage in a service learning activity. The Com- 
bined resources of the Office of Career Resources, 
Campus Activities, and Office for Service 
Learning enable the Center for Applied Liberal 
Arts to offer students a variety of options in 
experiential and communit\?-based learning. 

A bank of cooperating sites in which to place 
students in paid or unpaid field experiences in a 



variety of fields and academic disciplines, is 
maintained. A student may pursue field experience 
as a co-curricular activity or, when appropriate, as 
a fomial credit-bearing internship. Such an 
internship requires the approval and sponsorship 
of an Eckerd College faculty' member. 

The responsibilities that constitute the shared 
commitment of members of the Eckerd commu- 
nity include the responsibility to seek out 
opportunities to prepare for a life of leadership and 
service. Students may pursue community' service 
as a co-curricular volunteer activity or as a part 
of a class that has been designed by the professor 
with a service option or requirement. Such a class 
integrates a relevant service experience into the 
work of the course in ways that address specific 
community' needs while furthering the learning 
objectives of the course. Cc^urses that have a 
ser\'ice learning option or requirement have been 
offered both on campus and in conjunction with 
travel experiences to other regions of the countiy 
or the world. 



CAREER RESOURCES 

A liberal education should not be considered 
separate from the economic, social, and political 
realities of life. In today's world, employers and 
professional associations are asking career-minded 
students to relate fundamental education in 
liberals arts fields to long range plans. It is becom- 
ing increasingly important in a resume to show 
connection between course work and experience. 
TTie value of a solid liberal arts background — 
including both class work and experiential 
education — is recognized, if not required, for 
business or professional careers. 

Woven into the academic program during the time 
at Eckerd is a program to help examine career and 
professional goals. Tlie Office of Career Resources 
offers a variety of opportunities: one-on-one 
and group career counseling to assist in making 
decisions which integrate academic programs, 
career planning, and general lifestyle; internship 
and field experience placements which involve 
unpaid work experiences or obserx'ation either 
with a professional or in a special social environ- 
ment; paid work experiences related to current 
academic studies and long-range career goals; 
discipline internships such as community studies, 
leisure studies, or management; and placement 



13 



services to assist in finding part-time and summer 
employment while in school. These enable the 
selection ot either the appropriate post-graduate 
education or the vocational career that fits 
personal aptitudes, desires, objectives and lifestyles. 



INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION 

Eckerd College believes that a liberally educated 
person shotild be at home in (^ther cultures and 
tries to give ever>' student the chance to study 
abroad. Consequently, Eckerd offers a variety of 
overseas programs, including short terms in the 
winter and summer, and full year or semester 
programs for students in almost all majors. 

The Office of International Education seeks to 
provide students with study abroad programs best 
suited to their particular academic needs. 



Winter Term Abroad 

Eckerd's annual winter temi offerings overseas 
each January are nationally recognized. Programs 
are led by Eckerd faculty members who have 
professional expertise in the country visited. 
Projects vary each year, hut typically programs are 
available in such places as Italy, England, Greece, 
Austria, Mexico, Russia, South America, Asia, 
and the Caribbean. 



Semester and Year Abroad 

Varied locations and cuiTicula provide a wide 
range of opportunities. Programs are available in 
London, where the Eckerd College Study Centre 
is staffed by both American and British faculty. 
Eckerd also has exchange arrangements with two 
universities in Japan — Kansai Gaidai near Osaka 
and Nanzan University in Nagoya — and with 
Ewha Womans University in Seoul, Korea, 
as well as in the United Kingdom with Plymouth. 
TliroLigh our affiliation with the International 
Student Exchange Program (ISEP) many ex- 
change opportunities worldwide are available, and 
recently students have spent a year or semester in 
locations such as Sweden, Korea, Mexico, the 
Netherlands, Australia, Gennany, Argentina, 
Umguay, and France. 



Summer Term Abroad 

Study abroad opportunities may be available 
during the summer months in a variety of loca- 
tions. Offerings change from year to year and may 
cover a broad range of topics. The Program for 
Experieiiced Learners (PEL), in cooperation with 
the International Education office, plans summer 
temi programs that are open to all students. 
Previous programs have included study/travel to 
London, Paris, Greece, and Mexico. Tlie Interna- 
tional Education office provides catalogs and 
resource materials for students to review when 
planning independent study/travel projects. 



Off-Campus Programs 

Our academic calendar permits off-campus study 
for periods of one month (January), one term 
( 14 weeks), and up to a ffiU academic year. 
Upperclass students are encouraged to take 
advantage of programs and facilities not available 
at Eckerd through the off-campus program. It is 
possible to participate in group projects with a 
faculty leader or to contract independent studies 
of the student's own design. During winter term 
(January), group projects such as an archaeological 
dig in the Southwest, government operations in 
Washington, DC, or urban problems in Chicago 
are possible. Independent projects for individual 
students have been undertaken in industry, the 
Argonne Laboratories, marine research, and at an 
Indian reservation. The winter temi, through 
cooperation with other schools having a similar 
calendar, provides for intensive projects on other 
campuses throughout the United States. 

Tlie Off-Campus Programs office in GALA 
assists students in making anangements, 
preparing contracts, and providing information 
and ideas related to various choices. The subject 
of the project detenuines the particular off- 
campus location. 



Sea Semester 

Eckerd College provides an opportunity for 
qualified students to earn a term of credit in an 
academic, scientific, and practical experience 
leading to a realistic understanding of the sea, 
sponsored by the Sea Education Association, Inc. 
(S.E.A.). 



14 



Students spend the first halt ot the temi (the 
six-week shore component) in Woods Hole, 
Massachusetts, receiving instruction in ocean- 
ography, nautical science and maritime studies. 
Tliey then go to sea for the second half ot the term 
(the six- week sea component) for a practical 
laboratory' experience. For course descriptions see 
page 106. Students interested in the Sea Semester 
are required to make application through the 
International Education and Off-Campus 
Programs oftice. 



INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS 

Eckerd College has been committed to inter- 
national education since its inception. While we 
continue to provide opportunities for students to 
enrich their education abroad (see International 
Education page 14) one need go no further than 
the campus itself to experience a taily cosmopoli- 
tan environment. Students currently come from 
44 countries to pursue a variety' of studies. There 
are two distinct groups of international students 
at Eckerd College: those who study in the ELS 
Language Center and those who are degree 
seeking students. 

Tliese international students enrich the campus 
en\'ironment with their diverse cultural origins 
and ethnic backgrounds by providing face-to-face 
opportunities for cross-cultural exchange in 



classroom and other settings. The breadth of this 
experience is celebrated annually during the 
Festival of Cultures with exhibits, entertainment, 
and ethnic delicacies from around the world. 

Besides promoting the internalization of the 
campus through support programs and activities, 
the office of International Student Programs 
provides assistance and advising specific to 
international students on visa requirements, social 
security' number and drivers license applications, 
health issues, on-campus work procedures, off- 
campus internship infomaation, and tax filing. 



SUMMER TERM 

Tlie summer temi consists of two four-week 
sessions. Courses are available in June (Session A) 
and July (Session B). A preliminar\' announce- 
ment oi courses and tees is published in April. 
Regularly enrolled Eckerd students and students 
enrolled and in good standing at other colleges 
and universities are eligible for admission. 
Students entering Eckerd in the summer with the 
intention of becoming degree candidates must 
make fomial application for admission to the 
Dean ot Admissions. 

Summer courses may replace courses missed 
during the academic year or accelerate graduation. 
Additional information about summer term courses 
may be obtained from the Summer School Oftice. 




15 



PROGRAM FOR 
EXPERIENCED LEARNERS 

Tlie Program tor Experienced Learners (PEL) is a 
degree'Completion option designed specifically 
for adult learners who are strongly motivated, yet 
have career or personal obligations which keep 
them trom enrolling in a more traditional program. 
Because ot the flexible and personal nature ot the 
program, most students are able to continue working 
full-time while pursuing the bachelor's degree. 

PEL was founded on the belief that learning is not 
necessary limited to a formal classroom setting. 
Credit may he awarded when experiential learning 
is comparable to academic coursework, relevant to 
academic goals, and well documented. 

Admissions Requirements 

Qualities such as personal commitment, persever- 
ance, and self-discipline are necessary for success 
in the Program for Experienced Learners. 

The guidelines for admission are the following: 

1 . Applicants must be 25 years of age or 23 with 
at least two years of full-time work experience. 

2. Applicants must have a high school diploma 
or high school equivalency diploma. College 
experience is desirable; transfer credit for 
C- or better grades will be awarded when 
coursework is appropriate to liberal arts and 
sciences education and relevant to career goals. 

3. Applicants must complete an application, 
including an essay, and demonstrate goals 
consistent with program objectives as well 
as the ability' and motivation to benefit from 
the program. 

4. Following admission, students must complete 
the required Life, Learning, and Vocation 
course with a C- or better grade. 

Meeting Degree Requirements 

The Bachelor's degree requires successful completion 
of a minimum of 36 courses. PEL students may meet 
requirements through transfer credit, experiential 
learning, fomial courses, directed or independent 
study, tutorials, travel/study programs, and residen- 
tial program courses. The Program for Experienced 
Learners offers courses in St. Petersburg, North 
Pinellas, Sarasota, Tampa, and Seminole. 



Majors and Degrees 

PEL students are awarded either the Bachelor of 
Arts or Bachelor of Science degree, the same 
degrees conferred in the residential program. 
Students pursue a variety of majors or concentra- 
tions, including Business Management, Human 
Development, Organizational Studies, American 
Studies, Interdisciplinary' Humanities, Creative 
Writing, Information Systems, Visual Arts, and 
others. The degree preserves the basic features of 
the Eckerd College program by emphasizing the 
liberal arts as part of each student's education but 
also recognizes the importance of relating general 
knowledge to special career concenis. 

Financial Aid 

Several types of financial aid are available to 
Ljualified students, including the Pell Grant, 
Florida Resident Access Grant, Federally Insured 
Student Loans, and VA. benefits. 

When Eckerd College started the Program for 
Experienced Learners, the PEL tuition rate was 
set considerably lower than the tuition rate 
charged for the residential program. Because 
of this reduced tuition rate, Eckerd College 
scholarships that are available for students in 
the residential program may not he used in the 
Program for Experiential Learners. There are, 
however, some specific scholarship and short- 
term loan funds that have been established to 
assist qualified PEL students. Contact PEL 
Financial Services at (727)864-8981 or 
(800)234-4735 for more information. 

Another popular form of financial assistance for 
PEL students is through tuition reimbursement 
programs sponsored by private corporations and 
government agencies. Many PEL students have 
found that their employers are very cooperative 
in helping to meet their college expenses. 
Information on private loans and payment plans 
is also available. 

For More Information 

Additional information regarding the Program for 
Experienced Learners may be obtained on the 
website: www.eckerd.edu/pel or by contacting the 
Program for Experienced Learners, Eckerd College, 
4200 54th Avenue South, St. Petersburg, EL 
33711; phone (727)864-8226 or (800)234-4735; 
e-mail: pel@eckerd.edu. 



16 



THE ECKERD COLLEGE 
ALUMNI ASSOCIATION 

The Eckerd College Aluiniii Association (ECAA) 
has as its dual mission to provide support and 
services tor the alumni of Eckerd College and to 
support Eckerd College in its mission to provide 
the best possible educational experiences to the 
students of today and tomorrow. To this end, the 
ECAA is involved with communicatic^ns, events, 
and annual fiind support through a variety of 
programs that range from regular publications, 
special events, and a network of chapters and 
clubs, to cooperative programming with Academ- 
ics, Admissions, Career Resources, the Eckerd 
College Organization of Students, International 
Education, and Student Affairs. Offering a 
plattonn for a life-long relationship with Eckerd 
College, the ECAA's activities are directed by a 
24-member board of directors and are supported 
by the professional staff of the Office of Alumni 
Relations. Inquiries should be addressed to 
Director, Alumni Relations, Eckerd College, 
4200 54th Avenue South, St. Petersburg, Florida 
33711. Phone (800) 456-9009 ext. 8875 or 
(727) 864-7735; fax (727) 864-8423; e-mail: 
tiddlercrab@eckerd.edu. Web site address: 
www.eckerdalumni.com. 



THE ACADEMY OF 
SENIOR PROFESSIONALS 

The Academy ot Senior Professionals at Eckerd 
College (ASPEC) has a mission to continue to 
enrich the cjuality of life and learning through 
engagement with members, students, ficulty 
and the community. It is devoted to the develop- 
ment of multi-generational collegiate learning, 
scholarly activity, research, writing and the 
encouragement of individual or group projects of 
importance to members, to the College and the 
broader community. 

ASPEC is a unique membership organization, 
composed ot persons who have had distinguished 
careers in education, business, the arts and 
sciences, government service, diplomacy, religion, 
medicine and health care, human services, 
engineering, military and similar endeavors. 
Tlirough lectures, fomms, publications, and special 
projects, members continue to share and contrib- 
ute to human knowledge. 



Through both the Faculty and Student Colleague 
programs, career counseling, and other formal 
and information contacts, members contribute 
their knowledge and experience in and out of 
the classroom. 

ASPEC is designed for those who have and will 
continue to "make a difterence" in their profes- 
sions and communities. Its members enrich their 
cultural experiences, make constmctive contribu- 
tions to society, and pursue their own interests in 
collaboration with congenial colleagues within the 
multi-generational educational community of 
Eckerd College. 

Most members have a home within a fifty mile 
radius ot St. Petersburg and are in the region for at 
least three months of the year. 

Inquiries should he addressed to: Director, 
ASPEC, Eckerd College, 4200 54th Avenue South, 
St. Petersburg, Florida 33711. 
Phone (727) 864-8834; tax (727) 864-2964; 
Web site address: http://www.eckerd.edu/aspec. 




17 



ACADEMIC POLICIES 



DEGREE REQUIREMENTS 
Residency Requirement 

In order to graduate from Eckerd College, a 
student must spend at least tour semesters and two 
short temis, including the senior year, in the 
college or in an approved oft-campus program. 

Degrees Offered 

Eckerd College is accredited by the Commission 
on Colleges of the Southern Association ot 
Colleges and Schools to award the Bachelor of 
Arts and Bachelor ot Science degrees. Students 
may receive either a BA or a BS but not both. 

Bachelor of Arts Degree 

The following requirements must be fulfilled by 
all students in order to qualify for fonnal recom- 
mendation by the faculty for the Bachelor of 
Arts degree: 

1. The satisfactory completion of a minimum of 
32 courses plus an autumn temi course in the 
freshmai"! year and a winter temt project in 
each subsequent year. 

a. A freshman may take a winter tenn in 
addition to autumn tenn and substitute 
that winter term for one of the 32 courses 
or for a winter tenn in the sophomore or 
junior year. The Leadership and Self- 
Discovery Practicum does not fulfill a 
winter term requirement. 

b. The winter term project in the senior 
year nonnally consists of the preparation 
for comprehensive examinations, theses, 
or projects. 

2. Writing competency: Each student 
must submit a portfolio of his or her own 
compositions to be evaluated. Specifications 
for the contents ot the portfolio are available 
from the Director of Writing Excellence. 

Usually, the pieces in the portfolio are essays, 
reports, examinations, or creative work 
written in courses, and all students must 
submit portfolios for evaluation before the 
second semester of the junior year. 



18 



Students may not register for senior projects, 
theses, or comprehensive examinations 
without having received writing competency 
for their portfolios. 

Composition courses and the Writing Center 
provide instmction in preparing writing 
competency portfolios; a student whose 
portfolio is judged inadequate must take a 
composition course before resubmitting his or 
her portfolio. 

Because portfolio evaluation is conducted 
only twice each year, students are strongly 
urged to consult with their Mentors and the 
Writing Center staff well before the March 
and October deadlines. 

3. Foreign language (nomially in the freshman 
year): one year of foreign language at the 
college level or the equivalent as demon- 
strated by a college administered proficiency 
examination or the equivalent as detemrined 
by the language faculty. 

4. Infomiation techriolog\' competency as 
demonstrated in the first year cultural 
heritage course and in the major or 
concentration. 

5. Oral competency (general), as demonstrated 
in the first year cultural heritage course and in 
the major or concentration. 

6. Quantitative competency (nonnally in the 
freshman year): one college level mathemat- 
ics, computer science, formal logic or statistics 
course, or one course that uses the computer 
as a major learning tool, desigriated by an M 
following the course number. 

7. Western Heritage in a Global Context I and 

II. First-time college students who enter 
with advanced standing as a result of credit 
and/or advanced placement earned in high 
school are still required to complete at least 
one semester of Western Heritage in a 
Global Context. 

8. One course in each ot the tour academic 
areas (Arts, Humanities, Natural Sciences, 
and Social Sciences) plus one course 
designated as an Environmental Perspective 
(E) and one course designated as a Global 
Perspective (G). The Environmental and 
Global Perspective courses must he taken at 
Eckerd College. 



Courses in the Arts: Communication (media 
any level; speaking 300 level or higher), 
Creative Arts Collegium (CR) courses 
(except the Resident Adviser Internship), 
Creative Writing, Music, Tlieatre, Visual Arts 
(including art history). 

Courses in the Humanities: American 
Studies, Classics, East Asian Humanities, 
Ford: The History of Ideas, Foreign Languages 
(300 level or higher). History', Letters 
Collegium (LT) courses. Literature, Philoso- 
phy, Religious Studies, Rhetoric (200 level or 
higher). Women's and Gender Studies. 

Courses in the Natural Sciences: Biology, 
Chemistry', Computer Science (200 level or 
higher), Em'ironmental Studies (designated 
courses only). Marine Science, Mathematics 
(200 level or higher). Physics, Natural 
Sciences Collegium (NA) courses. 

Courses in the Social Sciences: Anthropol- 
ogy, Behavioral Sciences Collegium (BE) 
courses. Economics, Human Development, 
International Business, International Rela- 
tions, Management, Political Science, 
Psychology, Sociology. 

9. One course in the senior year in Tlie Quest 
tor Meaning. 

10. College Program Series: Students attend at 
least tour events each semester of their 
treshman and sophomore years from a 
selection ot at least twelve events identified 
each semester as part ot the College Program 
Series. Tdiese everits include presentation ot 
topics ot current interest, artistic events, 
musical or dramatic productions, and events 
focusing on issues of meaning, purpose, 

and value. 

1 1 . Tlie completion of a major (from the list of 
37 majors tonnally approved by the faculty), 
or an independently designed area of con- 
centration. The area of concentration must 
be approved by three members of the faculty, 
with an approved study plan filed in the 
Registrar's office no later than tall semester of 
the junior year. 

12. The satisfactory completion in the senior year 
of a comprehensive examination, thesis, or 
creative project in the major or area of 
concentration with a grade of C - or better. 



This culminating evaluation may include a 
test or other means for assessing the effective- 
ness of the college's academic programs. 

1 3. An Eckerd College cumulative GPA of 2.0 
or better. 



Bachelor of Science Degree 

The following requirements must be fulfilled by 
students in order to qualify tor fomial recom- 
mendation by the faculty for the Bachelor of 
Science degree in one ot the natural sciences: 

1 . The satisfactory completion of the courses 
and all-college requirements as outlined in 
sections 1-13 above. 

2. Completion ot a major or area of concen- 
tration in one of the natural sciences or 
mathematics, including the satisfactory 
completion of at least sixteen courses in the 
Natural Sciences Collegium, as specified by 
each discipline. 

Students majoring in the natural sciences or 
mathematics may earn the Bachelor of Arts 
degree by completing at least twelve but fewer 
than sixteen courses in the Natural Sciences 
Collegium, as specified by each discipline. 

For either the B.S. or the B.A. degree, students 
majoring in the natural sciences or mathematics 
may substitute specified courses outside the 
Collegium to satisfy the minimum requirement for 
courses within the Collegium. Interested students 
should consult their Mentors for infcirmation on 
gaining approval for such substitutions. 

See each discipline's description in the course 
section ot this catalog for specific requirements. 

For the requirement for the B.S. degree in 
psychology see Psychology in the course section 
ot this catalog. 

Degree Requirements for 
Transfer Students 

Eckerd College uses courses instead of semester 
hours as the numerical unit of measurement for 
the meeting of degree requirements. To determine 
the number of Eckerd College course equivalents 
a student receives in transfer credit, the semester 
hours awarded for those transfer courses acceptable 
to Eckerd are totaled and divided by 3.5. Eckerd 



19 



accepts a maximum of 63 semester hours (18 Eckerd 
course equivalents) oi transfer credit which may 
be applied toward meeting degree requirements. 
Transfer students receive an evaluation of transfer 
credit and detemiination of the number of 
equivalent Eckerd College courses from the 
registrar's office. 

Although the specific number of Eckerd College 
courses a transfer student must take is detemiined 
on an individual basis, a transfer student must 
spend at least four semesters and two short terms, 
including the senior year, in the college or in an 
approved off-campus program, for a minimum of 
18 Eckerd College course credits in order to 
graduate from Eckerd College. 

Students transferring to Eckerd College as 
sophomores are considered exempt from Western 
Heritage in a Global Context, foreign language, 
the first year oral communication and first year 
infomiation technolo,g>' proficiency requirements. 

All transfers must meet the following general 
education requirements: composition competency 
(i.e., writing portfolio), oral communication 
and technological competency in their major 
or concentration, and Quest for Meaning. 
Transfer students may count transfer credits 
toward fLilfilling academic area requirements and 
quantitative requirements but must complete 
Environmental and Global perspective courses at 
Eckerd College. The number of College Program 
Series events required of transfer students is 
detemnined by the student's class standing at the 
time of entry. 



FORD APPRENTICE 
SCHOLARS PROGRAM 

The Ford Apprentice Scholar Program at Eckerd 
College, initiated by a grant from the Ford 
Foundation, provides opportunity- for 20 selected 
juniors each year to participate in a two-year 
enhanced program designed to develop the skills 
and habits of professional scholars and to encour- 
age them to consider college and university 
teaching as a career. 

Tlie students selected take a course in the junior 
year in the history of ideas and do optional 
research with their faculty sponsors during the 
summer. In the senior year, they work closely with 



the faculty sponsors in an enhanced major and 
take a senior colloquium. Funds are available for 
summer and research support. The two Ford 
courses may be used to fulfill the Humanities 
academic area requirement and either the Global 
or Environmental perspective requirement. 
If the teaching practicum is done for credit, the 
student arranges an Independent Study with 
the Ford Mentor. 



THE HONORS PROGRAM 

Tlie Honors Program at Eckerd College provides 
enhanced opportunities for independent study and 
research to students of outstanding ability. 
Selected students are brought together for close 
interaction and advanced work, such studies 
receiving permanent recognition on the students' 
transcripts. 

Honors students meet all general education 
requirements. In addition, first-year Honors 
students meet for additional special sessions of the 
college's two freshman core courses. Western 
Heritage in a Global Context 1 and 11, for which 
an extra course credit is awarded. In the second 
and third years of the Honors program, partici- 
pants take two courses designated as Honors 
courses as part of their general education require- 
ments. These Honors courses should represent 
different perspective or academic areas. Seniors in 
the Honors Program participate in a colloquium in 
which they present their senior thesis research, 
creative projects, or their work for comprehensive 
examinations. 

Students who wish to be considered for the 
Honors Program in the freshman year must file an 
acceptable application for admission to Eckerd 
College by February 15. Interested students are 
encouraged to write the Dean of Admissions for 
additional iiifomiation. 

New transfer students and students already 
enrolled in the college, including students who 
may have applied unsuccessfully to the Honors 
Program earlier, are also eligible for admission as 
vacancies in the program occur at the upper levels. 
Students who are interested in making application 
to the Honors Program after they are enrolled in 
the college should contact the director of the 
Honors Program. 



20 



NATIONAL HONORARY SOCIETIES 



The tollovving National Honor Societies have 
chapters at Eckerd College: 

Alpha Kappa Delta - Sociology 

Requirements: junior or senior standing, an overall 
GPA ot 3.0, a major in sociology-, a GPA of 3.0 in 
sociology courses, and at least tour regular courses 
in sociology. The purpose ot this society is to 
promote an interest in the study ot sociology. 

Delta Phi Alpha - German 

Requirements: tu'o years of college Gentian, a 3.0 
average in German courses and 2.5 overall. New 
members must he elected unanimously. The 
society meets monthly, sponsors German-related 
events, off-campus speakers, and a weekly kaffee 
kktch tor all students of Gemiari. 

Omicron Delta Epsilon - Economics 
Lamba Chapter in Florida 

Requirements: junior or senior standing, class 
rank in upper one-third with a 3.0 in economics 
courses and at least four economics courses. 
The society recognizes the accomplishments of 
economics students. 

Omicron Delta Kappa - Leadership 

Requirements: junior or senior standing, 3.3 GPA 
or higher, member of the Eckerd College faculty, 
staff, or administration, alumni of the College or, 
in the case of an honoris causa induction, an 
individual with distinction in his or her chosen 
profession, or one who has rendered outstanding 
ser\'ice through leadership. Members must 
demonstrate leadership in at least one of five areas: 
scholarship; athletics; campus or community 
service, social and religious activities, and campus 
government. 



Phi Beta Kappa - Liberal Arts 

Requirements: evidence oi broad cultural interests, 
scholarly achievement, and good character. 
Candidates tor membership must have a distin- 
guished record of performance in liberal arts 
courses — fine arts, humanities, languages, 
mathematics, natural sciences, and social 
sciences — as well as substantial work in areas 
outside their major. The purpose is to promote 
excellence in the study of the liberal arts. 

Pi Mu Epsilon - Mathematics 
Gamma Chapter in Florida 

Requirements: at least two years of mathematics 
including Calculus 1 and 11 with at least a B 
average. The purpose is to promote scholarly 
activity in mathematics among students in 
academic institutions. 

Sigma Delta Pi - Spanish 

Requirements: three years, or the equivalent, of 
college Spanish with a 3.0 or better in all Spanish 
courses, and rank in upper 35 percent of class with 
a minimum of 2.75. The purpose is to promote 
scholarly acti\'it\' in Spanish among students in 
academic institutions. 

Sigma Xi - Scientific Research 

Requirements: demonstrated aptitude for scientific 
research and intention to pursue a career in 
science, nomination by a Sigma Xi member based 
on such criteria as academic excellence, scientific 
research usually culminating in a paper, presenta- 
tion at a scientitic meeting, or a senior thesis. The 
purpose is to advance scientitic research, encour- 
age interdisciplinary cooperation, and assist the 
wider understanding ot science. 



21 



MAJORS AND AREAS OF CONCENTRATION 



At Eckerd College, efforts are made to tailor 
programs of study to the particular needs and 
interests of individual students. To help guide 
students with the selection of courses, the faculty' 
has approved a number of disciplinary and 
interdisciplinary majors. 



Brief descriptions of majors are included under 
each discipline heading in the course description 
section of this catalog. Students desiring more 
specific infomiation about major programs 
should consult their Mentors, coUegial chairper- 
sons and discipline coordinators. A list of the 
faculr\'-approved majors follows. 



American Studies 

Anthropology- 

Biochemistry 

Biology 

Business Administration 

Chemistry 

Communication 

Comparative Literature 

Computer Science 

Creative Writing 

East Asian Studies 



Economics 

Environmental Studies 

French 

History 

Human Development 

Humanities 

Interdisciplinary Arts 

International Business 

International Relations 

and Global Affairs 
International Studies 



Literature 

Management 

Marine Science 

Mathematics 

Modem Languages 

Music 

Philosophy 

Physics 

Political Science 

Psychology 

Religious Studies 



Sociology 
Spanish 
Theatre 
Visual Arts 
Women's and Gender 
Studies 



A major or concentration must require at least 
eight but no more than sixteen courses. At least 
eight courses required for an approved discipline 
major must be in that discipline. No major or 
concentration can require more than twelve 
courses in one discipline. 

Students desiring to design their own programs of 
study are encouraged to develop an individualized 



area of concentration in cooperation with their 
Mentors. The proposed plan of study must 
ultimately be approved and have identified with it 
a specific committee of at least three faculty 
members. The approved study plan must be filed 
in the Registrar's office early in the junior year. 



ACADEMIC CREDIT 

Credit toward a degree is awarded for satisfactory 
course completion, independent study, directed 
study, internship, academic work certified by 
another accredited degree-granting institution, 
and proficiency demonstrated by examination. 

Ordinarily credit is earned by course completion. 
A nomial full-time academic load is eight courses 
plus an autumn term in the freshman year arid 
eight courses plus a winter terni project in each 
subsequent year. 

Credit may be earned through independent study 
by students who exhibit both the self-discipline 
and mastery of the methodologies demanded by 
the subject matter selected by the student. An 
independent study project is designed by a student 
in consultation with the professor who is to 
supervise and evaluate the work. An academic 
contract, drawn in advance, specifies the subject 
and method of inquiry, the texts, the purpose of 
the project, and the basis of evaluation and credit. 



Each contract must be approved by the Dean of 
Faculty. Independent study options are available 
for both on and off-campus opportunities. 
Freshmen are not pennitted to take off-campus 
independent studies. Iiidependent study forms 
are available from the Registrar. 

Provision is also made for credit by directed 
study. Both independent study and directed 
study require advarice planning by the instmctor 
and student. While initiative rests with the 
student for design of independent study, in 
directed study the instructor is responsible for 
supplying a syllabus which defines the program. 
Directed study syllabi are available from 
the Registrar. 

Credit is granted by transfer from regionally 
accredited degree-granting institutioiis, up to a 
limit of 16 courses, plus one autumn and one 
winter temi for a total of 18 Eckerd College 
course equivalents. A student entering Eckerd 



22 



College should request that an ofticial transcript of 
work done in other institutions be sent to the 
Registrar. An official transcript is required from 
each institution attended. ^X^en the transcript 
has been e\'aluated, the applicant is notified of the 
credit accepted by transfer. Eckerd College 
students who wish to enroll for part of their 
programs at other institutions should have the 
approval in advance of their Mentors, appropriate 
discipliiie faculty, and the Registrar. For more 
information on transfer credit, see page 121. 

Credit for demonstrated proficiency is awarded 
when a student applies for it with the Registrar 
and successfully completes appropriate examina- 
tions. College Level Examination Programs are 
recognized for both advanced placement and 
academic credit. For more information on CLEP, 
see page 122. 

The college recogiiizes that many experiences 
outside the classroom may contribute to a 
student's program. Internships, participation in 
community projects, and field experience may be 
accorded credit if closely coordinated with the 
student's academic program. Such experience 
ordinarily constitutes a part of a regular course or 
independent study project. 

Some disciplines have their own internship 
programs and information can be found regarding 
these in the descriptions of courses and majors. 
It is best to first consult your professor or Mentor 
regarding internship opportunities and require- 
ments within your discipline. Credit may be 
earned through internship by students who have 
the commitment and maturity to combine pre- 
professional work with their academic studies. 
After discussion with his or her Mentor, a student 
can design an internship proposal in conjunction 
with a supervising professor. Guidelines for 
internships are available through the Registrar, 
CALA and the Office of Career Resources, where 
help facilitating the internship is also available. 
The student, supervising professor, site supervisor, 
and Associate Dean must agree in advance on the 
nature of the site work, assignments, and means of 
evaluation. Once a proposal and contract are 
approved by the Associate Dean/ Director for 
CALA, the student is registered. An internship 
must include substantial engagement with a 
work site (usually a minimum of 150 hours) as 
well as the completion of reflective reading and 
writing assignments. 



THE GRADING SYSTEM 

The standard grading system of the college is A 
(Superior Work), B (Good Work), C (Satisfactory 
Work), D (Poor Work), and F (Unacceptable 
Work). Tlie instmctor of a course may also add a 
plus ( + ) or minus (-) to a final grade except a plus 
to an A or a plus or minus to an F. All courses in 
which any C - grade or higher has been earned 
shall count toward fulfilling degree requirements. 
A course in which any D grade is earned may 
fulfill degree requirements subject to limitations in 
specific majors. 

A grade of I (Incomplete) indicates that, although 
a substantial proportion of the course requirements 
have been met, all course requirements are not 
completed by the end of the temi and that, in the 
judgment of the instructor, extension of the 
deadline is both appropriate and a reasonable limit 
for the completion of remaining work. Typically 
an instmctor might consider giving an Incomplete 
grade when the reasons for the unfinished work 
are circumstances beyond the student's control. A 
grade of I will not be given to students who have 
submitted minimal or no work during the tenn or 
who, in the judgment of the instmctor, have not 
adequately participated in the course. 

Unless an earlier deadline is set by the instmctor, 
a student must complete the work required 

as follows: 

Autumn Term Incomplete - 

Due on or before October 1 

Fall Term Incomplete - 

Due on or before March 1 

Winter Term Incomplete - 

Due on or before March 1 

Spring Term Incomplete - 

Due on or before October 1 

Summer Term Incomplete - 

Due on or before October 1 

If the work is not completed by the deadline above 
or an earlier deadline imposed by the instmctor, 
the Incomplete automatically becomes an F. 
The grade awarded at the deadline, whether one 
submitted by the instmctor or an automatic F, 
is final. 

Students who withdraw from a course by the 
withdrawal deadline published in the Academic 
Calendar will receive a grade of W. An emergency 
late withdrawal from a course may be requested in 



23 



extreme circumstances beyond the student's 
control such as iUness, accident, or death in the 
immediate family. Outside documentation must 
accompany these petitions. Requests for late 
withdrawals will not he granted for poor academic 
pertomiance, excessive wcukload, change in 
academic or career plans, missed classes due to 
athletics, or abandonment of class attendance. 

A Credit/No Credit grading option is available in 
each course/project for students who are at least 
second semester freshmen. The grade of Credit is 
comparable to work evaluated as C or better. 
Students desiring this grading option must petition 
for the approval of the course instaictor, the 
Mentor, and the Dean of Faculty'. Petitions must 
he submitted prior to the beginning of a semester 
or temi. Grades of Credit and No Credit cannot 
be subsequently changed to letter grades. 

All grades are reported to students and entered on 
the official record of the college. Grades ot F will 
not be removed from the transcript. A notation 
will be recorded on the transcript of any substitute 
grade earned. Students may not repeat a course for 
credit unless they receive a D, need to repeat the 
course in order to progress in sequence, and have 
the approval of the instmctor and the Dean of 
Faculty. Both the original course and the repeated 
course remain on the student's transcript, but only 
one of these courses may be used to meet the 
graduation requirement of 36 credits (32 courses 
and four short temis). 



CLASS ATTENDANCE 

Students are expected to attend all classes in 
courses for which they are registered. There is no 
college-wide attendance requirement, but 
individual instmctors may impose attendance 
requirements in particular courses. 



STANDARDS OF 
SATISFACTORY 
ACADEMIC PROGRESS 

NORMAL PROGRESS 

Nornnal progress toward graduation is the 
completion of four courses each H-week 
tem^ and a short temi each year with grades 
of C or better. 



ACADEMIC REVIEW 
COMMITTEE 

At the close of the fall and spring semesters, the 
Academic Review Committee reviews the progress 
of every student who does not meet the cumulative 
grade point (GPA) minimum standard detennined 
by class standing, is on academic probation, or is 
otherwise identified as not making satisfactory 
academic progress. Tlie cumulative GPA refers to 
the student's Eckerd College GPA only. Mentors, 
instmctors and student personnel staff may be 
consulted. The Committee may place on probation 
or dismiss any student who in its judgment is not 
making satisfactory academic progress. In making 
such judgments, the Committee is guided by the 
following standards and notifies the Financial Aid 
office of each financial aid recipient affected. 



PROBATION 

A student whose Eckerd College cumulative GPA 
falls below the minimum standard detemiined by 
class standing is placed on academic probation. 

The mii^iimum standards are as follows: 
Freshmen - 1 .6, Sophomores - 1 .8, juniors - 2.0, 
Seniors - 2.0. 

Students placed on academic probation are 
notified of this action by the Academic Review 
Committee and advised of how to remove the 
probationary' status. 

Students may enroll in up to four H-week long 
courses during the temi that they are on probation. 



SUBJECT TO DISMISSAL 

A student whixse Eckerd College cumulative GPA 
falls below the minimum standard detemiined by 
class standing for the second consecutive semester 
will be notified of being subject to dismissal for a 
third consecutive semester below the minimum 
standard. Students may enroll in up to iour 
14-week length courses during the temi they are 
on probation. 

Academic probation may be continued longer 
than two semesters if in the judgement of the 
Academic Review Committee and/or the Dean of 
Faculty, the student's progress or the presence of 
extenuating circumstances warrants an extension. 



24 



SUMMARY OF ACADEMIC REVIEW COMMITTEE CATEGORIES 



Probation: After one semester d not meeting the 
minimum standard. 

Subject to Dismissal: After a second consecutive 
semester of not meeting the minimum standard. 

Dismissal: After a third consecutive semester 
of not meeting the minimum standard, or 
when otherwise identified by the Academic 
Review Committee as not making satisfactory 
academic progress. 



REMOVAL FROM PROBATION 

A student is removed from probation at the end 
of the fall or spring semester upon attaining the 
minimum GPA standard for the student's current 
class standing. Students with incomplete grades 
are not eligible for removal from probation. 



Second Dismissal: A second dismissal is final. 

Graduation: A cumulative GPA of 2.0 is required. 

Cumulative GPA Minimum Standard by Class 
Standing: 

Freshmen - 1.6 
Sophomores - 1.8 
Juniors - 2.0 
Seriiors - 2.0 



GRADUATION 

The minimum Eckerd College grade point 
requirement for graduation is a cumulative GPA 
of 2.0. Cumulative GPA refers to Eckerd College 
GPA only. 



DISMISSAL 

A student whose Eckerd College cumulative GPA 
is below the minimum standard detemnined by 
class standing for the third consecutive fall or 
spring semester or who has otherwise been 
identified by the Academic Review Committee as 
not making satisfactory academic progress will be 
dismissed for at least one semester. 

Students dismissed for academic reasons are 
notified in advance of the next regular tenTi by the 
Academic Review Committee. Tliis notice also 
advises the student whether and, if so, when and 
how to be considered for re-admission. 

To apply for re-admission, a student should write 
to the Dean of Faculty, who chairs the Academic 
Review Committee. 



SECOND DISMISSAL 

If a student is readmitted after dismissal, a second 
dismissal is final. 



WITHDRAWALS AND 
COLLEGE LEAVE 

Withdrawal or temporary leave from the college at 
any time is official only upon the completion of 
the fomi available in the Dean of Students office. 
Requests for re-admission following withdrawal or 
temporary leave should be sent to the Dean of 
Students. Students may take college leave to 
enroll in another college for courses i-iot available 
here but important to the student's total program. 
Such courses may be transferred upon the student's 
return but must be approved in advance by the 
Mentor, discipline faculty and Registrar. Students 
requesting a withdrawal or temporary leave should 
consult with the Dean of Students. 



THE DEAN'S LIST 

The Dean's List is compiled following the fall 
semester and the spring semester and includes 
students who completed at least four courses with 
a tenti grade point average of 3.75. Students with 
incomplete grades at the time the list is compiled are 
not eligible. 



25 




HONORS AT GRADUATION 

Eckerd College awards diplomas with Honors to a 
few students in each graduating class. The criteria 
and designation for graduation with Honors are: 
High Honors - 3.8 grade point average or above; 
Honors - 3.6 to 3.799 grade point average for 
courses taken at Eckerd College. To he eligible for 
Honors, a studerit must have completed at least 18 
Eckerd College courses. Students graduating with 
fewer than 18 Eckerd College course credits with a 
grade point average of 3.66 or above, will graduate 
with the designation of Distinction. 



AUDITORS 

Any regularly registered full-time student may 
audit a course without fee, subject to pemiission of 
the instmctor. Part-time students or students not 
registered for credit may attend courses as auditors 
subject to fornial pemiission of the instructor and 
payment of an auditor's fee. Entry is made on the 
student's pemianent record concealing audited 
classes. A course taken for audit may he changed 
to credit with the instructor's pemiission, if the 
change is filed with the Registrar by the end of the 
eighth week of a semester. 



REGISTRATION 

Ereshmen are pre-registered tor autumn temi 
projects before arriving on campus. During the 
autumn tenn, they are assisted in registering for 
fall courses. Transfer students meet with Mentors 
and are assisted with course registration during the 
New Student Registration Day at the beginning oi 
each temi. Returning students have typically pre- 
registered during the previous temi. Students may 
adjust their schedules during the add/drop period. 
Add/drop deadlines are printed in the calendar in 
the back of this catalog. 



CANCELLATION OF COURSES 

Courses may occasionally be canceled because of 
low enrollment; however, should this be the case, 
students will be notified in advance and assisted 
with arranging a satisfactory substitute. 



26 



STUDENT RECORDS 



STUDENT RIGHTS 
UNDER FERPA 

The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act 
(FERPA) affords students certain rights with 
respect to their education records. They are: 

1 . Tlie right to inspect and review the student's 
education records within 30 days of the day 
the college receives a request for access. 

a. Students may see their educational 
records by submitting a written request at 
the office where the records of interest 
are maintained. 

b. Access is to he granted promptly and no 
later than thirty days from the date of the 
request. 

c. Students may make the request in person 
or by mail, but the request must always 
be in writing. 

d. Students may obtain upon request copies 
of documents to which they are entitled. 
Typically these copies would not include 
transcripts from other schools or recom- 
mendation letters written to Eckerd 
College. The College may charge tor 
these copies. 

e. Students may request and receive 
interpretation of their records from the 
person (or designee) responsible for the 
maintenance of the record. 

2. The right to request the amendment of the 
student's education records that the student 
believes are inaccurate or misleading. 

a. Students may write the college official 
responsible for the record, clearly identify 
the part of the record they want changed, 
and specify why it is inaccurate or 
misleading. 

b. The case will be reviewed through the 
nonnal channels of the department 
responsible for the record. 

c. If the decision is made not to amend the 
record as requested, the student may 
appeal through the Coordinator of 
Judicial Affairs. 



3. The right to consent to disclosures of person- 
ally identifiable information contained in the 
student's education records, except to the 
extent that FERPA authorizes disclosure 
without consent. 

One exception which permits disclosure 
without consent is disclosure to school 
officials with legitimate educational interests. 
A school official is a person employed by the 
college in an administrative, supervisory, 
academic or research, or support staff position 
(including law enforcement unit personnel 
and health staff); a person or company with 
whom the college has contracted (such as an 
attorney, auditor, or collection agent); a 
person sei"ving on the Board of Trustees; or a 
student serving on an official committee, 
such as a disciplinary or grievance committee, 
or assisting school officials in perfomiing 
their tasks. 

A school official has a legitimate educational 
interest if the official needs to review an 
education record in order to fulfill profes- 
sional responsibilities. 

4. The right to file a complaint with the U.S. 
Department of Education concerning alleged 
failures by the college to comply with the 
requirements of FERPA. The name and 
address of the office that administers 
FERPA is: 

Family Policy Compliance Office 
U.S. Department of Education 
600 Independence Avenue, SW 
Washington, DC 20202-4605 



POLICY ON STUDENT 
RECORDS 

In compliance with FERPA, the following 
constitutes the College's policy instmcting 
students on the procedures available to provide 
appropriate access to personal records while 
protecting the confidentiality of these records. 

A "student" is defined as one who has attended or 
is attending Eckerd College and whose records are 
in the files of the College. Student records to 
which this policy applies do not include files 



27 



retained by individual taculty/stat! members which 
are not accessible to any other person except a 
substitute designated by the faculty/staff member. 

Public or directory infomaation is limited to name, 
permanent and local address, e-mail address, 
phone, date of birth, photograph. Mentor, major 
field of study, dates of enrollment including hours 
enrolled, admission or enrollment status, school or 
division, class standing, anticipated graduation 
date, graduation date, degrees, awards, honors, 
participation in officially recognized activities 
and sports, and weight aiid height of athletic 
team members. 

Public information shall be released freely unless 
the student files the appropriate forna requesting 
that information may not be released. This form is 
available at the Registrar's office and must be 
renewed each academic year. If this form is not 
received prior to the end of the drop/add period of 
the fall term, it will be assumed that directory 
infonnation may be disclosed for the remainder of 
the current academic year. A new form for non- 
disclosure must be completed each academic year. 

A student's educational record is open to the 
student with the following exceptions: 

• Confidential letters of recommendation 
placed in files prior to January 1, 1975. 

• Records of parent's financial status. 

• Employment records (see below). 

• Medical records (see below). 

The employment records to which students do not 
have access are records kept in the nomial course 
of business which relate exclusively to students as 
employees. Medical records are kept in the 
Student Health Center. This office rigidly protects 
the confidentiality of those records, but they 
can be reviewed by a physician or appropriate 
professional of the student-patient's choice. 

Student records are open to members of the 
faculty and staff who have a legitimate need to 
blow their contents, except where access is 
prohibited by special policies such as those 
governing medical records. The detennination of 
those who have a "legitimate need to know" 
will be made by the person responsible for the 
maintenance of the records. Tliis detennination 
must be made scmpulously and with respect for 
the individual whose records is involved. 



At the discretion of the office maintaining the 
records, records may be released without the 
consent of the student to third parties only as 
authorized by FERPA. Examples include but are 
not limited to: 

• Federal, State, and local officials as 
required by law. 

• Appropriate persons in an emergency 
situation when necessary to protect the 
welfare of the individual. 

• Parents of a student who is a dependent 
for income tax purposes. 

A student may secure from the Registrar's office a 
consent forna authorizing the release of specified 
records to specific individuals. A notation of such 
releases made to third parties must be kept in the 
student's record. Tins notation is open only to the 
student and the office in charge of the record. The 
third party must be infomaed that no release of 
personally identifiable data is authorized without 
the written consent of the student. 

This policy does not preclude the destruction of any 
record if the College does not consider it gemiane. 
Persons in charge of records should ensure that only 
pertinent items are retained in student files. 




28 



DESCRIPTIONS OF COURSES AND MAJORS 

(Alphabetically by Discipline) 
Meaning of Letters and Numbers 



Tlie first two letters indicate the discipline 
offering the course. 

A third letter (I) indicates an International 
course (offered abroad). A number after the first 
two letters indicates a course spanning two or 
more semesters. 

Interdisciplinary courses are indicated by the 
collegial designations CR-Creative Arts, 
BE-Behavioral Science, CU-Comparative 
Cultures, LT'Letters, NA-Natural Sciences, 
FD-Foundations, INI-a course offered abroad, 
and QM indicates Quest for Meaning 
perspective course. 

The first digit of the three numbers indicates 
the level of the course: 1 and 2 indicate a 
course at the Freshman or Sophomore level; 
3 and 4 indicate a course at the Junior or 
Senior level. 



5. The second and third digits are used at the 
discretion of the collegium. 

331-332 indicates Special Topics 
410 indicates a Senior Seminar 

498 indicates Comprehensive Examination 

499 indicates Senior Thesis or Project 

6. Perspective courses are indicated by a letter after 
die third digit: E-Environmental and G-Global. 
Courses which meet the computation require- 
ment are indicated by M after the digits. Courses 
which meet academic area requirements and 
do not have prerequisites which have already 
met the academic area requirement are 
designated by a letter after the third digit: 
A'Arts, H-F^umanities, N-Natural Sciences, 
S'Social Sciences. 



Opportunities for independent study are available in all collegia. Independent study contracts are 
negotiated between the student and the faculty sponsor. Independent study contract fonTis are available 
in the Registrar's office. 

Directed studies are listed in this catalog. Copies of directed study syllabi are available in the Registrar's office. 
Some directed studies are available through the Program for Experienced Learners only. PEL students should 
consult the PEL Director for a list of these. 

An academic minor is an option available to all students. The academic minors available are listed in this catalog. 

COURSES LISTED IN THIS CATALOG 
ARE NOT NECESSARILY OFFERED EACH YEAR. 

DESCRIPTIONS OF COURSES AND MAJORS 

(Alphabetically by Discipline) 



AMERICAN STUDIES 

A broad, interdisciplinary major in American 
civilization that focuses upon American experience 
and identity, past and present, using the methods 
and approaches of a variety of academic disciplines, 
as well as the distinctive cultural perspective of 
American Studies. At Eckerd College, the program 
is built around the core disciplines of history, 
literature, political science, and cultural anthropol- 
ogy. In order to allow students to shape their courses 
of study to their own intellectual goals, the major 
may also include courses in diverse fields such as 
philosophy, religion, art, economics, women's and 
gender studies, and sociology, provided that the 
courses are related to understanding the society and 
culture of the United States. Each student's program 



is developed in consultation with a faculty commit- 
tee, and should fonn a consistent pattern of courses 
in American culture and institutions. 

Students who complete the American Studies major 
demonstrate the following competencies: 

• knowledge of American history, institutions, 
environment and culture, within an interdisci- 
plinary perspective, demonstrated by the ability 
to talk and write intelligently about these fields. 

• ability to define and evaluate the core values of 
American culture. 

• knowledge of the dex'elopment of the field of 
American Studies as an academic discipline. 



29 



American Studies 



• understanding of the methods, scope, and 
perspective of the field ot American Studies. 

• understanding of a core discipline in American 
Studies (e.g., American history, American 
literature, American government. Cultural 
Anthropology') and how it relates to the larger 
field of American Studies. An understanding 
of how the study of the core discipline is 
enriched by the interdisciplinary' approach of 
American Studies. 

• ability to relate the various courses and 
approaches that have been taken as a part of the 
major program, and defend the interdisciplinary 
approach to the study of the United States. 

• demonstrated ability to undertake a research 
project that will explore important issues and 
problems in methodology and interpretation of 
American Studies. 

• familiarity with the classic works in American 
Studies that relate the fields of American 
literature and history and the ability to evaluate 
the author's methodology'. 

A major in American Studies consists of a minimum 
of ten courses. Six of the ten courses must be beyond 
the introductory level. Electives in the major should 
be chosen in consultation with discipline faculty. In 
addition, each student majoring in American Studies 
must pass a Senior comprehensive examination, or, if 
invited by the faculty, write a Senior thesis. 

The American Studies major should include at least 
five courses from one of the core disciplines of 
history, literature, political science, or cultural 
anthropology. An introductory survey course in the 
core discipline should be chosen in consultation with 
discipline faculty. Majors should also choose at least 
three American Studies courses, one of which must 
be AM 20 IH. At least two additional courses should 
be chosen from American Studies or another 
discipline that directly relates to the study of 
American culture and society. In addition to courses 
from another of the core disciplines, students may 
choose courses in the following areas: courses that 
have a comparative perspective or that place 
American culture or society in a global context; 
Cultural Studies courses in media, communication, 
and representation, with a substantial component 
dealing with the United States; courses with an 
African American or Women's and Gender Studies 
emphasis, or courses with an environmental or pre- 
law focus, with a substantial component dealing with 
the United States. 

For a minor in American Studies, students will take 
five AM courses, including AM 20 IH, chosen in 
consultation with American Studies discipline 
faculty'. Three of the five courses must be at the 300 
level or above. 



AM 20 IH Introduction to American 
Civilization 

Significant works and methods of American Studies, 
while surveying cultural themes of American 
identity and issues of American experience. 

AM 204G Native American Colloquium 

This course will be an occasional offering designed 
to allow students to take full advantage of public 
programs offered at Eckerd College, by incorporating 
academic methods of intellectual engagement in an 
innovative course setting. 

AM 306H American Myths and Values 

Myths in American history', literature, and religion 
which shape Americans' understanding of their 
identity and history. 

AM 307H Rebels with a Cause 

Reform and radical ideology of the 1 9th and 20th 
centuries. Populism, progressivism; nationalist, civil 
rights, peace, feminist, environmental movements. 
(Directed Study available) 

AM 308H Becoming Visible 

Changing perspectives on what it means to be male 
or female in the U.S. Historical origins and sources 
of values concerning masculinity and femininity. 
(Directed study available) 

AM 31 OH American Cinema 

TTiis course will analyze American films and the 
movie industry in their social and cultural context, 
including the formal properties of film, film criti- 
cism, and interpreting motion pictures as an 
important mass medium. 

AM 311H Politics of Race: American Fiction 

Examining ways in which race was constructed in 
narrative by and for the conventions of a white, 
19th century reading public and how those ways 
have been "reconstructed" in the 20th century. 

AM314E Environment in American 
Thought 

Examine ways physical environment has been 
conceptualized as the cultural landscapes in the 
American past, from the Puritans "errand into the 
wilderness" to the chaotic world of Jurassic Park, 
using paintings, film, photographs, and literary 
works. Prerequisites: Sophomore status or above. 

AM319E Environmental Film Colloquium 

This course will develop the idea that the environ- 
ment has been a significant focus in culture and can 
be analyzed from the perspective of the imagery of 
film, video, and other visual media. 



30 



AM 32 IH Women in Modem America 

Feminist theory, growth of women's movements, 
minority women, changes in women's health, birth 
control, images of women in literature and film. 
Changes in women's position in America. (Available 
as Directed Study only) 

AM 322H Business of American Culture 

This course will examine cultural responses to and 
understandings ot business withm US society and the 
ways this system has shaped and been shaped by 
social relations and cultural understandings in 
the US. 

AM 324H Organized Crime in America 

Organized Crime in America is a course that traces 
the development of organized criminal activity in 
America from the eighteenth century to the present. 

AM 338H Harlem Renaissance 

Emergence of a new literai7 and artistic movement 
within the African- American community in the 
1920's and how it affected other social movements in 
American society. African-American History I and 
II helpful but not required. 

AM 339H The Great Depression and 
American Life 

Exploring American life during the Great Depres- 
sion in its social, cultural, and environmental 
aspects, using literature, mass media and online 
archival resources. 



ANTHROPOLOGY 

Anthropology is the holistic study of humankind, 
embracing cultural diversity, human origins, 
linguistics, and the application of knowledge to 
current social problems. Those completing the 
anthropology major demonstrate the ability to: 

• define and discuss the differences between 
I the biological and the cultural aspects of 
I humankind and the interdependence of 
t these two areas 

• conduct literature research and engage in 
scholarly writing that is logically cohesive 
and properly documented 

• explain the concept of cultural relativity 
and discuss the implications for 
intercultural relations 

V; • distinguish arguments or positions based on 
sound data and logically reasoned, from those 
which lack sound supporting data and/or rest on 
questionable assumptions. 



Anthropology 

They must have: 

• knowledge and experience in the fundamentals 
of empirical research, including anthropological 
methods and techniques of gathering data, data 
analysis, and the writing of a research report 

• familiarity with a variety of topical, regional and 
applied fields of inquiry 

• preparedness for graduate programs in the field 
of anthropology and in related multicultural and 
international fields. 

The goals include introducing students to the 
different career choices in the academic world 
and in international business. 

Anthropological requirements for the major include 
successful completion of six core courses: Introduc- 
tion to Anthropology, Research Methodology, 
Anthropological Theory, Physical Anthropology, 
Statistical Methods, and Linguistic Anthropology or 
Introduction to Archaeology; plus completion of five 
other courses in anthropology, two of which must be 
applied courses; and an oral comprehensive exami- 
nation, with a C or better in all courses. In addition, 
anthropology majors must participate in at least one 
overseas study experience during their time at 
Eckerd College, ideally in a non-Western culture. 
Exceptions can be made only after consultation with 
the anthropology faculty. 

Sequencing: Introduction to Anthropology in the 
Freshman year or as the foundation course on which 
the succeeding courses are built, and all other 
anthropology courses, with the exception of 
Anthropological Research Methodology and 
Anthropological Tlieory, which are taken in the 
Junior or Senior year. 

Requirements for the minor are Introduction to 
Anthropology, and any additional four courses in 
anthropology. 

AN 20 IG Introduction to Anthropology 

Introduction to the four fields of anthropology: 
physical, cultural, linguistics, and archaeology. 
Includes such topics as economy and exchange, 
religion, political organization, kinship, and gender 
roles, from a comparative perspective. 

AN 203G Middle Eastern Area Studies 

The nature of Islamic cultures and changes that 
have taken place through contact with the West. 
Environment, religion, social organizations, rural and 
urban factors, status of women, development of 
nationalism. 



31 



Anthropology 

AN 204S Introduction to Archaeology 

Explores the role of archaeology in understanding 
the human past, including hasic concepts in method 
and theory. Ethical and legal issues surrounding the 
preservation and interpretation of archaeological 
sites also examined. 

AN 205 S Introduction to Primate Studies 

Evolution of diversity socioecology, behavior, social 
relationships, communication, intelligence of 
primates; conservation and biomedical research. 
Observation techniques through field project. 
Prerequisites: AN 201G or AN 240S; biology majors 
with permission of instructor. 

AN 208S Human Sexuality 

Overview of human sexuality, including cross- 
cultural and evolutionary perspectives. Range of 
sexual behavior and attitudes exhibited by humans 
to help put one's own sexuality in perspective. 

AN 220E Cultural Geography 

A study of human population and cultural diversity 
as a function of geographic distribution. Culture 
regions and cultural landscapes examined in an 
environmental perspective, with particular attention 
to ethnicity, diffusion, and adaptation. 

AN 230S Linguistic Anthropology 

The scientific study of language and its context: the 
elements of language and its uses in personal 
thought, social interaction, cultural values and 
institutions. 

AN 240S Physical Anthropology 

Concepts, theories, methodologies used in the study 
of non-human primates, otir hominid ancestors and 
modem humans. Human variation, evolutionary 
theoiy, primate behavior, paleoanthropology', 
biocultural adaptation, and evolutionary psychology. 
Includes a laboratory section. 

AN 260S Cultural Environment of 
International Business 

See International Business IB 2608. 

AN 262E Environment, Population and 
Culture 

Long-range view of population growth and 
technology, prime movers of cultural evolution, 
from prehistoric times to present. 

AN 282G East Asian Area Studies 

Examination of the more enduring features of China 
and Japan, through art, architecture, literature, 
customs, religious beliefs and intellectual traditions. 
Prerequisite: Sophomore standing. 



AN 283G Southeast Asian Area Studies 

Exploration ot the diverse cultures of Southeast Asia 
in terms of religions, tradition, art, music, theatre, 
architecture and ways of life. 

AN 285G Latin American Area Studies 

A multidisciplinary, contemporary overview of the 
peoples and cultures, achievements and challenges 
faced in Latin America. 

AN 286G Cultures of Sub-Saharan Africa 

Cultural heritage of Sub-Saharan nations, including 
history, economy, politics and social structure. 
Selected ethnographies for in-depth study. 

AN 287G Caribbean Area Studies 

Surveys the culture history and ways of life of the 
peoples of the Caribbean region; their economic 
system; socioeconomic forms of organization; 
domestic organization and gender relations. 

AN 288G Native Cultures: Southeast U.S. 
Prehistory/archaeology of the southeast; ethnohistory 
and ethnography of indigenous groups of the 
southeast U.S.; contemporary ethical issues in the 
study of indigenous societies. 

AN 289S Gender: Cross-Cultural 
Perspective 

Comparative study of significant topics in the 
anthropology of gender: men and women in 
prehistory, interrelationships between biology and 
culture, cultural construction of gender, division of 
labor, religion/ritual, changes in gender roles. 

AN 333S Anthropological Research Methods 

Design and implementation of different types of 
research modes. Field work projects. Prerequisite: 
AN 201G or permission of instructor. 

AN 334G Fertility and Reproduction 

Study of human reproduction and population 
growth. 

AN335E Cultural Ecology 

An interdisciplinary, cross cultural study of how 
human populations operate within ecosystems, 
including cultural adaptations to natural environ- 
ments. Explores environmental constraints on 
human behavior that influence long-term cultural 
change. Prerequisite: AN 20 10. 

AN 336S Ethnic Identity 

Role of ethnic identity in nationalism, non- 
assimilation of minorities, intercultural understand- 
ing, communication and interaction. 



32 



AN 33 7S Anthropology and Education 

Contemporary- problems facing educators and 
learners in formal and nontormal education in the 
Third World and in minority groups. Methods of 
conducting ethnological fieldwork in education. 
Major trends in role of education in development. 
Prerequisite: AN 201 G. 

AN 338S Anthropology and Religion 

Religious beginnings, role m human life, and 
movements from an anthropological viewpoint. 
Primitive religions, movements in industrialized 
society Selected case studies. Prerequisite: AN 20 IG 
(exceptions made for Religious Studies and other 
interested majors). 

AN 339S Development Anthropology 

Population growth, hunger and nutrition, agricul- 
tural development, role of cultural factors such as 
economic decision-making, risk-taking, gender roles. 
Prerequisite: Sophomore or higher or pennission of 
instructor. AN 201G recommended. 

AN340S Conflict Studies 

Conflict and its resolution in other cultures, gender, 
family, education, corporate, xenophobia, prejudice. 
Methods of resolution such as third party negotia- 
tion, mediation, arbitration. Prerequisite: Sopho- 
more or higher or permission of instructor. AN 20 IG 
recommended. 

AN 3418 Medical Anthropology 

Biobehavioral adaptations; healing, heath and 
disease in cross-cultural perspective; evolution of 
disease; traditional medicine. Prerequisite: AN 201G 
(exceptions made for Biology/Pre-medical and other 
interested majors). 

AN 3508 Introduction to Museum Work 

(Directed Study) Hands-on experience with 
artifacts, cataloging, restoring and cleaning, 
designing and constructing an exhibit based on 
research. Minimum 120 hours. Prerequisites: at least 
one anthropology course and consent of instaictor. 

AN 410 Anthropological Theory 

Senior seminar for anthropology majors. Covers the 
development of theory from 19th century origins, 
through various schools of thought up to modem/ 
postmodern theory in anthropology. Junior and 
Seniors only. 



Art 

ART 

The visual arts major is process and project oriented. 
Students develop their own area of emphasis, 
focusing on imagery and content through their 
chosen media. The major should be seen as the 
central part of the student's education, with other 
college requirements and electives serving to shape 
the young artist as a whole person. 

Specific focus and courses for the major are worked 
out with a visual arts Mentor. Every program must 
consist of a minimum of ten studio courses, including 
AR lOlA, 102A, and 320, plus three approved 
courses in art history at least one of which should be 
at the 300 level. Every student must pass the 
required Sophomore show review in the categories of 
drawing and design before undertaking the Senior 
thesis exhibition. The Senior thesis exhibition is 
required of all majors for graduation, and must 
demonstrate technical competence and a developed 
artistic vision, the ability to work in a sustained way 
with a visual problem or problems, and to organize 
gallery space coherently A required Senior seminar 
in the final semester concludes the visual arts major. 

Requirement for Junior Transfer Students 

A student transferring from another college at the 
Junior level and electing to major in art must submit 
a portfolio of work demonstrating competency in 
drawing and design as a substitute for the required 
Sophomore show. Students unprepared to submit a 
portfolio or who do not demonstrate competency in 
both areas may not expect to graduate in two years 
with a major in visual arts. The normal four year 
progi-am moves from structured courses, to greater 
freedom, to the independently executed Senior 
thesis show. 

Freshmen 

AR 101 A Visual Problem Solving 
AR 102 A Drawing Fundamentals 
Choice of workshop courses 
Art History course 

Sophomores 

Choice of workshop courses 
Art History course 
Sophomore show 

Juniors 

Art History course 
Choice of workshop courses 
Studio Critique 

Seniors 

Thesis show preparation 
Senior thesis show 
Senior Seminar 



33 



Art 

An art minor consists of AR 101 A Visual Problem 
Solving, AR 102 A Drawing Fundamentals, and one 
approved course in art history, plus three other studio 
courses approved by the art faculty for qualification 
for the minor. 

AR 101 A Visual Problem Solving 

Systematic approach to visual arts, developing 
skills in spatial organization, relating fonns in 
sequence, discovering uniqueness, personal approach 
to solutions, even within narrow, arbitrarily 
prescribed hounds. 

AR 102 A Drawing Fundamentals 

For the novice or the initiated, an immersion in new 
ways of seeing, eye-hand coordination, self-discovery, 
and self- expression through varied drawing media, 
using as sources the figure, still-life, nature, and 
imagination. 

AR 210A Appreciating Art 

In this course we will make use of local museum 
resources as we explore some of the fundamental 
aspects of art and we will discuss art both as personal 
expression and as cultural heritage. 

AR222A Clayl 

For beginners, the fundamentals of ceramic materi- 
als, hand forming, recycling, glazing, firing. Labora- 
tories with supervised working time and lectures on 
technical knowledge and creative problem solving. 

AR 223 Relief Printing 

An in-depth investigation of one of the oldest 
printmaking media, using primarily wood and 
linoleum, designing imagery in both black and white 
and color. Prerequisite: AR 101 A or AR 102A. 

AR 225 Etching 

Basic techniques of etching, including hard and soft 
grounds, aquatint, drypoint, open biting, embossing, 
and color printing. Experimentation and an 
imaginative approach is expected. Prerequisites: 
AR lOlA and AR 102A. 

AR 227A Magic, Mythology and Ritual Art 

Collage and assemblage objects used in rituals 
throughout history, with papers documenting 
content, process and history. 

AR 228 Painting Workshop 

Introduction to process of painting with emphasis on 
each student finding his/her own imagery, exploring 
technical means. Any medium or combination 
allowed. Prerequisites: AR lOlA and AR 102A. 

AR 2 29 A Photography as Image Gathering 

Process, techniques, and aesthetics of taking and 
developing black and white photographs. No 



prerequisites, but the student should have access to a 
camera with adjustable aperture and shutter speeds. 

AR 241 Intermediate Drawing 

Explore a variety of approaches to drawing, using 
traditional and non-traditional media. Prerequisites: 
AR lOlA and AR 102A. 

AR 242A Introduction to Museum Studies 

TTiis course introduces students to the basic 
principles of how a museum operates. Through 
lectures, case studies, guest speakers, and field trips, 
students will experience various departments within 
a museum. 

AR 244 Digital Photography 

Photography in context with digital technology; the 
composition and creation of artistic digital images. 
Digital camera required. Evaluation based on quality 
of work, participation, effort and improvement. 
Prerequisites: AR 101 A, AR 102A, or AR 229A. 

AR 245A Arts Marketing 

The means available to individuals or arts institu- 
tions by which a single product or an entire institu- 
tion may be marketed to the public. 

AR 303 Asian Art and Techniques 

Learn oriental art appreciation. Explore and practice 
the forms, styles, techniques and materials of oriental 
art (mostly Chinese). Prerequisite: AR 101 A or AR 
102 A or permission of instructor by portfolio review. 

AR 307 Clay and Glaze Chemistry 

In this course students will learn to work with and 
analyze the chemical constituents of the ceramic 
process. We will also create many objects to test 
glazes in a variety of firing methods and tempera- 
tures. Prerequisite: AR 222. 

AR 308 Throwing on the Potter's Wheel 

Throwing instruction and practice. Skill, aesthetic 
considerations, techniques and critiques. Prerequi- 
sites: AR 222A or permission of instaictor. 

AR 309 Ceramic Sculpture 

Various techniques from forming through surface 
finishes. Clay as a sculpture medium from prehistoric 
through contemporary use, with an emphasis in 
creative problem solving. Prerequisites: AR 101 A 
and AR 222A. 

AR310 New Genre Art 

In this studio art course, students will create study 
and create art works in the newest 4d media such as 
installation, video, sound and concept, as well as 
combining 2 & 3d media such as image and word. 
Prerequisites: AR lOlA or AR 102 A. 



34 



AR 320 Studio Critique 

Independent studio work with regular critiques. 
Reading and written assignments on art theory and 
criticism. Class used for review of work, oral 
presentation, discussion, and field trips. Prerequisite: 
Junior art majors or minors. 

AR 321 Advanced Drawing 

Critique forum for students ready to do serious work 
in various drawing media, developing a personal 
mode of expression. Emphasis on experimentation 
with new materials and ideas. Must he capable of 
working independently. Prerequisites: AR 101 A, 
102 A and permission of uistaictor. 

AR 322 Advanced Photography Critique 

Independent projects, with class critiques weekly. 
E\'aluation on final portfolio of selected prints 
exhibitiiig technical excellence and creative insight. 
Prerequisites: AR 229A and permission of instructor. 

AR 325 Monotype 

Explore ways of achieving single-impression images 
through use of oil paint, watercolor and printing 
inks. Printing both with an intaglio press and by 
hand. Prerequisites: AR lOlA and AR 102 A. 

AR 327 Painting Workshop II 

Continuation of process begun in AR 228. Indi- 
vidual instruction with periodic group critiques. 
Emphasis on larger scale works and technical 
appropriateness. Prerequisites: AR 228. 

AR 328 Painting Workshop III 

Continuation ot process begun in AR 327. Indi- 
vidual instruction with periodic group critiques. 
Emphasis on larger scale works and technical 
appropriateness. Prerequisites: AR 327. 

AR 329A The Art Experience 

Students select one artist and do art works and 
research on the life and times of that artist, and 
make a presentation on both the art works and the 
facts. Not open to Ereshmen. Sophomores with 
instructor's permission. 

AR 342A Introduction to Graphic Design 

Basic elements of graphic design: typography, 
modem print techniques, illustration, photography 
in advertising, publishing, mass media. For Juniors 
and Seniors; others by pennission. 

AR 343 Introduction to Computer Art 

Tlie importance, versatility, persuasiveness and 
potential of computer art. Become familiar with 
computer graphics programs and develop personal 
electronic art languages. Prerequisites: AR 101 A and 
AR 102 A, or pennission of instructor. 



Art 

AR 344 Computer Art II 

Intermediate level based on AR 343. Prerequisite: 
AR lOlA, AR 102A, AR 343, or pemnssion of 
instructor. 

AR 346 The Art of Web Page Design 

Tlie importance, versatility, persuasiveness and 
potential use of art on the internet. Become familiar 
with WWW design and computer graphic programs 
and develop personal creativity' in digital art. 
Prerequisites: AR 101 A and AR 102 A, or pemiis- 
sion of instaictor. 

AR 347 Experimental Photography 

Creative applications in photography; various 
printing techniques such as sandwiching, blending, 
and overlay; also includes staged photography, 
multiple exposures, hand tinting and more. Access 
to film camera required. Prerequisites: AR lOlA and 
AR 229A or pennission. 

AR 348 Experimental Film and Video 

In this course students will produce their own 
experimental films and videos as well as study the 
history aiid theory ot these relatively new art media. 
The class will exhibit work for the college commu- 
nity. Prerequisites: AR 101 A or AR 102 A or 
pemiission. 

AR 349 Animation on the WEB 

Explores the relationship ot art and technology while 
familiarizing the student with computer animation 
programs for the Internet and the aesthetics of 
computer art. Prerequisites: AR 101 or 102 or 
AR 343 Intro to Computer Art. 

AR 410 Visual Arts Senior Seminar 

Senior thesis closure. Critiques, slide-making, 
portfolio building, resume writing, interx'iews with 
artists, visits to off-campus art events, graduate 
school concerns, larger art issues. 

AR 420 Studio Critique 

Independent studio work with regular critiques. 
Readings and written assignments on art theon,' and 
criticism. Class used for review of work, oral 
presentation, discussion, and field trips. Prerequisite: 
Senior art majors or minors. 

AR 499 Senior Thesis and Seminar 

Eor Senior art majors preparing thesis shows, self- 
structured time to work, regular weekly meetings, 
critiques, practice in hanging and criticizing shows. 
Personal, individual discussion time with instructor. 
Prerequisite: Senior major in art. 



35 



Art History 
ART HISTORY 

The Art History program is designed to provide 
students a challenging environment to study great 
works of art and architecture primarily within the 
Western tradition. Students are also given the 
opportunity to incorporate courses on the art and 
architecture of Asia. The aim of the program is to 
encourage students to develop an understanding and 
appreciation for the cultural heritage of the West, as 
well as the aesthetic traditions of other cultures. 

The foundation course is AH 103 A Art oi the 
Western World where emphasis is placed on broadly 
evaluating art in terms of style, purpose, subject 
matter, and historical context. Students develop a 
comprehensive understanding of the history of art, 
build their art historical vocabulary, and become 
proficient in the basic skills of formal analysis. With 
this base of knowledge, students then progress into 
any of the specialized studies ot art and architecture. 
These advanced courses are especially designed to 
hone students' written and spoken analytical and 
comparative skills, and to engage them in thorough 
investigations of major movements and styles of art 
as well as the numerous historical, political, religious, 
social, economic, psychological, and/or environmen- 
tal forces that shaped them. 

Students may earn a minor in art history. Tlie minor 
requires successful completion of Art of the Western 
World and five additional approved art history (AH) 
courses, only two of which may be at the 200 level. 
Coursework in art history taken overseas or at other 
institutions may also qualify but is subject to the 
approval of discipline faculty. 

AH 103 A Art of the Western World 

Introductory course covering the major periods of 
western art history from its inception to the present- 
day. Discussion c^f major works from each era 
provides information about the cultures and 
highlights achievements of outstanding artists. 

AH 202A Introduction to Greek Art 

Introductory course tracing developments frcxn the 
Bronze Age through the Hellenistic period are 
presented. Major arts and other remains are placed 
within a cultural context. Contemporary issues 
regarding study, exploitation, and protection of 
antiquities are considered. 

AH 203A Arts of the Silk Road 

A survey ot the arts and material culture of the 
golden age of the Silk Road caravan trade between 
China, India, and Persia. Emphasis is placed on 
Chinese arts, especially through Buddhist painting 
and sculpture. 



36 



AH 204A Art History of the Classical World 

Greek, Etruscan, and Roman cultures are examined 
through developments in architecture, sculpture, 
painting, and small art. The archaeological record 
and ancient texts are studied alongside contemporary 
issues regarding the study, exploitation, and protec- 
tion of antiquities. 

AH 205A Introduction to Roman Art and 
Archaeology 

Art of politics, power, and propaganda viewed 
through sculpture, architecture, painting and other 
creations of the Roman world. Archaeological record 
and ancient texts studied alongside contemporary 
issues regarding the study, exploitation, and protec- 
tion of antiquities. 

AH 208A History of Architecture 

Introductory survey of architectural history from 
prehistory to today. Though emphasis is placed on 
the history of built forms from the West, comparisons 
will be made to architectural monuments from other 
areas of the globe. 

AH 221 A Art of Japan: Jomon to Anime 

Major epochs of Japanese art history from its 
beginnings in the Jomon period to today. Discuss 
the development of a wide variety of artistic media 
in terms of style, subject matter, purpose, and 
historical context. 

AH 3 1 7 American Art 

This course is primarily an in-depth study of 
American painting from its genesis to the present 
though major monuments in sculpture and architec- 
ture are also highlighted. Critical and theoretical 
issues of the period are discussed. Prerequisite: 
AH 103A. 

AH 319 Nineteenth-Century Art 

Study of nineteenth-century' art painting and 
sculpture focusing primarily on France. Artistic 
achievements of countries such as England, Ger- 
many, Italy, and the United States are also exam- 
ined. Critical and theoretical issues of the period are 
discussed. Prerequisite: AH 1 03 A. 

AH 320 Twentieth-Century Art 

The history of painting and sculpture from the turn 
of the twentieth century to the present, in the 
United States as well as in Europe. Critical and 
theoretical issues of the period are discussed. 
Prerequisite: AH 103 A. 

AH 321 Topics in Contemporary Art 

This course will address recent global developments 
in art from 1945 to the present; focus on particular 
artists, works, and movements will vary. Critical and 
theoretical issues of the period will be discussed. 
Prerequisite: AH 103 A. 



BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES 

BE 20 IG Leadership and British Institutions 

This course is offered on location in London to 
experience the historical, institutional, and contem- 
porary issues of Great Britain. We will also explore 
the leadership issues and historical figures that 
shaped these institutions. 

BE 260M Statistical Methods for the 

Sciences 

Statistical methods used in the professional literature 
of the natural sciences. Univariate description, 
bivariate description, and statistical inference. 
Prerequisites: Sophomore standing and one of the 
following: BI lOON, Bl/MS 189, MS 191, CS 143M, 
ES 270. 

BE 300S Dialogues 

Select a historical character who contributed to the 
ongoing dialogue on great issues of humanity and 
role play that character with other students repre- 
senting other significant historical figures, discussing 
specific issues. 

BE 368S Utopias 

Study, discuss and explore value implications of 
Utopian systems, form task groups to design compo- 
nents of Utopian systems, and write statement laying 
philosophical foundation for a personal concept 
of Utopia. 



BIOCHEMISTRY 

Programs of study leading to B.S. and B.S. (ACS 
certified) degrees are available. The descriptions 
below summarize degree requirements. 

B.S. Biochemistry Degree Courses: 

The required chemistry courses are CH 12 IN, 
122, 212, 221, 222, 321, 326, 415, and 417. 
The required biology courses are Bl 202, Bl 303, 
and Bl 308. 

B.S. (ACS certified) Biochemistry Degree 

Courses: CH 121N, 122, 212, 221, 222, 321, 
322, 326, 415, 417, 424, and either 429 or 499. 
Also required are Cell Biology (BI 202) and 
Genetics (Bl 303). The certification tor this 
degree program is through the American 
Chemical Society. 

All biochemistry majors must enroll in the chemistry 
seminar course (CH 410) for four semesters during 
their junior and senior years. Moreover, all chemistry 
and biochemistry degrees require two semesters of 
college-level calculus (MA 131M and MA 132M) 
and two semesters of college-level physics (PH 241N 
and PH 242). 



Biology 

Additionally, students must satisfy' the collegium 
requirement of 12 courses for the B.A. degree and 16 
courses for any of the B.S. degrees. Finally, students 
must maintain a C average or better in courses 
within the chemistry discipline and the required 
supporting courses listed above. 

For course descriptions, see Biology and Chemistry. 



BIOLOGY 

The biology major is designed to give a broad pre- 
professional background for students interested in 
careers in biology, molecular biology, biomedical 
science, environment science, and related fields. 

Biology students are required to demonstrate basic 
knowledge in seven areas of the life sciences 
(invertebrate, vertebrate, botany, cell, genetics, 
physiology and ecology). They learn how to develop 
experiments to test appropriate hypotheses, use skills 
and laboratory techniques necessary for investigative 
research, gather and analyze data, and evaluate and 
synthesize information thus obtained. They gain an 
appreciation of the history of the life sciences and 
see their connection to study areas included in the 
biology major curriculum and the relationship of 
information gained from a scientific perspective to 
values-oriented issues in their lives. Through this 
program, students also have the opportunity to 
improve and perfect their listening, writing and 
speaking abilities. Students demonstrate achieve- 
ment of the biology' program by satisfactory comple- 
tion of a Senior comprehensive exam or Senior 
thesis and ordinarily the courses listed below: 

For the B.S. degree: (pre-professional) 

Students must fulfill all the general education 
requirements, and for the biology major, they must 
complete MA 13 IM (Calculus 1), and either MA 
133M or BE 260M (Statistics), CH 121N, 122, 221, 
and 222, (general and organic chemistry), PH 241N, 
242 (Physics), eight biology courses (Biodiversity: 
Botany, Biodiversity: Zoology, Cell Biology, Genet- 
ics, Physiology, Ecology, and two biology electives) 
and Biology Seminar. Students participating in off- 
campus programs may petition for alternatives to 
these specifications. 

For the B.S. degree, foreign language may be taken 
in the Junior year to accommodate the early 
completion of prerequisite courses in chemistry 
and mathematics. Beginning students are strongly 
encouraged to begin General Chemistry their 
first semester. 

Sample molecular and organismic course sequences 
for the B.S. degree in Biology: 



37 



Biology 

Both sequences: 

Semester 1 : Biodiversity: Botany & General 

Chemistry I 
Semester 2: Biodiversity: Zoology & General 

Chemistry II 
Semester 3: Cell Biology- & Organic Chemistry I 
Semester 4: Genetics & Organic Chemistry' II 

Molecular option: 

Semester 5: Developmental Biology or Advanced 

Genetics and Physics I 
Semester 6: General and Molecular Physiology 
Semester 7: Ecology and Microbiology 
Semester 8: Immunology and/or Independent Study 

Organismic option: 

Semester 5: Ecology' or Vertebrate Biology and 

Physics I 
Semester 6: Comparative Physiology and Physics II 
Semester 7: Marine Mammalogy of Fish Biology 
Semester 8: Conservation Biology and/or 

Independent Study 

For the B.A. degree: (liberal arts) 

Students must meet the general education require- 
ments and for the biology major they must complete 
eight biology courses (including Biodiversity: Botany 
and Biodiversity: Zoology, or the equivalent, Cell 
Biology, Genetics, Physiology, Ecology, and two 
biology electives) and Biobgy Seminar, plus MA 
13 IM (Calculus I), a statistics course and General 
Chemistry I and II. 

Students who major in biology may not also major in 
marine science (biology track), or biochemistry. 

For the Biology minor: 

A minor requires five biology courses, not including 
more than two at the 100 level, perspective courses, 
or directed or independent studies. At least one of 
the five courses must be at the 300 level or above. 

See Marine Science for course descriptions for the 
following: MS 188 Marine and Freshwater Botany, 
MS 189 Marine Invertebrate Biology, MS 302 
Biology of Fishes, MS 3 1 1 Marine Mammalogy, 
MS 3 1 5 Elasmobranch Biology & Management. 

BI lOON Biodiversity: Botany 

This course is devoted to the understanding of the 
origins of life and the evolution and diversification of 
the living groups of plants. 

BI 10 IN Biodiversity: Zoology 

This course is devoted to the understanding of the 
origins of animal life and the evolution and diversifi- 
cation of invertebrate and vertebrate groups. 



BI 187N Plant Biology 

Evolution, diversity and development of plants, their 
place in the ecosystem and responses to environmen- 
tal conditions. Vascular, non-vascular marine, 
freshwater and land plants. Field trips. 

BI 200 Biology of Vertebrates 

Classification, evolutionary histoiy, structure, neo- 
Darwinian evolution and evolutionary features as 
seen in anatomy of aquatic and terrestrial chordates. 

BI 201E Ecosystems of Florida 

Ecosystems of west-central Florida, including the 
marine, freshwater, lowland and upland systems; 
study the biological interaction occurring in the 
ecosystem of the Tampa Bay region. 

BI 202 Cell Biology 

Structure, function and the flow of energy as the 
unifying principle linking photosynthesis, anaerobic, 
aerobic respiration and expenditure of energy by the 
cell. Prerequisites: CH 12 IN and Sophomore 
standing. 

BI 204 Microbiology 

Biology of microorganisms; microbiological tech- 
niques, isolation and identification of unknown 
organisms. Prerequisite: BI 202 Cell Biology. 

BI 205N The Scientific Method 

This course will examine how the scientific method 
works and how it can be applied to investigate 
questions that interest you. Find out how to 
ask hypothesis driven questions. Intended for 
non-majors. 

BI 207N Medical Ethics 

Are you state property? Explore the subtleties of 
decisions made by you and about you in the 
biomedical world. Topics to be covered include 
pharmaceutical development, human experimenta- 
tion, medical crises, and individual case studies. 

BI 220 Field Entomology 

Introduction to the life histoiy, ecology, behavior, 
and evolution of insects. This field-based course will 
also focus on collection and identification tech- 
niques. Students will develop a permanent insect 
collection. Prerequisites: BI 101 and sophomore 
standing. 

BI 301 Principles of Ecology 

Physical, chemical and biological relationships in 
natural communities. Field work in nearby ponds 
and Gulf shoreline. Prerequisite: Junior or Senior 
standing. Prerequisite: BI 30}. 



38 



BI 303 Genetics 

Mendelian and transcription genetics from historical 
perspective. Experimental approach emphasized. 
Small lab groups participate in experimental design, 
and develop research skills in both classical genetic 
systems and molecular biology. Prerequisites: 
CH 12 IN, 122, BI 202 or pennission of instructor. 
Corequisite CH 221. Marine science majors may 
substitute MS 301 for CH 221/2. 

BI 307 Ecology: Amphibians and Reptiles 

Fundamental concepts in ecology through the study 
of amphibians and reptiles. Meets ecology require- 
ment for biology, marine science and environmental 
studies majors. Prerequisite: BI lOlN or BI 200N. 

BI 308 General and Molecular Physiology 

Mammalian nervous, endocrine, muscle, cardiovas- 
cular, respiratory, digestive, urinary, immune, 
reproductive systems. Macro and molecular aspects. 
Prerequisites: BI 202 and CH 122. 

BI312 Plant Ecology 

Relationship of plants with their biological, physical, 
and chemical environments. Includes understanding 
the coexistence of plants in communities, landscape 
dynamics, productivity, environmental stresses, and 
principles of restoration ecology. Prerecjuisites: MS/ 
BI188orBI100N. 

BI 314 Comparative Physiology: 
Investigative 

Physiological mechanisms of animals and general 
principles revealed through application of 
comparative methods. Creative project lab to 
develop research skills. Prerequisites: Junior or 
Senior standing. 

BI 3 1 7 Pre-Medical Internship I 

First semester of a year long internship which 
provides exposure to hospital medicine and the care 
of acute and chronically ill patients. Students must 
commit to both courses (150 hours per semester 
minimum). Prerequisite: Junior or Senior standing 
and permission. 

BI318 Pre-Medical Internship II 

Second part of a year long academic internship 
designed to provide pre-medical students the 
opportunity to obtain significant exposure to hospital 
medicine and the care of acute and chronically ill 
patients. Prerequisites: BI 317 and permission. 

BI 320 Molluscan Biology and Mariculture 

This course will examine the biology, physiology, and 
ecolog)' of marine and estuarine moUusks as well as 
current production technologies (fisheries and 
mariculture) of commercially important species. 
Prerequisites: BI 189, MS 203N, or permission. 



Biology 

BI 322 Animal Behavior 

This class examines animal behavior from an 
evolutionary perspective. We examine foraging, 
grouping patterns, territoriality, mating, parenting, 
social organization, aggression and cooperation in 
context of the theory of natural selection. Co- 
requisites: Junior standing and BI/MS 301 Principles 
of Ecolog)'. 

BI 350 Human Physiology 

(Directed Study available) Nerves, muscles, sense 
and endocrine organs; cardiovascular, respiratory, 
digestive, reproductive, excretory systems; metabolic 
integration. Suitable for biology majors off-campus 
unable to take scheduled physiology courses. 
Prerequisites: CH 122, BI 202 and pem-iission 
of instaictor. 

BI 37 IN Conservation Biology 

See Environmental Studies ES 371N. 

BI 372 Parasitology 

An ecological and evolutionary approach to 
parasitism. A broad survey of parasites of humans 
and animals, with emphasis on parasite life cycles 
and anatomy. Genetic, immunological, pathological 
and economic aspects of parasite -host relationships. 
Prerequisites: BI 303 or permission of instructor. 

BI 373 Restoration Ecology 

Focuses on understanding how natural processes 
recover from a variety of disturbances. Study of 
practices for restoring ecosystems. A multi-scale 
approach will be used with distinct emphasis on 
coastal wetlands. Prerequisites: One year organismal 
or environmental biology or permission. 

BI 406 Advanced Topics in Botany 

Subjects investigated determined by student interest. 
Prerequisite: BI 187N or 188. 

BIl 410 Biology Seminar - 1st Semester 

Topical concerns in biology, especially those not 
fully explored in other areas of the biology curricu- 
lum. Junior, Senior biology majors participate for one 
course credit. Sophomores invited to attend. 

BI2 410 Biology Seminar - 2nd Semester 

Continuation of Biology- Seminar. Four semesters 
required for one course credit. 

BI3 410 Biology Seminar '3rd Semester 

Continuation of Biology Seminar. Four semesters 
required for one course credit. 

BI4 410 Biology Seminar - 4th Semester 

Continuation of Biology Seminar. Four semesters 
required for one course credit. 



39 



Biology 

BI 420 Advanced Ecology and Evolution 

Read and evaluate scientific literature and conduct a 
semester-long independent field research project on 
selected topic. Prerequisites: B or better in BI 301 
and permission of instnictor. 

BI 422 Advanced Topics in Genetics 

Selected topics from contemporary areas of genetics. 
Gene regulation in emhr^'ological development, 
oncogenes, immunogenetics, genetic engineering, 
human genetics. Biological and social implications. 
Prerequisite: BI 303 or BI 305 or permission of 
instructor. 

BI 424 Developmental Biology 

Molecular and morphological mechanisms underly- 
ing the development of body plans and organ 
systems in the emhr^'os of marine and terrestrial 
species. Current scientific literature, modem 
experimental techniques, independent laboratory 
research projects. Prerequisites: BI 202 and BI 303 
and instnictor 's permission. 

BI 430 Independent Research: Biology 

For students interested in pursuing careers in biology, 
intensive instruction in use of laboratory and/or field 
equipment. Various methodology approaches, 
current and historical, used in scientific investiga- 
tion. Prerequisites: CH 222, BI 202, 303, and 
instructor's permission. 

BI 499 Independent Research - Thesis 

Upon invitation. Seniors may design and can7 out a 
creative research program, usually resulting in a 
written dissertation which is defended in the spring 
of the senior year. 



BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 

The business administration major focuses on 
teaching the core skill set that constitutes the 
accepted body of knowledge with the discipline. 
Tlie business administration is geared to the student 
who wants to pursue a career within a for-profit 
corporate organization and/or a Masters in Business 
Administration. 

Students in the business administration major will 
develop the following competencies: 

• Management under uncertain conditions 
including policy determination at the senior 
management level 

• Operations Management in businesses produc- 
ing both goods and services 

• Marketing of business products 

• Using Maiiagement Information Systems 



• Accounting practices in business 

• Financing the business 

• Economics of the business and of the 
larger environment within which the 
business operates 

• Knowledge of the legal environment of 
organizations 

• Ethical issues confronting business in both 
domestic and international spheres 

The course sequence for a major in business 
administration is as follows: 

Freshmen 

MN lOOS Principles of Management 

and Leadership 
MN 27 IS Principles of Accounting 
MN 272S Management Information Systems 

Sophomores 

EC 28 IS Microeconomics 
EC 282S Macroeconomics 
MN 260M Statistical Methods in Management 

and Economics 
MN 278S Business Law 

Juniors 

MN 220 Quantitative Methods for 

Management and Economics 
MN/IB 369S Principles of Marketing 
MN 310 Operations Management 
MN 371 Organizational Behavior 

and Leadership 
MN 377 Introduction to Business Finance or 
MN/IB 378 Investment Finance 

Seniors 

MN 372 Accounting II 
MN/IB 376 Personnel & Global 

Human Resources 
MN 498 Business Policy and 

Strategic Management 

Business Administration majors are required to 
complete each course with a grade of C- or better. 
Students who major in business administration may 
not also major in management. 

For course descriptions, see Management. 

CHEMISTRY 

The capabilities and skills that chemistry majors are 
expected to obtain include knowledge of chemical 
synthesis, analysis, and theory. In addition, students 
acquire competence in laboratory techniques, the 
use of chemical instrumentation, computers, written 
and oral communication, and the ability to use the 
chemical literature. 



40 



Programs of study leading to B.A., B.S. and B.S. 
(ACS certified) degrees are available. The 
descriptions below summarize degree requirements. 

B.A. Chemistry Degree Courses: 

CH121N, 122, 212, 221, 222, 321, 326, and 
one upper-level chemistry elective from 322, 
415, 422, and 424. 

B.S. Chemistry Degree Courses: 

CH 121N, 122, 212, 221, 222, 321, 322, 326, 
424, and one upper-level chemistry' elective, 
either 415 or 422. 

B.S. (ACS certified) Chemistry Degree Courses: 

CH 121N, 122, 212, 221, 222, 321, 322, 326, 
415, 424, 429 or 499 and one upper-level 
chemistry' elective, either 417 or 422. The 
certification for this degree program is through 
the American Chemical Society. 

All chemistry majors must enroll in the chemistry 
seminar course (CH 410) for four semesters during 
their junior and senior years. Moreover, all chemistry' 
and biochemistry' degrees require two semesters of 
college-level calculus (MA 131M and MA 132M) 
and two semesters of college-level physics (PH 241N 
and PH 242). 

Additionally, students must satisfy the collegium 
requirement of 12 courses for the B.A. degree and 16 
courses for any of the B.S. degrees. Finally, students 
must maintain a C average or better in courses 
within the chemistry discipline and the required 
supporting courses listed above. 

Students may obtain a minor in chemistry by 
earning a C- or better in any five of the following: 

CH 121N General Chemistry II 

CH 122 General Chemistiy II 

CH 2 1 2 Analytical Chemistry 

CH 221 Organic Chemistry I 

CH 222 Organic Chemistry II 

CH 321/323 Physical Chemistry I 

CH 322/324 Physical Chemistry II 

CH 326 Instnimental Analysis 

CH 415 Biochemistry I 

CH 424 Advanced Inorganic Chemistry 

CH HON Introduction to Chemistry 

Introduction to and practice with chemical prin- 
ciples and problem-solving skills needed for more- 
advanced chemistr>' courses. Not open to students 
who have completed CH 12 IN with a grade of C or 
better. Prerequisite: high school algebra. 

CH 12 IN General Chemistry I 

Examines modem chemical theory including 
stoichiometry, gas laws, atomic structure and 
bonding, and solutions. Prerequisites: high school 
chemistry- and three years of high school mathemat- 
ics or CH 1 ION with a grade of C- or better. 



Chemis try 

CH 122 General Chemistry II 

Topics include kinetics, thermodynamics, chemical 
equilibria, ionic equilibria, acid-base chemistry, 
electrochemistry, descriptive inorganic chemistry', 
and nuclear chemistry. Prerequisite: General 
Chemistry' 1 with a grade of C- or better. 

CH 209N Survey of Astronomy 

Introduction and study of planets, stars, galaxies, and 
celestial motion for non-science majors. Some night 
observing sessions and out-door activities. 

CH210N Astrobiology and Life 
in the Universe 

Examines stars, planets, and conditions for biological 
life. Topics include comet impacts, life in extreme 
environments, and searches for extraterrestrials. 
Some evening observing. Prerequisites: passing 
grades in a year of high school algebra and either 
high school chemistry or physics. 

CH 212 Analytical Chemistry 

An extensive treatment of chemical equilibria 
including acid-base, redox, solubility, and complex- 
ation, with application to chemical analysis. 
Prerequisite: CH 122 with a grade of C- or better. 

CH 221 Organic Chemistry I 

First of a two-course sequence dealing with the 
chemistry of carbon-containing compounds from 
simple aliphatic hydrocarbons to alcohols. Prerequi- 
site: CH 122 with a grade of C- or better. 

CH 222 Organic Chemistry II 

Continuation of CH 221. Structure, properties, 
reactions, and synthesis of carbonyl compounds and 
carboxylic acid derivatives, aromatic compounds, 
carbohydrates, amino acids, and nucleic acids are 
examined. Prerequisite: CH 221 with a grade of C- 
or better. 

CH 321 Physical Chemistry I: 
Investigative 

Study at the laws of themiodynamics, free energy, 
and chemical equilibrium; solutions of electrolytes, 
non-electrolytes; electrochemistry, chemical 
kinetics, and kinetic theory. Prerequisites: C- or 
better m each of CH 122, MA 132M, and PH 242. 

CH 322 Physical Chemistry II: 
Investigative 

Examination of wave mechanics, chemical bonding, 
atomic and molecular spectroscopy, statistical 
themiodynamics and some molecular symmetry. 
Prerequisite: CH 321 with a grade of C- or better. 

CH 323 Physical Chemistry I: Interpretive 

Non-laboratory? version of CH 321. 



41 



Chemistry 

CH 324 Physical Chemistry II: 
Interpretive 

Non-laboratory' version ot CH 322. 

CH 326 Instrumental Analysis 

Practical application of modem experimental 
techniques and modem chemical instrumentation. 
Required of all chemistry and biochemistry majors, 
normally in the Junior year. Prerec]uisite: CH 212 
and PH 242 with grades of C- or better in each. 

CHI 410 Chemistry Seminar - 1st semester 

Papers and discussions on chemistry topics. Chemis- 
try majors present at least one paper a year. Two 
years participation equivalent to one course credit. 
Continuation in seminar contingent upon satisfac- 
tory progress in upper-division courses. 

CH2 410 Chemistry Seminar - 2nd semester 

Continuation of Chemistry Seminar. Four semesters 
required for one course credit. 

CH3 410 Chemistry Seminar - 3rd semester 

Continuation of Chemistry Seminar. Four semesters 
required for one course credit. 

CH4 410 Chemistry Seminar - 4th semester 

Continuation ot Chemistry Seminar. Four semesters 
required for one course credit. 

CH415 Biochemistry I: Investigative 

Study of staictures, functions, and dynamics of 
proteins, the role of genetic biomolecules, and some 
metabolic cycles, as related to the chemistry of these 
molecules. Prerequisites: CH 222, and class standing 
of Junior or Senior, or by permission ot instructor. 

CH 416 Biochemistry I: Interpretive 

N on -laboratory version of CH 415. 

CH 417 Biochemistry II: Investigative 

A continuation of CH 415. Biosynthesis of macro- 
molecular precursors, in-depth study of genetic 
functions, and interactions between conformations 
of the macromolecules and their roles in metabolism 
and physiological processes. Prerequisite: CH 415. 

CH 418 Biochemistry II: Interpretive 

Non-laboratory version ot CH 417. 

CH 422 Advanced Organic Chemistry 

Mass spectroscopy; advanced synthetic methods, 
elucidation of reaction mechanisms, stereochemistry, 
molecular rearrangements and orbital theory. 
Prerequisites: CH 222 and CH 322. 



CH 424 Advanced Inorganic Chemistry 

Structures, reactions, thermodynamic and physical 
properties of the elements and compounds. Develop- 
ment of group molecular orbital theory. Survey of 
molecular and solid state structures, transition metal 
complexes, main group compounds, organometallics, 
electronic spectroscopy, catalysis. Prerequisites: CH 
321 and CH 326. 

CH 429 Senior Research in Chemistry 

Independent laboratory research in one of the major 
areas of chemistry. Elective for B. A. or B.S. in Senior 
year, required for non-thesis B.S. (Certified) 
chemistry majors. Prerequisites: CH 326 and 
pemiission of instmctor. 

CH 499 Independent Research - Thesis 

Senior-year chemistry students with superior ability 
may be invited to do independent research with a 
member of the chemistry faculty and to write and 
defend a research thesis before a thesis committee. 



CHINESE 

Chinese may be studied as part of the major in 
Modern Languages or as a minor. A major in 
Modem Languages consists of seven courses in a 
primary language and four in a secondary language (a 
total of eleven courses). See Modem Languages for a 
complete description. 

The minor in Chinese requires a total of five courses, 
which must include the two-year language sequence 
(CN 101/102 and CN 201/202) or their equivalents. 
The fifth course should be chosen from among 
the following: 

AH 203 A Arts of the Silk Road 

CN 302H East Meets West: Chinese Cinema 

CN 301 H Heroes and Anti-Heroes in 

Chinese Literature 
CN 268A Love and Justice in Chinese Theater 
CN 208G Gender and Sexuality in Asian Literature - 
CN 2880 Chinese Pop Culture 
PC 335S Government and Politics of China 

CN 101 Elementary Chinese I 

This course seeks to lay a groundwork for the study 
of modem Chinese. It provides instruction in 
integrated language skills and combines sentence 
patterns with everyday life topics. 

CN 102 Elementary Chinese II 

Continuation of CN 101. This course covers more 
sentence pattems and everyday life topics. Prerequi- 
sites: CN 101 or permission of instructor. 



42 



Classical Humanities 



CN 201 Intermediate Chinese I 

This course is designed to help students achieve 
greater proficiency in the oral and written use of 
modem Chinese on the basis of the First-Year 
Chinese curriculum. More everyday life topics are 
covered. Prerequisites: CN 102 or permission 
of instructor. 

CN 202 Intermediate Chinese II 

This course is a continuation ot CN 201 and 
completes the introduction of modem Chinese 
basic grammar patterns and everyday life topics. 
Prerequisites: CN 201 or permission of instaictor. 

CN 208G Gender and Sexuality in 
Asian Literature 

Modem fiction and films primarily by women in 
China, Japan, and Korea. Works in English transla- 
tion that address issues of gender, sexuality, and 
female subjectivity. 

CN 268A Love and Justice in 
Chinese Theater 

Survey ot Chinese theater, with a focus on :aju, 
chuanqi, model theater, and modem spoken drama. 
Classes will combine lecture on background 
information and analysis of visual and audio 
examples with discussion of plays in translation. 

CN 288G Chinese Pop Culture 

Experience contemporary Chinese pop culture 
through fiction, popular/rock music, TV drama, and 
films in a global context. The literary, musical and 
visual works will demonstrate the artistic trends and 
the consumers' taste in the commercialized society'. 

CN 30 IH Heroes and Anti-Heroes in 
Chinese Literature 

This course is a guided reading of the masterpieces of 
classical Chinese novels in translation. We will 
examine various types of heroes and anti-heroes, as 
portrayed in those works. Episodes of TV adaptation 
will be shown. 

CN 302H East Meets West: Chinese Cinema 

How have Chinese artists integrated cinema, 
originally a westem visual fomi, in their cultural 
context? This course investigates the issue through 
an examination of representative works in Chinese 
cinema produced from the 1930s to the present. 

CN 307H Advanced Chinese I 

This course seeks to help students develop integrated 
skills of modem Chinese by handling more abstract 
topics. Fomial written language and authentic 
materials are also introduced. Prerequisites: CN 202. 



CN 308H Advanced Chinese II 

This course seeks to help students develop integrated 
skills of modem Chinese by handling more abstract 
topics. Fomial written language and authentic 
materials are also introduced. Prerequisites: 
CN 307H. 



CLASSICAL HUMANITIES 

The minor in Classical Humanities builds on and 
extends the introduction pro\'ided by "Westem 
Heritage in a Global Context." It offers a solid 
foundation in the Westem humanities for anyone 
majoring in such fields as Literature, History', Art, 
Philosophy, or Religion. The minor also gives a 
broad perspective on the Westem tradition to those 
majoring in the sciences or social sciences. Graduate 
and professional schools are increasingly recognizing 
the need for this broad humanistic focus. 

Tlie minor m Classical Humanities recjuires six 
courses drawn from any courses in classics, Latin, or 
ancient history and art. Two of the six courses 
required may be chosen from the courses in ancient 
philosophy listed below. One of the six required 
courses may be drawn from the list of courses in 
other disciplines also found below. In addition, 
certain winter term courses will qualify' for the minor 
when offered: e.g. Myth into Art, Classical Mythol- 
ogy, The Joumey of the Hero and the Lo\'er, and 
overseas study in Greece and Rome. 

With prior pemiission from the Discipline 
Coordinator in Classics, students may receive credit 
toward the minor for another related course not 
found below. 

Two of the six required courses in the minor may 
be drawn from the following courses in ancient 
philosophy: 

PL 101 H Introduction to Philosophy 
Independent Study of ancient philosophy 
Courses in early Greek science and philosophy 
PL 321 H History of Philosophy: Greek and Roman 

One of the six required courses in the minor 
may be drawn from the following courses in 
other disciplines: 

Any course in Classical Art (See listings under 
Art and Art Histoiy) 

Any of the courses in Literature listed below: 

LI 236H History- of Drama 1 

LI 329H Literature, Myth, and Cinema 

LI 372 Tragedy and Comedy 



43 



Clas sical Humanities 

CL 200H Classical Mythology 

An interpretive look at Greek and Roman myth. 
Read primary sources and analyze narratives from 
historical, sociological, cross-cultural, and psycho- 
logical perspectives. 

CL 203H Women in the Ancient World 

Explores the role and status ot women and goddesses 
in Greece, Rome, and parts of the ancient near East. 
Examines representations of women in literary, 
historical, philosophical, scientific, and legal texts, as 
well as the visual arts. 

CL 205H Love in Classical Antiquity 

Examine concepts of lo\'e and friendship in the 
ancient world through the study of Greek and 
Roman literature. Explore the portrayal of love, 
friendship, and sexuality in scientific writings, visual 
arts, and historical documents. 

CL 242H Ancient Greek History 

An overview from 3000-3 1 B.C.E. Examines the 
literary and material records with emphasis on the 
political and cultural development of the city-state. 
Readings include: Herodotus, Thucydides, and 
Xenophon. 

CL 243H Ancient Roman History 

Overview of the history of Rome from its legendary 
beginnings in the eighth century BC to the age of 
Nero in the first century AD through the ancient 
authors themselves: Livy, Tacitus, Suetonius, 
Plutarch, and Polybius. 

CL 25 OH Odysseus' Journey through Time 

Uses Homer's epic as a basis for studying two 
twentieth-century adaptations of the Odyssey: James 
Joyce's Ulysses, set in Dublin, and Derek Walcott's 
Omeros, set in the Caribbean. Also discusses 
changing concepts ot the epic hero. 

CL 25 IH Lives of Great Greeks and Romans 

Examines Greek and Roman heroes, statesmen, 
orators, and commanders, from Theseus, Pericles, 
and Demosthenes to Julius Caesar and Marcus 
Aurelius, as role models, both positive and negative, 
and their relevance for our own age. 

CL 252H The Path of Wisdom and Virtue 

Explores ancient conceptions of wisdom and virtue 
as conveyed in principal works of Aristotle and 
Cicero. Discusses the relevance of these concepts for 
our own age. 

CL 260H Greek and Roman Drama 

Introduces students to many ot the great tragedies and 
comedies of ancient Greece and Rome. Puts the plays 
in their historical and cultural context and discusses 
the conditions under which they were performed. 



CL 26 IH Greek Tragedy and its Influence 

In-depth study of a few Greek tragedies and works 
they inspired in a variety of genres including drama, 
science fiction, psychological and philosophical 
studies, and film. Discusses changing concepts of 
tragedy and the tragic hero. 

CL 262H Greek Comedy and its Influence 

Examines great Greek comedies and their influence 
on works by the Romans, Shakespeare, Moliere, and 
modem playwrights, as well as on the modem sit- 
com and Broadway musical. Also discusses theories 
of comedy and the comic hero. 

CL 270H Classical Literature in Translation 

Introduces students to some of the greatest works of 
Greek and Roman civilization. Puts these works in 
the historical, spiritual, and artistic context from 
which they arose. 

CL 271H Greek Literature and Civilization 

Selections from Greek poetry and prose. Emphasis 
on critical reading with attention to the socio- 
political context of works and to development of 
literary genres, forms, and symbols. No prerequisites, 
but CL 242H recommended. 

CL 272H Roman Literature and Civilization 

Introduces many of the most important literary and 
historical texts of Roman civilization and examines 
the influences of Rome on the Westem heritage. 

CL 360H Euripides and the Irrational 

A thorough introduction to the drama of the "most 
tragic" Greek pla>'wright and his exploration of inner 
conflict, passion, and the human psyche. 

COMMUNICATION 

The communication major is an interdisciplinaiy 
study of messages, audiences, media, and persuasion. 
Communication students study the methodology, 
prevailing theories, history, and questions that define 
this field. They learn the following: 

effective oral and written communication with a 
variety of audiences. 

• analysis and interpretation of modem media. 

• analysis and composition of arguments and 
other persuasive discourses. 

• analysis and practice of ethical communication. 

• design and completion of research-based study. 

• application of the above to discipline 
or career specific concerns. 



44 



Communication 



By choosing an appropriate minor, which is required 
tor the communication major, students prepare 
themselves for graduate study or careers in broadcast- 
ing, joumahsm, advertising, law, education, politics, 
or public relations. 

Communication majors must complete course work 
in these areas: 

• a sequence of seven required core courses: 
Introduction to Communication Theory, 
Fundamentals of Oral Communication, 
Argumentation and Debate, Propaganda 
Studies, Elements of Film, Media Ethics, and a 
film genre or theme course. 

• three tools courses selected from the following 
list or approved by the mentor: Introduction to 
Graphic Design, Analytic and Persuasive 
Writing, Resourceful Writing, Group Dynamics, 
The Human Instrument, The Living Theatre, 
Visual Problem Solving, Drawing Fundamen- 
tals, Photography as Image Gathering, Experi- 
mental Film and Video, Multimedia Art, 
Introduction to Computer Art, The Art of Web 
Page Design, Introduction to Computer 
Science, Videographics: Technique and 
Technology. 

• a minor in one of the following disciplines 
(five or six courses): American Studies, Art, 
Computer Science, Creative Writing, History, 
Human Development, International Business, 
International Relations and Global Affairs, 
Environmental Studies, Literature, Manage- 
ment, a modem language. Music, Philosophy, 
Political Science, Psychology, Religious Studies, 
Sociology, Theatre, or Women's and Gender 
Studies. With the approval of the mentor and 
appropriate discipline coordinator, students may 
substitute a minor in a field not listed. No 
course work applied to the major may be 
counted toward the completion of the minor. 

• Senior Comprehensive Course 

Many students supplement course work by 
undertaking internships locally or overseas. 

A typical course sequence for a major in 
communication might be as follows: 

Freshmen 

CM 101 A Introduction to 
Communication Theory 
CM 302 A Elements of Film 
CM 121 Fundamentals of Oral Communication 

Sophomores 

CM 223 Argumentation and Debate 
CM 303A Propaganda Studies 
CM 360A Media Ethics 
Film Genre Course 
Course work for minor 



Juniors 

Tools Courses 
Course work for minor 

Seniors 

Course work for minor 
Senior Comprehensive Course 
Internships 

CM 101 Introduction to Communication 
Theory 

Overview of the subject matter, history', and the 
prevailing theories that define communication 
studies. Theories about the individual, society, and 
media, emphasizing research, rhetoric, and analysis. 
Provides a foundation for advanced study in core 
upper-level courses. 

CM 121 Fundamentals of Oral 
Communication 

This course surveys fundamental oral communica- 
tion concepts with an emphasis on developing 
effective public speaking skills, individual speech 
critiques. 

CM 221 A Media and Society 

Analysis of relationships between contemporary 
media forms and society. Includes the cultural role of 
advertising, media influences on human behavior 
and thought, and social implications of new media 
technologies. Research projects and group discussion. 

CM 223 Argumentation and Debate 

Oral communication as rational persuasion. 
Techniques of argument, research, and rebuttal. 
Participation in debates on issues of campus and 
global interest. Prerequisites: CM 121 or CM 360A. 

CM 224G International Cinema: 

The World through Film 

Study the diversity of world cinema (including non- 
traditional American cinema) and expand your own 
awareness and concern for peoples with different 
attitudes and background. 

CM 302A Elements of Film 

View, analyze, and evaluate great cinema. Study film 
as an artistic form, its history', typology, technology 
and symbolog>'. 

CM 303A Propaganda Studies 

Distinctions between persuasion and propaganda, 
ethics in communication, persuasive and propagan- 
distic tactics and strategies in advertising and 
politics. Close reading of written and visual texts. 
Constmction and destruction of propaganda. 



45 



Communication 



CM 304 The Horror Film 

This course will explore the horror film, including its 
mythological and literary roots. We will view a wide 
range of films analyzing specific sub-genres of horror 
as well as cultural, historical, and psychological 
angles. Prerequisites: CM 101 and CM 302A. 

CM 360A Media Ethics 

Media Ethics is designed to promote greater 
understanding of moral reasoning and ethical 
decision-making processes within the fields of 
journalism, advertising, and public relations. 

CM 498 Communication Research 

Senior Comprehensive Course offers instmction in 
one or more approaches to communication research. 
Emphasizes critical thinking and analysis of commu- 
nication phenomena and articulating communica- 
tion/critique of research to an audience of critical 
peers. Prerequisite: Senior standing. 



COMPARATIVE LITERATURE 

The comparative literature major offers students the 
opportunity to combine study of literature in English 
with literature in one or more foreign languages. 
Students of comparative literature investigate 
fundamental questions about the nature, function, 
and value of literature in historical, cross-cultural, 
and interdisciplinary contexts. Majors in compara- 
tive literature frequently integrate study abroad with 
courses taken on campus. Many comparative 
literature majors also sticcessfuUy pursue double 
majors in related fields, such as French, Spanish, 
Modem Languages, Philosophy, Creative Writing, 
History, and Theatre. 

Students in comparative literature work closely with 
a mentor, normally chosen by the Junior year, to 
design an individualized course of study. Majors must 
take a minimum of ten courses as follows: 

• Two Ll-designated courses in comparative 
literature at the 200-level or above 

• One Ll-designated course in literary criticism at 
the 300-level or above 

• Four Ll-designated courses in English or 
American literature; at least two must be in the 
300-level or above 

• Three courses in the literature of one foreign 
language in which texts are read in the original 
language; at least one must be at the 300-level 
or above 

In consultation with the mentor, students should 
plan their course of study so as to develop expertise 
in one particular period or genre while also acquiring 
a broad knowledge of literary history and criticism. 



To complete the major, students must take LC 498, 
the comprehensive examination in comparative 
literature. In exceptional cases, students who have 
established their proficiency in comparative 
literature may be invited to write a Senior thesis in 
place of the comprehensive examination. 

First-year or second-year students considering 
majoring in comparative literature are encouraged to 
enroll in a 200-level course in comparative literature 
such as LI 212H (Introduction to Comparative 
Literature), LI 236H (History of Drama I), LI 237H 
(History of Drama II), LI 281H (The Rise of the 
Novel), or LI 282H (The Modem Novel). 

The skills comparative literature majors acquire in 
textual analysis, imaginative and critical thinking, 
research and writing, and foreign languages provide a 
solid basis for a wide range of career paths and 
advanced degrees in areas including publishing, law, 
journalism, international relations and business, film 
and entertainment, and education. Students 
considering graduate study in comparative literature 
are encouraged to gain proficiency in a second 
foreign language. 

For a minor in Comparative Literature a student 
must take six courses, at least three of which are at 
the 300 level. Of these, three must be Ll-designated 
courses in comparative literature, and three must be 
courses in the literature of one or more foreign 
languages (including courses in translation). 

COMPOSITION 

Composition courses emphasize the ways different 
writing processes lead to successful learning and 
communication. All address the conventions of 
expository writing, standard English usage, documen- 
tation, and preparation of portfolios for competency 
evaluation. Students in composition courses are 
urged to complete their assignments using the word 
processing facilities in the college's computer labs. 

Tlie Writing Center, a service of the Writing 
Excellence Program, supplements composition 
courses and provides assistance to students regarding 
any writing task. Credit for CO 121, 122, and 123 is 
limited: students whose native language is English 
may take only two for credit; students with other 
native languages may take three for credit. Students 
may take advanced composition courses for addi- 
tional credit. 

CO 121 Writing Processes 

Introduction to writing processes: pre-writing, 
drafting, revising, editing. Development of a 
personal voice to express ideas and values. Journal, 
academic essays, proper use of resources, including 
documentation. 



46 



Computer Science 



CO 122 Analytic and Persuasive Writing 

Critical reading and analysis of texts, with atten- 
tion to audience, organization, evidence, persua- 
sion. Collegiate research report: research questions, 
writing from sources, presenting evidence logically 

CO 123 Resourceful Writing 

Individual assignments to sharpen thinking, editing, 
research skills. Audience awareness, broadening 
student's repertoire, enriching language use. Usually 
requires major research paper. 

CO 222 Narratives of Knowledge 

Explore the relationship between quest and narrative 
through a stuciy of selected Western texts, raising 
questions about the coiistmction ot meaning and 
community in our lives. 

CO 321 Composition Theory and Learning 

The role of writing in learning, theories of composi- 
tion, analysis of writing processes, designing units of 
instmction. Group inquiry' techniques and collabora- 
tive writing assignments. Practicum m tutoring. 
Prerequisite: Junior standing and completion of 
writing competency requirement. 

CO 322 Researching and Writing 
in the Humanities 

Write a major paper in a humanities discipline, with 
ongoing evaluation of researching and writing 
techniques. Participate in writing groups, keep a 
research notebook. Prerequisite: Sophomore 
standing. 

CO 323 Organizational Communication 

Effective written, oral, visual, and computer- 
mediated communication in the context of modem 
business practice. Prerequisite: Junior standing. 

CO 324 Reading and Writing 
in the Sciences 

Interdisciplinary team-taught course designed to help 
students in the sciences develop writing skills, 
epistemological perspective, and ethical sense to 
communicate scientific knowledge to science and lay 
audiences. Prerequisite: passed portfolio requirement. 
Corequisite: enrollment in science. 

CO 325 Writing Environmental Policy 

Writing environmental proposals, policy, and impact 
statements, and critical analysis of and presentations 
of solutions to environmental problems. Strategies 
for legal research. Case study ethics component. 
Prerequisite: must have passed writing competency 
or have taken another writing course. 



CO 326 Environmental Rhetoric 

Scientific, political, aesthetic, spiritual, ethical 
discourse, and media images have contributed to 
diverse uiiderstandings of the natural world. 
Examine the way different readings can create 
varied and contradictory values and beliefs about 
the environment. 



COMPUTATIONAL SCIENCE 

The minor in Computational Science gives students 
in the natural sciences a significant computing 
extension to their academic major and allows them 
to explore modem uses of computation and the 
computer in the sciences. Tlie minor requires a 
total of six courses: 

CS 143M Introduction to Computer Science 
MA 234N Differential Equations 

and any two mathematics courses and any two 
computer science courses from the following list: 

MA 238 Optimization Techniques 

MA 333 Probability and Statistics I 

MA 341 Numerical Analysis 

MA 351 Fourier Analysis 

MA 421 Partial Differential Equations 

CS 22 IN Data Structures 
CS 310 Computer Architecture 
CS 320 Programming Language 
CS 330 Analysis of Algorithms 
CS 390 Computer Networks 
CS 450 Computer Graphics 
CS 455 Digital Image Processing 
CS 490 Scientific Visualization 

Students may not minor in both Computational 
Science and Computer Science. 

COMPUTER SCIENCE 

Students majoring in computer science acquire a 
knowledge of basic and advanced algorithm design 
and programming, as well as the underlying prin- 
ciples, design, arid implementation of the major 
components of computing systems. Achievement of 
the required competencies is demonstrated by 
successful completion of a Senior comprehensive 
examination or thesis and by the successful comple- 
tion of the four required computer science courses 
(CS 143M, CS 22 IN, CS 301, and CS 310) and a 
minimum of four computer science elective courses 
numbered CS 320 or greater. Students must 
maintain a C average in computer science courses to 
successfully complete the major. 

The course requirements for the computer science 
major are composed of two parts: the program core, 
and the program specialization. The core is a 



47 



Computer Science 



stmctured sequence of four computer science courses 
(Introduction to Computer Science, Data Structures, 
Theory ot Computing, and Computer Architecture) 
and four mathematics courses (Calculus 1, Calculus 
II or Linear Algebra, Discrete Mathematics, 
Statistics). 

Tlie specialization, composed oi a minimum of four 
computer science electives numbered 320 or greater 
pursued during the Junior and Senior years, is less 
stmctured, allowing the student to emphasize his or 
her special interests. The Computer Science 
Seminar is required in the Junior and Senior years. 
A total of 12 courses (not including the seminar, 
internships or independent study courses) is required 
for the Bachelor of Arts. 

Four additional courses from advanced C(,)mputer 
science (320 level or above), mathematics or 
physics, are required for the Bachelor of Science. 

For computer science students interested in a 
mathematics minor or a double major (computer 
science and mathematics), MA 339N Combinatorial 
Mathematics may be substituted for MA 143 
Discrete Mathematics, and MA 333 Probability and 
Statistics I for MA 133M Statistics. 

A minor in computer science requires completion of 
CS 143M, 22 IN, and three computer science 
courses numbered 300 or above. These courses must 
not duplicate courses used by students to satisfy 
major or concentration requirements. 

CS 110 Survey of Computing 

Introduction to history of computing, operating 
systems, problem solving and writing computer 
programs, basic computer architecture, networks and 
the Internet, theoretical concepts such as binary 
numbers, applications such as FTP, SSH, spread- 
sheets, and basic web site construction. 

CS 143M Introduction to Computer Science 

History ot computmg: overview of the elements of a 
computer system; problem solving and algorithm 
development; Java programming for numeric and 
non-numeric problems. Prerequisites: mathematics 
placement at the calculus ready level and CS 110 or 
equivalent. For students in all majors who want to 
acquire programming and computer skills. 

CS 170A Introduction to Filmmaking 

Focuses on screen play direction and production, 
filming techniques — scenes and shots, camera 
(video) and audio equipment operation, and post- 
production non-linear video editing. Final projects 
are scripted, acted, produced and directed by crews of 
students. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. 



CS 22 IN Data Structures 
Continuation of program design and algorithm 
analysis. Identification and evaluation of classes of 
problems solvable through well-defined data 
staictures, object oriented programming, and 
algorithms including stacks, recursion, lists, linked 
lists, trees, searching and sorting. Prerequisite: 
CS 143M. 

CS 301 Theory of Computing 

Abstract basis oi computing machines and languages; 
introduction to formal languages, finite automata, 
grammars, turing machines, and complexity theory. 
Prerequisites: CS 22 IN and MA 143. 

CS 310 Computer Architecture 

Architectural and hardware elements ot computing 
machines; central processing unit, registers, data 
paths, arithmetic logic unit, microprogramming; 
memory; virtual memory, content addressable 
memory, cache; input/output including disks, serial 
communicatiotis and networks. Includes a program- 
ming laboratory. Prerequisite: CS 22 IN. 

CS 320 Programming Languages 

Nature and unplementation ot programming 
languages including qualities and characteristics of 
languages, methods of implementation, execution 
models and environments; sui-vey of programming 
languages. Prerequisite: CS 22 IN. 

CS 321 Software Engineering 

Properties of software systems; software system design 
and development principles; specifications; models; 
software tools, monitoring methods; group program- 
ming project for a large software system. Prerequisite: 

CS 221N. 

CS 330 Analysis of Algorithms 

Theoretical and mathematical basis oi algorithm 
design and analysis. Prerequisites: CS 22 IN and 
MA 143. 

CS 341 Numerical Analysis 

Methods for solving an equation or systems of 
equations. Interpolating polynomials, numerical 
integration and differentiation, numerical solutions 
of ordinary and partial difterential equations, 
boundaiy value problems. Prerequisite: MA 233M. 

CS 350 Graphical User Interface Design 

Analysis and design of user interface features 
including screen configuration and software 
communication mechanisms such as menus, dialog 
boxes, toolbars and error messaging. Exploration of 
visual and cultural design issues. Prerequisite: 
CS221N. 



CS 360 Database System 

Conceptual modeling of data systems; organization 
of database systems; storage and retrieval of data in 
the database, relational databases, SQL, and 
database design and administration. Prerequisite: 

CS221N. 

CSl 410 Computer Science Seminar - 
1st semester 

For Junior and Senior computer science majors. One 
course credit on satisfactory completion of two years 
of participation. Continuation in seminar contingent 
on satisfactory progress in upper division courses. 

CS2 410 Computer Science Seminar - 
2nd semester 

Continuation of Computer Science Semmar. Four 
semesters required for one course credit. 

CS3 410 Computer Science Seminar - 
3rd semester 

Continuation of Computer Science Seminar. Four 
semesters required tor one course credit. 

CS4 410 Computer Science Seminar - 
4th semester 

Continuation ot Computer Science Seminar. Four 
semesters required for one course credit. 

CS 411 Operating Systems 

Organization, operation, and implementation 
including processor management, memory manage- 
ment, virtual systems, interprocess communication, 
scheduling algorithms, protection and security, 
deadlocks; case studies of operating systems. 
Prerequisite: CS 22 IN. 

CS 415 Computer Networks 

Abstract view of computer and communications 
networks. Topology, protocols, and operation of 
computer networks; ISO's OSI, TCP/IP, LAN, 
WAN. Performance issues related to networks. 
Prerequisite: CS 221N. 

CS 420 Translators and Compilers 

Theory' and implementation of high-level language 
virtual machines including assemblers, macro 
expansion, compilers and interpreters; syntactic and 
semantic models. Prerequisite: CS 30 L 

CS 450 Computer Graphics 

Theon' and programming involved in rendering 
graphic images. Topics include viewing transforma- 
tions and projections, surface illumination models, 
texture mapping and animation. Prerequisites: 
CS221NandMA131M. 



Creativ e Arts 

CS 455 Digital Image Processing 

Introduces various techniques for the enhancement 
and analysis of digital imagery. Topics include the 
interpretation of image statistics, image enhance- 
ment based on histogram transfonnations, spatial 
filtering, and image transfomis. Prerequisite: 
CS221N. 

CS 460 Artificial Intelligence 

Problem solving and heuristic search, knowledge 
representation, expert systems, fuzzy logic, logic and 
theorem proving, planning. Machine learning, 
neural networks, evolutionary' computation, hybrid 
systems. Introduction to the AI languages, LISP and 
PROLOG. Prerequisite: CS 22 IN. 

CS 462 Neural Networks 

Philosophical, biological and architectural underpin- 
nings of this alternative, parallel, distributed model 
of computing inspired by the human brain. Prerequi- 
site: CS 22 IN. 

CS 499 Senior Thesis 

Research and v\Tite a thesis uiider the direction of a 
member of the Computer Science faculty. Satisfies 
the comprehensive examination requirement for 
graduation. Prerequisites: excellence in computer 
science courses through the Junior year and invita- 
tion by the faculty'. 



CREATIVE ARTS 

CR 141 A Introduction to the Arts 

History of music, literature, the visual arts, architec- 
ture, dance, and film correlated with the history' of 
Western civilization for a deeper understanding and 
appreciation of the arts of the Western world. 

CR 203A Aesthetics East and West 

Compare several art forms of the East and West, 
looking at what distinguishes art and what social and 
economic uses it serv^es in different cultures. Visits to 
museums and performances. 

CR 244A Art and Culture of Russia 

Kievan and Muscovite periods, Europeanization 
initiated by Peter the Great, Golden Age of Russian 
culture, revolutionary culture, Soviet attitudes 
toward culture. Permission of instructor required 
for Freshmen. 

CRl 305 Resident Advisor Internship 

A year-long course for Resident Advisers beginning 
in autumn temi. Communication, paraprofessional 
counseling, crisis intervention, conflict resolution, 
leadership training. 



49 



Creative Arts 

CR2 305 Resident Advisor Internship 

Continuation of the Resident Advisor hitemship. 
Two semesters required for one course credit. 

CR 3 20 A Tradition and Japanese Aesthetic 

Explore Japanese aesthetics including \'isual art, 
poetr>', theatre, landscape & garden design, and 
examples in daily experience. Survey the cultural, 
philosophical, and spiritual traditions which 
influence the definition, creation, and appreciation 
of artistic expression in Japan. 

CR 380E Environment and Sense of Place 

Explore the "idea of home" and "sense ot place" in 
the natural and man-made environment, tocusing on 
architectural, geographical, psychological, natural, 
and literary dimensions. Develop a personal 
understanding of "home" and "sense ot place." 
Prerequisite: Junior standing. 

CR 384A 20th Century American Women 
in the Arts 

Values and traditions affecting American women 
artists from 1935 to present. Works hy women in 
dance, visual arts, prose, poetry, film, photography, etc. 



CREATIVE WRITING 

The Writing Workshop develops serious writers — 
students who think of themselves primarily as writers 
and students for whom writing will he an important 
avocation. Workshop students learn the crafts of 
journalism, fiction, non-fiction, poetry, the play and 
the screenplay, and develop individual voices. They 
also learn to articulate and defend reasoned critical 
opinions. Course work must include six courses in 
literature and four workshops — fiction, poetry and 
one di the following: playwriting, screenwriting, 
journal writing, the personal essay, journalism, 
publishing and the writing career. In consultation 
with the mentor, in special cases (involving a wTiting 
interest best served by study outside the literature 
track) students may substitute two courses from 
another discipline for one literature course. Seniors 
are required to complete a thesis. The thesis 
committee will include two full-time creative writing 
faculty and a third member from any other disci- 
pline. Concentrations in creative writing for theatre 
and writing for advertising and public relations are 
also available. 

In the first year, students take any workshop at the 
200 level and 100 or 200 level literature courses. In 
subsequent years, students build upon this founda- 
tion by 1 ) taking intemnediate and advanced courses 
in fiction and poetry and courses in playwriting, 
screenwriting, journals, etc., and 2) developing a 
cluster of literature courses defined by a particular 



interest (e.g., modem and contemporary British and 
American poetry and fiction) and/or supported by 
courses from other disciplines (e.g., American studies 
or history of modem Britain). 

Writing Workshop students are required to take 
fiction and poetr\' workshops at Eckerd College. 

To minor in creative writing, students must take 
three Writing Workshop courses (in at least two 
genres) and two literature courses. One workshop 
and one literature course must be 300 level or above. 
The workshops must be Eckerd College courses. 

Students wishing to double major in creati\'e writing 
and literature must take ten literature courses and 
fulfill all other requirements for both majors. 
Literature courses taken for a major in literature may 
be counted for a minor in creative writing. 

CW 100 A Introduction to Creative Writing 

Work in three genres: poetr^', fiction and drama. 
Leam basic elements and techniques by reading 
established writers and writing in a workshop setting. 

CW 200A Writing Workshop: Poetry 

An introduction to prosody and the craft of poetry in 
traditional forms. Extensive work in meter and 
scansion. Write in various fom^s, e.g., the sonnet, 
viUanelle, ballad, sestina, rondeau, blank verse 
and others. 

CW 201A Writing Workshop: 
The Short Story 

An introduction to writing the realistic short story. 
Acquaints the student with basic principles of craft. 
Emphasis on rewriting, the development of works 
through several phases of composition. Prerequisite: 

CW lOOA. 

CW 220A Journalism 
Study and practice the print news story. Explore 
other forms of news writing arid electronic media. 
Identify and discuss the social, legal, and ethical 
issues facing the press. 

CW 301 Writing Workshop: 
The Memoir as Story 

Writing memoir and the personal essay, drawing on 
the best techniques of both storytelling and poetry to 
find and convey the truth of a particular moment. 
Prerequisite: CW 100 A or a 200 level workshop. 

CW 303 Writing Workshop: 
Intermediate Fiction 

Continued emphasis on the craft of revision, 
development of an individual voice, critical and 
analytical writing and speaking. Prerequisite: 
CW 201 A 



50 



East Asian Studies 



CW 306 Writing Workshop: 
Intermediate Poetry 

Read major figures in contemporary' poetry and work 
toward an understanding of one's self as a writer and 
of the world and words to create mature works that 
communicate with an audience. Prerequisite: 

CW 200A. 

CW 334A Writing Workshop: One-Act Play 

Writing one-act plays, reading short plays, including 
traditional and experimental fornns. Emphasis on 
rewriting, the development of works through several 
phases of composition. 

CW 335 Writing Workshop: 
Advanced Poetry 

Read and discuss books ot poetry by contemporary 
poets, working toward an understanding of the 
conventions of contemporary poetry. Focus on the 
writing process. Suggestions for submitting poetry to 
journals. Prerequisite: CW 306. 

CW 348A Writing Workshop: 
Feature Writing 

Writing newspaper and magazine articles for 
publication. Read and analyze feature articles. 
Analyze and profile one daily newspaper and one 
national magazine. Write query letters for newspaper 
and magazine markets. 

CW 361A Writing Workshop: 
Travel Writing 

Read travel writing in daily newspapers and travel 
magazines Travel to local places of interest and 
exotic locales. Explore the travel industry, and learn 
marketing, research, and obser\'ation. 

CW 401 PubUshing and the Writing Career 

Analyze the editorial preferences of journals and 
write poems, stories, essays, reviews, and interviews. 
Find information about publishing and learn how to 
use it. Revise and submit work to journals. 

CW 433 Writing Workshop: 
Advanced Fiction 

Read and discuss published fiction and commentary 
on writing. Discuss original student works. Students 
may submit short stories or novellas. Prerequisite: 
CW 201A. 

CW 436 Writing Workshop: Screenwriting 

Write one full-length feature film script (120 pages). 
View and discuss classic movies. Read screenwriting 
texts. Small group work outside of class. Prerequi- 
sites: CW 201A or CW 303. 



DIRECTED STUDY COURSES 

Certain courses have been approved for credit by 
directed study. In directed study, the student works 
independently using an approved faculty-designed 
syllabus. Copies of directed study syllabi are available 
in the registrar's office. The following courses are 
available in a directed study format: 

AM/HI 307H Rebels with a Cause 

AM/HI 308H Becoming Visible: Sex, Gender, 

Amer Culture 
AN 350 S Introduction to Museum Work 
Bl 350 Human Physiology 
GE 250S Geography 
GE 3 5 OS World Regional Geography 
HD 326 Counseling for Wellness 
HI 321 H Women in America 
HI 334H African-American History I 
HI 347H Recent American Hist: Hist View 
LI 221 H American Literature I 
LI 25 IH Shakespeare 
LI 350H Modem American Novel 
LI 35 IH 20th Century' American Women Artists 

& Writers 
MN 230G Asian Management and 

Leadership Practice 
MN 300S Organizational Consultation 
MN 302S Managing Cultural Diversity 
MN 304S Total Quality Management 
MN 312S Women and Leadership 
MN/SO 345 Complex Organizations 
MN 35 IE Tech, Society, and the Environment 
MN 387 Interpersonal Managerial Competencies 
MN 389 Servant Leadership through 

Service Learning 
MN 401 Corporate Social Responsibility 
MN 406 Non-profit Management 
MN 411 Social Entrepreneurship 
PO 350S Florida Politics 

PO 450 The Supreme Court in American Politics 
PS 303 Industrial Organizational Psychology 
QM 410 Quest for Meaning 

(by academic petition only for Seniors) 

RE 21 OS Introduction to Christian Ethics 
SP 401H Modem Spanish Novel 
SP 402H Spanish American Novel 
WG 410 Research Seminar: Women & 
Gender Studies 



EAST ASIAN STUDIES 

East Asian Studies offers an integrated, interdiscipli- 
nary' introduction to the history, humanities, and 
contemporary societies of East Asia. It guides 
students to discover this important part of the world 
and to develop the skills to approach it intelligently 
and confidently Eckerd College offers Chinese and 



51 



East Asian Studies 



Japanese language on campus up to the advanced 
level, a broad variety of discipline-based courses, 
and study abroad programs in Japan, China, Hong 
Kong, and Korea on short-term, semester, and year- 
long formats. 

The major in East Asian Studies is appropriate tor 
students who anticipate careers in business, govern- 
ment, or diplomacy with an international focus; 
graduate work in international and immigration law, 
international business administration, or cross- 
cultural and social studies education; or advanced 
scholarship in area studies or comparative fields in 
the arts, humanities, and social sciences. The major 
requires five semesters of Chinese or Japanese 
language (or equivalent proficiency); a core course, 
EA 201G (East Asian Traditions); six courses on 
East Asia, at least two each from groups A and B 
below, with at least two at the 300-level or above; 
study abroad in East Asia (a language immersion 
program of at least a semester's duration is strongly 
recommended); and a senior comprehensive seminar 
and examination (EA 498) in the fall of the senior 
year. The minor requires two semesters of Chinese or 
Japanese language; EA 20 IG; and three other 
courses on East Asia, at least one each from group A 
and group B. 

A: East Asian Humanities 

AH 221 A Arts of Japan: Jomon to Anime 

AH 203A Arts of the Silk Road 

CN 208G Gender and Sexuality in Asian Literature 

CN 268A Love and Justice in Chinese Theater 

CN 30 IH Hero and Anti-Hero in Chinese 

Literature 
CN 302H East Meets West: Chinese Cinema 
EA 202E East Asian Constructions of Nature 
PL 103G Introduction to Eastern Philosophy 
RE 234H The Goddess in Eastern Traditions 
RE 240G Non-Western Religions 
RE 320H The Buddhist Tradition 

B: Contemporary East Asian Societies 

HD 350G Contemporary Japanese Families 

EA310G Modem China 

EA 3 IIG Modem Japan 

EA 3 1 2G History of Southeast Asia 

PC 23 IG East Asian Comparative Politics 

PO 333 Japan: Government, Politics, and 

Foreign Policy 
PO 33 5S Govemment and Politics of China 
PO 336S East Asian International Relations 

New courses which fulfill these requirements may be 
developed periodically. In addition, rec]uirements 
can also be fLilfiUed by courses taken while studying 
abroad, advanced language courses, and some 
Winter Term offerings. 



EA 20 IG East Asian Traditions 

A survey of the history and culture of East Asian 
societies up to about 1700 CE; the evolution of 
political and social stmctures; readings in major 
works and traditions of philosophy, poetry, 
and fiction. 

EA 202E East Asian Constructions 
of Nature 

Introduction to conceptual constructions of the 
natural environment in East Asian thought, and 
their expressions in such areas as architecture, urban 
planning, fengshui, medicine, landscape painting, 
and garden design. 

EA 304H Seminar in Chinese Thought: 
Taoism 

Explore philosophical issues in Taoism in a historical 
and comparative framework. Emphasis on Taoist 
epistemology, ontology, ethics through study of 
classic texts, commentary tradition, and comparative 
works in Buddhist, classical Greek, and modem 
Western philosophy. Prerequisite: EA 201G or 
PL 103G. 

EA310G Modem China 

China since 1800, including the response to Western 
and Japanese imperialism, the Communist Revolu- 
tion and Mao's China, and reforms in the post-Mao 
era. Focus on political and sticial history and the 
lived experience of individual Chinese. 

EA 3 1 IG Modem Japan 

Japan since 1800, including crisis of Tokugawa 
Japan, Meiji restoration and reform, success of 
Imperial Japan, Pearl Harbor and World War II, the 
A-Bomb and American Occupation, and post-war 
economic growth and social and political challenges. 

EA 3 12G History of Southeast Asia 

A survey of the pre-history of Southeast Asian 
peoples, the fomiation of early kingdoms, the social 
and economic context of commercial life, the impact 
of European colonialism, the development of 
nationalist consciousness, and contemporary 
challenges. 



ECONOMICS 

Hie competencies achieved in the economics major 
are the ability to: 

• understand and explain general 
economic phenomena; 

• analyze and evaluate economic policy proposals; 

• analyze, synthesize and integrate 
economic ideas; 



52 



• communicate effectively, in both oral and 
written form; 

• do quantitative research, using a statistical 
computer package; 

• engage in library research; and 

• concei\'e, plan and execute an independent 
quantitati\'e research project. 

In addition to the requirement of statistics, students 
majoring in economics are required to take a 
minimum ot eight economics courses and Calculus 1. 
All students will take Principles of Microeconomics, 
Principles ot Macroeconomics, Intermediate 
Microeconomic Theory, Intermediate Macroeco- 
nomics and History of Economic Thought. In 
addition, students choose three economics electives 
from a list of approved courses at the 300 level or 
above. Students must maintain a C average in upper 
level courses to successfully complete the major. 

Students can start their economics major in their 
Freshman year. This is the appropriate time to take 
calculus. In addition, students can start the econom- 
ics major proper with Principles of Microeconomics 
or Principles of Macroeconomics. The next appropri- 
ate courses are Intermediate Microeconomic Theory 
and Intemnediate Macroeconomics. Beyond this 
students can branch out to choose electives. 
Economics electives are available with a simple 
prerequisite of either of the Principles courses. 
In their Senior year students take Histoiy of 
Economic Thought. 

Requirements for a minor in economics include 
EC 28 IS Principles of Microeconomics, EC 282S 
Principles of Macroeconomics, and three upper level 
economics electives. One of the electives should be 
from a group of core micro or macro courses 
including EC 381 Intermediate Microeconomic 
Theory, EC 382 Intermediate Macroeconomics, 
EC 386 Money, Banking, & Financial Institutions, 
EC 370 Industrial Organization, and EC 384 
Managerial Economics. 

EC 28 IS Principles of Microeconomics 

Price theory', operation of market system, liidustrial 
structure and pricing under different competitive 
structures. Required of all studeiits majoring in 
economics. 

EC 282S Principles of Macroeconomics 

Main sectors of the economy (consumers, business 
and government) focusing on policy. Monetary 
and fiscal policy, inflation, recession, balance of pay- 
ments. Required for all students majoring in 
economics. 



Economics 

EC 30 IS Leadership: The Human Side 
of Economics 

Experiential exercises, readings, and class discussion 
designed to investigate and challenge the behavioral 
assumptions of the contemporary' economics 
paradigm. Several leadership theories will be 
explored to facilitate a broader understanding of 
human organizational behavior. 

EC 370 Industrial Organization 

Examine various models of f imi behavior in various 
industrial organization staictures (competition, 
monopoly, oligopoly, conglomerate), both foreign 
and domestic. Prerequisite: EC 281S. 

EC 371 Economics of Labor Markets 

The role of labor in the economic system. Division 
of labor, job segregation, wage theory, relationship 
among work, family, household production. Prereq- 
uisite: EC 28 IS. 

EC 380 Public Choice 

Theory ot public decision making. Living in 
community, origins and appropriate roles oi the state, 
justice in the behavior of the state. Models of voting 
behavior through simulation. Prerequisite: EC 28 IS 
or permission of instructor. 

EC 381 Intermediate Microeconomic 
Theory 

Continuation of EC 281S. Theoretical basis for 
consumer demand, firm production and costs, 
pricing and output decisions of firms within market 
structures. Algebraic and graphical models. Explore 
empirical techniques for estimating demand. 
Prerequisite: EC 28 IS and MN 260M. 

EC 382 Intermediate Macroeconomics 

Continuation of EC 282S. Determinants of aggre- 
gate demand and supply, using dynamic and static 
models of analysis. How to use an understanding of 
economic analysis to achieve policy objectives and 
understand trade-offs. Prerequisites: EC 282S and 
MN 260M. 

EC 383 Marine Resource Policy 

Applied course exploring global issues surrounding 
regulation of marine resource use. The role of 
economic theory in development of marine resource 
policy. Prerequisites: EC 28 IS or EC 282S, and 
MN 260M. 

EC 384 Managerial Economics 

Applied ecoiiomic theory, mathematics and statistics 
in business decision making. Optimization tech- 
niques under conditions of uncertainty. Selecting the 
"best" solutions to business problems. Prerequisites: 
EC281SandMN260M. 



53 



Economics 



EC 385 Comparative Economic Systems 

Non-capitalistic and capitalistic economies com- 
pared to show how different institutional arrange- 
ments lead to different ways of making economic 
decisions. Former Soviet Union, Eastern European 
nations, People's Republic of China included. 
Prerequisite: EC 28 IS or 282S. 

EC 386 Money, Banking, and 
Financial Institutions 

History and development of monetary system and 
financial structure. Money creation and influence on 
macroeconomic activity. Monetary policy implica- 
tions of regulatory agencies. Prerequisite: EC 282S. 

EC 387 Urban Economics 

Urban grtnvth and decay, location decisions, land 
use. Transportation, crime, housing, discrimination 
and segregation, and the urban financial crisis. 
Prerequisite: EC 28 IS. 

EC 388 Economic Development 

Factors shaping development, underdevelopment of 
Africa, Asia, Latin America. Also social, political 
aspects of economic development. Land refomi, 
nature management, appropriate technologies, 
industrialization, rural-urban migration, foreign 
investment, aid, trade. Prerequisites: EC 218S 
or 282S. 

EC 389 Natural Resource and 

Environmental Economics 

Role of economic theory in analyzing and evaluating 
natural resource and environmental policy issues. 
Developing models of optimal use of resources: land, 
water, energy, their development, allocation, pricing. 
Prerequisite: EC 28 IS. 

EC 410 History of Economic Thought 

Senior seminar for economic majors. Economic ideas 
as developed and expounded by Western economists. 
The teachings of the mercantilists, physiocrats, 
Adam Smith, Malthus, Ricardo, Mill, Marx, 
Marshall, German and American schools of thought. 

EC 460 Econometrics 

Introduction to applied econometrics including 
analysis of dummy variables, violations of classical 
assumptions. Prerequisites: Junior or Senior standing 
and permission of instructor. 

EC 480 International Economics: 
Foreign Exchange 

Theory, currency markets, balance of payments, 
government macrostabilization policies and 
exchange rate systems. Bretton Woods, European 
Monetary System, G5 negotiations, LDC debt, 
Mexican/Asian crises, international monetary 
reform. Prerequisites: EC 282S. 



EC 481 International Economics: Trade 

Theory, government policies, free trade, protection- 
ism, U.S. commercial policy, GATT talks, US- 
Japan-EEC trade issues, developing countries, 
solutions for international trade problems. Prerequi- 
site: EC 281S. 

EC 488 International Economics 

International trade, finance theory and policy. 
Balance of international payments, exchange rate 
adjustments, nature of gains from trade, U.S. 
commercial policy. Prerequisites: EC 28 IS and 282S 
and pemiission of instructor. 



ENGINEERING AND APPLIED 
SCIENCE DUAL DEGREE 

The engineering and applied science program is 
designed for students who wish to combine a broad, 
values-oriented knowledge base with one of many 
fields of engineering or applied science. Students 
may pursue a career in applied science or one of 
many engineering disciplines including electrical, 
civil, chemical, industrial, aerospace, textile, 
nuclear, biomedical, or systems engineering. 
Students complete all requirements for majors at 
both institutions. 

Students apply to Eckerd College for regular 
admission and spend three years at Eckerd taking 
mathematics and science courses that will qualify 
them to enter an engineering program at the Junior 
level. In general, students take Calculus I, II, and III; 
Differential Equations; General Chemistry I and II; 
Fundamental Physics I and II; and Introduction to 
Computer Science, along with the general education 
requirements and the requirements of an Eckerd 
College major. Some of the courses required for the 
Eckerd College major may be completed at the 
other institution. The detailed curriculum depends 
on the student's choice of engineering college and 
specific degree program. Students may attend an 
engineering winter temi before they transfer to the 
engineering college. 

Upon successful completion of the three-year 
portion of the program (requirements of grade point 
average vary somewhat) and recommendation of 
Eckerd College, a student is admitted to an engineer- 
ing college, where the dual-degree requirements may 
normally be completed in two years. The student is 
then awarded degrees from both Eckerd College 
and the engineering school. 

At present, Eckerd cooperates in dual-degree 
programs in engineering and applied science with 
Washington University (St. Louis), Auburn 
University, the University of Miami, Columbia 
University and Georgia Institute of Technology. 



54 



Environmental Studies 



Students may also apply to engineering schools 
with which we do not have fomial agreements. 
Many engineering schools accept transfer students. 
Several such schools have supplied us with advice 
and information on which courses would best 
prepare students to transfer into engineering at the 
Junior level. 

Due to the sequential prerequisite requirements, it is 
vital for dual degree candidates to obtain counseling 
early in their careers at Eckerd College. 



ENVIRONMENTAL 
PERSPECTIVE COURSES 

Environmental perspective courses provide opportu- 
nities for students to address issues in the environ- 
mental realm in such a manner as to enhance their 
knowledge of the natural world and to make 
informed value judgments concerning the environ- 
mental consequences of personal and social actions. 
The Environmental perspective requirement must be 
met with an Eckerd College course. 

AM 3 HE The Environment in American Thought 

AN 220E Cultural Geography 

AN 262E Environment, Population and Culture 

AN 335E Cultural Ecology 

AN 342E Introduction to Ethnobotany 

BI 201E Ecosystems of Florida 

BII 280E Tropical Ecology in Costa Rica 

CR 380E Environment & Sense of Place 

EA 202E East Asian Constructions of Nature 

ES 314E The Em'ironment in American Thought 

ES 351E Influential Environmental Writers 

HD 208E Your Health and the Environment 

HI 253E Environmental Crisis in 

Russia/Eastern Europe 
HI 325E Western Myth and the Environment 
HI 353E Environmental History 
HI 354E Environment History - Europe 
IB 262E Environment, Population, and Culture 
MN 35 IE Tech, Society and the Environment 
MN 405E Human Ecology and Social Change 
NA 182E Tlie Earth's Biodiversity 
NA 260E Ecology' and the Environment 
PH 214E Energy and the Environment 
PL 243E Environmental Ethics 
PL 310E Ideas of Nature 
PO 202E Public Policymaking in America 
RE 350E Ecology, Chaos, and the Sacred 
RE 35 IE A Culture of Science and Eaith 
RE 38 IE Ecotheology 



ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES 

The environmental studies major will provide 
students with an educational specialty grounded in 
the subjects and issues related to the natural 
environment and the relationship of the human 
being to the natural environment. The major offers 
the breadth and depth of interdisciplinary inquiry, 
integrating knowledge across the natural sciences, 
behavioral sciences, and humanities. The major 
develops analytical tools and skills for understanding 
the environment, while emphasizing the role of 
beliefs, values, ethics and aesthetics in shaping 
human behavior. 

Students will be exposed to coursework which 
develops skills in the following areas: laboratory 
research and environmental science; policy analysis, 
social, historical and global awareness; philosophical 
and ethical inquiry; writing and composition; oral 
presentation; educational techniques and strategies; 
legal research; and group enterprise. This will 
prepare students for careers in such diverse fields as 
environmental and urban planning, natural resource 
management, scientific journalism, environmental 
law and policy making, parks and recreation, 
landscape and architecture, public health, education, 
the arts, and many more. TTie Environmental 
Studies major or minor satisfies the Environmental 
perspective requirement. 

The major includes five required courses, four 
environmental field courses, two tools courses, and 
the completion of a minor related to environmental 
studies chosen from a pre- approved list. Grades in 
this minor must be C or better and the courses 
cannot be double counted within the major. 
Students graduate with a Bachelor of Arts degree. 

Required courses (Must take all 5) 

ES 172 Introduction to Environmental Studies 
ES 270 Introduction to Environmental Biology 
ES 211 Introduction to Earth Science 
ES 498 Environmental Comprehensive 

Exam/Internship 
One upper-level synthesis course that requires at 
least one of the introductory courses. Currently 
offered options: Conservation Biology, Global 
Environmental Change, Estuaries, Restoration 
Ecology, Advanced Policy of Protected Areas, 
Advanced Ecotourism Policy & Practice, Nature 
and Popular Culture. 

Environmental Field Courses 

(Must take a class from 4 of the 6 fields): 

Ethics 

ES 345H Environmental Ethics & Justice 
PL 243E Environmental Ethics 
PL 331 Environmental Aesthetics 



55 



Environmental Studies 



Religion 

RE 318E Ecotheology 
ES 382H Nature and the Sacred: 
Religion and Ecology 

Literature 

ES 35 IE Influential Environmental Writers 
LI 328E Literature and Ecology 

PolicyA-aw 

ES 2 1 6 Coastal Issues 
PO 325 Environmental Politics & Policy 
PO 313 International Environmental Law 
ES 315 Wildlife Policy 

Economics 

EC 389 Natural Resource and Environmental 

Economics 
EC 383 Marine Resource Policy 
EC 388 Economic Development 

Human Ecology 

ES 280 Environmental Education 

HD 329 Person Environment Equation 

HI 353E Environmental Histor\' 

HI 354E European Environmental History 

SO 405 Human Ecology 

AN 335E ' Cultural Ecology 

Tools Courses 

(Must take a class from 2 of the 4 categories): 

Writing course 

ED 325 Writing Environmetital Policy 
ED 326 Environmental Rhetoric 

Methods course 

EC 281S Principles of Microecoiiomics 

Statistics 

PO 260M Political Science Research Methods 
BE 260M Statistical Methods for the Sciences 
MN 260M Statistical Methods for Management 

& Economics 
PS 200 and 201 M Statistics and Research Design 

I&II 
MA 133M Statistics: An Introduction 

Computer course 

CS 143M Introduction to Computer Science 
ES 341N CIS for Environmental Studies 

Completion of a minor related to 
Environmental Studies: 

History 

Literature 

Philosophy 

Religious Studies 

Economics 

Political Science 

Sociology 

Biology 

Chemistry 



Anthropology 
Human Development 
Visual Arts 
Computer Science 
Geology 
Psychology 

The minor in Environmental Studies requires six 
courses, three required courses (ES 172 Introduction 
to Environmental Studies, ES 270 Introduction to 
Environmental Biology, and ES 2 11 Introduction to 
Earth Science) and three environmental field 
courses. The environmental field courses are listed 
ahove. Students should choose one class from three 
of the six fields. 

ES 172 Introduction to 

Environmental Studies 

Such topics as conserving biological diversity, 
sustaining energy, shaping cities, strengthening 
global environmental governance. Human roles and 
responsibilities, the scientific, political, economic, 
and ethical issues involved in the attainment of a 
sustainable future. 

ES 21 IN Introduction to Earth Science 

Introduction to major topics in geology, oceanogra- 
phy, meteorology, and astronomy, the natural forces 
that shape our physical environment, in order to 
appreciate and preserve the planet. 

ES 216 Coastal Issues: Ethics and Policy 

An introduction to the fundamentals of coastal 
management principles and practices by examining 
marine parks, mariculture, international marine 
affairs and coastal environmental activism. Prerequi- 
site: Sophomore standing. 

ES 270N Introduction to 

Environmental Biology 

Study of ways in which humans affect and are 
affected by the environment, with focus on biology. 
General ecology, population, genetics, identification, 
and use of natural resources, pollution, social 
institutions, ethics. 

ES 280 Environmental Education 

Introduction to environmental education dieory, 
methods, and program examples from a variety of 
settings. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing and 

ES 172. 

ES 311N Advanced Environmental Geology 

Environmental management, water supply and 
quality, waste disposal, energy production and use, 
flooding and coastal erosion. Managed solutions and 
difficulties with them. Field/laboratory oriented. 
Prerequisite: ES 211 or MS 208. 



56 



Film Studies 



ES 313N Water Resources 

Natural mechanisms and human activities 
controlling the composition of natural waters. 
Topics include rainwater, groundwater, rivers, 
lakes, estuaries, oceans and ocean- atmosphere 
interactions. Prerequisite: ES 211 or pennission 
of instructor. 

ES 314E Environment in American Thought 

See American Studies AM 314E. 

ES315S WUdlife Policy 

Introduces students to historical and cunent national 
and international wildlife law and policy, and 
develops the skills necessary for analyzing policy 
through case study analysis. Prerequisites: sophomore 
standing and ES 172. 

ES 3 1 7N Global Environmental Change 

Analysis of global environmental change from a 
scientific perspective, examining how economic and 
political forces interact. Focus on science of climate 
change and regional impacts, ending with possible 
solutions, both personal and societal. Prerequisites: 
ES 211, MS 191, or permission. 

ES 34 IN GIS for Environmental Studies 

Learn geographic information system (GIS) theory 
and applications specifically related to the study of 
the environment through lecture and hands-on 
work. Prerequisite: ES 172. 

ES 35 IE Influential Environmental Writers 

Examine environmental values, ideologies, and 
relations through discussions of influential environ- 
mental writings. Major topics include: Jeffersonian 
agrarian vision; transcendentalism; early 
conservationism and preser\'ation; ecology as 
activism; counter-culture voices in the wilderness/ 
literature of environmental justice. 

ES 37 IN Conservation Biology 
Examine problems such as species decline and 
endangerment, invasion by non-native species, 
habitat destruction and fragmentation, loss of 
biodiversity, and potential solutions, such as 
endangered species management, habitat restoration, 
ecosystem management. Prerequisite: (ES 270 or BI 
lOON and Bl lOlN or Bl 188 and Bl 189) and any 
statistics course or permission of instmctor. 

ES 372N Estuaries 

Examination of the unique environments of estuaries 
with a focus on Tampa Bay; including aspects of 
estuarine biology-, chemistry', and geology, impact of 
human activities, and estuarine management. 
Prerequisites: ES 172 and ES 270 or pemiission 
of instructor. 



ES 373 Restoration Ecology 

See Biology Bl 373. 

ES 382H Nature and the Sacred: 
Religion and Ecology 

See Religious Studies RE 382H. 

ES 480 Advanced Policy of 
Protected Areas 

Analysis of parks, nature reserves and wildlife 
sanctuaries and related approaches to conservation, 
policies, community involvement, and future trends. 
Prerequisites: ES 172, Junior standing. 

ES 481 Advanced Ecotourism Policy 
and Practices 

Analysis of costs and benefits of nature-based 
tourism, including relevant laws and policies, 
biodiversity values, community involvement, 
cultural impacts, and future trends. Prerequisites: 
ES 172, Junior standing. 

ES 498 Environmental Comprehensive 
Exam/Internship 

Review and exam on key environmental studies 
concepts. Orientation to and development of job 
preparation skills. Completion of environmental 
internship. 



FILM STUDIES 

The minor in Film Studies gives an opportunity for 
students to pursue their interest in film beyond the 
introductory level, to give them a unique under- 
standing and appreciation for this powerful modem 
medium for the expression of ideas, art, and culture. 
Tlie minor consists of two core courses, an approved 
genre or history' course, and three other courses 
selected in consultation with the discipline coordi- 
nator. This allows for a good deal of flexibility, and 
students can choose to focus on film theory', film 
history, or — for several disciplines — on film as a 
medium for reflection on their major field of study. 

The minor, which draws upon the wide range of 
film-related activities and resources available at 
Eckerd College, provides a strong complement to 
several major fields of study in the humanities and 
the arts and offers an excellent opportunity for 
majors in the natural and social sciences to comple- 
ment their focus with studies that emphasize 
creativity, interpretation and humanistic studies. 
Film studies courses are offered by faculty across a 
wide range of disciplines, allowing minors to learn 
how to interpret and analyze film from a number 
of perspectives. 

Note: Students who are majoring in Communica- 
tions will already be taking Elements of Film to 



57 



Film Studies 



satisfy one of their core requirements. For such 
students only the five additional course requirements 
will he required for a minor. To satisfy these require- 
ments, students will be required to take only courses 
listed helow that are not also satisfying Communica- 
tions requirements. 

The minor requirements are as follows: 

Core courses: 

CM 302A Elements of Film 
Theories e^f Film 

An approved genre or history course: 

CM 224G International Cinema 

CN 302H East meets West: Chinese Cinema 

SP 312H Latin American Culture in Film 

RU 282G Russian Society through Cinema 

FR 450 French Cinema 

AM 319E Environmental Film Colloquium 

PL 246H Philosophy and Film 

Other courses or winter term projects as approved hy 
the discipline coordinator in consultation with the 
student's mentor. 

Three other courses from the following categories, 
including at least one from the first category: 

Film history, genre or topics courses (any courses 
from the abcwe list that are not used to satisfy the 
above requirements) 

FR 307H Literature and Film in Postwar France 

IT 306H Italian Film and Literature 

SP 308H Spanish Literature/Film Themes 

LI 329H Literature, Myth, and Cinema 

SP 310H Real/Suneal: Lorca, Bunuel, Dali 

LI 348Fi Literature and Film after Auschwitz 

Writing about Film 

PL 246H Aesthetics 

PL 246H Philosophy and Film 

Film Genres/Topics or other courses as approved hy 
the discipline coordinator in consultation with the 
student's mentor. 

Film production courses: 

AR 348 Experimental Film and Video 
CS/TH 170A Introductory Filmmaking 
CW 436 Screenwriting 

independent study courses in film production or 
other courses as approved by the discipline coordina- 
tor in consultation with the student's mentor. 



FINANCE 

A minor in finance requires the following: 

MN 377 Introduction to Business Finance 

IB 378 Investment Finance 

EC 386 Money and Banking 

IB 486 International Finance and Banking 

and a choice of one of the following courses which 
must be approved by the Management Discipline 
Coordinator: 

MN 384 Managerial Economics 

MN 475 Investment Analysis 

EC 480 International Economics & Foreigrr Exchange 

MN 479 Corporate Finance 

Internship / Independent Study 



FORD APPRENTICE 
SCHOLARS PROGRAM 

The Ford Apprentice Scholar Program at Eckerd 
College, initiated by a grant from the Ford Founda- 
tion, provides opportunity for 20 selected Juniors 
each year to participate in a two year enhanced 
program designed to develop the skills and habits of 
professional scholars and to encourage them to 
consider college and university teaching as a career. 

The students selected take a course in the Junior year 
in the history' of ideas and do optional research with 
their Faculty Sponsors during the summer. In the 
Senior year, they work closely with the Faculty 
Sponsors in an enhanced major and take a Senior 
Colloquium. Funds are available for summer and 
research support. The two Ford courses may he used 
to fulfill the Humanities academic area requirement 
and either the Global or Environmental perspective 
requirement. 

FS 301 History of Ideas I 

Major ideas from classical Greece through the 
Enlightenment that have shaped our intellectual 
heritage. Emphasis on origins of academic disci- 
plines, sources of creativity, social and cultural 
factors, key individuals. Variety of learning methods. 
Prerequisite: Junior standing and selection as a Ford 
Scholar. The two course sequence (FS 301 and 302) 
fulfill either an E or G perspective and the humani- 
ties academic area requirement. 

FS 302 History of Ideas II 

Continuation of FS 301 covering nineteenth and 
twentieth centuries and culminating in a major 
project that draws on student's knowlecfge of history 
to address a significant intellectual problem in the 
future. Prerequisite: FS 301 and selection as a Ford 
Scholar. The two course sequence (FS 301 and 302) 
fulfill either an E or G perspective and the humani- 
ties academic area requirement. 



58 



FSl 410 Ford Scholars Senior Colloquium - 
1st semester 

Required of Seniors in the Ford Apprentice Scholars 
Program. Shared reflections on issues pertaining to 
research, teaching, and other aspects of teaching as a 
career. Participation in both fall and spring semesters 
for a total of one course credit. 

FS2 410 Ford Scholars Senior Colloquium - 
2nd semester 

Required of Seniors in the Ford Apprentice Scholars 
Program. Shared reflections on issues pertaining to 
research, teaching, and other aspects of teaching as a 
career. Participation in both fall and spring semesters 
for a total of one course credit. 



FRENCH 

The major in French consists of nine courses and a 
comprehensive examination or, with faculr\' 
approval, a senior thesis/project. One of the nine 
courses must be 400devel. All French majors must 
take FR 380H Introduction to French Culture and 
FR 370G The Francophone World. French majors 
are expected to speak the language well enough to be 
rated at the Intermediate Middevel of proficiency as 
defined by the American Council on the Teaching 
of Foreign Languages (ACTFL), and are therefore 
strongly urged to spend at least one semester abroad. 
Tlie Office of International Education will assist 
students in identifying appropriate programs. Please 
note that all study abroad must be approved by 
language faculty and cleared by the registrar. 
Students are also encouraged to participate in 
Eckerd's language-intensive winter temis offered m 
France or other francophone regions. 

Tlie minor in French consists of five courses 
including either FR 380H Introduction to French 
Culture or FR 370G The Francophone World. 

Majors or minors who transfer credit (from the U.S. 
or abroad) are required to take at least one advanced 
course (beyond FR 302H) at Eckerd. 

For more information on language study, see 
Modem Languages. 

FR 101 Elementar>^ French I 

Introduction to French for students with little or 
no training in the language. Three classes per 
week; intensive practice in speaking, listening, 
reading, writing, with additional focus on cultural 
understanding. 

FR 102 Elementary French II 

2nd semester of FR 101; completes General 
Education language requirement. Prerequisite: 
FRIOI. 



French 

FR 112 Accelerated Beginning French 

A one semester intensive review of elementary' 
French for students with three or more years of high 
school study. Practice in speaking, listening, reading 
and writing, with additional focus on cultural 
understanding. Completes General Education 
language requirement. Prerequisite: Placement or 
instructor's permission. 

FR 201 Intermediate French I 

Sequel to FR 101-102 or FR 112 or for students with 
more than three years of study in high school. 
Grammar review and practice in all four skill areas 
develop broad language skills. Strong focus on 
cultural communication. Prerequisite: FR 102 or 
three years + of high school French. 

FR 202 Intermediate French II 

2nd semester of Intemiediate French. Prerequisite: 
FR201. 

FR 302H Advanced Composition and 
Conversation 

Intensive focus on developing sophisticated written 
and spoken French in several domains, as well as on 
reading to broaden students' competence m cultural 
communication. Prerequisite: FR 202. 

FR 307H Literature and Film in 
Postwar France 

Literature, cinema, and cultural issues in France 
from World War II to present. Existentialism, 
fomialism. New Novel, New Wave and the return 
of histoi7 in the '70s and '80s. Prerequisite: FR 302H 
or equivalent. 

FR 370G The Francophone World 

Cultural history-, literature and cinema of French- 
speaking regions. Focus on colonial war, Islam, the 
Negritude movement, the globalization of French. 
Prerequisite: FR 302 H or equivalent. 

FR 380H Introduction to French Culture 
and History 

Historical over\'iew of French history and culture 
from medieval period through twentieth century. 
Literature, painting, science in historical context. 
Prerequisite: FR 302H or equi\-alent. 

FR 392G Francophone Africa and 
Caribbean 

Literature and culture of two major Francophone 
regions which have attempted to resist values 
imposed by the French. Alienation and Western 
society, survival of indigenous culture, importance 
of Islam, necessity and impossibility of writing in 
the colonizer's language, the Negritude movement. 
Prerequisite: FR 302H or equivalent. 



59 



French 

FR 400 Topics in French Culture 

Various aspects of French culture and history 
through literature, film and art. Prerequisite: 
FR 302H or equivalent. 

FR 404 Themes In French Literature 

Study and analysis of particular questions, schools or 
motifs in the history' of French literature. Prerequi- 
site: FR 302H or equivalent. 

FR 405 Commercial French 

Style, vocabulary' and cultural knowledge necessary 
for French business. Basic workings of the economy, 
corporate practice. Prerequisite: FR 302H or 
equivalent. 

FR 406 French Theatre on Stage 

Reading, recitation and performance of passages and 
plays m order to improve oral communication and 
cultural skills. Prerequisite: FR 302H or equivalent. 

FR 410 Senior Seminar/French Studies 

Readings and discussion of selected topics. Prerequi- 
site: One course above FR 302H. 

FR 450 French Cinema 

Evolution of French cinema, technical innovation 
and cultural dynamics. Focus on movements, 
individual directors, writers and performers. 
Prerequisite: FR 302H or equivalent. 



GEOGRAPHY 

GE 2 5 OS Geography 

(Directed Study) Concepts, theories and substantive 
material of modem geography. Relationship between 
material environment and human cultural systems. 

GE 350S World Regional Geography 

(Directed Study) Relationship of human activities to 
natural environment on world-wide basis. Soils, land 
forms, climate, vegetation, minerals and the cultural 
systems of different areas of the world. 



GEOLOGY 

The Geology minor consists of five courses 
as follows: 

Three required courses: 

MS 242 Marine Geology 
MS 234 Earth Systems History 
MS 257 Earth Materials 

Two electives from the following list: 

MS 303 Solid Earth Geophysics 

MS 304 Marine Invertebrate Paleontology 

MS 305 Marine Stratigraphy & Sedimentation 



MS 306 Earth Structure 
MS 309 Principles of Hydrology 
MS 347 Marine Geochemistry 
MS 401 Coastal Geology 

GERMAN 

German may be studied as part of the major in 
Modem Languages or as a minor. A major in 
Modem Languages consists of seven courses in a 
primary language and four in a secondary language 
(a total of eleven courses). See Modem Languages 
for a complete description. 

Tlie mineir in German consists of five courses. 
Minors who transfer credit (from the U.S. or abroad) 
are required to take at least one advanced German 
course at Eckerd College. 

GR 101 Elementary German I 

Language through videos and supplemental reading. 
Method appropriate to need, patterning and 
grammatical analysis. Will enable students to 
function in German-speaking country. Prerequisite: 
GR 101 or equivalent for 102. 

GR 102 Elementary German II 

2nd semester ot Elementary German. 
Prerequisite: GR 101. 

GR 201 Intermediate German I 

Review of grammar; short stories and cultural films. 
Introduction to Geraian culture and native language 
models. Class discussions in German. 
Prerequisites: GR 102. 

GR 202 Intermediate German II 

2nd semester ot Intermediate German II. 
Prerequisite: GR 201. 

GR 303H Grimm's Fairy Tales 

A study of the fairy tales collected by the Brothers 
Grimm using an authentic text and the internet to 
learn about German culture and the true story of the 
fairy tales. Prerequisite: GR 202 or equivalent. 

GR 311H Advanced German Comprehension 
and Conversation 

Student participation in teaching theoretical and 
practical aspects of grammar, culture, and litera- 
ture. Topical discussions and written assignments 
in the language. Prerequisite: GR 202 or equiva- 
lent. 

GR 312H Advanced German Comprehension 
and Conversation II 

Second semester of GR 3 1 IH Advanced German 
Composition and Conversation. Prerequisite: GR 
202 or equivalent. 



60 



GLOBAL 
PERSPECTIVE COURSES 

Global perspective courses provide an encounter 
with cultures and/or histories whose bases (philo- 
sophical, religious, ethical, aesthetic) or world views 
differ significantly from those of the Western 
European or North American tradition. Such a 
course will encourage students to view their own 
cultural traditions and assumptions in the larger 
context of the world's diversity. Given the inherent 
educational value of having cultural experiences in 
other parts of the world, which naturally encourage 
cultural comparisons with the student's own, a 
semester of study or winter term abroad, if so 
designated, may also satisfy the global perspective 
requirement. The Global perspective requirement 
must be met with an Eckerd College course. 

AN4 204G Native American Colloquium 

AN 20 IG Introduction to Anthropology 

AN 282G East Asian Area Studies 

AN 283G Southeast Asian Area Studies 

AN 285G Latin American Area Studies 

AN 286G Cultures of Sub-Saharan Africa 

AN 287G Caribbean Area Studies 

AN 288G Native Cultures: Southeast U.S. 

AN 334G Fertility and Reproduction 

CM 224G International Cinema: World through Film 

CN 208G Gender/Sexuality in Asian Literature 

CN 288G Chinese Popular Culture 

EA 20 IG East Asian Traditions 

EA 303G Individual and Society in Chinese Thought 

EA310G Modem China 

EA 3 1 IG Modem Japan 

EA 312G History of Southeast Asia 

FR 392G Francophone Africa and the Caribbean 

FR 370G The Francophone World 

HD 350G Contemporary Japanese Families 

HI 201 G East Asian Traditions 

HI 232G World History to Columbus 

HI 233G Global History m the Modem World 

HI 234G Twentieth Century' World History 

HI 309G Cold War and After 

HI 310G Modem China 

HI 311G Modem Japan 

HI 312G History of Southeast Asia 

HI 324G Native American History' 

HI 349G Native American Thought 

HI 372G World War II 

INI 389G British Seminar 

LI 244G Postcolonial Literature 

MN 230G Asian Managerial Practices 

MU 356G World Music 

PL 103G Introduction to Eastem Philosophy 

PL 303G Individual/Society - Chinese Thought 

PL 349G Native American Thought 

PO 103G Introduction to Intemational Relations 

PO 104G Introduction to Comparative Politics 



History 

PO 21 IG Inter- American Relations 

PO 23 IG Politics: East Asian Nations 

PO 232G The Pacific Century 

PO 352G The Globalization Debate 

RE 230G Yogis, Mystics, Shamans 

RE 240G Non-Westem Religions 

RE 319G The Hindu Tradition 

RE 39 IG Myths of Creation & Destruction 

HISTORY 

History is one of the central disciplines in a liberal 
education. As broad as human experience, it 
provides a context for the understanding of litera- 
ture, art, philosophy, ai^d the sciences. Akin to both 
the Humanities arid Social Sciences, history gives 
attention to the individual and to society as a whole, 
revealing the vast range of human experiences, the 
extraordinary variety' of human institutions, and the 
inevitability ot change. The study of history builds 
skills and knowledge that are indispensable for any 
career: clarit)' in writing and speaking; effective use 
of evidence and argument; the ability to perform 
independent research; and an awareness of cultural 
difterences and commonalities. It is thus excellent 
preparation tor a wide variety of frelds — law, 
teaching, business, public service, joumalism, and 
even medicine. 

Students who complete this major demonstrate the 
following competencies: 

• knowledge of American and European history 
demonstrated by the ability' to talk and write 
intelligently about these fields. 

• ability to think historically with regard to issues 
such causation, cultural diffusion, the role of the 
individual in history, geographic and demo- 
graphic influences in history, and gender and 
minority issues in the past, citing examples from 
both the Western tradition and the wider 
global experience. 

• awareness of the historical method and 
historiography generally, and knowledge of the 
historiography of at least one field with some 
thoroughness. 

• ability to locate bibliographical information 
on historical topics, and to engage in scholarly 
writing such as book and film reviews, anno- 
tated bibliographies, and historical and 
historiographical essays. 

• ability to do historical research based on 
primary source material. 

History majors are required to take a minimum of 
10 total history courses and must complete either a 
thesis or a comprehensive exam in their senior year. 



61 



History 

The 10 history courses must include the following 
five core courses: 

HI 202H The European Experience 

HI 205H The American Experience 

HI 206H Makmo History' 

HI 232G World History' to Columhus 

HI 233G Global History m the Modem World 

Of the remaining five history electix'es counting 
toward the major, no more than three should come 
from any one of the following fields: American 
History, European/ Ancient History, and Asian/ 
World History. Seniors wishing to write a thesis must 
consult with a sponsor by the Spring semester of 
their junior year. Those wishing to take a compre- 
hensive exam will enroll in HI 498 History Compre- 
hensive Exam during Winter Term of their senior 
year. Although not necessarily required for the 
major, a separate composition course is strongly 
recommended, especially for freshmen and sopho- 
mores with little background in research and 
argumentative writing. 

A minor in history consists ot a minimum of six 
histoi7 courses, which must include HI 206H 
Making History and any two of the following 
survey courses: 

HI 202H The European Experience 

HI 205H The American Experience 

HI 23 2G World History to Columbus 

HI 233G Global Histoiy in the Modem World 

Of the remaining three history electives counting 
toward the minor, no more than two should come 
from any one of the following fields; American 
History, European/Ancient History, and Asian/ 
World History'. 

HI 20 IG East Asian Traditions 

See East Asian Studies EA 20 IG. 

HI 202H The European Experience 

A survey of European Histoi7 from the Late Middle 
Ages to the present, emphasizing important political, 
economic, social, and cultural developments. 

HI 205H The American Experience 

Survey of American History- developed chronologi- 
cally with the emphasis on political, economic, 
social, cultural, and global themes. The course will 
be organized around significant figures, events, ideas, 
values, and experiences of the American people. 

HI206H Making History 

An introduction to the theory and practice of 
history. This course will examine a selected historical 
topic in detail, but will also feature training in 
historical research and writing, and in various 
methodological approaches. 



HI 232G World History to Columbus 

History of the world from the emergence of major 
Eurasian, African, and American Civilizations to 
1500, with emphasis on technological and social 
change, cultural diffusion, and cultural interactions. 

HI 233G Global History in the 
Modem World 

History of the world since 1500, with emphasis on 
the interaction of Western ideas and institutions 
with the rest of the world. Also examines the 
legacies of industrialization, imperialism, and 
globalization for today's world. 

HI 234G The Twentieth Century World 

History of one of the world's most vibrant and also 
bloodiest of centuries. The course focuses oti social, 
cultural, and technological change; important 
political and ideological conflicts; and the legacies of 
hot and cold wars. 

HI 242H Ancient Greek History 

See Classical Humanities CL 242H. 

HI 25 IH Lives of Great Greeks and Romans 

Examines great Greek and Roman heroes, states- 
men, orators, and commanders, from Theseus, 
Pericles, and Demosthenes to Julius Caesar and 
Marcus Aurelius, as role models, both positive and 
negative, and their relevance for our own age. 

HI 283G Russia: Perestroika to the Present 

An examination of contemporary Russian society 
from the beginning of Gorbachev's Perestroika to the 
present. The fall of Communism with special 
attention to the processes of socialization and daily 
life for Russians. 

HI 302H Sport and American Culture 

Tliis course e.xplores the place of spt)rt in American 
society; It uses sport to illuminate broader historical 
themes: urban and community life, economic 
development, social relationships, social mobility, 
and popular cultural processes. 

HI 307H Rebels with a Cause 

See American Studies AM 307H. 

HI 308H Becoming Visible 

See American Studies AM 308H. 

HI309G Cold War and After 

Explore the culture of the Cold War from both 
American and Russian perspectives; analyze and 
interpret the political events that led to the Cold 
War and the scientific and technological develop- 
ments of the Cold War. 



62 



HI 31 OG Modern China 

See East Asian Studies EA 3 lOG. 

HI 3 IIG Modem Japan 

See East Asian Studies EA 31 IG. 

HI 312G History of Southeast Asia 

See East Asian Studies EA 312G. 

HI314E Environment in American Thought 

See American Studies AM 3 HE. 

HI 319H The Old South: 1607-1865 

This course examines political, economic, and 
cultural trends within antebellum south. It focuses 
on myths and facts about southern culture, the 
growth of southern distinctiveness, and the rise of 
slavery as an institution. 

HI 320H The New South: 1863 To Present 

This course examines the social, cultural, and 
economic transformations in the American South 
since the Emancipation Proclamation. It also traces 
the legacy of slavery and racism through Reconstruc- 
tion, Jim Crow, and the Civil Rights movement. 

HI 32 IH Women in Modem America 

Feminist theory, growth of women's movements, 
minority women, working women, changes in 
women's health, birth control, images of women in 
literature and film. Changes in women's position in 
America. (Directed Study Available) 

HI 324G Native American History 

History of Native Americans from the time of 
European contact to present. Inner workings of 
Native American communities, Indian-White 
relations, changing governmental policy, Native 
American spirituality, economics, gender roles, 
decision making. 

HI 325E Western Myth and the Environment 

This course explores how environmental issues 
helped to shape the myths of the American West. It 
begins with the first European settlements in North 
America and culminates with a study of ecological 
concerns in the contemporary West. 

HI 330H Reconstruction 

Study of one of the most turbulent, controversial eras 
in American history. In the past thirty years the 
traditional view of this period has come under 
intense scaitiny What emerges is a much more 
balanced account of this crucial period. 

HI 33 3H History of the Vietnam War 

Establishment of Vietnamese nation in 11 1 B.C., its 
stniggle tor autonomy despite foreign invasion. The 
impact of the Vietnam War on American society. 



Histor y 

antiwar mo\-ement during Johnson and Nixon 
administrations, analysis of the war's legacy 

HI 334H African- American History I 

The contributions of African- Americans from the 
Colonial period to Reconstruction. Participation in 
American Revolution, rise of Cotton Kingdom, 
development of distinct culture, Civil War and 
Reconstruction. 

HI 335H African-American History II 

African-American history from Reconstruction to 
the present. Developments in education, racism, 
participation in military, socioeconomic develop- 
ment, Civil Rights movement and legislation. 

HI 336H Civil Rights Movement: 1945-75 

Black participation in World War II, the effects of 
the Brown Decision and various Civil Rights 
legislation, the rise of Black nationalism. 

HI337H The Civil War 

Events that preceded the Civil War and contributed 
to disunion, such as the Southern Carolina Nullifica- 
tion Crisis, the Compromise of 1850, and John 
Brown's raid. Impact of the war on both North and 
South. PBS video on Civil War is used. 

HI 339H The Great Depression and 
American Life 

See American Studies AM 339H. 

HI342H The Rise of Russia 

Evolution from 9th century to 1801. Byzantium, 
Mongol invasion, conflicts with Germans, Poles and 
Swedes, influence of the West. 

HI 343H Modem Russia and Soviet Union 

Imperial Russia, Russian revolution, continuity 
and change in Russian and Soviet history, and the 
former Soviet Union as a totalitarian society and 
world power. 

HI 344H History of two St. Petersburgs 

The history of St. Petersburg, Florida and St. 
Petersburg, Russia. 

HI 347H Recent American History: 
Historian's View 

(Directed Study Available) Current trends in 
interpreting U.S. history since World War II. 
Transformation ot American society since 1945 
and the new position of the U.S. in world affairs. 

HI 349G Native American Thought 

See Philosophy PL 349G. 



63 



History 

HI 353E Environmental History 

The role and place of nature in human life, and the 
interactions that societies in the past have had with 
the environment. Concentrates on the U.S., but 
provides methodological approaches to the 
broader field. 

HI 354E Environmental History - Europe 

Covers the environmental history' of Europe between 
1850 and the present. In addition to industrializa- 
tion, urbanization, and globalization, the course also 
investigates how particular intellectuals, movements, 
and ideologies conceptualized and interacted with 
the natural world. 

HI 363H The Renaissance 

A chronological study of the development of 
Renaissance humanism in Italy from its origins in 
14th century Florence to its artistic expressions in 
16th century' Venice and Rome. 

HI364H The Reformation 

An examination of Reformation theology in its 
political and institutional context. The course 
includes a look at the broad repercussions of 
the Refomiation and the responses of the 
Catholic Church. 

HI 366H Inside Nazi Germany 
This course is a detailed examination of the political, 
social, and cultural history of the Third Reich. 
It places Nazism in its historical context and 
investigates the persecution ot European Jews and 
other minorities. 

HI 368H Modem German History 

This course examines Gemian Histor\' from its 
unification in 1870, through reunification in 1989, 
to the present. It includes the German Empire, 
WWI, Weimar, Nazism and the Holocaust, WWII, 
the Cold War and a United Europe. 

HI 370H Sex and Power: European Thought 

This course investigates Modem European Intellec- 
tual History through the lens of issues of sex, gender, 
and power. Readings feature some of the greatest 
European writers of the last two centuries. 

HI372G World War II 

A truly global look at the Second World War, 
focusing on its causes and consequences, on military 
conflict in various theaters, and on experiences at 
the "home front." 



HONORS PROGRAM 

The Honors Program at Eckerd College provides 
eiihanced opportunities or independent study and 
research to students of outstanding ability. Selected 
students are brought together tor close interaction 
and advanced work, such studies receiving pemia- 
nent recognition on the students' transcripts. 

Honors students meet all general education require- 
ments. In addition, first-year Honors students meet 
for additional special sessions of the college's two 
Freshman core courses, Western Heritage in a 
Global Context 1 and II, for which an extra course 
credit is awarded. In the second and third years of 
the Honors program, participants take two courses 
designed as Honors courses as part ot their general 
education requirements. These Honors courses 
should represent different perspective or academic 
areas. Seniors in the Honors Program participate in a 
colloquium in which they present their Senior thesis 
research, creative projects, or their work tor compre- 
hensive examinations. 

Students who wish to be considered tor the 
Honors Program in the Freshman year must file an ' 
acceptable application tor admission to Eckerd 
College by February 15. Interested students are 
encouraged to write the Dean of Admissions for 
additional information. 

New transfer students and students already enrolled 
in the college, including students who may have 
applied unsuccessfully to the Honors Program earlier, 
are also eligible tor admission as vacancies in the 
program occur at the upper levels. Students who are 
interested in making application to the Honors 
Program after they are enrolled in the college should 
contact the director of the Honors Program. 

SHI 410 Senior Honors Colloquium - 
1st Semester 

A student-directed seminar focusing on both 
common cuiTiculum experiences and specific policy 
and values issues related to the students' individual 
disciplines. A two semester course for one course 
credit. Students taking the Senior Honors Collo- 
quium also take the Senior Seminar in their 
collegium or discipline if it is rec]uired. 

SH2 410 Senior Honors Colloquium - 
2nd Semester 

Continuation ot the Senior Honors seminar. 
Two semesters required for one course credit. 

WHl 184 Western Heritage (Honors) 

The Freshman course for students in the Honors 
Program. Students meet weekly for the academic 
year and are awarded a course credit. Admission is 
by application to the Honors Program Director. 
Two semesters required for one course credit. 



64 



Human Development 



WH2 184 Western Heritage (Honors) 

Continuation of the Freshman course for students 
in the Honors Program. Students meet weekly for 
the academic year and are awarded a course credit. 
Admission is by application to the Honors Program 
Director. Two semesters required for one course credit. 

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT 

Students majoring in human development are 
prepared for graduate programs in counseling, 
counseling psychology, social work, marriage and 
family therapy, education, or related allied therapy 
fields and for entry level positions in human 
services. By developing a strong foundation of self- 
knowledge and understanding of others across the 
lifespan, students learn how to help people reach 
their fullest potential whether m business, govern- 
ment, education, private practice, or human service 
agency settings. 

Human Development graduates are expected 
to possess: 

• knowledge of the key theories of human 
development; the basic approaches to helping 
individuals, groups, and families resolve 
problems and maximize their potential; and a 
multicultural perspective on human growth and 
functioning. 

• skills in interpersonal communication, public 
speaking, and group facilitation. 

• skill in research methods and writing employed 
by those in the helping professions and 
effective use of library and computer-based 
resources. 

• an understanding and application of ethical 
principles and personal responsibility m the 
helping professions. 

These competencies are demonstrated through 
satisfactory' completion of the required courses and 
Senior comprehensive paper. 

Core courses in the major include the following 
which are listed in the order in which they should 
be taken. All courses require a grade of C- or better 
to qualify for graduation in the major. 

Introduction to Human Development 

Statistical Methods 

Counseling Strategies: Theory and Practice 

Group Dynamics 

Cross Cultural Communication and Counseling 

Social Ecology and Mental Health 

Ethical Issues in Human Development 

Leadership and Administrative Dynamics 

Internship in Human Development 



The extensive 210-hour mtemship and a minimum 
of five (5) other courses are required in the emphasis 
area of the student's choice. Students may choose 
an area of emphasis in mental health, wellness and 
holistic health, children, adolescent/youth services, 
or social work. In special cases the student in 
conjunction with a Mentor may design an alterna- 
tive area. 

To minor in human development, a student must 
complete HD lOlS Introduction to Human 
Development, HD 210 Counseling Strategies 
Theory and Practice (Prerequisite: HD lOlS or 
PS lOlS), and three of the following: 

HD 327 Social Ecology and Mental Health (Prereq- 
uisite: HD 210 and statistics) 

HD 386 Ethical Issues in Human Development 
(Prerequisites: HD 210) 

HD 328 Cross Cultural Communication and 
Counseling (Prerequisites: HD 210 and JR/SR status) 

HD 207S Group Dynamics 

HD 404 Leadership & Administrative Dynamics 
(Prerequisites: HD 327 and JR/SR status) 

Courses used for the minor require a grade of 
C- or better. 

HD 101 S Introduction to Human 
Development 

Theoretical and practical study of life stages; focus 
on physical, social, emotional and cognitive 
development. Exploration of normal developmental 
concerns over the life span with particular 
emphasis on how they are addressed by the 
helping professions. 

HD 203 The Adolescent Experience 

Theories and research in adolescent physical, 
cognitive, and social development. Psychosocial 
challenges of adolescence. Prerequisite: HD lOlS, 
PS lOlS. 

HD 204 Socialization: Study of Gender 

Theories and research on gender identity, roles, and 
stereotypes. Emphasis on role of society and culture 
and their complex interaction with biology and 
cognition. Prerequisites: HD lOlS or PS lOlS or 
SO lOlS. 

HD 207 S Group Dynamics 

Laboratory approach to the study of groups, includ- 
ing participation, observation and analysis; investiga- 
tion of roles of group members, transitional stages, 
leadership, and group functioning. 



65 



Human Development 



HD 208E Your Health and the Environment 

Socioecological model of health addresses ways in 
which human health is influenced by both environ- 
mental and personal factors. Focus on the national 
initiative Healthy Campus 2010 and promotion of 
health in the campus community. 

HD 209 Child Roles and Family Systems 

Family systems paradigm and specific theories. Focus 
on development of child's personality in healthy and 
dysfunctional families. Explore adaptive nature of 
roles (Hero, Scapegoat, Lost Child, Mascot) in 
children and adults, comparing strengths/weaknesses, 
benefits/losses. Prerequisites: HD 1 01 S or PS lOlS. 

HD 210 Counseling Strategies: 
Theory and Practice 

Overview of counseling process and career explora- 
tion in the helping professions. Focus on psycho- 
therapeutic approaches. For students planning to use 
counseling related skills in their careers. Prerequisite: 
HDlOlSorPSlOlS. 

HD 225 Introduction to Social Work 

Introduction to profession, practice, history and 
value bases of social work. Examination of social 
welfare issues as they relate to the field of social 
work. Prerequisite: HD lOlS. Not offered every year. 

HD 271 Practicum in Leadership 
and Programming 

Fundamentals of developing and implementing 
programs for targeted groups in health, mental 
health, leisure, education, and other settings to meet 
needs and interests of different populations. 
Prerequisite: HD 1 01 S or 207S. 

HD 30 IS Perspectives on Death and Dying 

\X/hat does it mean to live in a culture that tends to 
deny the reality of death? Students will examine 
their beliefs while exploring death and dying from 
social, political, economic, medical, legal, spiritual, 
and ethical perspectives. 

HD 324 Counseling Strategies with Children 

A multi-modal approach to learning current theories 
of counseling with children. Particular focus on 
social problems related to children and efforts to 
address them within the helping professions. 
Prerequisites: HD lOlS or PS lOlS, and HD 210. 

HD 326 Counseling for Wellness 

Holistic/wellness paradigm to health involving 
social, physical, emotional, spiritual, and mental 
aspects. Theory, research, alternative health care, 
cognitive behavioral counseling procedures. 
Prerequisites: HD lOlS and HD 210. Generally 
offered alternate years. 



HD 327 Social Ecology and Mental Health 

Theory, practice, and current research regarding 
medical, developmental, and ecological models in 
community mental health. Understand research 
methodology, assessment, and evaluation issues and 
strategies. Develop skill in writing a literature review 
in APA style. Prerequisites: HD lOlS, HD 210, 
and statistics. 

HD 328 Crosscultural Communication 
and Counseling 

Identify elements of culture and their influence on 
worldview, language, contextual expectations in 
communication. Basic principles regarding cogni- 
tive, affective, verbal, non-verbal dimensions of 
communication. Theories of cultural identity 
development and multicultural counseling. Experi- 
ential practice. Prerequisite: HD 210 and junior or 
Senior standing. 

HD 329S Person-Environment Equation 

How environmental studies and concepts are used to 
provide holistic approaches to complex problems of 
human development. Natural and built aspect of the 
physical environment and their relationship to 
mental, emotional, and psychosocial human actions. 

HD 350G Contemporary Japanese Families 

Explore modem Japanese family systems as an 
introduction to Japanese culture. Self identity, role 
behaviors, and values/expectations in social, 
educational, religious, political, economic and 
aesthetic context. How culture is constructed and 
transmitted across generations. 

HD 386 Ethical Issues in Human 
Development 

Development of "ethical fitness" based on model 
from the Institute for Global Ethics. Analysis and 
resolution strategies and resources applied to 
personal and professional ethical dilemmas. 
Prerequisite: HD 210. 

HD 387 Forensics and Human Behavior 

Major topics include criminal profiling, eyewitness 
identification, suggestibility, lie detection, jury 
selection, the insanity defense, competency to stand 
trial, expert testimony and ethical issues. Prerequi- 
sites: HD lOlS or PS lOlS; SO 160M or PS 200M. 

HD 401 Internship in Human 
Development 

A field-based learning experience; 210 on-site hours 
in off- campus placements, such as centers for drug 
abuse, delinquency, women's services, mental health 
and schools. Bi-weekly seminar. Prerequisites: Senior 
standing and permission of instmctor. 



66 



HD 403 Practicum in Peer Counseling 

Developing skills in interviewing, assessing indi- 
vidual problems and strengths. Role play and 
audiotaped counseling sessions, supervised counsel- 
ing experience appropriate to student's level. Audio 
or video tape recorder required. Prerequisite: HD 210 
and Senior standing. 

HD 404 Leadership and Administrative 
Dynamics 

Basic principles arid distinctiveness of human service 
organizations, administrative tools and techniques, 
and leadership theory' and development. Prerequi- 
sites: HD 327and Junior or Senior standing. 

HD 405 Practicum in Group Process 

Theory', process and applications of group de\'elop- 
ment and group counseling strategies. Lab practice 
of effective group membership and leadership 
beha\'iors. In class videotaping and additional 
group obser\-'ation project. Prerequisites: HD 207S, 
HD 210, and Junior or Senior standing. 



HUMANITIES 

Humanities is an interdisciplinary major coordinated 
by the Letters Collegium. Working together, the 
student and Mentor design a ten course program 
focusing on a central topic (e.g., historical period, 
geographical area, cultural/ intellectual movement), 
using the methodology of one core discipline (art, 
foreign language, history, literature, music, philoso- 
phy, political science, religion, sociology, theatre), 
supplemented with courses from complementary' 
disciplines. Humanities students are encouraged to 
participate in integrative humanities courses. 

Fi\'e courses must be from the core discipline. The 
other five courses may be drawn from complemen- 
tary- disciplines. At least five courses must be beyond 
the introductory level. No later than the Junior year, 
a guiding committee of three faculty from disciplines 
in the student's program is selected. This committee 
designs and evaluates the Senior comprehensive 
examination, or may invite the student to write a 
Senior thesis. 

Students who complete the humanities major 
demonstrate the following competencies: 

• knowledge of the topical focus from an interdisci- 
plinary perspective, demonstrated by the ability to 
speak and wTite intelligently about it 

• ability to understand and use the methodologi- 
cal processes of the core discipline, demon- 
strated by the successful completion of a 
comprehensive exam, thesis, or project 

• ability to locate bibliographical information and 
to engage in scholarly writing on the topic. 



Interdisciplinary Arts 

INTERDISCIPLINARY ARTS 

Tlie Interdisciplinary' Arts major builds on strengths 
widiin the Creative Arts Collegium and is designed 
for students with varied interests and skills who 
would like to build bridges linking the arts. Students 
may explore traditional connections (set design, 
dramaturgy', musical production, illustration of 
original texts) or investigate more contemporary' 
modes of integrating the arts such as multi-media 
installation, film and \'ideo production, digital and 
web-based arts, and performance art. A student who 
envisions both writing and producing a play, for 
example, may build a unique program comprised of 
courses in Creati\-e Writing, Literature and Tlieatre. 

Students majoring in Interdisciplinary' Arts are 
expected to develop an understanding and apprecia- 
tion of the creative process that is not confined to a 
single arts discipline. 

In addition, students are expected to acquire: 

• primar\- skills in at least one arts discipline 
and secondary' skills in at least one other 
arts discipline. 

• a creative approach to integrating the arts. 

• problem solving skills in a multi-faceted 
arts environment. 

The Structure of the Major: 

The Interdisciplinary- Arts major includes 16 courses, 
a senior seminar, and a senior project. Students are 
encouraged to take a winter term or semester abroad. 
The major may be realized in two different ways, 
each subject to the approval of an arts mentor and 
the Interdisciplinary Arts discipline coordinator, 
as follows: 

• IA202 Interdisciplinary' Arts 

• 9 approved courses from one arts discipline 
(Visual Arts, Creative Writing, Music 

or Theatre) 

• 5 courses in one or more of the other arts 
disciplines, at least two of which are 300 level 
or higher. 

OR 

• A uniquely focused arts program, to include 
1A202 Interdisciplinary Arts and incorporating 
as many as three related courses from outside 
the arts. 

There are many ways in which an Interdisciplinary 
Arts major may be realized, depending upon one's 
interests and goals. Students engaged in the lA 
major must work closely with their mentors to 
choose appropriate courses for their specific needs. 
The following description illustrates a general 
recommended sequence of courses. 



67 



Interdisciplinary Arts 



Freshmen 

Introductory courses in one or more arts 
disciplines (Creative Writing, Visual Arts, 
Theatre, Music). Students who want to 
incorporate writing into their programs may also 
wish to take an introductory Literature course. 
Those who wish to pursue digital and web-based 
arts may consider taking Introduction to 
Computer Science. 

Sophomores 

1A202 Interdisciplinary' Arts 
By the second semester begin to develop an 
individualized 16'Course program under the 
guidance of an arts mentor. 

Juniors 

Refine a program that includes upper-level 
electives under the guidance of an arts mentor. 

Seniors 

Submit a Senior Project that integrates two 
or more arts disciplines 
Senior Seminar 

Senior Project committees must be comprised of 
three faculty members, at least two of representing 
different arts disciplines. Senior seminars may he m 
any arts discipline central to the student's focus. 

A minor in Interdisciplinary Arts will iiiclude IA202 
Interdisciplinary Arts plus any five courses from 
two or more arts disciplines, at least two of which 
are at the 300 level. These courses must not 
duplicate courses used by students to satisfy major 
recquirements. 

A major in Interdisciplinary Arts may not also major 
in the discipline which serves as the core of the 
I A major. 

lA 200 Interdisciplinary' Arts 

Introduction to traditional means (e.g. set design, 
musical production, text and illustration) and non- 
traditional means (e.g. perfonnance art, video, multi- 
media installation, web-based digital arts) by which 
arts can be integrated or linked to other disciplines. 
Prerequisite: at least one entry level course from an 
Eckerd arts discipline. 



INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS 

The international business major is designed to 
provide students with a variety of proficiencies and 
experiences related to career opportunities and/or 
preparation for graduate work. The competencies 
achieved in the major are: 

• knowledge of international business fields 
within a multidisciplinary perspective, includ- 
ing anthropology, management, foreign 
language, foreign experience, economics, 
political science, culture area, marketing, 
accounting, finance, and human resource 
management. 

• cross-cultural understanding and experience, 
and the capacity for leadership on cross-cultural 
issues in business and community life. 

• preparation for careers in international business. 

• preparation for graduate degree programs in the 
field of international business and related 
multicultural and international fields. 

Requirements for the major are: 

Language 

Five courses in one language with demonstrated 
conversational skills, or the equivalent, with a 
minimum ax'erage of 2.0. 

World Cultures 

Introduction to Anthropology or one cultural area 
course with a C- or better and one course to be 
chosen from a list of internationally-focused 
economics and/or political science courses. 

Business Foundations 

Principles of Accounting, Principles of Macroeco- 
nomics, Principles of Marketing, International 
Management, Finance, all with a C- or better. 

International Business 

The Cultural Environment of International Business, 
International Marketing, International Finance and 
Banking, Global Human Resource Management, 
Senior Seminar: Issues in International Business, and 
Multinational Corporate Strategy comprehensive 
examiiiation, all with a C- or better. 

Study Abroad 

A winter temi, summer term or semester abroad 
within an appropriate International Education 
program, or an individualized study under the 
direction of a member of the faculty. International 
students are exempt. 

Freshmen and Sophomores 

Foreign Language 

Introduction to Anthropology or 

cultural area course 
Cultural Environment of International Business 



International Business 



Sophomores 

Foreign experience 
Accounting 
Macroeconomics 
International Management 

Juniors 

Finance 

Marketing 

International politics and/or ecomimics course 

Global Human Resource Management 

Seniors 

International Finance and Banking 
International Marketing 
Senior Seminar 
Multinational corporate Strategy 

Requirements for a minor in International Business 
include successful completion ot International 
Management, The Cultural Environment of 
International Business, International Marketing, 
International Finance and Banking, and an overseas 
winter term or other program in a foreign country. 

IB 260S Cultural Environment of 
International Business 

The vital n)le culture plays in international business. 
Understand the process of communicating across 
boundaries and develop analytical skills in examin- 
ing intercultural interactions. 

IB 26 IS International Management 

Tlie entire range of management is explored from 
analysis, planning, implementation and control of a 
business organization's world-wide operations. 
Compare management practices in the Americas, 
Asia, Europe, Africa and Middle East. 

IB 262E Environment, Population, 
and Culture 

See Anthropology AN 262E. 

IB 2758 Sex'Role Revolution 
in Management 

Issues related to the history, problems and prospects 
of women in management. The impact of the sex- 
role revolution on women and men in corporations 
(the course is not for women only). 

IB 303G Global Capitalism 

Examine a century long debate about different ways 
to manage the world's limited resources. Compare 
and contrast different political and economic 
systems, and examine which systems might be best 
suited for the 21st century. 



IB 31 OS Students in Free Enterprise 

Socially responsible competition for customers, 
profits, and entrepreneurship. Economic principles, 
market ethics, educational outreach. Prerequisites: 

Sophomore. 

IB 32 IS Consumer Behavior and 
Consumerism 

Contributions of the behavioral disciplines (psychol- 
ogy, sociology, anthropology) to understanding the 
consumer decision-making process. The impact and 
value issues of the consumer movement. 

IB 369S Principles of Marketing 

Principles, problems and methods in distributing and 
marketing goods and services. Prerequisite: Junior or 
Senior standing. 

IB 373 Marketing Communications 

Processes and functions of promotion, strategies 
incorporating creative use of advertising, publicity, 
merchandising, direct selling, and sales promotion. 
Prerequisite: IB/MN 369S. 

IB 374 Market Intelligence 

Collection and measurement ot data on market 
identification, sales forecasting and marketing 
strategy development, market research, cost/revenue 
breakdowns, competitive analysis, others. Prerequi- 
sites: IB/MN 369S and statistics. 

IB 376 Global Human Resource 
Management 

Theoi7 and practices of personnel and human 
resources management in organizations, including 
job definition, staffing, training and development, 
compensation and benefits, labor relations, environ- 
mental analysis and human resource planning and 
controlling. Prerequisite: Junior or Senior standing. 

IB 378 Investment Finance 

Exploration of financial operations in the invest- 
ment world with emphasis on stocks, bonds, real 
estate, and preparation of a financial portfolio. 
Prerequisites: MN 27 IS and either EC 28 IS or 

EC 282S. 

IB 379 Retail Organization and 
Management 

Retail merchandising, promotions, physical facilities, 
personnel, planning, pricing, legalities, research 
techniques, store images, market targets. Prerequi- 
site: IB/MN 369S. 

IB 380 Sales Management 

Communication skills, buyer's motivations, indi- 
vidual demonstrations of the basic steps to selling, 
illustrating how selling is a catalyst for the entire 
economy and for society in general. Prerequisite: 
IB/MN 369S. 

69 



International Business 



IB 396 Human Resource Planning and 
Industrial Research I 

A continuation of IB 376 with an in-depth study of 
case-analyses and research of contemporary issues in 
human resource management. 

IB 401 Internship in International 
Business 

Field-based learning experience at international 
businesses or agencies that support and promote 
international business. Periodic meetings with 
the spoiisoring professor. Prerequisite: Junior or 
Senior standing. 

IB 410 Senior Seminar: Issues in 
International Business 

Discussion of business topics affecting global business 
today. Examine individual, organizational, and 
macro-levels issues in international business ethics. 

IB 475 Investment Analysis 

(Directed Study available) Advanced investment 
course focusing on in-depth analysis of specific 
investment alternatives using the computer and 
other sophisticated techniques. Prerequisite: IB/MN 
378 or MN 377. 

IB 477 Entrepreneur ship 

Study oi talents, qualities, values and expertise 
necessary to conduct profit and non-profit ventures 
contributing to society. Entrepreneurial project. 
Prerequisites: IB 261S, 369S, and 378. IB 498 may be 
taken concurrently. 

IB 480 Proctoring in International 
Business 

Practical leadership experience for advanced 
students. Working closely with the sponsoring 
professor, participants will coach students enrolled 
in International Business courses. Prerequisite: 
Senior standing. 

IB 485 International Marketing 

International product management, pricing in 
foreign markets, multinational distribution and 
business logistics systems, world-wide promotion 
programs, international market and marketing 
research. Prerequisite: IB/MN 369S. 

IB 486 International Finance and Banking 

International baiiking system, foreign exchange risk 
management, long run investment decisions, 
financing decisions, working capital management, 
international accounting, tax planning. Prerequisite: 

EC 282S, and MN 377 or IB 378. 



IB 496 Human Resource Planning and 
Industrial Research II 

2nd semester of IB 396. Prerequisites: IB 376, IB 396 
and permission of instaictor. 

IB 498 Multinational Corporate Strategy 

Comprehensive offered during spring semester. 

INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION 

LONDON COURSE OFFERINGS 

The Eckerd College London Study Centre is a 
centrally located 225-year-old Georgian row house. 
The program is led by a differeiit Eckerd College 
faculty member each semester, who lives at the 
centre with the students. Students may also have 
the opportunity to do an internship during their 
London Term. 

AHI 221 A Art History: British Painting 
1760-1960 

Hogarth, Reynolds, Stubbs and Turner studied in 
depth. Collections of George III, Sir John Soane, 
Duke of Wellington and other connoisseurs of the 
period discussed. Visits to museums and galleries. 

AHI 351 History of English Architecture 

(Directed Study) For the London semester student, 
an introduction to the history of English architec- 
ture, from Anglo-Saxon times to the present. 
Prerequisite: AH 1 04 A. 

ECI 300S The Industrial Revolution 

(Directed Study) An interdisciplinary look at the 
Industrial Revolution, the technological, social, 
economic, political, and cultural phenomena that 
transformed life and attitudes in 18th and 19th 
centuiy England. 

INI 389G British Seminar 

Required for students in the London term. The 
historical, institutional and contemporary issues of 
Britain, with particular attention to London. Visit 
experts in various fields, excursions and readings to 
develop an understanding of Britain today. 

LII 326H Anglo-American Perspectives 

Explore the idea that England and the United States 
are "two countries divided by a common language," 
with all manner of different perspectives of our own 
and each other's cultures. Use of travel writers, 
novels and plays specifically concerned with 
academic life. 



70 



International Education 



POI 301S Introduction to 

Contemporary British Politics 

Provides an understanding of British political 
institutions and insight into the main political 
debates facing Britain, including the media, the 
conflict in Northern Ireland and issues of race and 
gender. Discuss current political de\'elopments as 
they happen. 

PSI 350 Youth Experience in a Changing 
Great Britain 

(Directed Study) the impact of recent events on 
British youth through face-to-face encounters and an 
examination of the instructors which shape their 
lives. Prerequisite: PS 202 or a course in child 
de\'elopment and consent of the instmctor. 

THI 3 65 A Theatre in London 

London theatre, including backstage tours and guest 
lectures, covering drama from classical to modem. 
For students with a general interest in theatre, of 
whatever major. 

OTHER OPPORTUNITIES 

Eckerd College cooperates with several institutions 
to provide students with opportunities in other 
overseas locations. 

ISEP (International Student Exchange Program) 

Opportunities to study overseas for a semester or year 
at over 100 institutions throughout the world. Fees 
are aid to Eckerd College, and all scholarships, loans 
and grants, with the exception of work study, apply 
as if on campus. 

France 

Semester at the University of La Rochelle. Courses 
taught in French in a variety of disciplines. Summer, 
semester and academic year programs in Aix-en- 
Provence and Avignon through the Institute for 
American Universities. Instruction in English and 
French in the humanities, arts and social sciences. 

Greece 

Semester or full year exchange at University of 
La Verne, Athens. Instruction in English. Range 
of courses. 

Hong Kong 

Semester at Hong Kong Baptist University. Full 
range of courses. All majors. Instruction in English. 
No language prerequisite. 

Japan 

Full-year or semester exchange opportunities at 
Kansai Gaidai (Osaka) or Nanzan University 
(Nagoya). Instruction in English. Focus on Japanese 
and Asian area studies. 

Korea 

Semester or full-year at Ewha Womans University 
(Soeul). Wide range of courses. Instruction in 
English. No language prerequisite. 



Northern Ireland 

Semester at the Queen's University of Belfast or 
University of Ulster. Courses offered in most majors. 

Thailand 

Semester or full year exchange at Payap University, 
Chiang Mai. Instaiction in English. Focus on Thai 
studies and culture. 

United Kingdom 

Full-year and semester exchanges with the Univer- 
sity of Aberdeen, Scotland. Available to all majors; 
full curriculum. 

England 

Full-year exchanges with the University' of Ply- 
mouth, England. Opportunities especially for 
science, computer science, and social science majors. 

AustraLeam 

Semester, year-long and short term programs at the 
universities in Australia, New Zealand and Tasma- 
nia. AustraLeam is designed to assist students with 
admissions, accommodation arrangements, and 
travel opportunities. 

CIEE (Council on International 
Educational Exchange) 

Summer, semester, and full year programs in 30 
countries in a wide variety of disciplines: Some sites 
offer intensive language instruction. 

College Year in Athens 

Summer, semester, and year-long programs. Ancient 
Greek civilization and Mediterranean studies; 
classroom study and instruction in museums and 
relevant sites, both ancient and modem. Instruction 
in English. 

ICADS (Institute for Central American 
Development Studies) 

Semester program in Costa Rica, Nicaragua, and 
Belize for students concemed about social change 
and justice issues. Combines academic programs with 
opportunities for community projects and research. 
Academic foci: human rights, women's issues, 
environmental studies, agriculture, public health, 
education, wildlife conservation, and economic 
development. Two semesters of college Spanish 
recommended. 

International Partnership for Service Learning 

Semester, full-year or summer programs that 
integrate academic study and community ser\'ice in 
the Czech Republic, Ecuador, England, France, 
India, Israel, Jamaica, Mexico, the Philippines, 
Scotland, and South Dakota (with native Ameri- 
cans). Disciplines include history, political science, 
language, literature, sociology, economics and 
anthropology. Service opportunities include: 
teaching/tutoring; working in health care with the 
physically or emotionally handicapped, recreation, 
and community development projects. 



71 



International Education 



Sea Semester 

Semester program for students combining the worlds 
of science and the humanities with a unique 
experience at sea. Courses include maritime studies 
(history, literature, contemporaiy issues), nautical 
science (sailing theory, navigation, ship's systems), 
and oceanography (marine biology, physical and 
chemical oceanography). No sailing experieiice is 
necessary. Junior standing recommended. 

Marine Language Scholarship Exchange with 
University of Liege, Belgium, University of 
Las Palmas, Canary Islands, and University of 
La Rochelle, France 

Courses in marine science and biology' are taught in 
French or Spanish. 

Information on all of the above is available for 
the International Education Office and 
Oft-Campus Programs. 

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS 
AND GLOBAL AFFAIRS 

Tlie international relations and global affairs major is 
designed to provide students with an understanding 
of the international political and economic factors, 
relationships, and issues shaping today's global 
community. It is an interdisciplinary major, but its 
home discipline is political science. 

Students majoring in international relations and 
global affairs affiliate with the Behavioral Science 
Collegium and will be associates of the political 
science faculty. Students majoring in international 
relations and global affairs will gain competency in 
international political, economic, and foreign policy 
analysis, proficiency in a foreign language, and skills 
in research, writing, and oral communication. 
Students will also gain practical experience in 
international relations through their work in their 
practicum. Students will be prepared to go on to 
graduate study in international relations, the foreign 
service, or law. They will also be well prepared for a 
career in the international non-governmental 
community, service organizations, interest groups, 
or journalism. 

Tlie major requirements consist of three prerequisite 
courses: PC 103G Introduction to International 
Relations, EC 282S Principles of Macroeconomics, 
and bll 234G Twentieth Century' World, plus six 
core courses distributed across the three core groups 
listed below. Also required are Political Science 
Research Methods, two and a half years of a foreign 
language, the international practicum, the Senior 
Seminar, and the Senior Comprehensive Exam. 
Students majoring in international relations and 
global affairs are also strongly encouraged to spend a 
semester or at least a winter tenn abroad. Beyond the 



three prerequisite courses already listed, a minimum 
of six core courses are required for the major, with at 
least two courses taken from each of the following 
three core groups: 

Group A - International Relations Theory and 
Foreign Policy: 

AN 289S Gender: Cross-Cultural Perspective 

AN 340S Conflict Studies 

HI 233G Global History in the Modem World 

HI 309G Tl-ie Cold War and After 

IR 340s Geneva and International Cooperation 

PO 200s Diplomacy and International Relations 

PC 212s U.S. Foreign Policy 

PO 222 Political Ideologies 

PO 243 s Human Rights and International Law 

PO 25 IS The Media and Foreign Policy 

PO 314 International Organization 

PO 315 Theories of War and Peace 

PO 341 Ethics and International Relations 

PO 343S International Environmental Law 

PO 351 Politics & Process of U.S. Foreign Policy 

Group B - Regional Studies Group: 

Students must take at least two courses, one 
each from different regions and one each from 
different disciplines. 

AN 282G East Asian Area Studies 

AN 285G Latin American Area Studies 

AN 286G Cultures of Sub-Saharan Africa 

AN 287G Caribbean Area Studies 

EA 20 IG East Asian Traditions 

EA 303G Individual and Society in Chinese TTiought 

EA310G Modem China 

EA 31 IG Mexlem Japan 

HI 202H The European Experience 

HI 283G Russia: Perestroika to Present 

HI 342H The Rise of Russia 

HI 343H Modem Russia and the Soviet Union 

HI 368H Modem Gennan History 

LI 244G Postcolonial Literature 

LI 331 G Caribbean Literature and Film 

PO 2I1G Inter-American Relations 

PO 221s Politics of Revolution & Development 

PO 23 IG East Asian Comparative Politics 

PO 232G The Pacific Century 

PO 252S Middle East Politics 

PO 3 1 1 Latin American Politics 

PO 316 Women and Politics Worldwide 

PO 32 IS Comparative European Politics 

PO 322S Authoritarian Political Systems 

PO 324 East European Politics 

PO 333 Japan: Government, Politics, Foreign Policy 

PO 335S Govemment and Politics of China 

PO 336S East Asian Intemational Relations 



72 



International Studies 



Group C - International Political Economy Group: 

EC 281S Principles ot Microeconomics 

EC 370 Industrial Organization 

EC 371 Economics of Labor Markets 

EC 385 Comparative Economic Systems 

EC 388 Economic Development 

EC 480 Inteniational Economics: Foreign Exchange 

EC 48 1 International Economics: Trade 

PO 24 IS International Political Economy 

PO 242S The Politics of Defense 

PO 270S US Policy and the World Economy 

PO 313 Politics of the European Union 

PO 342S Hunger, Plenty, and Justice 

PO 3520 The Globalization Debate 

In addition to the three prerequisite courses, the 
six core courses, PO 260M Political Science 
Research Methods, the Senior Seminar (IR 410), 
and the Senior Comprehensive Exam, the major 
requires the following: 

Language Requirement: 

At least two and a half years (five semesters) of 
college level foreign language or the equivalent. 
More years of language or a second foreign language 
are strongly encouraged. 

International Practicum: 

There are three ways to fulfill the requirement: 

• An internship in an institution engaged in 
international aftairs within the U.S. or abroad 
sponsored by a member ot the Political Science 
faculty. An internship contract must be agreed 
upon and approved by the registrar prior to 
embarking on the internship. 

• Specified Winter Term and Spring- Into- 
Summer courses led by IRGA faculty. The U.N. 
Winter Term and IR 340S Geneva and 
International Cooperation are examples. 

• Semester study abroad programs recognized for 
credit by the International Education Office 
and the registrar. ISEP or CIEE organized 
semester abroad programs are examples. IRGA 
students have studied in Austria, Spain, The 
Netherlands, Gennany, Hong Kong, China, 
Thailand, and France. The Eckerd London 
program, while excellent, does not fulfill the 
IRGA practicum requirement. 

Students work closely with a member of the Political 
Science faculty (or faculty from other disciplines 
represented in the major) in arranging for the 
practicum and are responsible tor informing 
themselves of the available types ot practicums, for 
choosing one that meets their needs, and for 
fulfilling the terms of the practicum contract in a 
timely manner. 



Students may also minor in international relations 
and global affairs by completing PO 103G Introduc- 
tion to International Relations, PO 24 IS Interna- 
tional Political Economy, and four core courses 
beyond the introductory level which are distributed 
across each of the three core groups. 

IR 340S Geneva and International 
Cooperation 

Opportunity to visit and study United Nations 
agencies in Switzerland that deal with health, labor, 
human rights, the environment, refugees and trade 
matters. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. 

IR 410 Senior Seminar: International 
Relations and Global Affairs 

This is the required capstone seminar for all IRGA 
seniors. Topics vary from year to year. Recent topics 
have included the dissolution of Yugoslavia, the 
Arab-Israeli Conflict and the role of the United 
States in the world today. 

INTERNATIONAL STUDIES 

The International Studies major allows a student to 
design a program that combines language study, area 
studies courses, a living experience in the target 
culture, and a core discipline into an integrated 
program of study. A committee of three faculty 
members works with the student to select courses, 
plan the international experience, and supervise the 
senior comprehensive examination project or thesis. 
Normally one of the members of this committee is 
the chair of the Comparative Cultures Collegium. 

Students in this program must acquire a language 
competence at the advanced level. Normally an 
intermediate level of language competence is 
required prior to the international experience. One 
semester supervised residence abroad in a selected 
geographical area related to the major is a special 
feature of this program. This experience may be a 
language and cultural study program, a practical 
internship, or a job-related opportunity. 

The major consists ot a minimum of twelve courses 
in addition to language study. Students must take 
Introduction to Anthropology or its equivalent, a 
minimum ot five courses related to the cultural area, 
and five courses from a core discipline. In addition, 
students will complete a senior comprehensive 
examination project or a thesis. 

Students who complete the international studies 
major should be able to demonstrate a command 
of at least one foreign language; a knowledge of the 
social, political, and cultural structures of one 
particular country or area of the world; an under- 
standing of the disciplinary perspective of one 
academic field; and an ability to write, think, and 



73 



International Studies 



speak eftectix'ely in expressing the inten-elatedness 
of peoples and cultures. Typically, students in this 
program have proceeded to graduate study in 
international studies, and have pursued careers in 
journalism, law, language teaching, international 
business, or employment in international service 
organizations. 



ITALIAN 

Italian may he studied as part of the major in 
Modem Languages or as a minor. A major in 
Modem Languages consists of seven courses in a 
primary language and four in a secondary language 
(a total of eleven courses). See Modem Languages 
for a complete description. 

The minor in Italian requires a total of five courses 
which must include the first and second year 
sequences (101-102, 201-202) or their equivalents. 
The fifth course can be IT 301H or 302H, Wmter 
Term Language Immersion in Italy, or an indepen- 
dent study course in Italian language or culture. 

Minors who transfer credit (from U.S. or abroad) are 
required to take at least one advanced course in 
Italian at Eckerd. 

IT 101 Elementary Italian 

Fundamentals ot Italian language. Introduction to 
basic grammatical staictures and everyday vocabu- 
lary. Practice in speaking, listening comprehension, 
reading, and writing. 

IT 102 Elementary Italian 

Fundamentals of Italian language. Continues 
introduction of basic grammatical structures and 
everyday vocabulary begun in IT 101. Continued 
practice in speaking, listening comprehension, 
reading, and writing. Prerequisite: IT 101 or 
permission of instmctor 

IT 201 Intermediate Italian 

Completes the overview of Italian grammar and 
essential vocabulary initiated in the first-year 
sequence. Continued practice in speaking, listening 
comprehension, reading, and writing. Increased 
exposure to aspects of Italian culture. Prerequisite: 
IT 102 or permission of instructor 

IT 202 Intermediate Italian 

Continued development of speaking, listening 
comprehension, reading, and writing skills. Gram- 
mar review. Increased exposure to Italian culture 
through film, print, and popular music. Prerequisite: 
IT20L 



IT 301H Advanced Italian 

Designed to help students perfect the skills acquired 
in first- and second-year Italian. Students will 
continue to build proficiency, develop and improve 
writing skills, and expand their understanding of 
Italian culture. Prerequisite: IT 202 or permission 
of instructor 

IT 302H Advanced Italian II 

Second semester of Advanced Italian. Prerequisite: 
IT 301 H or pennission of instructor 

IT 306H Italian Film and Literature 

Examine visual and literary culture of modem Italy 
through selected films and novels (English transla- 
tion). Explore how writers and directors in Italy have 
produced works of art as expressions of esthetic 
freedom and ethical responsibility. 



JAPANESE 

Japanese may be studied as part of the major in 
Modem Languages. A major in Modem Languages 
consists of seven courses in a primary language 
and four in a secondary language (a total of 
eleven courses). See Modem Languages for a 
complete description. 

J A 101 Elementary Japanese I 

Introduction to modem spoken Japanese through 
aural-oral drills and exercises, and mastery of the 
basic grammatical stmctures. Students learn written 
fontis, perform basic communicative acts, and utilize 
proper social registers. 

J A 102 Elementary Japanese II 

Continuation of introductory basic Japanese with 
emphasis on the spoken language. The Japanese 
writing system will also be continued. Prerequisite: 
J A 101 or equivalent. 

J A 201 Intermediate Japanese I 

Further development of communicative skills with 
emphasis on speaking through in-class perfomiance. 
Prerequisite: successful completion of Basic Japanese 
II or instructor's approval. 

JA 202 Intermediate Japanese II 

Continuation of Intermediate Japanese I. Prerequi- 
site: successful completion of Intemiediate Japanese I 
or instmctor 's approval. 

J A 30 IH Advanced Japanese 

Further development of the four basic lariguage skills 
with emphasis on advanced sentence pattems and 
increased kanji vocabulary. Prerequisites: J A 202 
or equivalent. 



74 



LATIN 

LA 101 Elementary Latin 

Master basic grammatical construction, develop a 
vocabulary' of approximately 500 words and the 
ability to read moderately difficult prose. English 
word derivation heavily stressed. 

LA 102 Elementary Latin 

(Second semester for Elementary Latin. Master basic 
grammatical construction, develop a vocabulary of 
approximately 500 words and the ability to read 
moderately difficult prose. English word derivation 
heavily stressed. Prerequisite: LA 101. 

LA 201 Intermediate Latin 

Continue the study of Latin grammar arid acquire 
the tools for reading Latin literature on your own. 
Read works and excerpts from such great authors as 
Catullus, Cicero, Vergil, and Livy. 



LAW AND JUSTICE 

Tlie minor in Law & Justice is designed explicitly for 
students who are planning to attend law school. 
Students completing the minor will gain important 
legal knowledge and skills that should serve them 
well in law school and later in law-related careers. 
The minor requires the successful completion of two 
foundational courses: SO 324S Introduction to 
Criminal Justice and orre course in Constitutional 
Law (either PC 301S Constitution and Government 
Power or PC 302S Constitution & Individual 
Rights). Thereafter, students are free to choose three 
additional courses from a list of law-related courses 
offered across the College's curriculum. 

Completion of this minor exposes students to the 
major principles underlying American law, the 
case method of legal study, and the role of law in 
American society. The College's Pre-Law Advisor 
oversees the minor in Law & Justice and assists 
students in the program, pro\'iding them with 
career advice and assistance with the law school 
admission process. 

Students choosing a minor in Law & Justice are 
strongly encouraged to select a complementary' 
major in consultation with the College's Pre-law 
Advisor. The Law & Justice minor is ideal for 
students majoring in several other programs offered 
at the College. Students interested in eventually 
pursuing a career in environmental law can pair the 
minor with a major in Environmental Studies. Those 
interested in a career in corporate law can combine a 
Law & Justice minor with a major in Business 
Administration or Management. A minor in Law & 
Justice could complement a major in International 
Relations & Global Affairs for those interested in 
going into the field of International Law. 



Literatur e 

Elective courses for the minor include courses such 
as the following: 

SO 221 Juvenile Delinquency 

MN 278S Business Law 

HI 336H Civil Rights Movement: 1945-75 

SO 224S Criminology 

PO 343S International Environmental Law 

PO 42 IS Comparative Judicial Politics 

CO 122 Analytic & Persuasive Writing 

CM 121 Fundamentals of Oral Communication 

PL 102M Introduction to Logic 

AN 340S Conflict Studies 

HD 387 Forensics and Human Behavior 



LEADERSHIP STUDIES 

The Leadership Studies minor includes any five 
courses from the approved list of courses. These 
courses address theory, skills, and values and 
expose students to a multitude of relevant dimen- 
sions of scholarship about leadership. In addition, 
students must complete a major project, internship, 
or practicum in which they demonstrate 
significant leadership. 

Complete five of the following courses: 

FD 1 Leadership and Self Discovery Practicum 

MN 1 lOS Principles of Management & Leadership 

HD 207S Group Dynamics 

MN 203S Leadership through the Arts 

EC 30 IS Leadership: The Human Side of Economics 

MN 312 Women and Leadership 

MN 371 Organizational Behavior & Leadership 

MN 387 Interpersonal Managerial Competencies 

HD 404 Leadership & Administrative Dynamics 

IB 477 Entrepreneurship 

Complete one of the following courses or an 
independent course or project which demonstrates 
significant leadership: 

HD 271 Practicum in Leadership &. Programming 

CRl/2 Resident Advisor Internship 

HD 405 Practicum in Group Process 

MN 480 Proctoring in Principles of Management 

MN 482 Proctoring in Organizational Behavior 

LITERATURE 

The literature major offers a broad survey of great 
writing from English, American, and world contexts, 
combined with the opportunity to study selected 
geiires, periods, and authors in depth. Students who 
major in literature work closely with literary texts, 
developing competencies in analysis, interpretation, 
imaginative and critical thinking, and research. At 
the same time, they are regularly challenged to hone 
their skills in reading, writing, speaking, and 
discussion. Many successfully pursue double majors 



75 



Literature 



or minors in closely related disciplines such as 
Classics, Philosophy, Religious Studies, Creative 
Writing, Theater, and Modem Languages, and go on 
to graduate, professional, and law schools as well as 
to a wide variety of careers. 

Students must have a Mentor from among the full- 
time literature faculty, normally chosen by the Junior 
year, and must take a minimum often literature (LI) 
courses, including at least one course from each of 
the five areas below. Four of the Ll-designated 
courses must be at the 300 level or higher. Two of 
the ten required courses may be chosen from a list of 
literature-related offerings trom other disciplines, 
approved by the discipline coordinator each year. 
To complete the major, students must take LI 498, 
the comprehensive examination in Literature. In 
exceptional cases, students who have established 
their proficiency in literature may be invited to 
write a Senior thesis in place of the comprehensive 
examination. 

For a minor in literature, students take five courses 
which bear the LI designation. Three must be Eckerd 
College courses, and two LI courses must be 300 
level or higher. A Writing Workshop course may be 
substituted for one of these courses. 

Students wishing to double major in literature and 
creative writing must fulfill the requirements for 
both majors, but all LI courses may count toward 
both majors. 

Courses in each required area will be offered 
regularly. A sample list of courses in each area is 
provided below. 

Choose at least one course from each area below. 
Specific courses offered will vary from year to year, 
and additional courses may fulfill area requirements 
as announced by the discipline: 

AREA 1: 

ENGLISH LITERATURE PRE- 1800 

LI 23 5 H Introduction to Shakespeare 
LI 238H English Literature I: To 1800 
LI 303H 1 8th Century' British Literature 
LI 308H Poetry of Shakespeare's Age 
LI 327 Chaucer to Shakespeare 
LI 425 Seminar on Shakespeare 

AREA 2: 

ENGLISH LITERATURE POST- 1800 

LI 239H English Literature II 
LI 319H 19th Century British Poetry 
LI 320H Modem British Poetry 
LI 322H Modem British Fiction 
LI 435 TS. Eliot: Poetry/Prose 



AREA 3: 

AMERICAN LITERATURE 

LI 22 IH American Literature I 

LI 222H American Literature II 

LI 228H The American Short Story 

LI 241 H Major American Novels 

LI 325H Modem American Poetry 

LI 38 IH Contemporary American Fiction 

LI 382H Contemporary American Poetry 

LI 403H American Fiction Since 1950 

AREA 4: 

COMPARATIVE LITERATURE 

LI 212H Introduction to Comparative Literature 

LI 214H Literature and Women 

LI 236H History of Drama I 

LI 237H History of Drama II 

LI 244G Postcolonial Literature 

LI 281H Rise of the Novel 

LI 282H The Modem Novel 

LI 329H Literature, Myth, and Cinema 

LI 340H Literature and Art of the Great War 

LI 344H Literature, Art, & Ideas: 1850-1950 

LI 348H Literature after Auschwitz 

LI 372 Tragedy and Comedy 

AREA 5: 

LITERARY CRITICISM 

LI335H Critical Methods: Plato-Postmodernism 
LI 361 Literar>' Criticism 

LI lOlH Introduction to Literature: 
Short Fiction 

Short stories and novels, concentrating on critical 
thinking, clear, concise written and spoken exposi- 
tion, and values embodied in great works. Atten- 
dance is required. 

LI 102H Introduction to Literature: 
The Genres 

Plays, poems, fiction, non-fiction, concentrating on 
critical thinking, clear, concise written and spoken . 
exposition, and values embodied in great works. 
Attendance is required. 

LI 104H Literature, Culture, and Difference 

Stories, poems, and plays about cross-cultural 
interaction, drawing on examples from the Bible and 
classical antiquity to the present. Emphasis on 
interactions between Americans and Europeans and 
between Western and non-Westem cultures. 

LI 109H Poetry, Imagination, Nature 

Introduction to poetry, with the emphasis on formal 
issues (diction, imagery, rhythm, etc.), human 
consciousness (imagination, values), and the world 
of nature. Readings of representative English and 
American poems. 



76 



LI 195H Four Authors 

Study the literary work of four authors (will vary 
according to the year, the instructor, student 
suggestions, etc.) but will represent different times 
and places and the four basic genres of drama, poetry, 
fiction, and non-fiction. 

LI 200H A Novelist on Narrative 

Open to non-majors, a good starting place for 
students interested in majoring in literature or 
creative writing, concentrates on careful reading. 
Expressive elements of narrative: plot, character, 
point of view, style, and setting. 

LI 20 IH Introduction to Children's 
Literature 

Fable, faii7 tale, short story, poetry, novel, informa- 
tion books, children's classics. Young readers and 
their development. Integration of visual and 
literary arts. 

LI 205H Woman as Metaphor 

In\'estigating European, Canadian and American 
literature with emphasis on metaphors for women, 
what it is to be human, and values choices. Concep- 
tions of women through the ages as presented in 
literature. 

LI 209H Religion and Literature 

Readings by writers through the ages who have 
dealt with religious experience. Stories, poems, & 
novels, by such figures as Dante, Milton, Hopkins, 
Graham Greene, C. S. Lewis, W. H. Auden, and 
Flannery O'Connor. 

LI 21 OH Human Experience in Literature 

Theme-based introduction to literature. Basic 
human experiences (innocence/experience, 
confomiity/rebellion, love/hate, death) approached 
through poems, stories, and plays from 400 B.C. to 
the present. 

LI 212H Introduction to 

Comparative Literature 

Key texts in European and world literature studied 
comparatively and in relation to philosophy and 
visual art. Authors will vary from year to year but 
may include Aeschylus, Dante, Goethe, Baudelaire, 
Tolstoy, and Beckett. 

LI 214H Literature and Women 

Poems, plays, novels, stories by or about women of 
various cultures and languages, primarily over the 
past 200 years. Readings in social and political 
movements that shaped writer and her world. 



Literature 

LI 22 IH American Literature I 

Literature of 17th, 18th and 19th century America. 
The development and transfiguration of American 
attitudes toward nature, religion, government, 
slaver^', etc., traced through literary' works. 

LI 222H American Literature II 

Readings from American writers from the 1860s to 
present. Stories, poems and plays by such writers as 
Dickinson, Twain, James, Wharton, Pound, Frost, 
Stevens, O'Neill, Hemingway, Faulkner, Fitzgerald, 
O'Connor, and Ellison. 

LI 226H The Modem Short Novel 

The short novel and ways in which it differs from 
shorter and longer fiction, how it embodies values, 
and practice in the enunciation/defense of reasoned 
critical opinions. Readings from such figures as 
Dostoevsky, Kafka, Woolf, O'Connor, Lessing, 
Marquez. 

LI 228H The American Short Story 

Introduction to genre and survey from the mid 
19th centui7 to present. Major writers including 
Hawthorne, Melville, James, Wliarton, Hemingway, 
Faulkner, O'Connor, and range of contemporary 
writers. Films: American Short Story series. 

LI 235H Introduction to Shakespeare 

Shakespeare through sampling each dramatic genre: 
comedy, tragedy, history and romance. Learn to 
appreciate and evaluate his writings, and the 
characteristic distinctions among the genres. 

LI 23 6H History of Drama I 

Two semester course; either may be taken indepen- 
dently. Part I includes Greek drama through the 
Restoration and 18th century. Part II includes pre- 
modem, modem and contemporary classics. 

LI 23 7H History of Drama II 

Two semester course; either may be taken indepen- 
dently. Part I includes Greek drama through the 
Restoration and 18th century. Part II includes pre- 
modern, modem and contemporary classics. 

LI 238H English Literature I: to 1800 

General survey from the Old English to the Neoclas- 
sic period, highlighting the historical traditions 
which the authors create and upon which they draw. 

LI 239H English Literature II 

General survey of British literature from 1800 to the 
present, including Romantic, Victorian, modem, and 
contemporary writers. Attention to historical 
tradition and outstanding individual artists. 



77 



Literature 

LI 241H Major American Novels 

Major American novels, their narrative art, their 
reflection of American culture, their engagement of 
the readers' hearts and minds, exploring some of life's 
great questions as revealed by masterilil writers. 

LI 244G Postcolonial Literature 

An introduction to major postcolonial writers, 
primarily from South Asia, Africa, and the 
Caribbean. Authors may include Chinua Achebe, 
Aime Cesaire, J.M. Coetzee, Jamaica Kincaid, and 
Jean Rhys. 

LI 250H Children's Literature 

(Directed Study) The best of children's literature in 
various genres. Students do either a creative (e.g., 
writing children's stoi7) or scholarly (e.g., essay on 
history of nursery rhymes) project. 

LI 25 IH Shakespeare 

(Directed Study) For students unable to enroll 
LI 235H Introduction to Shakespeare or those 
wishing to pursue further work on Shakespeare 
independently. 

LI281H Rise of the Novel 

Some of the great works of the Western tradition, 
the fantastic and the realistic, following the guided 
dreams of narrative and its exploration of our 
imaginations and our worlds. 

LI 282H The Modem Novel 

Modem writers and some of the questions of modem 
times: alienation, depth psychology in fiction, 
assessments of technology and urban life, sources of 
hope in humanism and literary art. 

LI 301H Southern Literature 

Southem novels, short stories and plays, identifying 
what is "Southem" about them. Works by 
McCuUers, Warren, Faulkner, O'Connor, Percy, 
Price, Porter, Gaines. Attendance required. 

LI 303H 18th Century British Literature 

Readings of major writers, including Pope, Swift, and 
Johnson. Emphasis on neo-classical forms and on 
satire/social context of art. Freshmen: Instructor's 
permission. 

LI 308H Poetry of Shakespeare's Age 

The poetry of Donne and Jonson, comparing their 
ideas and techniques, their relationships to them- 
selves, their beloved and the world, and examining 
perplexities held in common across the centuries. 

LI 3 1 9H 1 9th Century British Poetry 

Readings of Romantic/Victorian poets, including 
Blake, Wordsworth, Coleridge, Byron, Shelly, Keats; 



and Tennyson Browning, Hopkins, Arnold. 
Supplementary materials: letters, essays, and 
criticism. Freshmen: Instructor's permission. 

LI 320H Modem British Poetry 

Readings of major British poets from the 1880's 
through the 1930's including Hardy, Yeats, Eliot, and 
Auden. Supplementary materials in criticism and 
philosophy. Freshmen require instructor's permission. 

LI 322H Modem British Fiction 

Readings of late 19th, early 20th century novels by 
writers such as Conrad, Joyce, Woolf, Mansfield and 
Lawrence. Course includes film. Focus on experi- 
mental works and artists. Freshmen: Instructor's 
permission. 

LI 325H Modem American Poetry 

Major American poets from 1900, concentrating 
on the image of American and the development 
of modernism. Poets include Frost, Pound, 
Eliot, Williams, Stevens, Marianne Moore, 
Elizabeth Bishop, Robert Lowell, Richard Wilbur, 
Denise Levertov. 

LI 327 Chaucer to Shakespeare 

Survey of major authors and forms of earlier English 
non-dramatic poetry, with emphasis on Chaucer, 
Spenser and Shakespeare. Prerequisite: LI 235H, LI 
238H or permission or instmctor. 

LI 329H Literature, Myth, and Cinema 

Readings of myths used in ancient drama and 
modem literature/film. Writers include Homer, 
Aeschylus, Euripides; Conrad, Joyce, Mann. 
Directors include Coppola, Polanski and Kurosawa. 
Freshmen: Instructor's permission. 

LI 335H Critical Methods: 

Plato-Postmodernism 

Readings from classical literary critics such as Plato 
and Aristotle; neo-classical/Romantic writers such 
as Sidney and Coleridge; and selected 20th century" 
critics/theorists. Critical readings supplemented with 
poems, stories, and plays. Freshmen: Instructor's 
permission. 

LI 338H 20th Century Drama: U.S./Britain 

Representative dramatic forms through works by 
O'Neill, Williams, Miller, Eliot, Osbome, Pinter, 
Beckett, Arden, Stoppard, and the influences which 
helped shape modern drama. 

LI 340H Literature and Art of die Great War 

Interdisciplinary' (history, art, literature) and 
intemational (English, French, Gemian) course on 
World War I. Readings include poems, stories, 
diaries, letters. Art includes Expressionism, Cubism, 
Surrealism. Films from Chaplin to present. 



78 



LI 344H Literature, Art, and Ideas: 
1850-1950 

Focus: modem revolution in intellectual & artistic 
history. Attention to changes in society (urbaniza- 
tion, feminism), science (relativity, quantum 
mechanics), philosophy/social sciences (Nietzsche, 
Einstein, Freud), and related changes in art, music, 
fiction, poetry. 

LI 348H Literature after Auschwitz 

Inquiry into the cultural significance of the Holo- 
caust and the challenges of living in its aftermath 
through study of testimony, literature, visual art, film, 
philosophy, and memorials. 

LI 349H Fiction from around the World 

Modem fiction from various parts of the globe. 
Artistic responses to social problems. Fiction as a 
means of representing human experience, both in 
values questions and literary elements (plot, 
character, image, etc.). 

LI 3 5 OH Modem American Novel 

(Directed Study) Ten of tweh'e major American 
novelists of the first half of the 20th century from 
Dreiser through Richard Wright. Ideas, themes, and 
analysis of writing style. 

LI 361 Literary Criticism 

Readings in literary criticism from classical. Renais- 
sance, neo-Classical, and modem writers. Represen- 
tative figures include Plato, Aristotle, Longinus, 
Sidney, Johnson, Coleridge, Arnold, and selected 
modem thinkers. Freshmen: Instaictor's permission. 

LI 372 Tragedy and Comedy 

Range of periods and genres: drama, film, television. 
Critical opinions on what distinguishes the tragic 
and the comic. Prerequisite: two courses in literature. 

LI 381 H Contemporary American Fiction 

Fiction that breaks new ground and how it evolves. 
Selections from several strands of current writing in 
America, traditional and experimental male and 
female, urban and mral, white and black. 

LI 382H Contemporary American Poetry 

Poems of post-1950 American poets, various 
movements that developed and the values they 
represent, and the difficult relations between poet 
and society. 

LI 403H American Fiction Since 1950 

Best of American fiction since 1950, selecting from 
such authors as Didion, Ellison, Malamud, Mailer, 
O'Connor, Kesey, Yates, Mortis, Bellow. Attendance 
is required. 



Management 

LI 425 Seminar on Shakespeare 

Plays and poems, language, structure, setting, 
characterization, themes, traditions. Limited to 
Senior literature majors, with others by permission 
of instructor. 

LI 432 Major Poets 

Seminar on work of one or two major poets, such as 
Milton, Pope, Wordsworth, Dickinson, Stevens, 
Auden. Attention to tradition and context. 
Supplementary materials include letters, essays, and 
criticism/theory. Junior/Senior Literature majors. 
Others by permission. 

LI 435 T.S. Eliot: Poetry/Prose 

Poetry, plays, criticism of central figure in 20th 
century literature. Readings include The Waste 
Land, Four Quartets, Murder in the Cathedral, 
selected prose. Focus: formal/thematic elements, 
tradition, intellectual context. Junior/Senior lit 
majors only; others by permission. 



LONDON STUDY CENTRE 

The Eckerd College London Study Centre is a 
centrally located 200-year old Georgian row house. 
The program is led by a different Eckerd College 
faculty member each temi, who lives at the centre 
with the students. See Intemational Education for 
course descriptions. 



MANAGEMENT 

The management major rests on two principal 
foundations: teaching management in a liberal arts 
environment and teaching the general management 
core requirements that comprise the accepted body 
of knowledge in the discipline. The management 
major is designed to prepare the student for an entry 
level managerial position in an organization or for 
graduate school. The ultimate goal of the program is 
to prepare students for responsible management and 
leadership positions in business and society, both 
domestic and intemational. 

The management major is designed to meet the 
needs of three categories of students: undergraduate 
majors in management, minors in management and 
finance, and dual majors; and to integrate the 
general education and liberal arts emphasis through- 
out the four-year program of instniction. 

At Eckerd College, the practice of management is 
viewed as a liberal art. The management major 
stresses developing ideas, problem solving, and 
communicating solutions rather than the routine 
and mechanical application of knowledge and 
skills. The management major emphasizes critical 



79 



Management 

thinking, effective writing, asking probing questions, 
formulating solutions to complex problems, and 
assessing ethical implications of decisions. 

The management faculty has identified a set of 
interdisciplinary management skills or competencies 
that students need to acquire hut which do not fit 
neatly into the boundaries of the core management 
requirements described above. These skills build 
upon related competencies which students acquire in 
the general education program. These are: critical 
thinking, decision making and problem solving, 
negotiating and resolving conflicts, systemic 
thinking. Information processing, entrepreneurship, 
introspection, cross-cultural skills and international 
perspectives, communication, and computer skills. 
As part of the liberal arts emphasis, the management 
major addresses individual and societal values as a 
component of each course in the program. 

In addition to these liberal arts-related competen- 
cies, students in the management major also develop 
the following management competencies which 
build upon the general education program: 

• management under uncertain conditions 
including policy detennmation at the senior 
management level. 

• knowledge of the economics of the organization 
and of the larger en\'ironment within which the 
organization operates. 

• knowledge of the ethical issues and social and 
political influences on organizations. 

• concepts of accounting, quantitative methods, 
and management infomiation systems including 
computer applications. 

• knowledge of organizational behavior and 
interpersonal communications. 

The course sequence for a major in management 
is as follows: 

Freshmen 

MN llOS Principles of Management 

and Leadership 
MN 272S Management Information Systems 
MN 27 IS Principles of Accounting 

Sophomores 

EC 28 IS Microeconomics 

EC 282S Macroeconomics (Micro and 

Macro may be taken in any sequence) 
MN/EC 260M Statistical Methods in 

Management and Economics 



Juniors 

MN 220 Quantitative Methods for 

Management and Economics 

(prerequisites: statistics, MN 272S, 

MN271S,andEC281S). 
MN/IB 369S Principles of Marketing 
MN 371 Organizational Behavior and 

Leadership (prerequisites: Statistics 

andSOlOlS) 
MN 377 Introduction to Business Finance 

(prerequisites: MN 272S, MN 271S, and 

one of either EC 28IS or 282S) OR 
MN/IB 378 Investment Finance (prerequisites: 
MN 271S and either EC 281S or 282S) 
Two Management Electives 

Seniors 

Two Management Electives 
MN 498 Business Policy and Strategic 
Management (comprehensive in manage- 
ment, Winter Term of Senior year. 
Prerequisite: pemiission of instmctor. 

Management majors are required to complete each 
course with a grade of C- or better. Management 
majors are encouraged to minor in one of the 
traditional liberal arts. 

A minor in management consists of the following 
five courses: 

MN 260M Statistical Methods in Management 

and Economics 
MN 220 Quantitative Methods for Management 

and Economics 
MN 371 Organizational Behavior and Leadership 

and two of: 

MN/IB 369S Principles of Marketing 

MN 27 IS Principles of Accounting 

MN 377 Introduction to Business Finance 

MN llOS Principles of Management 
and Leadership 

Introduction to interdisciplinary nature of manage- 
ment and leadership. Survey of historical develop- 
ment of management as a discipline, fiuictional ai"eas 
of management, comparison of management and 
leadership, contemporary issues in management 
and leadership. 

MN 203 S Leadership through the Arts 

Leadership is the ability to influence a group of 
people toward goal attainment. Explore trait 
theories, behavioral theories, contingency theories, 
and charismatic leadership through the study of the 
arts and compare to contemporary management 
cases and issues. 



80 



MN 220 Quantitative Methods 

A variety of mathematical tools are studied which 
are useful in helping managers and economists 
make decisions. Prerequisites: Statistics, MN 272S, 
EC281S,andMN271S. 

MN 230G Asian Management and 
Leadership Practices 

(Directed Study) An understanding how culture, 
inclusive of social customs, political and economic 
structure, and historical antecedents, impact 
managerial practices in five Asian countries. 

MN 242S Ethics of Management: 
Theory and Practice 

Ethical theories as they relate to personal and 
organization policies and actions. Analyzing 
situations which require moral decisions in 
the organizational cc^ntext. Sophomore or 
higher standing. 

MN 2438 Introduction to Arts Management 

Managerial principles related to the operation of arts 
organizations including social, business, and legal 
issues, marketing, audience development, fundraising 
and strategic planning. Evaluation by case studies, 
papers, examinations, oral reports. 

MN 260M Statistical Methods: 

Management and Economics 

Introduction to quantitati\'e analysis in economics 
and management. Lectures and discussions of 
selected problems. Data analysis projects. Prerequi- 
site: Sophomore status required. 

MN 2718 Principles of Accounting I 

Accounting principles used in the preparation and 
analysis of financial statements, accumulation of 
business operating data and its classification for 
financial reporting. Balance sheets and income 
statements. 

MN 2728 Management Information Systems 

Decisions that must be made by managers pertaining 
to computers and information systems. Computer 
terminology, hardware and programming, selecting 
computer and data base systems, etc. 

MN 273S Life Career and Personal 
Financial Planning 

Integration of life's values and goals into career 
objectives in order to develop a personal financial 
plan to increase one's quality of life. Of special 
interest to non-management majors. 

MN2788 Business Law 

Principles, rational and application of business law 
and regulations. Coii tracts, Uniform Commercial 
Code, creditors' rights, labor, torts and property, 
judicial and administrative processes. 



Managem ent 

MN 3008 Organizational Consultation 

(Directed Study) Focuses on roles of consultants 
within profit and non-profit organizations. Compares 
skills and functions of internal, external and 
international consultants, and how to choose 
consultants. Examines ethical issues. 

MN 3028 Managing Cultural Diversity 

(Directed Study) Examines the recursive impact of 
employee cultural diversity and management 
strategies on employees' performance and organiza- 
tional processes, theoretical models of cultural 
factors impinging upon employee behavior, and 
management strategies to lessen interpersonal and 
intergroup conflict. 

MN 3048 Total Quality Management 

(Directed Study) Examines theories, techniques, and 
organizational processes used to implement a total 
quality system within an organization. Explores 
problems and ethical dilemmas in operation of the 
total quality system. 

MN 3108 Operations Management 

Concepts and applications in service and manufac- 
turing sectors of global economy. Forecasting, 
product and process planning, facility location and 
layout, project management and operations schedul- 
ing, inventory planning and control, quality control. 
Prerequisite: Junior standing. 

MN311E Environmental Racism and 
Environmental Justice 

(Directed Study) Explores relationship between 
economic growth, national politics, and environ- 
mental exploitation on human communities 
living in environmentally degraded areas. Two 
paradigms are explored: Environmental Racism 
and Market Forces Operation. Case analysis 
throughout the world. 

MN 3128 Women and Leadership 

(Directed Study) Do men and women have different 
leadership styles? WirM makes some women more 
successful than others? What obstacles do women 
face in becoming successful leaders? Analyze cases of 
classical and contemporary female leaders using 
contemporary leadership theories. 

MN 3218 Consumer Behavior and 
Consumerism 

Contributions of behavioral disciplines to under- 
standing consumer decision-making processes. 
Impact of consumer movements on law, government, 
media and private sector. Value issues of consumer- 
ism and consumer affairs in business. 



81 



Management 

MN 326S Environmental Computer Modeling 

Learn to use a variety of computer software packages 
designed to enhance decision making abilities in 
the environmental arena. Combines lectures, 
discussions, group project results. Prerequisite: 
Statistical Methods. 

MN 345 Complex Organizations 

(Directed Study) Sources, degrees and consequences 
ot bureaucratization in a wide range of social 
organizations such as work, church, military, schools, 
hospitals. Prerequisites: SO lOlS or PS lOlS and 
MN260MorMN371. 

MN351E Technology, Society, 
and Environment 

(Directed Study) Interdependent relationship of 
technological and social change with emphasis on 
evolution of models of production and service 
delivery, and organizational structure and function- 
ing. Impact of demographic composition, environ- 
mental resources, economic and political structures. 

MN 3 60S Database System 

Provides introduction to database systems, concep- 
tual modeling of hierarchical, network, and 
relational database systems, applications of resultant 
designs to specific database systems. Topics include 
data structures, storage and retrieval methods, 
quer^' languages, database administration issues. 
Prerequisite: MN 272S. 

MN 369S Principles of Marketing 

See International Business IB 369S. 

MN 371 Organizational Behavior 
and Leadership 

Major factors aftecting behavior in organizations. 
Motivation, group and team dynamics, 
macroorganizational factors, leadership. Prerequisite: 
Junior status required. Prerequisites: MN 260M 
and SO lOlS. 

MN 372 Principles of Accounting II 

The information utilized by operating management 
in decision making: determination ot product cost 
and profitability, budgeting, profit planning, 
utilization of standard cost and financial statement 
analysis. Prerequisite: MN 27 IS. 

MN 377 Introduction to Business Finance 

A survey of financial markets and institutions in 
both the public and private sectors and their impact 
on society Prerequisites: MN 272S, MN 27 IS and 
oneofEC281S, EC282S. 

MN 378 Investment Finance 

See International Business IB 378. 



MN 379 Retail Organization 
and Management 

Retail merchandising, promotions, physical facilities, 
personnel, planning, pricing, legalities, research 
techniques, store images, market targets. Prerequi- 
sites: IB/MN 369S. 

MN 384 Managerial Economics 

See Economics EC 384. 

MN 385 Leadership of Complex 
Organizations 

Organizations are complex systems calling for 
leadership processes including the leader, the 
follower and the context to effect change. Analysis 
of systems, complex organizations, group, and intra- 
personal factors viewed through the leadership 
process. Prerequisite: MN llOS. 

MN 385S Total Quality Environmental 
Management 

Methods to evaluate environmental consequences of 
policy decisions, product decisions about what 
products or services are provided, process decisions 
on how goods and services are created, systems 
decisions about implications of all previous 
decision levels. 

MN 386 Money, Banking and 
Financial Institutions 

See Economics EC 386. 

MN 387S Interpersonal Managerial 
Competencies 

(Directed Study) Focus self-management via self- 
awareness, responsibility and accountability, active 
listening and feedback, conflict resolution, 
managing cultural diversity, building trust, and 
building effective teams. Strategies for enhancing 
the student's skills in each of these areas. 

MN 388S Understanding Servant Leaderships 
through the Bible 

Servant leaders serve first and lead others to a 
fuller development of their talents. The course 
explores the contributions of Christian principles 
and ethics to the development and practice of 
servant leadership. 

MN 389S Servant Leadership/ 
Service-Learning 

(Directed Study) The student will engage in a 120 
hour service-learning experience within a commu- 
nity organization. The service-learning will be 
structured like an internship and will be analyzed 
within the context of servant leadership theory. 



82 



Marine Science 



MN 401 Corporate Social Responsibility 

(Directed Study) Size, structure and culture ot 
corporate organizations and their policies, strategies 
and actions have significant social, economic, 
political, and environmental costs and conse- 
quences. Examines the impact of corporate social 
issues on each of these areas. Prerequisites: Either SO 
lOlS or PS lOlS and BE 160M; or MN 371. 

MN 405E Human Ecology and Social Change 

This course concerns sociological efforts to under- 
stand environmental issues. Theories of social 
change focus on the role of various organizations 
(governmental and non-governmental) and policies 
currently involved in the resolution of these issues. 

MN 406S Non-Profit Management 

(Directed Study) Application on the principal 
management functions to non-profit organizations, 
and relations among volunteer boards of directors 
and professional non-profit organization managers 
and interactions between fundraisers, program 
managers, and granting agency officials, and 
ethical issues. 

MN 411 Social Entrepreneurship 

(Directed Study) Delineating common and distin- 
guishing features of social purpose businesses and 
entrepreneurial non-profits, rationale and means for 
developing partnerships between for-profit, non- 
profit, and civic organizations to pursue social 
entrepreneurship initiatives. 

MN 472 Organizational Dynamics 

(Directed Study) Analysis of organizational and 
interpersonal factors on the effectiveness and 
efficiency of organizational functioning. Application 
of behavioral science to planned organizational 
change. Focus on understanding how to design and 
conduct implementation research. Prerequisites: BE 
160M and either SO 10 IS or PS 101 S. 

MN 475 Investment Analysis 

See International Business IB 475. 

MN 479 Corporate Finance 

An advanced finance course dealing with founda- 
tions of financial management used in organization 
decision making. Prerequisites: MN 377, MN 272S 
or MN 378. 

MN 480 Proctoring in Management 

For Senior management majors, leadership experi- 
ence as group trainers. Prerequisites: MN llOS and 
permission of instructor. 



MN 482 Proctoring in Organizational 
Behavior 

For Senior management majors, leadership experi- 
ence as group trainers. Prerequisites: MN 371 and 
permission of instaictor. 

MN 498 Business Policy and 

Strategic Management 

Comprehensive examination requirement for 
management majors. Practicum in general manage- 
ment. Prerequisite: final semester of Senior year. 
Students may petition for enrollment if they are 
enrolled in no more than two 300- level courses. 



MARINE SCIENCE 

The marine science major provides both an 
integrative science background and specialized 
foundation work especially suitable for students 
planning professional careers in marine fields. 

Students majoring in any track of the marine 
science major are expected to be knowledgeable 
regarding fundamental concepts of biological, 
geological, geophysical, chemical, and physical 
oceanography as well as research methods employed 
by oceanographers. 

In addition, students are expected to be able to: 

• synthesize infomiation from the various 
marine science disciplines; 

• write and speak professionally; 

• discuss creative approaches to research 
questions; and 

• utilize bibliographic resources effectively. 
The B.A. degree is not offered. 

Required for the B.S. are a core of ten courses: 

Introduction to Marine Science, Fundamental 
Physics I and II, Calculus I and II, General Chemis- 
try I and II, Marine Geology, Chemical and Physical 
Oceanography, and Marine Science Seminar. 

In addition to the core, specified courses in one of 
the following four tracks must be included: 

MARINE BIOLOGY - Marine Invertebrate 
Biology, Marine and Freshwater Botany, Cell 
Biology, Genetics, Ecology, Comparative Physiology, 
and Organic Chemistiy I. 

MARINE CHEMISTRY - Organic Chemistry I 
and II, Analytical Chemistry, Marine Geochemistry, 
Physical Chemistry I or Physical Chemistry for Life 
Sciences, Instrumental Analysis, and Biological 
Oceanography. 



83 



Marine Science 



MARINE GEOLOGY - Earth Systems History, 
Earth Materials, Earth Structure, Marine Stratigra- 
phy and Sedimentation, Biological Oceanography, 
and two of the following upper level geology courses: 
Coastal Geology, Marine Invertebrate Paleontology, 
Marine Geochemistry, Principles of Hydrology, and 
Solid Earth Geophysics. Statistics may be substituted 
tor one upper level geology' course. 

MARINE GEOPHYSICS - Earth Materials, Earth 
Staicture, Solid Earth Geophysics, Biological 
Oceanography, Introduction to Computer Science, 
Calculus III, and Differential Equations. 

Biodiversity: Botany and Biodiversity: Zoology may 
substitute for Marine & Freshwater Botany and 
Marme Invertebrate Biology, respectively. General 
and Molecular Physiology may substitute for 
Comparative Physiology. 

All marine science majors are encouraged to 
participate in an alternative field experience, which 
may include Winter Term or Sea Semester, their 
junior or senior year 

Students who major in the marine science biology^ 
track may not major in biology also, and students 
who major in the marine science chemistry track 
may not major in chemistry also. 

Possible sequence of courses: 

MARINE BIOLOGY TRACK 

Freshmen 

Introduction to Marme Science 
Marine Invertebrate Biology 
Marine Geology 
Calculus 1 

Sophomores 

Marine & Freshwater Botany 
General Chemistry I and 11 
Calculus II 
Cell Biology 
Genetics 

Juniors 

Ecology 

Comparative Physiology 

Organic Chemistry I 

Physics I and II 

Chemical and Physical Oceanography 

Marine Science Seminar 

Seniors 

Marine Science Seminar 



MARINE CHEMISTRY TRACK 

Freshmen 

General Chemistry I and II 
Introduction to Marine Science 
Calculus I 

Sophomores 

Organic Chemistry' I and II 
Calculus 11 
Physics 1 and II 
Analytical Chemistry 
Biological Oceanography 

Juniors 

Chemical and Physical Oceanography 
Marine Geology' 
Marine Science Seminar 

Seniors 

Marine Geochemistry 

Physical Chemistry 1 or Physical Chemistry for 

Life Sciences 

Instrumental Analysis 

Marine Science Seminar 

MARINE GEOPHYSICS TRACK 

Freshmen 

Introduction to Marine Science 
Calculus I 
Earth Materials 
Marine Geology 

Sophomores 

Earth Stmcture 

Calculus II 

Physics I and II 

Introduction to Computer Science 

Juniors 

Solid Earth Geophysics 
General Chemistry I and II 
Calculus III 
Marine Science Junior Seminar 

Seniors 

Differential Equations 
Biological Oceanography 
Chemical and Physical Oceanography 
Marine Science Senior Seminar 



84 



Marine Science 



MARINE GEOLOGY TRACK 

Freshmen 

Introduction to Marine Science 
Calculus I 

General Chemistry' 1 and II 
Marine Geology 

Sophomores 

Earth Materials 
Physics 1 and II 
Calculus II 
Earth Systems History 

Juniors 

Earth Structure 

Marine Stratigraphy and Sedimentation 
Upper level geology elective or Statistics 
Marine Science Seminar 

Seniors 

Upper- level geology elective 
Biological Oceanography 
Chemical and Physical Oceanography 
Marine Science Seminar 

A minor in marine science consists of ti\'e courses to 
include the following: Introduction to Marine 
Science, Chemical and Physical Oceanography, 
Marine Geology', Marine Invertebrate Biology or 
Marine Botany, and a 200+ level course focusing on 
marine science (e.g., Marine Mammalogy, Marine 
Geochemistry, Marine Stratigraphy and Sedimenta- 
tion, Comparative Physiology or Ecology). These 
courses must not duplicate courses used hy students 
to satisfy' major requirements. 

See Biology for course descriptions for the following: 
BI 301 Ecology, BI 312 Plant Ecology, and BI 314 
Comparative Physiology. 

MS 187N Plant Biology 

Evolution, diversity and development of plants, their 
place in the ecosystem and responses to environmen- 
tal conditions. Vascular, non-vascular marine, 
freshwater and land plants. Field trips. 

MS 188 Marine and Freshwater Botany 

Diversity ot marine and freshwater plants, their 
relationship to each other and to their environment. 
A survey of all plant groups is included. Field trips. 
Prerequisite: CH 12 IN and Sophomore standmg. 

MS 189 Marine Invertebrate Biology 

Structural basis, evolutionary relationships, biologi- 
cal functions and environmental interactions of 
animal life in the seas, exploring the local area. 

MS 19 IN Introduction to Marine Science 

Introduction to biological, geological, chemical, and 
physical aspects of marine science. Lecture material 
covers basic principles of oceanography, supple- 



mented by recent advances in the field and faculty 
research. Laboratory component involves lab and 
field studies. 

MSI 199 Marine Science Freshman 
Research - 1st semester 

Year long course designed for first year students 
interested in carrying out marine science research. 
Work closely with marine science faculty on various 
research projects. Enrollment by application. Two 
semesters equal one course credit. Evaluation is on a 
credit/no credit basis. The grade of Credit is 
comparable to work evaluated as C or better. 

MS2 199 Marine Science Freshman 
Research - 2nd semester 

Continuation of Marine Science Freshman 
Research. Two semesters equal one course credit. 
Evaluation is on a credit/no credit basis. The 
grade of Credit is comparable to work evaluated as 
C or better. 

MS 20 IN The Marine Environment 

Designed primarily for non-science majors. Emphasis 
on use of the scientific method to address issues in 
the marine en\'ironment that influence the lives of 
the students. Topics include global warming and the 
biology' of the oceans. 

MS 203N Introduction to Aquaculture 

Presents the basic principles and practices of 
aquaculture from local, national and international 
perspectives. Major topics reflect the interdiscipli- 
nary nature of aquaculture, including biology, 
chemistry, engineering, economics, as well as legal 
and environmental considerations. 

MS 208N Environmental Geology 

Geological hazards and our use and abuse of the 
earth. Methods of preservation, conservation and 
sustained yield. 

MS 209 Biological Oceanography 

Functional aspects of marine life such as relation- 
ships between organisms and their physical environ- 
ments, interspecific associations, productivity, and 
food webs. Open to students in geology, geophysics, 
and chemistry tracks. No credit for biology track 
students or biology majors. Prerequisite: MS 19 IN 
and sophomore standing. 

MS 242 Marine Geology 

Geological history of the oceanic environment. 
Marine geological and geophysical exploration 
techniques. Provides complete introduction to 
geological oceariography. Prerequisite: MS 191N. 



85 



Marine Science 



MS 243 Earth Systems History 

Systems approach to the physical and biological 
history of the earth, including modem problems in 
paleontology and stratigraphy. Reconstruct and 
interpret Earth's history by treating the lithosphere, 
biosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere as parts of a 
single system. Prerequisite: MS 242. 

MS 257 Earth Materials 

Rocks and minerals ot the earth: mineralogy, 
petrography of igneous, sedimentary and metamor- 
phic rocks. Prerequisite: MS 242. 

MS258N Myths of the Earth 

Exploration of spiritual and scientific aspects ot 
geologic myths, relating science and natural 
phenomena to human history, literature, religion, 
and culture. Topics include earthquakes, volcanoes, 
origin of life, formation of Earth, and evolution 
of dinosaurs. 

MS 302 Biology of Fishes 

Systematics, anatomy, physiology, ecology, and 
behavior of fishes. Laboratory includes field collect- 
ing, trips to local institutions, examination ot 
anatomical features and systematic characteristics. 
Prerequisites: BI 200N, and Junior standing. 

MS 303 Solid Earth Geophysics 

Quantitative analysis ot Earth structure and plate 
tectonics using earthquake seismology, seismic 
reflection and refraction, gravity, magnetics, and 
heat flow. Prerequisites: MS 242 and MA 132M. 

MS 304 Marine Invertebrate Paleontology 

Morphology, classification, phylogeny, paleoecology 
of groups of marine invertebrate fossil organisms. 
Taphomony, biostratigraphy, and the stages in the 
evolution of marine ecosystems. Field trips and labs. 
Prerequisite: MS 242. 

MS 305 Marine Stratigraphy and Sediment 

Facies and basin analysis, sedimentary tectonics. 
Interpretation of clastic and chemical sedimentary 
rocks to infer processes, environments, and tectonic 
settings in the marine environment. Prerequisite: 
MS 242. 

MS 306 Earth Structure 

Microscopic-to-macroscopic scale structures in rocks, 
field observations of stress and strain. Oceanic and 
continental structures, theory ot plate tectonics. 
Prerequisite: MS 242. 

MS 309 Principles of Hydrology 

The study of water: how rivers function, how water 
moves through the ground, pollution of water and 
other problems. Laboratory involving data collec- 



tion, interpretation, computer work, field trips. 
Prerequisite: MS 242, PH 241N. or permission 
of instructor. 

MS 311 Marine Mammalogy | 

In-depth overview of marine mammals (whales, ; 

dolphins, manatees, seals, sea lions, etc.). Topics 
include marine mammal systematics, status, 1 

behavior, physiology, population dynamics, evolu- 
tion, and management. Current periodical literature 
text readings are basis for discussions. Prerequisites: ; 
Bl 200N and Junior standing. i 

MS 315 Elasmobranch Biology 
and Management 

Systematics, evolution, ecology, behavior, and J 

anatomical and physiological adaptations of sharks i 
and rays. Current scientific research, human impact, > 
how populations can be managed. Prerequisites: 
Bl 301 and Junior standing. J 

MS 320 MoUuscan Biology/Mariculture \ 

This course will examine the biology, physiology, and j 

ecology of marine and estuarine mollusks as well as ■ 

current production technologies (fisheries and \ 

mariculture) ot commercially important species. J 
Prerequisites: MS 198, MS 203N, or instructor's 

permission. i 

MS 342 Chemical and Physical 

Oceanography ^ 

Chemical and physical properties of seawater, | 

distributions of water characteristics in the oceans, J 

water, salt and heat budgets, circulation and water i 
masses, waves and tides, coastal oceanography. 

Prerequisites: MS 191N, CH 122, and PH 241N, | 

or permission of instructor. ') 

MS 347 Marine Geochemistry ] 

Geochemical and biogeochemical processes in '' 

oceans. Fluvial, atmospheric, hydrothermal sources 
of materials, trace elements, sediments, interstitial 
waters, diagenesis. Prerequisite: MS 342 or 
permission of instructor. 

MS 401 Coastal Geology 

Apply concepts learned in introductory-level courses 
to the coastal environment. Lab includes field trips 
to various environments on the Atlantic and Gulf 
Coasts of Florida, and aerial reconnaissance missions. 
Prerequisites: MS 242, MS 305 and/or permission 
of instructor. 

MSI 410 Marine Science Seminar - 
1st semester 

Topical problems in all disciplines of marine science. 
Junior and Senior marine science majors participate 
four semesters for one course credit. Juniors partici- 



pate m activities including seminars, discussions, 
committees, and community service. Seniors read 
scientific literature and deliver presentations. 

MS2 410 Marine Science Seminar - 
2nd semester 

Continuation of Marine Science Seminar. 
Four semesters required for one course credit. 

MS3 410 Marine Science Seminar - 
3rd semester 

Continuation of Marine Science Seminar. 
Four semesters required for one course credit. 

MS4 410 Marine Science Seminar - 
4th semester 

Continuation of Marine Science Seminar. 
Four semesters required for one course credit. 

MATHEMATICS 

Students majoring in mathematics acquire knowl- 
edge of the basic definitions, axioms, and theorems 
of mathematical systems. They apply mathematical 
reasoning within many different contexts and they 
develop proficiency in computation. 

The basic requirement for either the B.A. or B.S. 
degree is the completion of Calculus III and then 
nine mathematics courses, including the Mathemat- 
ics Seminar, numbered above MA 233M. 

Competency in the major is attained through the 
successful completion of these courses and the 
completion of a comprehensive examination or 
thesis with a final grade of C- or better. 

Student placement in first-year courses is detemiined 
by evaluation of high school mathematics transcripts 
with consideration given toward advanced place- 
ment in the curriculum. 

A minor in mathematics is attained upon the 
completion of five mathematics courses with a grade 
of C- or better. Three of the courses must be 
numbered above MA 233M. 

MA 104M Survey of Mathematics 

Applications of mathematics to real problems. 
Probability, statistics, consumer mathematics, graph 
theory and other contemporary topics. Students use 
calculators and computers. 

MA lOSMPrecalculus 

Algebraic, exponential, logarithmic and trigonomet- 
ric functions. Analytic geometry, curve sketching, 
mathematical induction, equations and inequalities. 



Mathematics 

MA 13 IM Calculus I 

First in three-course sequence. Techniques of 
differentiation and integration, limits, continuity, 
the Mean Value Theorem, curve sketching, 
Riemann sums and the Fundamental Theorem of 
Calculus. Applications in the sciences. 

MA 132M Calculus II 

Continuation of MA 13 IM. Exponential, logarith- 
mic and trigonometric functions, formal integration 
techniques, Taylor polynomials and infinite series. 
Prerequisite: MA 13 IM. 

MA 133M Statistics, an Introduction 

Concepts, methods, and applications of statistics in 
the natural sciences. Elementary probability theory', 
random variables, discrete and continuous probabil- 
ity distributions. Statistics and sampling distribu- 
tions, estimation and hypothesis testing, linear 
regression. Credit is given for only one of MA 133M 
or one ot the behavioral science statistics courses, 
but not both. 

MA 143 Discrete Mathematics 

Algorithms, induction, graphs, digraphs, permuta- 
tions, combinations. Boolean algebra and difference 
equations. Emphasis on discrete rather than 
continuous aspects. Prerequisite: MA 131M. 

MA 233M Calculus III 

Continuation ot MA 132M. Tliree-dimensional 
analytic and vector geometry, partial and directional 
derivatives, extremes of functions of several 
variables, multiple integration, line and surface 
integrals. Green's and Stoke 's Theorem. Prerequisite: 
MA 132M. 

MA 234N Differential Equations 

Existence and uniqueness theorems, nth-order linear 
differential equations, Laplace transforms, systems of 
ordinary differential equations, series solutions and 
numerical methods. Prerequisite: MA 132M. 

MA 236N Linear Algebra 

Vector spaces, linear transformations, matrices, 
eigenvalues, eigenvectors and systems of linear 
equations. Prerequisite: MA i32M. 

MA 238 Optimization Techniques 

Classical techniques for optimizing univariate and 
multivariate functions with or without coristraints. 
Linear programming through simplex method, 
duality theory. Non-linear programming through 
Lagrange multipliers, quadratic and convex con- 
forms. Prerequisite: MA 233M. 



87 



Mathematics 



MA 333 Probability and Statistics I 

First in two-course sequence covering probability 
theory, random variables, random sampling, various 
distribution functions, point and interval estimation, 
tests of hypotheses, regression theory, non-paramet- 
ric tests. Prerequisite: MA 233M. 

MA 334 Probability and Statistics II 

Continuation of MA 333, which is prerequisite. 

MA 335N Abstract Algebra I 

First in two-course sequence covering integers, 
groups, rings, integral domains, vector spaces, 
development of fields. Prerequisite: MA 132M or 
MA 236N. 

MA 336 Abstract Algebra II 

Continuation of MA 335N, which is prerequisite, 

MA 339N Combinatorial Mathematics 

Problem solving that deals with finite sets. Permuta- 
tions and combinations, generating functions, 
recurrence relations, Polya's theory of counting, 
fundamentals of graph theory, difference equations 
and enumeration techniques. Prerequisite: 
MA 132M. 

MA 340 Dynamical Systems 

An introduction to dynamical systems, chaos and 
fractals. Dynamic modeling, stability analysis, 
bifurcation theory, strange attractors, self-similarity, 
iterated function systems. Prerequisite: MA 234N. 

MA 341 Numerical Analysis 

Methods for solving an equation or systems of 
equations. Interpolating polynomials, numerical 
integration and differentiation, numerical solutions 
of ordinary and partial differential equations, 
boundai7 value problems. Prerequisite: MA 233M. 

MA 351 Fourier Analysis 

Introduction to Fourier series, Fourier transforms and 
discrete Fourier transforms. Computer simulation 
and analysis of various physical phenomena using 
Fourier software packages, including the fast Fourier 
transform algorithm. Prerequisite: MA 234N. 

MAI 410 Mathematics Seminar - 
1st semester 

Required of all Juniors and Seniors majoring in 
mathematics. One course credit upon satisfactory 
completion of two-years participation. Mathematical 
processes from a historical and cultural perspective. 

MA2 410 Mathematics Seminar - 
2nd semester 

Continuation of Mathematics Seminar. 
Four semesters required for one course credit. 



MA3 410 Mathematics Seminar - 
3rd semester 

Continuation of Mathematics Seminar. 
Four semesters required for one course credit. 

MA4 410 Mathematics Seminar - 
4th semester 

Continuation of Mathematics Seminar. 
Four semesters required for one course credit. 

MA 411 Introduction to Topology 

Introduction to point-set topology emphasizing 
connectedness, compactness, separation properties, 
continuity, homeomorphisms and metric and 
Euclidean spaces. Prerequisite: MA 233M. 

MA 42 1 Partial Differential Equations 

Initial and boundary value problems. Separation of 
variables, d'Alembert solution. Green's functions, 
Fourier series, Bessel functions, Legendre polynomi- 
als, Laplace transforms and numerical methods. 
Prerequisite: MA 234N. 

MA 433 Real Analysis I 

First in two-course sequence covering point-set 
topology, limits, continuity, derivatives, functions of 
bounded variation, Riemann-Stieltjes integrals, 
infinite series, function spaces and sequences of 
functions. Prerequisite: MA 233M. 

MA 434 Real Analysis II 

Continuation of MA 433, which is prerequisite. 

MA 445 Complex Analysis 

Analytic functions, contour integrals, residues, linear 
transformations of the complex plane, Laurent 
Series, conformal mappings and Poisson Integrals. 
Prerequisite: MA 233M. 

MA 499 Senior Thesis 

Senior mathematics majors may, upon invitation 
of the mathematics faculty, do research and write 
a thesis under the direction of a member of 
that faculty. 



MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY 

Tlie Medical Technology program offers students a 
B.S. or B.A. degree by completing three years of 
general studies here and a fourth year of professional 
coursework at a hospital which has been approved by 
the Council on Medical Education of Tlie American 
Medical Association. 

The general studies program at Eckerd College must 
include a minimum of eleven courses in the Natural 
Sciences which are required for certification: four 
courses in biology (including microbiology and 
immunology); four courses in chemistry (including 



88 



organic), one course in mathematics (normally 
calculus), and two courses in physics. Completion of 
the all-college general education requirements is 
expected of all graduates. Senior general education 
courses should he taken in advance. 

The professional coursework taken during the Senior 
year requires that the student spend 12 months in 
training at a certified hospital to which he/she has 
gained admission. For most Eckerd students, this is 
Bayfront Medical Center. The student receives 
college credit for the laboratory courses taken in that 
clinical setting. The baccalaureate is awarded on 
successful completion of this coursework with a 
major in interdisciplinary science. 

In addition, the student receives certification by the 
American Society of Clinical Pathologists (ASCP) 
after passing an official examination. Supervision of 
clinical coursework during the Senior year is carried 
out by a program director (an M.D. certified in 
clinical pathology by the American Board of 
Pathology) and an educational coordinator (a 
medical technologist certified by the Registry of 
Medical Technologists). 



MODERN LANGUAGES 

Students may pursue a language major in French or 
Spanish, consisting of nine courses and a compre- 
hensive examination or, with faculty approval, a 
senior thesis/project. One of the nine courses must 
be 400-level. Language majors are expected to speak 
the language well enough to be rated at the Intenne- 
diate Mid level of proficiency as defined by the 
American Council on the Teaching of Foreign 
Languages (ACTFL), and therefore are strongly 
urged to spend at least one semester abroad. The best 
time to do this is usually during the Junior year. The 
Office of International Education will assist students 
in identifying appropriate programs. All study abroad 
must be approved by language faculty and cleared by 
the registrar. The Collegium of Comparative 
Cultures also offers language intensive programs 
abroad every January winter temi that carry a 
semester of language credit. 

As an alternative, students can elect to major in 
Modem Languages. A major in Modem Languages 
consists of seven courses in a primary language and 
four in a secondary language (a total of eleven 
courses). The comprehensive exam focuses on the 
primary language but includes an oral proficiency 
interview in the secondary language. 

Double majors: Students who major in Intemational 
Business, Intemational Relations and Global Affairs 
or Intemational Studies are strongly encouraged to 
develop double majors with a modem language. All 
of the intemational disciplines have an extensive 



Music 

language requirement for their majors, and students 
would in most cases already be near the completion 
of a language major by the time they graduate. 

Minors, which consist of five courses, are available in 
all of the above languages except Japanese. 

Proficiency in a foreign language and knowledge of 
its cultural context will increase employability and 
opportunities for graduate study, and will prepare 
students for the increasingly globalized society. 

Many of our majors continue the study of language 
at the graduate level. Language majors pursue a 
variety of careers in education, law, government, 
joumalism, and busmess. 

MUSIC 

The music major provides students with an under- 
standing of the Westem art music tradition and the 
other music traditions which have shaped it through 
a series of combination theory/music history courses 
and complementary performance courses. Consistent 
with the expectations of graduate programs in music, 
students completing a music major should be able to: 

• demonstrate listening, sight singing, keyboard 
and written theory skills at a high intemiediate 
level 

• analyze and discuss musical works from a 
theoretical and historical perspective, both in 
oral presentatioiis and in formal essays 

• apply a wide variety of music research materials 
to their own analytic and perfonnance projects 

• demonstrate familiarity with the major genres, 
styles and composers associated with the music 
of the West, as well as familiarity with a number 
of music types outside the Westem classical 
mainstream 

• perform on voice or an instrument at more than 
an intennediate level, both from a technical 
and interpretive standpoint. 

The five required introductory courses, ideally 
completed no later than the end of the Sophomore 
year, are MU 145 A Tonal Theory la, MU 146 Tonal 
Theory lb, MU 221 A Introduction to Music 
Literature, either MU 326E American Musical 
Landscape or MU 356G World Music, and either 
MU 245A Choral Literature and Ensemble or MU 
246A Instaimental Ensemble. Entry into MU 145A 
assumes note reading and notation skills, the ability 
to recognize intervals, triads and common scale 
patterns by ear, as well as basic keyboard skills. These 
skills may be demonstrated tlirough a placement test 
or successful completion of MU lOlA Music 
Fundamentals. Competency on an instrument or 
in voice at an iritermediate or higher level is a require- 



Music 



ment for completing the major. Enrollment in 
MU 442A Applied Music from the time a student 
enters the program is, therefore, highly recommended. 

The four required advanced courses are MU 341 
Renaissance and Baroque Music, MU 342 Classic 
Period Music, MU 443 Romantic Music, and MU 
444 Modem Music. Students with plans to enter 
graduate school in any field related to music should 
expect to enroll in additional electives. Continued 
participation in either MU 245A Choral Literature 
and Ensemble or MU 246A Instrumental Ensemble, 
as well as in MU 442A Applied Music, is also 
strongly advised, and would he expected by most 
graduate programs. A comprehensive examination 
will he administered following a period of review in 
the senior year to determine competency in the 
academic and interpretive aspects of music. Ad- 
variced students may be invited to complete a thesis 
on an academic subject or in composition in lieu of 
the comprehensive exam. Highly skilled performers 
may be invited to present a senior recital as part of 
the Music at Eckerd series. 

The minor in music consists of six courses as follows: 
four foundational academic courses: MU 145 A 
Tonal Theory la, MU 146 A Tonal Theory lb, MU 
221 A Introduction to Music Literature, and either 
MU 356G World Music or MU 326E American 
Musical Laiidscape; at least one advanced academic 
course from the group MU 341, MU 342, MU 443 
and MU 444; and a minimum of one performance 
course MU 245A Choral Literature and Ensemble, 
MU 246A Instmmental Ensemble or MU 442A 
Applied Music. 

MU 101 A Music Fundamentals 

Reading pitches and rhythms, sight singing, basic 
keyboard performance. Musical patterns common 
in folk, popular and art music worldwide. 

MU 145A Tonal Theory la 

Tonal harmony, part-writing skills, primary triads 
and inversions, non-harmonic tones, sight singing, 
keyboard harmony. Four semester hours of credit. 

MU 146 Tonal Theory lb 

Secondary triads, medieval modes, harmonic 
sequence, elementary modulation, continued part 
writing and analysis, ear training, sight singing, 
keyboard harmony. Lab component. Four semester 
hours of credit. Prerec^uisite: MU 145 A or 
equivalent. 

MU 221 A Introduction to Music Literature 

Focuses on significant composers, works, and forms, 
primarily from the Western art music tradition, 
through listening and analysis, writing and discus- 
sion, concert attendance and explorations of 
recorded music. 



MUl 245 A Choral Literature and Ensemble - 
1st semester 

Study and performance of masterworks of choral 
music. Concerts given both on and off campus. 
Smaller vocal ensembles chosen by audition from 
larger group. Two semesters required for one course 
credit. Admission by audition with instructor. 

MU2 245A Choral Literature and Ensemble - 
2nd semester 

Continuation of MUl 245 A. Two semesters 
required for one course credit. Admission by audition 
with instaictor. 

MUl 246 A Instrumental Ensemble - 
1st semester 

Participation in classical chamber groups, a wind 
ensemble, a world music improvisation ensemble, or 
an approved off campus ensemble. Concerts on and 
off campus. Four hours rehearsal per week. Two 
semesters earn one course credit. Audition with 
instnictor required. 

MU2 246A Instrumental Ensemble - 
2nd semester 

Continuation of MUl 246A. Two semesters required 
for one course credit. Placement audition with 
instnictor required. 

MU 266A Music Projects I 

Opportunities for study in special topics in 
performance, research, and areas of study not 
provided for in regular semester courses, by 
permission of instructor. 

MU 267A Music Projects I 

Opportunities for study in special topics in 
perfomiance, research, and areas of study not 
provided for in regular semester courses, by 
permission of instructor. 

MU 326E American Musical Landscape 

Examines American music types from Native 
American, African American, Anglo American 
ritual and folk music to classical and popular 
music of the present in light of its connection to 
the natural environment. 

MU 332A Topics in Music Literature 

Music of a particular period, genre, or composer in 
terms of musical style, cultural, historical, or 
biographical significance. Listening and discussion, 
development and application of descriptive termi- 
nology and research. 

MU 341 A Renaissance and Baroque Music 

Western art music between 1400 and 1750 with 
emphasis on dance forms, sacred choral music, 
madrigals and other secular forms including opera. 



90 



Natural Sciences 



Research into performance practice and cultural 
context for each supplements listening and analysis. 
Counterpoint and analysis lab. 

MU 342 Classic Period Music 

Development of 18th century classical style through 
the music ot Haydn, Mozart and Beetho\'en. 
Analysis lab. Prerequisites: MU 146, MU 221 A and 
MU 3560 or pemiission of instructor. 

MU 356G World Music 

Music tor ritual, work and play as well as art music 
traditions from various cultures around the world, 
including those of early Europe and the Middle East. 
Aural and videotaped recordings, readiiigs in 
anthropology and aesthetics, live performances. 
Freshmen with permission of instmctor. 

MU 361 Advanced Tonal Harmony 

A continuation of MU 146, from modulatory 
technicques through the chromaticism of the late 
19th century. Lab component. Prerequisite: MU 146 
or permission of instructor. 

MU 366A Music Projects II 

For advanced students who wish to pursue work on 
specialized topics, including composition. Pemiission 
of instmctor required. 

MU 367A Music Projects II 

For advanced students who wish to pursue work on 
specialized topics, including composition. Permission 
of instructor required. 

MUl 442 A Applied Music - 1st semester 

Studio instruction in voice, piano, organ, classical 
guitar, string, brass and woodwind instruments. One 
private lesson, and minimum of six hours per week 
individual practice plus tour evening performance 
classes per semester. Two semesters required for one 
course credit. Pemiission ot instructor required. 
Fee charged. 

MU2 442A Applied Music - 2nd semester 

Continuation of studio instaiction. Two semesters 
required for one course credit. 

MU 443 Romantic Music 

A study of I9th century art music from late 
Beethoven through Schubert, Brahms, Chopin and 
Wagner, among others. Analysis lab. Prerequisites: 
MU 146, MU 221 A and MU 3560 or permission 
of instructor. 

MU 444 Modern Music 

Beginning with the Impressionists, Neo-classicists 
and serialists and continuing to aleatoric, electronic 
and minimalist composers of the more recent past. 
Analysis lab. Prerequisites: MU 146, MU 221 A and 
MU 3560 or permission of instmctor. 



NATURAL SCIENCES 

NA 133N Earth History 

Geological and biological earth history beginning 
with our understanding of the evolution of the solar 
system and continuing through the advent of 
human history-. 

NA 160N Science: At the Cutting Edge 

Explore today's major scientitic ad\'ancements in 
animal behavior, earth and space science, genetics, 
and new technologies. This course personalizes 
science by illustrating its influence in daily and 
future life. 

NA 173N Introduction to 

Environmental Science 

Environmental science strives to comprehend the 
nature and extent of human influences on natural 
systems. This course explores the science behind 
environmental issues using a case study approach. 

NA 180N Weather 

This course studies atmospheric science and weather 
prediction. Particular topics include composition 
and structure ot the atmosphere, energy flow, 
and weather. 

NA 182E The Earth's Biodiversity 

An exploration of life on Earth to promote a greater 
understanding and appreciation ot the impact ot 
humankind on its living resources. 

NA 200N Introduction to the Oceans 

Introduces non-science major to oceans: formation, 
chemistry, creation of weather, climate, cun'ents, 
waves, and tides, and the interaction between ocean 
processes and the abundant and varied ecosystems 
that live within the oceans' realms. 

NA 260E Ecology and Environment 

Relationships between organisms and their environ- 
ments, including evolution, population and behav- 
ioral ecology, interspecific interactions, communi- 
ties, and ecosystems. Application of ecological 
concepts to environmental issues. Summer only. 
Not available for credit toward biology or marine 
science requirements. 

NA 272N Interdisciplinary Science 

Explore a modem scientiflc world view from 
mathematical, biological, chemical, and physical 
perspectives. Human roles and responsibilities within 
nature and the natural environment. Investigate 
interactions between science and society. 



91 



Philosophy 
PHILOSOPHY 

Students majoring in philosophy develop with their 
Mentor a program of study including a minimum of 
ten courses, including Philosophical Logic, Philo- 
sophical Writing and the History' oi Philosophy 
senior seminar; one ethics course; at least three 
courses from the History of Philosophy series 
(Ancient, Medieval and Renaissance, 17th and 18th 
Century, 19th Century, 20th Century); and other 
upper level courses focused on the students particu- 
lar philosophical interests. In addition, philosophy 
majors are expected to take complementary courses 
in other disciplines that provide background and 
breadth in their program of study. 

Philosophy majors are to have a working knowledge 
ot the issues and methods covered in their required 
courses in logic, ethics and the history of philosophy 
sequence, in addition to those in their chosen upper- 
level area of focus. This competence and the ability 
to communicate it in speaking and writing is 
demonstrated by satisfactory completion of the 
courses in the philosophy major and of a Senior 
thesis or comprehensive examination in philosophy. 

A minor in philosophy consists of five philosophy 
courses, including a logic course and at least one 
course from the history of philosophy sequence. An 
approved course must be developed in consultation 
with the philosophy discipline coordinator, and will 
usually include at least three upper-division courses 
(which may include the upper-division logic course 
and/or the history of philosophy course. 

PL lOlH Introduction to Philosophy 

Analyze philosophical issues concerning human 
nature, our relationship to the world around us, and 
major philosophical issues of value and meaning. 
Study works of several great philosophers to help 
students develop their own views. 

PL 102M Introduction to Logic 

Methods of critical and logical analysis of language 
and thought. Helps develop critical, analytical 
reasoning and linguistic precision. 

PL 103G Introduction to Eastern 
Philosophy 

(Directed Study Available) Philosophical questions 
on the nature of reality, society, and self in East 
Asian philosophy with emphasis on metaphysics 
and ethics. 

PL 104H Introduction to Ethics 

Various systems tor judgmg good and bad, right and 
wrong. Definitions of the good life, ethical theories 
and their application to issues such as abortioii, civil 
rights, war and peace, censorship, etc. 



PL 220H Existentialism 

A provocatively modem approach to many of the 
issues of the philosophical tradition; the existential 
foundations of art, religion, science and technology. 

PL 230H Philosophy of Religion 

The conceptual aspects of religion: natural and 
supernatural, religious experience, sources of 
religious knowledge, faith and reason in the past and 
future. Offered alternate years. 

PL 240H Philosophy of Technology 

Humans are the beings who reshape their environ- 
ment. Is modem technology a refinement of 
tool-making, or something new? What has been 
the impact of technology on the essence of 
being human? 

PL 243E Environmental Ethics 

A philosophical investigation of our relationship to 
the natural environment, and how these consider- 
ations affect our moral obligations to other people, as 
well as future generations. 

PL 244H Social and Political Philosophy 

Major social and political theories that have been 
influential in the West. Contemporary political 
theory examined in light of classical tradition and 
historical movements. Offered altemate years. 

PL 246H Philosophy and Film 

Simultaneously an introduction to the philosophy of 
film and an introduction to philosophy, this course 
will use an examination of mostly non-conventional 
films as a starting point for considering philosophical 
themes. 

PL 250H Mind and Body: Philosophical 
Explorations 

What is mind? How is it related to matter? Examine 
ways that these and related questions have been 
addressed throughout the history of philosophy, and 
discover in the process what it means to think 
philosophically. 

PL 263H Aesthetics 

Examine various answers to questions asked from 
ancient times by philosophers, artists and other 
thoughtful people about the nature of art, beauty, 
and the role of the arts and artists in society. 
Prerequisite: Westem Heritage. 

PL 303G Individual/Society - 
Chinese Thought 

Analyze ideas of human nature, the individual's 
relationship to social order, and ways individuals 
have expressed dissent from social norms in the 
Chinese tradition. Classical philosophy to current 
events and the debate on human rights. 



92 



PL 304H Seminar in Chinese Thought: 
Taoism 

Explore philosophical issues in Taoism in a historical 
and comparative framework. Emphasis on Taoist 
epistemology, ontology, ethics through study of 
classic texts, commentary tradition, arid comparative 
works in Buddhist, classical Greek, and modem 
Western philosophy. Prerequisite: EA 201G, or 
PL 103G. 

PL310E Ideas of Nature 

Ancient Greek cosmology. Renaissance view of 
nature, modem conception of nature. What nature 
is, how is can he studied, how we should relate to it. 
Primary' approach is critical, historical analysis ot 
primary' texts. 

PL 3 1 IH Major Philosophers 

An intensive study ot a single major philosopher. 
May be taken more than once for credit with focus 
on different philosophers. 

PL 312H American Philosophy 

Major trends and emphases in American philosophy 
from the colonial period to the 20th century'. 
Prerequisite: some background in the humanities or 
permission of instaictor. 

PL 3 2 1 H History of Philosophy: 
Greek and Roman 

Tlie rise of philosophy, 600 B.C. A.D. 100, with 
emphasis on natural philosophy. Pre-Socratics, 
Sophists, Stoics, Epicureans, Plato and Aristotle. 
Offered alternate years. 

PL 322H History of Philosophy: 

Medieval and Renaissance 

Philosophical thought from ebb ot Rome through 
rise ot modem Europe, including developments in 
Jewish and/or Islamic, and Christian philosophy. 
Faith and reason, realism and nominalism, mysticism 
and rationalism, Platonism and Aristotelianism. 
Offered altemate years. 

PL 323H History of Philosophy: 
17- 18th Century 

Descartes through Kant as response to the Scientific 
Revolution. Comparison of rationalism and 
empiricism. 

PL 324H History of Philosophy: 
19th Century 

Kant, German Idealism, Utilitarianism, social and 
scientific philosophy, existentialism, Hegel, 
Schopenhauer, Marx, Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, others. 



Philosophy 

PL 325H History of Science 

Physical science from 600 B.C. A.D. 1700. Major 
discoveries and scientists, different approaches to 
science, the interrelationship between science 
and society. 

PL 342H 20th Century Philosophical 
Movements 

Development of philosophical analysis and existen- 
tialism as the two main philosophical movements of 
the 20th centuiy Freshmen require pennission of 
instructor. 

PL 345H Philosophical Logic 

Advanced study of logic, with special emphasis on 
formal or symbolic logic, considered both as a tool 
for assessing arguments and as a subject matter for 
philosophical thought. Prerequisites: PL 102M, or 
permission of instmctor. 

PL 348H Philosophical Theology 

A philosophical study ot the nature of God and the 
relation of God and world, based on readings from 
early Greek philosophy to the present. Prerequisite: 
some background in philosophy or religion. 

PL 349G Native American Thought 

This course focuses on the nature of Native Ameri- 
can thought; explores the differing assumptions, 
methods, and teachings connected with the pursuit 
of wisdom, with special attention to metaphysics 
and ethics. 

PL 350 Philosophical Writing 

Readings of exceptional philosophical texts com- 
bined with a wide range of writing assignments, to 
culmiiiate in a publishable essay. Course intended to 
prepare students for graduate-level research and 
writing in philosophy and related fields. 

PL 360H Philosophy of Science 

Recent controversies on the scientific explanation 
between formal logical analysis and the informal, 
heuristic approach. Analysis of laws and theories. 
Examples from the history of science. Offered 
altemate years. 

PL 361H Contemporary Ethical Theory 

Major contemporary' schools of thought in moral 
philosophy. Prerequisite: some background in 
philosophy, religious studies, psychology', literature or 
related disciplines. 

PL 362H Contemporary Political Philosophy 

Major contemporary' schools of thought in political 
philosophy. Prerequisite: some background in 
philosophy, political science, history, economics, 
American studies or literature. 



93 



Philosophy 

PL 365 Philosophy of History 

Does history have a meaning? Is it leading anywhere? 
Does history result in anything that is genuinely 
new? Or is it an "eternal recurrence of the same"? 
Especially useful tor students of history, literature, 
religious studies, and philosophy. Prerequisite: some 
background in the humanities. 

PL 367 Philosophy and Myth 

Seminar course that examines relationship between 
mythic and rational consciousness in the context of 
current trends in the philosophy of the imagination. 

PL 370H Mysticism and Logic 

Discursive rationality (ratio) versus a higher mode of 
knowing (noesis). Examine central concepts within 
philosophical tradition itself, as well as through a 
philosophical study of comparative mysticism, with 
special attention to its cognitive claims. 

PL 401 History of Philosophy Seminar 

Intensive study of the major philosophical move- 
ments from the ancient Greeks to the twentieth 
century, with emphasis on the classical problems of 
philosophy. Required tor philosophy majors, this 
course completes history of philosophy sequence. 

PL 403 Contemporary Philosophical 
Methodologies 

Intensive investigation of contemporary' approach to 
philosophical method, designed to help students 
practice philosophy in an original manner. May be 
taken more than once for credit in order to study 
different methodologies. 



PHYSICAL EDUCATION 

PE 200 Coaching & Sports Performance 

How motivational techniques can enhance perfor- 
mance on and off the field. A comprehensive review 
of the major trends in motivation, attentional 
focusing, goal setting, anxiety and arousal, relaxation 
techniques, and team building will be examined. 

PE 321 Athletic Coaching 

Social-psychological problems of coaching today, the 
role of sports, developing a philosophy of coaching. 
Sports programs from youth leagues to collegiate 
athletics. Teaching styles, training, sports psychology. 



PHYSICS 

Students who major in physics develop competency 
in using scientific methodology: in creating math- 
ematical models of real-world systems, manipulating 
these models to obtain predictions of the system's 
behavior, and testing the model's predictions against 
the observed real-world behavior. Mechanical, 
electro- magnetic, thermodynamic, and atomic/ 
molecular systems are among those with which 
students become familiar in the building and 
testing of theoretical models. Problem-solving and 
quantitative reasoning are among the skills which 
are developed. 

For the B.A. DEGREE, students majoring in physics 
normally take the following courses: 

Eundamental Physics I and 11 
Modem Physics 
Electronics Laboratory' 
Classical Mechanics 
Electricity and Magnetism I and 11 
Quantum Physics I 
Calculus I, II, and III 
Differential Equations 
Physics Comprehensive Exam 

Eor the B.S. degree, additional courses required are: 

Quantum Physics II 

Advanced Physics Laboratory 

Statistical Mechanics in Themiodynamics 

A minor in physics requires the completion of five 
physics courses witli a grade of C- or better, of which 
at least three are numbered above PH 242. 

An example of a program of courses leading to a 
B.S. in physics: 

Freshmen 

Calculus I and II 
Fundamental Physics 1 and 11 

Sophomores 

Calculus III 
Differential Equations 
Modern Physics 
Electronics Laboratory 

Juniors 

Electricity and Magnetism I and II 
Classical Mechanics 
Advanced Physics Laboratory 

Seniors 

Quantum Physics I and 11 
Statistical Mechanics in ThermodyTiamics 
Linear Algebra (or other math elective) 
Physics Comprehensive Exam 

In addition, physics majors are expected to enroll in 
the Physics Seminar during their Junior and Senior 
years. This course meets once per week and one 
course credit is given for four semesters participation. 



94 



PH 209N Survey of Astronomy 

See Chemistry CH 209N. 

PH 214E Energy and the Environment 

Options available to societies iii producing energy, 
the consequences of each choice, and the different 
sets of values implicit in the choices. 

PH 2 1 7N Evolving World- View of Science 

What distinguishes science as an investigatory tool 
and gives it such power? How does the universe as 
presented by modem science compare with religious 
and philosophical ideas? This course traces the 
development of scientific understanding. 

PH 241N Fundamental Physics I 

Linear, rotational, and oscillatory motion. Force, 
work, and energy?. Corequisite: MA 13 IM. Calculus- 
based with laboratory. 

PH 242 Fundamental Physics II 

Thermodynamics, electricity, magnetism, and optics. 
Calculus-based, with laboratoiy Prerequisite: PH 
241NandMA131M. 

PH 243 Modem Physics 

Introduction to quantum mechanics, with elemen- 
tary' applications in atoms, molecules, and solids. 
Prerequisite: PH 242. 

PH 244 Electronics Laboratory 

First principles of analog and digital electronic 
circuit theory, basic operation of electronic circuits, 
instruments, utilizing modem electronic technique 
and instrumentation. Prerequisite: PH 242. 

PH 245 Computer Models in Science 

Introduction to computational science through 
physical, chemical, geological and biological 
examples. Modeling of various dynamical systems 
like planets, molecules and populations by 
programming a computer, beaming software 
programs to visualize results. Prerequisites: PH 242 
and CS 143M. Fulfills a computational science 
minor requirement. 

PH 320 Optics 

Wave motion, electromagnetic theory, photons, light 
and geometric optics, superposition and polarization 
of waves, interference and diffraction of waves, 
coherence theory, holography and lasers. 
Prerequisites: MA 132M and PH 242. 

PH 321 Physical Chemistry I: 
Investigative 

See Chemistry CH 321. 



Physi cs 

PH 330 Statistical Mechanics/ 
Thermodynamics 

Fundamental concepts of thennodynamics including 
first, second and third laws; thermodynamic 
potentials. Development of the Maxwell-Boltzman, 
Femii-Dirac, and Bose-Einstein distribution 
functions. Prerequisite: PH 243. 

PH341 Classical Mechanics 

Particles and rigid bodies, elastic media, waves, 
Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formulations of 
dynamics. Prerequisites: PH 242 and MA 234N. 

PH 342 Electricity and Magnetism I 

Maxwell's equations in the study of electric and 
magnetic fields, AC and DC circuits. Electromag- 
netic wave theory introduced. Prerequisites: PH 242 

and MA 234N. 

PH 343 Electricity and Magnetism II 

Continuation of PH 342. Electrodynamics, electro- 
magnetic waves, and special relativity. Prerequisite: 
PH 342. 

PH 345 Advanced Physics Laboratory 

Advanced instrumentation and analysis techniques. 
Develop laboratory abilities utilized in physics, 
especially as applied to modem optics. Two lab 
sessions a week. Prerequisites: PH 241N and PH 242. 

PHI 410 Physics Seminar - 1st Semester 

Required of all Juniors and Seniors majoring in 
physics. One course credit upon satisfactory 
completion of two year participation. Topical issues 
in physics. 

PH2 410 Physics Seminar - 2nd Semester 

Continuation of Physics Seminar. Four semesters 
required for one course credit. 

PH3 410 Physics Seminar - 3rd Semester 

Continuation of Physics Seminar. Four semesters 
required for one course credit. 

PH4 410 Physics Seminar - 4th Semester 

Continuation of Physics Seminar. Four semesters 
required for one course credit. 

PH 443 Quantum Physics I 

Modem quantum theory and relativity. 
Comparison of classical and quantum results. 
Prerequisite: PH 243. 

PH 444 Quantum Physics II 

Three-dimensional wave equation and application to 
hydrogen atoms. Identical particles introduced with 
emphasis on low-energy' scattering. Prerequisite: 
PH 433. 



95 



Physics 

PH 499 Independent Research - Thesis 

Outstanding students majoring in physics 
nom-ially are invited to engage in active research 
and to prepare a thesis in lieu of a Senior compre- 
hensive exam. 



POLITICAL SCIENCE 

Students choosing to major in political science gain 
fundamental understanding of American govern- 
ment, how our governmental system compares with 
other major political systems, and how the U.S. 
interrelates with the rest of the world. Majors gain 
competence in political analysis and research skills 
as well as an understanding of political power, 
government institutions, international affairs, and 
political theory. 

Students majoring in political science affiliate with 
either the Letters or Behavioral Science Collegium, 
depending on their individual career or research 
plans. Both coUegial tracks require the completion of 
Introduction to American National Government 
and Politics, Introduction to Comparative Politics, 
and Introduction to International Relations. Beyond 
the three introductory courses, all students must 
complete six additional non- introductory political 
science courses including at least one from each field 
within political science. All political science majors 
must also complete Political Science Research 
Methods and the political science Senior Seminar. 
The typical course sequence for political science 
majors includes the completion ot three introductory 
courses in their first year, followed by an individually 
tailored set of upper-division courses. 

Students with specific career or research interests not 
adequately covered by the discipline may substitute 
one course from another discipline for one upper- 
level political science course with prior approval ot 
the political science faculty. Students are encouraged 
to explore their career or research interests through 
an appropriate internship. With the approval of the 
political science faculty, one internship may fulfill a 
political science major requirement. One winter 
tenn project may also be accepted toward degree 
requirements in political science. 

Students may earn a minor in political science 
with successful completion of PO I02S, either 
PO 103G or PO 104G, and any four additional 
non-introductory courses spread across the political 
science faculty. 



PO 1028 Introduction to American 

National Government and Politics 

American democratic theory, political parties, 
interest groups, presidential selection and functions. 
Congress, Supreme Court, federal bureaucracy, and 
several major areas of policy making conducted by 
the national government. 

PO 103G Introduction to 

International Relations 

Origins and structure of the international system; 
key actors, theories and concepts; global issues facing 
states and citizens, such as war, wealth and poverty, 
hunger and environment, and global justice. 

PO 104G Introduction to 

Comparative Politics 

Comparing national governments and politics by 
looking at development/political economy, national- 
ism, ethnicity, culture, gender, democratization, 
political institutions, state-society relations, parties. 
Cases include: UK, France, Germany, Japan, 
China, others. 

PO zoos Diplomacy and International 
Relations 

Diplomatic protocol and practices within the United 
Nations; role of international diplomacy in war, 
peace, and the evolution of peace-keeping; dilemmas 
resulting from global, economic, and environmental 
interdependence and sustainability. 

PO 20 IS Power, Authority, and Virtue 

Close reading of classic texts in political theoi7 
aimed at examining the dynamics of power and 
virtue in political life. 

PO 202E Public Policymaking in America 

Introduction to the general policy-making process. 
FonTiulation of new policies and programs, imple- 
mentation, evaluation of federal programs. Policy 
areas such as unemployment and environment. 

PO 211G Inter' American Relations 

Historical examination ot continuities and changes 
in U.S. policy toward Latin America from Monroe 
Doctrine to present, from a range of ideological and 
scholarly perspectives. Prerequisite: one introductory 
level political science course or Latin American 
Area Studies recommended. 

PO 2 1 28 U.S. Foreign Policy 

History of U.S. diplomacy and foreign policy; 
stuicture and process of U.S. foreign policy making; 
contemporary challenges and policy alternatives 
facing policy makers and citizens alike. Prerequisite: 
one introductory level political science course 
recommended. 



96 



Political Science 



PO 221S Politics of Revolution 
and Development 

Causes and nature of political violence and revolu- 
tion as related to human behavior theory. Theories 
on causes of revolution, concepts of liberation, 
consequences and responsibilities oi interstate 
relations durino times of crisis. Recommended 
PO 102S and either PO 103G or PO 104G. 

PO 222 Political Ideologies 

The role, function and origin of ideology in politics. 
Comparative political ideologies such as Fascism, 
Nazism, Anarchism, Socialism, Communism, 
Corporatism, Capitalism/Liberalism, domestic and 
international forms of terrorism. 

PO 23 IG East Asian Comparative Politics 

Domestic politics of China, Taiwan, Japan, North 
and South Korea. Parties, state-society relations, 
culture, militaries, and how democracy is defined 
and practiced in each polity-. Recommended: one 
introductory' political science course. 

PO 23 2G The Pacific Century 

The rise of East Asia in recent decades and its 
impact on the world. Major topics include socio- 
economic factors contributing to the rise of East 
Asia, Asian capitalism, migration patterns, and 
Asian democracy. 

PO 24 IS International Political Economy 

A review of three approaches to IPE: realist, liberal, 
and historical-structuralist. Four areas of world 
economic activity: trade, investment, aid and debt, 
and how global changes since WWII influence 
development choices for less developed countries. 
Prerequisite: PO 103G. 

PO 242S Politics of Defense: 
Economy/Power 

History?, institutions, and operation of the defense 
economy in the U.S. Conflicting theories on 
the defense budget, military contracting, and 
economic rationales for U.S. military' policy. The 
economic impact of different military policies in the 
current era. 

PO 243S Human Rights and 
International Law 

International human rights issues: political, eco- 
nomic, social, cultural. Role of United Nations and 
other international organizations in forming and 
implementing human rights standards. Topics 
include women's rights, protection of minorities, 
and rights to economic subsistence. 



PO 25 IS The Media and Foreign Policy 

Tliis course is designed to provide students with a 
thorough understanding of the dynamic and 
complex relationship between foreign policy, the 
news and public opinion, particularly in the 
United States. 

PO 252S Middle East Politics 

Introduces students to modem Middle East politics. 
To understand the political dynamic of the modem 
Middle East, this lecture course combines a cultural 
identity- approach with more traditional intema- 
tional historical, political analyses. 

PO 260M Political Science Research Methods 

Concepts, theories, practices of political science 
research methods. Ontology, epistemology, qualita- 
ti\'e and quantitative methods. Univariate, bivariate 
and multi\-ariate statistics. Prerequisites: sophomore 
standing and one of the following: ES 172, 
HD lOlS, or one political science course. 

PO 270S U.S. PoUcy and the World Economy 

The development of U.S. institutions and policies in 
trade, monetary and development regimes for the 
world economy; the evolution of these policies 
during the Cold War; global economic developments 
m the Third World. 

PO 30 IS Constitution and Government 
Power 

Constitutional power bases of judicial, executive and 
legislative branches of national govemment, analysis 
of major constitutional issues, of federalism and 
powers of the states. Supreme Court decisions. 
One lower-division political science course 
recommended. 

PO 302S Constitution and Individual Rights 

Examining those portions of the Constitution 
dealing with relations between the individual and 
the govemment (the Bill of Rights, due process, 
equal protection, privileges and immunities, etc.). 
PO 30 IS is not prerequisite. One lower-division 
political science course recommended. 

PO 303S The American Presidency 

The Presidency as a political and constitutional 
office, its growth and development from Washington 
to the present. One lower-division political science 
course recommended. 

PO 304S U.S. Congress 
The U.S. legislative process with major attention to 
the Senate and House of Representatives. Roles of 
lawmakers, legislative behax'ior, and representative 
govemment in theory and fact. One lower-division 
political science course recommended. 



97 



Political Science 



PO 305S Political Parties and Interest Groups 

Party organization and functions at national, state 
and county levels, and other institutions and 
activities competing for party fvinctions. One lower 
division political science course recommended. 

PO 311 Latin American Politics 

Historical overview of Latin American political 
development from the Spanish conquest to 20th 
century, comparison of political systems and people, 
and future prospects. Prerecjuisites: PO 102S and 
PO 103G or 104G. 

PO 313 Politics of the European Union 

Study theories and processes of the European Union's 
integration. Focus on development of the EU as a 
unique international organization; its institutional 
structures, decision-making processes, arid function- 
ing; and the contemporary policy issues facing the EU. 
Prerequisite: one political science course. 

P0 314 International Organization 

International organizations (lO's) in the contempo- 
rary international system. United Nations, European 
Community, odier regional organizations and 
integration schemes, and international regimes. 
Prerec]uisites: PO 103G and one other political 
science course. 

PO 315 Theories of War and Peace 

Tlieoretical study ot the origins, nature, and 
problems of violent conflict between and within 
nation-states and of possible paths toward peace. 
Major theorists and alternative visions, including 
realist, idealist, Marxist, feminist, and pacifist 
approaches. Prerequisites: PO 103G and on other 
political science course. 

PO 316 Women and Politics Worldwide 

Histtirical and contemporary relationship of women 
to politics in the U.S. and around the world. 
Compares women's movements and political 
participation, gender and politics, and impact of 
feminist movement at local, national and global 
levels. Prerequisite: one political science or women's 
and gender studies course. 

PO 32 IS Comparative European Politics 

Parties, interest groups, political movements, major 
institutions of government, as well as culture, history 
and contemporary political problems. PO 104G 
recommended. 

PO 322S Authoritarian Political Systems 

Structure and emergence of 20th century authoritar- 
ian regimes, including Fascism, corporatism, military' 
governments, one-party Communist states and 
personalist dictatorships. A previous political science 
course is recommended. 



PO 323S Seminar in Democratic Theory 

Philosophical roots of democratic theory, theoretical 
requisites of a democratic system, practical political 
economic implications, examined as citizens of both 
the U.S. and the world. Prerequisite: Sophomore 
standing or above. 

PO 324 East European Politics 

Evolution of Mai"xist theory in a variety of political 
systems: U.S.S.R, People's Republic of China, Afro- 
Marxist regimes, non-ruling communist parties of 
Western Europe. Highly recommended that students 
have had either PO 103G, 104G, 32 IS, HI 244H or 
PL 344. 

PO 325S Environment Politics and Policy 

Analysis of politics and policy relevant to environ- 
mental issues, the complexity of environmental 
problems and prospects of political solutions. 
Designed for majors in environmental studies and 
political science. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing 
or above. 

PO 333 Japan: Government, Politics, 
Foreign Policy 

Japan's government and politics, political history, 
cultures, economy, society, religions, role of women, 
human rights, and foreign policy. Recommended: 
one lower division political science course. 

PO 335S Government and Politics of China 

China's government, politics, political history, 
cultures, economy, society, religions, women's roles, 
human rights, village democracy, minority peoples 
(e.g. Tibetans, Uighurs), Taiwan issue. Recom- 
mended: one lower division political science course. 

PO 336S East Asian International Relations 

Relations between/among nations of East Asia 
(esp. China/Taiwan, Japan, two Koreas) and 
US. ASEAN, APEC, human rights, economic 
boom, nuclear proliferation, arms races, culture, 
historical legacies. 

PO 341 Ethics and International Relations 

Political realism and natural law, military interven- 
tion and the use of force, human rights and humani- 
tarian assistance, and the moral responsibilities of 
leaders and citizens. Prerequisite: PO 103G. 

PO 342S Hunger, Plenty, and Justice 

Past, present, future world food supply, social factors 
that determine food production/distribution. 
Political, economic, religious, gender, historical, 
geographic, other dimensions of hunger. Govern- 
ment policies, technological change, international 
trading patterns, private interests and gender bias. 



98 



PO 343 S International Environmental Law 

Economic development, environmental protection 
and the evolution of international environmental 
law, in the following areas: air pollution, hiological 
diversity, wildlife conservation, trade and 
human rights. 

PO350S Horida Politics 

(Directed Study) State and local government in 
U.S., over\-iew ot Southern politics, problems and 
issues ot Florida rapid growth, race relations, 
environment, voter dealignment, party realignment, 
elections, regional issues. 

P0 351 Politics/Process: 

U.S. Foreign Policy 

This case based course simulates thinking in the real 
policy world by requiring weekly oral and written 
exercises that take the tomi ot policy memos placing 
students into the shoes oi decision makers to argue 
policy positions from their perspectix'es. 

PO 352G The Globalization Debate 

The concept ot globalization and the controversy 
surrounding it from a political and cultural perspec- 
ti\'e. Examines whether a transfomiation is miderway 
m our political universe or whether the power of 
national go\'emments remains primary. 

PO 410 U.S. and the Vietnam Experience 

Senior Seminar for political science majors. Histoiy 
ot U.S. in\'olvement in Southeast Asia and impact 
of the Vietnam experience on U.S. policy-making. 
Causes of war, international mechanisms for conflict 
resolution, comparative development strategies. 
Prerequisite: Senior standing or permission of 
instructor. 

PO 42 IS Comparative Judicial Politics 

Judicial politics across political systems. Relationship 
among law, society and public policy in European, 
socialist and non- Western systems. The inner 
workings, view of justice, and social/cultural 
development of other ci\'il societies. Prerequisite: 
Junior or Senior standing. 

PO 45 OS Supreme Court in 
American Politics 

(Directed Study) Internal operations of the U.S. 
Supreme Court, judicial decision-making and 
behavicu, jurisdiction, structure of court system, 
Supreme Court's role in adjudication of civil rights 
and liberties. 



Psychology 
PSYCHOLOGY 

Students majoring in psychology- have the option of 
completing either a Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) or 
Bachelor of Science (B.S.) degree. 

Students in the B.A. degree program acquire a 
knowledge of the theoretical approaches, research 
methodologies, research findings, and practical 
applications ot the many sub-fields within the 
science and profession ot contemporary- psychology. 
Working closely with their Mentors, students build 
on this foundation by developing an individualized 
area of courses in a particular specialty which will 
augment their liberal arts psychology background. 
Tliese students acquire the ability to 

• critique new research findings in psychology-. 

• present research tindings and theoretical 
systems in oral and written tonnats. 

• apply theory' to real-world problems. 

• e\'aluate contemporaiy controversies in 
the field ot psychology-. 

Students in the B.S. degree program acquire the 
same core foundation as described in the B.A. 
program and build on this foundation with a set of 
experiences in which they acquire the following 
specific research skills 

• critically reviewing and synthesizing 
diverse bodies of research literature. 

• designing and conducting original 
research projects. 

• using SPSS to analyze research data. 

• using microcomputer-based graphics 
packages to prepare professional quality 
figures and graphics. 

• preparing publication quality research 
reports in APA format. 

Those electing to earn the B.A. degree complete 
the following: 

Introduction to Psychology, Human Learning and 
Cognition, Psychology of Childhood and Adoles- 
cence, Psychology Research Methods I, 11, Personal- 
ity Theory and Research, Biopsychology-, Abnonn.al 
Psychology, and Social Psychology. 

Those electing to earn the B.S. degree complete all 
of the B.A. courses plus the following: 

Research Skills, Psychological Tests and Measure- 
ments, Advanced Research, and History and 
Systems of Psychology'. 

The required courses are arranged m a hierarchical 
and developmental sequence in order to avoid 
redundancy and achieve a high level of training 
during the undergraduate years. This sequence is 



99 



Psyc hology 

listed on a checklist which the student will use with 
the Mentor to plan each semester's classes. While 
providing a basic structure to the degree planning, 
the sequence includes adequate flexibility for 
students wishing to participate in the International 
Education program and those who also pursue a 
second major. 

A minor in psychology must include Introduction to 
Psychology, Psychology of Childhood and Adoles- 
cence, Human Learning and Cognition, and two of 
the following: Abnormal Psychology, Personality 
Theory and Research, Social Psychology or 
Biopsychology. 

All courses required for the major or minor must he 
passed with a grade of C- or better. 

PS 10 IS Introduction to Psychology 

The scientific study ot human behavior and 
cognitive processes, including biopsychology, 
learning, memory, motivation, development, 
personality, abnormality, and social processes. 

PS 102S Evolutionary Psychology 

Systematic study of the e\'olutionary origins of 
human behavior and cognition, with specific focus 
on sexual and mating behaviors, parenting and 
kinship, and social relations and conflict. 

PS 200 Statistics and Research Design I 

First part of a two-semester sequence that integrates 
basic statistics with principles of research design. 
Emphasis on descriptive statistics, coixelation and 
regression, and ethics of psychological research. 
Introduction to SPSS and writing in APA format. 
Prerequisite: Sophomore standing or permission 
ot instructor. 

PS 201 M Statistics and Research Design II 

Second part of two-semester sequence that integrates 
basic statistics with the principles of research design. 
Emphasis on inferential statistics, observational 
research, survey methodology, and experimentation. 
Continued instmction in SPSS and writing in APA 
format. Prerequisite: PS 200. 

PS 202 Psychology of Childhood 
and Adolescence 

Integrative study ot human development from 
conception through adolescence. Examines physical, 
cognitive, social, and emotional facets of develop- 
ment, including peer and family relationships, 
personality development, and contemporary issues. 
Prerequisite: PS lOlS. 

PS 205 Human Learning and Cognition 

Examination of the cognitive processes involved in 
learning and memory, language, problem solving, 
reasoning, and decision makiiig. Prerequisite: PS lOlS. 



PS 209 Abnormal Psychology 

Examination of thoughts and behaviors that deviate 
from the social nomis, are maladaptive, and/or cause 
distress. Emphasis on etiology and treatment of 
psychological disorders from a biopsychosocial 
perspective. Prerequisite: PS lOlS or HD lOlS. 

PS 234 Health Psychology 

Study of the psychological, physiological, and 
behavioral factors in the etiology and prevention of 
illness. Topics studied include stress and coping, 
mind-body relationships, pain management, and 
health promotion. Prerequisite: PS lOlS. 

PS 302 Social Psychology 

Study of the individual in a social environment, with 
an emphasis on the experimental approach to 
understanding the impact of social forces. Topics 
covered include group influence, attraction, 
aggression, attitude formation and change, and 
altruism. Prerequisites: PS lOlS. 

PS 305 Child Psychopathology 

Theory and research on disorders of childhood and 
adolescence, including etiology, diagnosis, associated 
conditions and treatment. Prerequisite: PS 10 IS or 
HD lOlS. 

PS 306 Personality Theory and Research 

Study of individual differences and personality 
processes using classical and contemporary' perspec- 
tives, including psychodynamic, behavioral and 
cogiiitive, humanistic, trait, nanative, and neurobio- 
logical approaches. Prerequisites: PS lOlS. 

PS 309 Biopsychology 

Application of neurological and neurophysical 
principles to understanding human behavior and 
thought, emotion and motivation, learning and 
memory. Prerequisite: PS lOlS and junior standing. 

PS 3 12 Psychology of Interpersonal Conflict 

Examination of the causes oi conflict between 
individuals and groups. Focus on the cognitive and 
emotional processes associated with conflict, and 
possible solutions to the problem of conflict. 
Prerecpisite: PS lOlS. 

PS 321 Research Skills in Psychology 

Primarily for students pursuing the BS degree in 
psychology. Development of research skills in 
psychology including advanced statistical analyses, 
complex research design, and writing in APA 
format. Prerequisite: PS 20 1 M. 



100 



Religious Studies 



PS 337 Psychological Tests and 
Measurements 

Primarily tor students pursuing the BS degree in 
psychology. Focus in statistical concepts underlying 
test constmction and examination of psychological 
tests measuring achievement, aptitude, intelligence, 
and personality'. Prerequisite: PS 321 (or may be 
taken concun'ei"itly). 

PS 344 Internship in Psychology 

Field work in the community which allows for the 
practical application of psychological principles. 
Requires 130 hours of supervised work in a clinical 
setting. Prerequisite: Junior or senior standing and 
pemiission of instructor. May be repeated for 
credit (PS 444). 

PS 345 Psychology' of Male/Female 
Relations 

Analytical and applied understanding of the 
challenges of intimate male/female relationships. 
Topics include gender socialization, expectations, 
interpersonal attraction, communication, and 
relationship skills. Prerequisite: PS lOlS. 

PS 410 History and Systems 

Senior capstone seminar for students pursuing the BS 
degree in psychology. A synthetic overview of the 
history and major theoretical systems of modem 
psychology. Prerequisites: Senior standing or 
permission of the instmctor. 

PS 422 Advanced Social Research 

Primarily for students pursuing the BS degrees in 
psychology. Experience in designing and conducting 
research using social psychological approaches (e.g. 
experimental and survey methodology). Prerequi- 
sites: PS 302 and PS 321. 

PS 426 Advanced Personality Research 

Primarily for the student pursuing the BS degree in 
psychology. Experience in designing and conducting 
research on issues explored by contemporaiy 
personality psychologists. Prerequisites: PS 306 
and PS 321. 

PS 428 Advanced Clinical Research 

Primarily for students pursuing the BS degree in 
psychology. Experience in designing and conducting 
research of a clinical nature. Prerequisite: PS 209 
and PS 321. 

PS 429 Advanced Research in 

Evolutionary Psychology 

Primarily tor students pursuing the BS degree in 
psychology. Experience in conducting research in 
the area of evolutionary psychology. Prerequisite: 
PS 321. 



PS 444 Internship in Psychology II 

Second semester of field work in the community 
which allows for the practical application of 
psychological principles. Requires 130 hours of 
super\'ised work in a clinical setting. Prerequisite: 
Junior or senior standing and pemiission of instuictor. 

PS 498 Comprehensive Examination 

Offered each Winter Term and required for psychol- 
ogy majors intending to graduate in the upcoming 
semester. Written examination covering all areas 
required for the BA in psychology and an oral 
presentation of major research project in the field. 

PS 499 Senior Thesis 

Directed research project by invitation of the 
faculty only. 



QUEST FOR MEANING 

QM 410 Quest for Meaning 

Through readings, class discussions, plenary sessions, 
self-reflective writing, and an off-campus community 
service project, this course provides opportunity for 
Seniors to reflect in a serious and sustained manner 
on their college education and on the direction of 
their lives after graduation. Students will encounter 
Jewish, Christiari, and other religious perspectives 
embodied in individuals who have found in these 
perspectives valuable sources for facing ultimate 
questions of life. 



RELIGIOUS STUDIES 

Students majoring in religious studies should have 
developed the following competencies by the time 
they graduate: 

• familiarity with the principal concerns and 
methods of the field of religious studies. 

• kiiowledge of a chosen focal area that allows 
the student to converse with ease on subjects 
related to the area and make appropriate 
judgments based on critical study. 

• capacity to make effective use of appropriate 
historical, literary, and critical tools for the 
study of religious texts and traditions. 

• evidence of integrative self-reflection showing 
that the student is engaged in a serious effort to 
synthesize new information and insight into a 
personally meaningful world view. 

Students majoring in religious studies must take the 
basic course, Introduction to Religious Studies 
(RE 201H), and at least two courses from each of 
the following areas: Biblical studies (including 
RE 242H), historical and theological studies 



101 



Religious Studies 



(including either RE 241 H or RE 244H), non- 
Western religions (including RE 240G) and two 
additional religious studies courses ot the student's 
choice. At least four of the courses beyond the 
introductory course must be 300 level or above. 
Directed and independent study courses may be 
taken toward fulfillment of this major. 

In addition to the successful completion of courses 
just described, students will normally be expected to 
fulfill a senior comprehensive exam, consisting of 
three written exams, a scholarly paper in a focal area 
of the student's choice, and an oral exam. Excep- 
tional students may be invited to do a senior thesis 
rather than the comprehensive exam. 

For a minor in religious studies a student will 
normally take RE 201 H plus tour courses in 
the discipline, subject to the approval of the 
discipline faculty. 

An interdisciplinary concentration in Religious 
Education is also available. This concentration, 
under the super\'ision of a three-member interdisci- 
plinary faculty committee, requires the completion 
of at least nine courses, including two in Biblical 
studies, and two in theological and historical 
studies (including RE 241 H). The remaining five 
courses are selected from the area of psychology 
and counseling studies. This concentration 
should appeal especially to students contemplating 
professional careers with church and synagogue, 
and to students who wish to work as lay people in 
religious institutions. 

RE 20 IH Introduction to Religious Studies 

Religicxis experience aiid ideas as they are expressed 
in such cultural forms as community, ritual, myth, 
doctrine, ethics, scripture and art; synthesizing 
personal religious ideas and values. 

RE 206H The Bible, Gender, and 
Sexual Politics 

Relations between biblical literature and issues of 
sexual difference, gender socialization, misogyny, and 
the question of origins of patriarchy. 

RE 21 OH Introduction to Christian Ethics 

(Directed Study Available). Some major figures in 
the histor>' of Christian ethics, with most emphasis 
on contemporary approaches. Introduction to some 
of the most important issues and methods. 

RE 220H The Bible in American Culture 

The biblical books have served as myths for 
segments of the population, as material for laws, as 
forces behind social movements, and as background 
for art. Explore the Bible's place as an American icon 
and influence. 



RE 22 IH Religion in America 

(Directed Study Available) The beliefs, behavior 
and institutions of Judaism and Christianity in 
American life. The uniqueness of the American 
religious experience and its impact on American 
institutional patterns. 

RE 230G Yogis, Mystics, Shamans 

Texts on sacred power, the specific technique by 
which it is developed, and contemporary practices 
that are based on archaic models. RE 240G recom- 
mended but not required. 

RE 234H Goddess in Eastern Tradition 

Regional goddesses in India, China, and Japan. The 
relationship between women and the divine 
feminine principle within the ce^ntext of Asian 
cultures compared with contemporary western 
expressions of Goddess culture. RE 240G recom- 
mended but not required. 

RE 240G Non-Western Religions 

Tlie founders of non- Western religions, their life 
experiences, religious views and the emergence of 
their teachings as coherent systems, with compari- 
sons to the Judaeo-Christian tradition. 

RE 24 IH History of Christianity 

Beliefs, practices and institutions of the Christian 
Church through the past nineteen centuries. The 
great theological debates, significant issues, and 
formative thinkers. 

RE 242H Introduction to the BiWe 

Emphasis on literary craft of biblical literature, and 
relations between it and the arts throughout history, 
especially in contemporary culture. 

RE 244H Judaism, Christianity and Islam 

Major religions of Middle East, Judaism, Christianity, 
Islam. Historical development, literature and 
contributions to the West. The Bible and Koran. 

RE 272H Creativity and the Sacred 

Exploration of connections between the visual and 
literary' arts and the sacred. Students will examine 
the significant interconnections of art and the sacred 
by analyzing forms, styles, symbolism, themes, and 
narrative structures. 

RE 305 Biblical Exegesis 

Close reading of a particular section of the Bible, its 
socio-historical background, literary, theological, 
philological, grammatical and rhetorical characteris- 
tics. Prerequisite: RE 242. 

RE319G The Hindu Tradition 

Yoga, meditation, karma, reincarnation, major 
devotional and ceremonial traditions that have 



102 



Religious Studies 



developed around Shiva, Vishnu, and the Goddess. 
The dynamic between popular worship and the 
contemplative traditions of Hindu culture. RE 240G 
recommended hut not required. 

RE 320H The Buddhist Tradition 

Gautama's enlightenment, the Noble Eight-fold 
Path, development of Buddhist ideas and practices as 
they spread from India to South and East Asia, 
contrasting Western religious views with those ot 
another world religion. 

RE 32 IH Indigenous Religions 

Religious traditions ot native peoples, with focus on 
sacred power, deity, tutelar^' spirits, shamanic states 
of consciousness, ceremony, and sacred narrative; 
Attention also given to native concerns about 
lineage and authenticity in contemporary' practices. 

RE 329H Liberation Theology 

The growth of Latin American, black feminist, and 
European political liberation theologies from earlier 
forms of theology, their development and contribu- 
tion to the wider theology, and responses to them. 

RE 330H Human Nature and Destiny 

Study a major theme associated with Christian 
understandings of the nature ot human life, the 
relationship between the individual and society, 
historicity, purposiveness of human lite, relationship 
between humans and nature. 

RE 340H Religious Riddles 

Exploration of how short narratives provoke a 
religious response. Emphasis upon the New Testa- 
ment parables, with comparative work on Zen koans 
and fables from various cultures. 

RE 345H Jesus in Ancient and Modem Media 

Literary, historical, and theological investigation ot 
ancient canonical and ancient gospels coupled with 
exploration of modem manifestations of Jesus in art, 
scholarship, religion, fiction, and film. 

RE 350E Ecology, Chaos, and Sacred 

Examine the struggle ot ecological order against the 
inbreaking of chaos. How is the one maintained 
against the other? Is "reality" chaos or order? How 
does one's world-view affect one's understanding of 
ecology', chaos, or "reality?" 

RE 35 IE A Culture of Science and Faith 

This interdisciplinary course will examine the two 
seemingly different approaches to the environment 
that religion and science developed. The signifi- 
cance of the disparity will be examined by analyzing 
the writings of prominent theologians and scientists. 



RE 354H Archaeology of Palestine 

Explore recent trends, focusing on the early history 
ot Israel arid Judah as an access to the larger field. 
Possible opportunities tor summer field work. 

RE 36 IH Contemporary Christian Thought 

In-depth survey of the major religious thinkers ot the 
20th ceiitury including Barth, Bultmann, Tillich, 
Niebuhr, Buber, Kung, and Moltmann. 

RE 37 IH Religions of China and Japan 

Taoism and Confucianism m China, Shinto in Japan 
and the imported tradition of Buddhism and its 
regional developments in various schools; the 
syncretistic character ot East Asian religiosity. 
RE 240G recommended but not required. 

RE 373H Women and Religion 

Investigate the roles that women play in various 
world religions. Study issues of power and 
expression in public vs. private worship; priesthood; 
the relationship between the divine feminine and 
female practitioners; and the possibilities for change 
within tradition. 

RE 381E Ecotheology 

The major dimensions of the current ecological crisis 
and its roots in Western tradition, how Judaeo- 
Christian thought has traditionally regarded nature 
and its relationship to God and humans, and 
implications for action. 

RE 382H Nature and the Sacred: 
Religion and Ecology 

Examine the ways in which religions shape 
human understandings and treatment of the 
natural environment, with an emphasis on non- 
Western religions. 

RE 383H Hindu Mystical Poetry 

Representative works from the classical, medieval 
and contemporary periods, different genres and 
regional philosophies represented by various poets. 

RE 39 IG Myths of Creation and Destruction 

A comparative investigation of how cultures have 
accounted for their place in the cosmos by means ot 
telling myths of origin and ot endings/destruction. 
Emphasis upon cross-cultural comparison of myths. 

RE 401 Internship in Religious Education 

Supervised, field-based experience in church work, 
with a minimum of 150 hours on-site experience. 
Permission of instructor required. 

RE 440 Strange Fire: God and the Book 

A way into "biblical theology" that focuses on questions 
about sacred writing and god-talk (theology). Sur\'ey 
past thinking, explore more modem directions. 



103 



Religious Studies 



RE 443 Seminar on Hindu Tantra 

Meditative techniques and visualizations, mantra 
recitations, mystic diagrams, yogic practice, worship 
of the Goddess. The sacred origin of sound and 
language, the nature of supreme consciousness. 
Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. 

RE 449 Religion and Imagination 

Philosophical and theological treatments of 
imagination in religion and in all ot lite, their 
implications for religion, faith and the role of 
intellectual reflection in religion. Focus on Chris- 
tianity, but principles have broader implications. 
Prerequisite: Permission of instnictor. 

R.O.T.C. (RESERVE OFFICER'S 
TRAINING CORPS) 

AEROSPACE STUDIES 
AIR FORCE R.O.T.C. 

The Air Force Reser\'e Officers Training Corps 
(AFROTC) cuniculum includes 12-16 course hours 
of instruction by active dur\' Air Force eifficers over a 
one- to four-year period. A student who completes 
the AFROTC program will receive an Air Force 
Commission as a second lieutenant and is guaran- 
teed a position in the active duty Air Force at a 
starting pay of approximately $36,000 per year. 

AFROTC is offered as a one-, two-, three-, or four- 
year program. The three- and four-year programs 
normally require a student to successfully complete 
all degree requirements for award of a bachelor's 
degree, 14 or 16 course hours of AFROTC classes 
respectively, and a four-week field training encamp- 
ment between his/her sophomore and junior years. 
The two-year program gives students who do not 
enroll in AFROTC during their freshman and 
sophomore years the opportunity of taking 
AFROTC. Students should apply iov the two-year 
program by December of the Sophomore year. 
The one-year program is provided to students 
entering their senior year - per the needs of the 
Air Force. The one and two year students attend a 
six-week field-training encampment in the first 
available summer. 

R.O.T.C. students take a 1 .8 hour non-credit 
leadership laboratory' in addition to the academic 
classes. Students wear the Air Force uniform during 
these periods and are taught customs and courtesies 
of the Air Force. Leadership Laboratoi7 is open to 
students who are members ot the Reserve Office 
Training Coips or are eligible to pursue a commission 
as determined by the Professor of Aerospace Studies. 

AFROTC 4, 3, 2, and 1-year scholarships are 
available for eligible applicants. These scholarships 
pay all tuition, fees, books and a $250-$400 per 



mcinth tax-tree stipend. Non-scholarship st)pho- 
mores are eligible for the General Military Course 
Incentive, receive up to $1,500 in tuition. Non- 
scholarship students in the final two years of the 
program are eligible for the Professional Officer 
Course Incentive (POCI) and a monthly $350-$400 
tax-free stipend. Qualified POCI students receive up 
to $3,850 a year which covers tuition, fees and 
books. Those interested in more informatitin about 
scholarship criteria should contact the AFROTC 
Department. 

Students interested in enrolling in the programs can 
begin registration procedures through the ROTC 
office in BEH 360 or by registering for the appropri- 
ate "AFR" course through university registration. 
Veterans, active duty personnel, and graduate 
students are encouraged to inquire about special 
accelerated programs designed for them. TTie 
AFROTC phone number is (813) 974-3367. 

Eckerd College will award one Eckerd College course 
for the first two years (equivalent to tour semester 
hours) and three course credits (equivalent to twelve 
semester hours) for the successful completion of the 
final two years. 

ARMY RESERVE OFFICER'S 
TRAINING CORPS (R.O.T.C.) 

The Department of Military Science tor Army 
Reserve Officers Training Corps (R.O.T.C.) was 
established to select and prepare students to serve as 
officers in the Regular and Reser\'e components of 
the United States Army. TTie curriculum is designed 
to develop the student's leadership potential and 
improve students' planning, organizational, and 
managerial skills. 

Army R.O.T.C. training is divided into two phases: 
the first two years constitute the Basic Course; the 
last two the Advanced Course. The Department 
offers both a four and a two year program, each 
leading to a commission as a second lieutenant in 
the United States Army The four-year program 
requires completion of the Basic Course, a five-week 
field training course, and the Advanced Course. 
Students with prior active military service or 
previous training at military' schools may exempt 
from some or all of the Basic Course. Students with 
questions concerning the various options should 
contact the Professor of Military Science for more 
infonnation. Enrollment is open to qualified students 
at all levels, including graduate students. Ofterings 
are published each semester. 

Army R.O.T.C. training provides scholarships, pay, 
free uniforms and textbooks. Scholarships are 
awarded (.in a competitive basis in all academic 
majors. The scholarship pays full tuition, books, lab 
and mandatoiy fees, and certain other academic 
expenses. All Advanced Course and scholarship 



104 



students receive a monthly subsistence payment that 
ranges from $250.00 as a freshman to $350.00 as a 
senior. This is in addition to the pay of approxi- 
mately $700.00 while attending the five- week field 
training course at the Leader Development and 
Assessment Course, at Fort Lewis, Washington. 
Additional skills training: Airborne School, Air 
Assault School, and the Northern Warfare School 
are available to both Basic and Advanced Course 
students during semester breaks. Additional skills 
training is also available during the academic year to 
include first aid, rappelling, orienteering, etc. 

Basic Course: The Basic Course consists of four 
semesters of classroom instruction of one hour each 
week and a leadership lab. Students incur no military' 
commitment by participating in the Basic Course. In 
lieu of attending die basic course classroom instmc- 
tion, a student may attend the four-week Leadership 
Training Course at Fort Knox, Kentucky during the 
summer of the student's sophomore year. 

Advanced Course: TTie Advanced Course consists of 
four semesters of classroom instniction of three hours 
each week. Leadership lab, physical fitness and field 
training exercises, arid a five-week training phase at 
Leader Development and Assessment Course. 
This course is designed to prepare the student who 
desires to be a Professional Army Officer for duty, 
either Active Army, Reserve or National Guard. 
Additional follow-on training is available to selected 
cadets at both US based and overseas active 
Army units. 

Job Opportunities: The newly commissioned officer 
can be guaranteed Reserve or National Guard duty, 
or compete for an Active Duty commission. Prior to 
commissioning the student may request to serve in a 
number of career fields to include aviation, engineer- 
ing, medical, law, law enforcement, logistics, and 
personnel administration. 

Reejuirements for an R.O.T.C. Commission: 
Students who desire to earn a commission as a 
Second Lieutenant in the United States Army must 
meet the following requirements: four semesters of 
the R.O.T.C. Advanced Course, successful comple- 
tion of the Professional Military Education Courses 
(written communication skills, computer literacy, 
and military history), attendance at Leader Develop- 
ment and Assessment Course, maintain and 
graduate with a minimum of a 2.0 GPA, successful 
completion of the Army Physical Readiness Test, 
compliance with Arnny height arid weight standards, 
and other requirements of the United States Amiy. 

For more information contact USF Army R.O.T.C. 
at (813) 974-4065, or visit the website at http:// 
web.usf.edu/usfarotc/ 



R.O.XC. 

Eckerd College will award one Eckerd College course 
credit (equivalent to four semester hours) for each 
course completed for two semesters for a total of four 
course credits (equivalent to sixteen semester hours) 
for the complete four year program. 

AFRl 1101 Foundations of U.S. Air Force 
Introduction to the Air Force Reserve Officer 
Training Corps (AFROTC) and the United States 
Air Force (USAF) including lessons in officership 
and professionalism as well as an introduction to 
communication. A minimum of 80 percent atten- 
dance is required for a passing grade. First semester of 
a four semester sequence. Four semesters required for 
one course credit. 

AFR2 1120 Foundations of U.S. Air Force 

Introduction to the Air Force Reserve Officer 
Training Corps (AFROTC) and the United States 
Air Force (USAF) including lessons in officership 
and professionalism as well as an introduction to 
commmiication. A minimum of 80 percent atten- 
dance is required for a passing grade. Second 
semester of a four semester sequence. Four semesters 
required for one course credit. 

AFR3 2130 History of Air and Space Power I 

A study of air power from balloons and dirigibles to 
the space-age global positioning systems in the 
Persian Gulf War. Emphasis is on the employment of 
air power in WWl and WWII and how it affected 
the evolution of air power concepts and doctrine. 
A minimum of 80 percent attendance is required 
for a passing grade. Third semester of a four 
semester sequence. Four semesters required for one 
course credit. 

AFR4 2140 History of Air and Space Power 2 

Historical review of air power employment in 
military and nonmilitary operations in support of 
national objectives. Emphasis is on the period from 
post WWII to present. A minimum of 80 percent 
attendance is required for a passing grade. Fourth 
semester of a four semester sequence. Four semesters 
required for one course credit. 

AFRl 3220 Air Force Leadership and 
Management I 

An integrated management course, emphasizing the 
individual as a manager in an Air Force environ- 
ment. The individual motivational and behavioral 
processes, leadership, communication, and group 
dynamics are covered to provide a foundation for 
the development of the junior officer's professional 
skills. A minimum of 80 percent attendance is 
required for a passing grade. First semester of a two 
semester sequence. Two semesters required for one 
course credit. 



105 



R.O.T.C. 



AFR2 3231 Air Force Leadership and 
Management II 

A continuation of the study of Air Force advance- 
ment and leadership. Concentration is on advanced 
leadership topics, organizational and personal values, 
and military ethics. A minimum ot 80 percent 
attendance is required for a passing grade. Second 
semester of a two semester sequence. Two semesters 
required for one course credit. 

AFR 4201 National Security Forces I 

A study of the Anned Forces as an integral element 
of society, with an emphasis on American civil- 
military relations and context in which U.S. defense 
policy is fomiulated and implemented. A minimum 
of 80 percent attendance in scheduled classes is 
required for a passing grade. 

AFR 42 11 National Security Forces II 

A continuation ot the study of the Armed Forces in 
contemporary' American society. Concentration is 
on the requisites tor maintaining adequate national 
security forces; constraints on the national defense 
structure; strategic preparedness; national security 
policy; and military justice. A minimum of 80 
percent attendance in scheduled classes is required 
for a passing grade. 

MARl 1 00 IC Leadership in the 
Army Profession 

Examines the unique duties and responsibilities of 
officers, organization and role of the Army, review 
skills pertaining to fitness and communication, 
analyze Army values and expected ethical behavior. 
Lee. -Lab. First semester of a two semester sequence. 
Two semesters required for one course credit. 

MAR2 1002C Basic Leadership 

Presents ftindamental leadership concepts and 
doctrine, practice basic skills that underlie effective 
problem solving, examine the officer experience. 
Lee. -Lab. Second semester of a two semester se- 
quence. Two semesters required for one course credit. 

MAR 1 2 1 1 C Leadership in Changing 
Environments 

Develops knowledge of self, self-confidence, and 
individual leadership skills, develop problem solving 
and critical thinking skills, apply communication, 
feedback, and conflict resolution skills. Lecture-Lab. 
First semester of a two semester sequence. Two 
semesters required for one course credit. 

MAR2 2102C Leadership and Teamwork 

Focuses on self-development guided by knowledge of 
self and group processes, challenges current beliefs, 
knowledge, and skills. Second semester of a two 
semester sequence. Two semesters required for one 
course credit. 



MARl 320 IC Leading Teams 

Examines skills that underlie effective problem 
solving, analyze military missions and plan military 
operations, execute squad battle drills. First semester 
of a two semester sequence. Two semesters required 
for one course credit. 

MAR2 3202C Leadership and Ethics 

Probes leader responsibilities that foster an ethical 
command climate, develop cadet leadership 
competencies, apply principles and techniques of 
effective written and oral communication. Second 
semester ot a two semester sequence. Two semesters 
required for one course credit. 

MARl 4301C Leadership Development 

Discuss staff organization, functions, and processes, 
analyze counseling responsibilities and methods, and 
apply leadership and problem solving principles to a 
complex case study/simulation. First semester of a 
two semester sequence. Two semesters required for 
one course credit. 

MAR2 4302C Officership 

Capstone course to explore topics relevant to second 
lieutenants entering the Army, describe legal aspects 
ot decision making and leadership, analyze Army 
organization from tactical to strategic level. Second 
semester of a two semester sequence. Two semesters 
required for one course credit. 



SEA SEMESTER 

An opportunity tor qualified students to earn a 
semester of credit in an academic, scientific and 
practical experience leading to a realistic under- 
standing of the sea, sponsored by the Sea Education 
Association, Inc. (S.E.A.). 

Students spend the first half of the semester (the six- 
week shore component) in Woods Hole, Massachu- 
setts, receiving instruction in oceanography, nautical 
science and maritime studies. They then go to sea for 
the second half ot the semester (the six-week sea 
component) for a practical laboratory experience. 
The program may be begun at several times during 
the academic year. 

For more information, contact the Office of 
International Education and Off Campus Programs. 

Block credit tor tour courses is awarded for the 
successffil completion of the five topics listed below. 
Students from any major may apply and this satisfies 
the Environmental Perspective requirement. Sea 
Education Association, Inc. (S.E.A.) offers a shorter 
summer program for three course block credit. 
Students interested in the summer program must 
apply directly to S.E.A. 



106 



SM 301 Oceanography 

Survey of the characteristics and processes of the 
global ocean. Prerequisite: one semester of a college 
laboratory course in a physical or biological science. 

SM 302 Maritime Studies 

A multidisciplinar^' study ot the history, literature 
and art ot our maritime heritage, and the political 
and economic problems of contemporary 
maritime affairs. 

SM 303 Nautical Science 

Navigation, naval architecture, ship construction, 
marine engineering systems and the physics of sail. 

SM 304 Practical Oceanography 1 

Shore component. Introduction to the tools and 
techniques of the practicing oceanographer. First 
component of a two component course. Both 
components required for one course credit. 

SM 305 Practical Oceanography II 
Advanced 

Sea component. Individually designed research 
project; operation of the vessel. Second component 
of a two component course. Both components 
required for one course credit. 



SOCIOLOGY 

Sociology concerns the application of scientific 
methods to the study of the diverse ways m which 
social forces shape individual conduct and experi- 
ence. Theories of human behavior are developed and 
tested through the collection and analysis ot 
empirical evidence. The discipline strives to provide 
students with perspectives and methods that may be 
applied to understanding a broad range of social 
phenomena. 

Knowledge and skills expected ot sociology students: 

• Sociology students learn critical thinking skills, 
including the ability to challenge common 
assumptions, formulate questions, evaluate 
evidence, and reach reasoned conclusions. 

• Critical thinking skills are developed from a 
foundation of sociological theory. Students 
acquire knowledge of traditional and emergent 
sociological perspectives that may be applied 
to understanding the various dimensions of 
social life. 

• Methodological competency is necessary to the 
development and application of critical 
thinking. Students acquire qualitative and 
quantitative research skills which allow an 
appreciation of sociological research, and 

■ facilitate the critique of evidence underlying 
many issues of public debate. 



Sociology 

• The sociology discipline is committed to the 
active engagement of student learning. Many 
courses provide opportunities for research 
projects and experiential learning assignments 
that extend learning beyond the classroom to 
the real world laboratory' of social life. 

• Sociology students develop writing arid 
speaking skills needed to present ideas and 
research efforts in a cogent and scholarly form. 
Clear, organized presentation of ideas and 
research is requisite to sociological training. 
Consequently, every effort is made to help 
students improve their oral and written 
communication skills. 

• Sociology- provides an appreciation of cultural 
and social diversity. Students learn to recognize 
and comprehend global and national diversity 
of social life, and thus locate personal values 
and self-identity within the context ot our 
complex and changing social world. 

Students of sociology are required to complete a core 
of six courses with a minimum ot C grade in each 
course. SO 10 IS Introduction to Sociology provides 
the foundation of theoretical perspective, research 
methods, and substantive areas of investigation that 
are shared across the discipline. SO 160M Statistical 
Methods instructs students in the techniques of 
quantitative data analysis. In SO 260 Qualitative 
Methods and SO 360 Research Design, students 
develop an advanced understanding of research 
methods that includes application to real world 
social issues. SO 310 Social Stratification provides a 
thorough examination of the structure arid dynamics 
of inequality. SO 410 The History of Social Thought 
elaborates sociological theory in an intensive 
examination of perspectives for explaining social 
behavior. In addition to the six core requirements, 
each student selects four sociology electives toward 
completion of the ten courses in the major. It is also 
possible for the student to focus the four electives on 
specialization in criminal justice. 

The minor in Sociology consists of SO lOlS 
Introduction to Sociology and any other four courses 
with an SO prefix. 

SO lOlS Introduction to Sociology 

An introduction to the principles and methods of 
sociology, as well as important research findings. 

SO 11 OS Sociology of Sex Roles 

This course examines differences in the behavior and 
experiences of men and women. The objective is to 
examine some commonly identified patterns of 
agreement and disagreement between males and 
females throughout our society. Prerequisite: 
SO lOlS. 



107 



Sociology 

SO 120S Social Problems 

The course will tocus on the sociological understand- 
ing oi social problems. The major topics include 
crime and justice; sexual orientation; disability; 
health and the health care; national security; world 
population; race and ethnicity. 

SO 135 S Self and Society 

Survey of research on the relationship between 
human self-consciousness and socialization. 

SO 160M Statistical Methods 

Introduction to quantitative techniques for data 
analysis in the social sciences. Univariate descrip- 
tion, bivariate description, and statistical inference. 

SO 221 Juvenile Delinquency 

Analyzing juvenile delinquency through examina- 
tion of the collective nature of human behavior, the 
function of values and normative patterns, and social 
conflict over values and resources. Prerequisite: 
SO 1018. 

SO 224S Criminology 

The causes and consequences of crime, the historical 
transition of ideas about crime, types of crime such as 
street level, organized, corporate, government; the 
measurement of crime and criminal deteiTcnce. 

SO 235 Deviance 

A sur\'ey of sociological research on deviaiice, with 
an emphasis on an interactionist perspective. 
Deviance is understood as interaction between those 
doing something and those who feel offended or 
threatened by what they are doing. Prerequisite: 
SO 1018. 

SO 260 Qualitative Methods 

Research practicum on the observation and analysis 
of human behavior. Hands-on experience with field 
research methods and sociological inquiry. Prerequi- 
site: 80 1018. 

SO 310 Social Stratification 

Inequality in the distribution of wealth, power, and 
status within a social system, including the effects of 
ethnicity, race, gender, occupational and wage 
hierarchies. Prerequisites: 80 160M, 1018, and 
permission of instructor. 

SO 315 Sociology of Health and Illness 

This course examines health and illness from the 
perspectives of those experiencing illness and those 
delivering care. It focuses on health and illness as 
social phenomena involving issues such as identity, 
impression-management, and role-taking. 



SO 324S Introduction to Criminal Justice 

Police, courts and corrections, criminal law, public 
attitudes toward crime, discretionary power of police, 
capital punishment, adjustments after prison release. 

SO 325 Community Field Experience 

Students choose an internship m a community 
serving agency such as health rehabilitation, child 
and family services, legal services, special education, 
working a minimum of ten hours a week at the 
agency. Prerequisites: Junior standing or above and 
permission of instructor. 

SO 326 The Family 

Family roles such as children, men, women, spouses, 
parents, kin examined. Ways in which family and 
work life interact. Dynamic changes in American 
family structure and the modem family. Prerequisite: 
SO 1018. 

SO 335 Social Interaction 

A seminar in the study oi face-to-face behavior in 
public places. The nature of deference and de- 
meanor, tension between individuality and social 
structure, rules governing involvement, normal 
appearances, and role distance. Prerequisite: 
SO 160M and 260. 

SO 360 Research Design 

The techniques and application of social science 
research, critical evaluation of research evidence, 
designing and administering a group survey project. 
Prerequisite: SO 160M. 

SO 404 Crime, Justice and Ethics 

Apply ethical theories to analyze criminal justice 
conduct. Due process in law enforcement, tension 
between truth and loyalty, exercise of discretionary 
power, use of force, justification for punishment. 
Prerequisites: SO 2248 and 3248 or permission 
of instructor. 

SO 410 Senior Seminar: 

History Social Thought 

For sociology majors. Concepts, approaches, and 
orientations that have played a part in shaping the 
nature of sociology, and ideas during the 19th and 
20th centuries as sociology matured. 

SO 435 Social Construction of Reality 

The processes whereby "society" is manufactured 
such that it becomes a force external to the dynam- 
ics which produced it. Primary' frameworks, the 
anchoring of activity, legitimation, internalization, 
selective attention, typification. Prerequisite: 
SO 1018. 



108 



SPANISH 

The major in Spanish consists of nine courses and a 
comprehensive examination or, with faculty 
approval, a senior thesis/project. One of the nine 
courses must be 400-level. Spanish majors are 
expected to speak the language well enough to be 
rated at the Intermediate Mid-level of proficiency as 
defined by the American Council on the Teaching 
ot Foreign Languages (ACTFL), and are therefore 
strongly urged to spend at least one semester abroad. 
The Office of International Education will assist 
students in identifying appropriate programs. Please 
note that all study abroad must be approved by 
language faculty and cleared by the registrar. 
Students are also encouraged to participate in 
Eckerd's language-intensive winter terms offered in 
Spain or other Spanish-speaking regions. 

Tlie minor in Spanish consists of five courses. 

Majors and minor who transfer credit (from the U.S. 
or abroad) are required to take at least one advanced 
Spanish course at Eckerd. 

For more information on language study, see 
Modem Languages. 

SP 101 Elementary Spanish 

Fundamentals of Spaiiish language with a focus on 
developing skills in speaking and listening compre- 
hension. Introduction to basic grammatical staic- 
tures and basic vocabulary. 

SP 102 Elementary Spanish 

Continuation of SP 101. Completion ot SP 102 
fulfills the one year language requirement. Prerequi- 
site: SP 101 or equivalent. 

SP 201 Intermediate Spanish 1 

Comprehensive review and in-depth review of 
grammar. Emphasis on interaction and communica- 
tion, allowing students to express, interpret, and 
negotiate meaning in context. Practice in all four 
skills, including journal-based writing and fiction 
reading. Prerequisite: SP 102. 

SP 202 Intermediate Spanish II 

Continuation of SP 201. Prerecpisite: SP 201. 

SP 203 Applied Spanish: Business 

An intermediate course focusing on the application 
of Spanish to the business world. Practice in all four 
skills concentrating on vocabulary and situations 
used in commercial communication. Prerequisite: 

SP 202. 

SP 205 Spanish: Oral Expression 

Develop proficiency in speaking and listening 
comprehension. Extensive acquisition of new, 
theme-based vocabulary, and exposure to authentic 



Spanish 

language through in-class films, followed by post- 
viewing activities. In class oral presentations based 
on cultural iriformation. Prerequisite: SP 202. 

SP 207 Spanish: Written Expression 

Development ot writing skills. Intensive review of 
selected grammar topics such as relative pronouns, 
indicative and subjunctive tenses, and narrating in 
the past. Vocabulary acquisition and proper use of 
dictionary. Prerequisite: SP 202. 

SP 300H Hispanic Short Fiction 

Introductory survey of the short fiction of both Spain 
and Latin America during the 19th and 20th 
centuries. Among the themes to be studied are social 
and political injustice, women's rights, alienation, 
violence, humor and love. Prerequisite: SP 207. 

SP 30 IH History of the Hispanic World 

History ot Spain and Latin America and their 
interaction. Topics covered include Spain as a 
nation, the discoveiy and conquest of the New 
World, the independence, and transition from 
autocracy to democracy in Latin America. Prerequi- 
site: SP 205 & SP 207. 

SP 305H Latin American Literature: 
Dictators and Revolution 

Ideas about revolution, dictatorship, democracy, war, 
independence, autonomy and identity will be 
discussed alter reading literary texts by major Latin 
American writers including Azuela, Garcia Marquez, 
Fuentes and Allende. Prerequisite: SP 207. 

SP 308H Film and Literature: 
Spanish Civil War 

Historical overview of the Spanish Civil War. In- 
depth study of texts and films that address the war in 
a national and international context. Multiple 
perspectives through works by authors from Spain, 
England and Italy. Prerequisite: SP300. 

SP 309H Film and Literature: 

Hispanics in the U.S. 
Selected films and narrative works of fiction and 
non-fiction explore and highlight contrasting aspects 
of "Anglo" and Hispanic cultures. Development of 
cultural awareness through the analysis of the 
general principles that guide the students' own 
culture. Prerequisite: SP 207. 

SP 3 lOH Film and Literature: 
Lorca, Bufiuel, Dali 

Contribution oi these artists to a cultural renaissance 
in 20th centur\'' Spain. In-depth analysis ot selected 
plays, poems, films and paintings. Taught in 
conjunction with staff of the Salvador Dali Museum 
in St. Petersburg. Prerequisite: SP 207. 



109 



Spanish 

SP 311H Poetry in the Hispanic World 

Comprehensive introductory survey of major poets 
and literary movements in the Hispanic world such 
as romanticism, modemismo, and vanguardismo 
with a focus on the 19th and 20th centuries. 
Prerequisite: SP 207. 

SP 312H Latin American Culture in Film 

In-depth analysis of Latin American films by 
contemporary directors like Bemberg, Cuaron, 
Diegues, Lombardi and Martel covering all major 
regions. Influence of class, religion, history, econom- 
ics, politics and national identities in contemporary 
Latin American cultures. Prerequisite: SP 300H. 

SP 320H Applied Spanish: Translation 

Advanced course in translation theory. Practical 
application in translating technical and literary 
texts. Students will translate written material mostly 
from Spanish to English, but will also practice 
translation from English to Spanish. Prerequisite: 
Any 300 level Spanish course. 

SP 401H Spanish Literature: Modem Novel 

Major novels from late 19th century to the 1960's 
by eminent Spanish writers such us Galdos, Baroja, 
Unamuno, Cela, Delibes and Laforet. Prerequisite: 
Any 300 level Spanish course. 

SP 403H Spanish Literature: Modem Drama 

In-depth study of major Spanish playwrights 
including Buero Vallejo, Olmo, Muniz, and Feman- 
Gomez. Focus on plays as socio-historical docu- 
ments. Prerequisite: Any 300 level Spanish course. 

SP 407H Hispanic Women Writers 

Spanish and Latin American women writers, the 
world they lived in and how they helped change it. 
Dynamics ot gender, class and education. Introduc- 
tion to feminist literary criticism. Prerequisites: Any 
300 level Spanish course. 

SP 408H Latin American Literature: 
Reinventing Fiction 

Understanding the social messages and aesthetic 
literary innovations, such as magical realism, in key 
works of 20th century Latin American literature by 
authors such as Vargas Llosa, Garcia Marquez and 
Fuentes. Prerequisite: Any 300 level course. 



STATISTICS 

MA 133M Statistics, An Introduction 

For description, see Mathematics. 

Credit will be given for only one of MA 133M 
and the Behavioral Science statistics courses below, 
but not both. 

SO 160M Statistical Methods 

For description, see Sociology. 

BE 260M Statistical Methods for Natural Sciences 

For description, see Behavioral Sciences. 

MN 260M Statistical Methods: Management and 
Economics For description, see Management. 

PO 260M Political Science Research Methods 

For description, see Political Science. 

PS 200/201M Statistics and Research Design I and II 

For description, see Psychology. 

THEATRE 

Tlieatre is education tor life. The communications, 
analytical and artistic skills learned as a theatre 
major will serve you in good stead in whatever 
field you find yourselves. Theatre at Eckerd is 
designed to prepare students for the "real world" of 
professional theatre and the varied demands of the 
global workplace. 

Theatre is a creative art, which has been and 
remains an essential force in the creation of every 
community since the dawn of civilization. The 
study of theatre requires discipline, commitment 
and stamina. Eckerd theatre students are indepen- 
dent, adaptable, motivated and responsible 
creative thinkers much in demand in every field 
of opportunity. 

Tlieatre students develop skills in acting, directing 
and technical theatre. They acquire knowledge of 
plays, theatrical periods and innovators. They learn 
the functions and responsibilities of theatre profes- 
sionals and theatrical organizations. Every student 
completes an internship at a professional theatre. 

Theatre is a communal activity, and every student at 
Eckerd is encouraged to participate onstage or 
backstage, regardless of experience level. The theatre 
is inclusive, stimulating and just plain fun! 

The academic requirements for theatre majors are 
10 courses which include Stagecraft, Basic Acting, 
Theatre History, Theatre Practicum, Directing, 
Theatre Internship, three theatre electives, and the 
Senior Showcase. A suggested sequence of courses is 
as follows: 



110 



Theatre 



Freshmen 

Basic Acting 
Stagecraft 
Theatre History 

Sophomores 

Tlieatre Practicum 
Theatre elective 

Juniors 

Directing 
Theatre Internship 
Theatre elective 

Seniors 

Senior Showcase 
Theatre elective 

A minor in theatre requires five courses, of which at 
least two are at the 200 level or ahove. 

TH 101 A The Human Instrument 

Exploration of the potentials for use ot the hody, 
voice, movement, energy, sensory awareness, mind, 
and psyche through a wide range of exercises. 

TH 102 A The Living Theatre 

Overview of practical and aesthetic considerations of 
the theatre arts, along with performance and theatre 
technology. Class critiques of dramatic productions 
on campus. Short scenes performed in class. 

TH 145A Design Basics 

An introduction to the elements and principles of 
design, and the design process. Exposure to drafting 
techniques and computer-aided design and drafting. 
Grading is based on practical projects in design, and 
research into design history. 

TH 161A Stagecraft 

Basic principles and procedures for constructing the 
stage picture. Theatre terms, use of hand and power 
tools, set construction, scene painting, special effects 
and new products. 

TH 162 A Stage Lighting 

Basic principles and procedures for electricity and 
stage lighting. Instruments, terminology, wiring, 
drawing light plots, lamps, dimmers, lighting 
control equipment. 

TH 163 A Basic Acting 

Development of basic tools of the actor through 
reading, discussion, acting exercises and scene work. 
Introduction to several approaches to the craft of 
acting. TH lOlA recommended. 

TH 170A Introduction to Filmmaking 

See Computer Science CS 170 A. 



TH 202A Improvisation 

Introduction to basic techniques of improvisation 
and theatre games. Should be viewed as a "labora- 
tory" course. Students work with techniques 
developed by a variety of theatrical innovators, with 
emphasis on controlled creativity. Permission of 
instructor required. 

TH 23 3 A Plays in Performance 

Go to the theatre. Leani about acting technique, 
playwriting styles and theatre criticism through 
an examination of performance, by attendance at 
ten plays over the course of the semester. Learn 
techniques of play analysis and how to write an 
effective critique. 

THl 235A Theatre Practicirai - 1st Semester 

A laboratory experience in performance and 
production. Students learn professional theatre 
etiquette, stage management, technical and 
perfomiance skills. Two semesters required for one 
course credit. Must include one assignment in 
technical theatre. 

TH2 23 5 A Theatre Practicum - 2nd Semester 

Continuation of Theatre Practicum. Two semesters 
required for one course credit. 

TH 238A Silent Movies 

An exploration of the world of silent movies, the 
genre which gave birth to the motion picture as we 
know it. Examination of the themes, ideas and 
technical vocabulary of filmmaking. Includes the 
production of a three minute silent movie. 

TH 245 Scene Design 

Play analysis and research for creating scene designs. 
Drawings, groundplans, renderings, model-making. 
Each student will produce a number of designs. 
Prerequisite: TH 161 A or TH 162A or pemiission 
of instmctor. 

TH 257 Acting: Viewpoints/ 
Devising Theatre 

Focus on practical study in areas of acting, e.g., 
ensemble, improvisation, characterization, voice, 
dialects, maskwork, scene-study, acting styles, 
auditioning. Prerequisite: TH 163A of permission 
of instructor. 

TH 263A Technical Theatre 

Focus on academic/practical study in areas of 
technical theatre, e.g., stage management, advanced 
stagecraft, welding, drafting, scene painting, etc. 
Prerequisite: TH 161 A or 162 A or permission 
of instructor. 



Ill 



Theatre 

TH 282A Theatre History 

Theatrical as opposed to purely literary values in 
Eastern and Western culture, and the forces that 
contributed to the development ot various styles of 
presentation in each distinct historical period, with a 
key script from each period. 

TH 322A Communication Arts 
and Persuasion 

The principles, values, forms and effects of persuasive 
public communication. Film and \'ideo tape 
examples. Experience in analysis, reasoning, 
evidence and organization of the persuasive speech. 
Not open to Freshmen. 

TH 3 23 A Oral Interpretation of Literature 

Read literature for characterization, locus, teclinical 
considerations, devices of language and structure, 
text analysis. Lectures, exercises to develop begin- 
ning readers, and at least six oral presentations 
projects. Attendance essential because of emphasis 
on performance. 

TH333A Play Reading 

An exploration of current and contemporary plays 
produced in New York and London. Designed to 
increase overall theatrical vocabulaiy and foster skills 
in script analysis and communication. 

TH 357 Acting: Viewpoints /Devising Theatre 

Continuation of TH 257. Prerequisite: TH 257. 

TH 372 Directing 

Study and practice of play-directing theories and 
techniques: analysis of play, rehearsal process, 
organizational procedures from script to production. 
Productions provide menu for Lunchbox Theatre 
Series. Prerequisite: TH 163 A or equivalent 
experience or permission of instructor. 

TH 457 Acting: Viewpoints/Devising Theatre 

Continuation of TH 357. Prerequisite: TH 357. 

TH 473 Advanced Directing 

Develop a personal directing style to meet the 
requirements of a given script, whether period or 
modem piece. Each director prepares at least two 
examples for an audience. Critique discussions. 
Prerequisite: TH 372. 

TH 499 Senior Showcase 

All graduating seniors are required to participate 
in senior showcase, a performance designed to 
highlight their skills as performers and/or designers. 
Majors only. 



VISUAL ARTS See Art. 

WESTERN HERITAGE IN 
A GLOBAL CONTEXT 

All freshmen are required to take Western Heritage 
in a Global Context 1 and 11. These courses explore 
central concepts and materials of civilization and 
introduce freshmen to the themes of Eckerd 
College's general education program. Western 
Heritage in a Global Context courses are interdis- 
ciplinary, using lecture and discussion formats. The 
discussion sections are the same groups, with the 
same instructor, as the autumn tenn groups. 

Selected freshmen in the Honors Program meet 
weekly for the academic year and are awarded a 
course credit for WHl/2 184 Western Heritage 
in a Global Context (Honors). Tliis is in addition 
to Western Heritage in a Global Context I and 11. 
Admission is by application to the Honors 
Program Director. 

WH 181 West Heritage-Global Context I 

The first course in ger^eral education introduces 
values through the study of the Greek, Roman, 
Chinese, and Indian worlds, using masterworks of 
those civilizations. 

WH 182 West Heritage-Global Context II 

Exploring the post Renaissance world through 
literature, the arts, scientific accomplishments, and 
other major endeavors. 

WHl 184 Western Heritage (Honors) - 
1st semester 

The Freshman course for students in the Honors 
Program. Students meet weekly for the academic 
year and are awarded a course credit. Admission is by 
application to the Honors Program Director. Two 
semesters required for one course credit. 

WH2 184 Western Heritage (Honors) - 
2nd semester 

Continuation of the Freshman course for students 
in the Honors Program. Students meet weekly 
for the academic year and are awarded a course 
credit. Admission is by application to the Honors 
Program Director. Two semesters required for one 
course credit. 



112 



Women's and Gender Studies 



WOMEN'S AND 
GENDER STUDIES 

Weimen's and gender studies is an interdisciplinary 
major in human societies, both past and present. It is 
also an inquiry into women's material, cultural and 
economic production, their collective undertakings 
and self descriptions. The women's and gender 
studies major seeks to provide opportunities tor: 

• acquiring breadth of learning and integrating 
knowledge across academic disciplines. 

• developing an understanding and respect 
for the integrity of self and others. 

• learning to communicate effectively. 

• cleveloping the knowledge, abilities, 
appreciation and motivations that liberate 
men and women. 

• seriously encountering with the values 
dimensions of individual growth and 
social interaction. 

Majors develop integrative skill competencies in 
bibliographic instruction, writing excellence, close 
reading of texts, creative problem-solving, small 
group communication, oral communication, and 
expressive awareness. 

Students majoring in women's and gender studies 
must take a minimum of ten courses, including 
WG 20 IH, and then nine courses in three disci- 
plines in consultation with their Mentors. Five ot 
these courses must be at the 300 level or above. 
Majors must successfully pass a Senior comprehen- 
sive examination or, if invited by the faculty, write a 
Senior thesis. 

For a minor in women's and gender studies, students 
take five courses including WG 20 IH. Three of the 
five courses must be at the 300 level or above. 



Descriptions of the following courses in the 
major are found in the disciplinary listings: 

AMERICAN STUDIES 

AM 307H Rebels with a Cause: Radicals, 

Reactionaries and Reformers 

(Directed Study available) 
AM 308H Becoming Visible: Sex, Gender and 
American Culture (Directed Study available) 

ANTHROPOLOGY 

AN 208S Human Sexuality 

AN 289S Gender: Cross-cultural Perspective 



ART 

CR 3 84 A Twentieth Century American 
Women in the Arts 

CHINESE 

CN 208G Gender/Sexuality in Asian Literature 
CN 268 A Love &. Justice/Chinese Tlieater 
CN 30 IH Hero/Anti-Hero in Chinese Literature 
CN 302H East Meets West: Chinese Cinema 

COMPOSITION 

FD 122 Analytical and Persuasive Writing: 
Writing and Gender 

CREATIVE WRITING 

CW 305 A Journals, Diaries, and Letters: 
The Intimate Connection 

ECONOMICS 

EC 28 IS Principles of Microeconomics 
EC 371 Economics of Labor Markets 

FRENCH 

FR 404 Themes in French Literature 
FR 406 French Theatre on Stage 

HISTORY 

HI 32 IH Women in Modem America: The Hand 
that Cradles the Rock (Directed Study available) 
HI 324G Native American History 
HI 366H Inside Nazi Gennany 

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT 

HD 204 Socialization: A Study of Gender Issues 
HD 209 Childhood Roles and Family Systems 

LITERATURE 

LI 205 H Woman as Metaphor 
LI 312H Literature and Women 

MANAGEMENT 

MN 371 Organizational Behavior & Leadership 

PHILOSOPHY 

PL 10 IH Introduction to Philosophy 

PL 24 IH Ethics: Tradition and Critique 

PL 244H Social and Political Philosophy 

PL 246H Philosophy and Film 

PL 312H American Philosophy 

PL 342H 20th Century' Philosophical Movements 

POLITICAL SCIENCE 

PO 103G Introduction to International Relations 

PC 342S Hunger, Plenty, and Justice 

PO 315 Theories of War and Peace 

PO 316 Women and Politics Worldwide 



113 



Women's and Gender Studies 



PSYCHOLOGY 

PS 202 Psychology' of Childhood and Adolescence 
PS 203 Psychology of Adulthood and Aging 

RELIGIOUS STUDIES 

RE 206H The Bihle, Gender, and Sexual Politics 

RE 220H The Bihle in American Culture 

RE 234H The Goddess in Eastern Tradition 

RE 329H Liberation Theology 

RE 36 IH Contemporary Christian Thought 

RE 373H Women and Religion 

RE 38 IE Ecotheology 

SOCIOLOGY 

SO 326 The Family 

SO 345S Complex Organizations 

SPANISH 

SP 407H Spanish Women Writers 



WG 20 IH Introduction to Women's & 
Gender Studies 

Issues involved in the social and historical construc- 
tion of gender and gender roles from an interdisci- 
plinary' perspective. Human gender differences, male 
and female sexuality, relationship between gender, 
race and class. 

WG 203H Women in the Ancient World 

Examines the role and status ot women (both 
aristocratic and lower-class) and goddesses in the 
ancient Greek and Romaii world, as well as represen- 
tations of them in ancient literature and art. 
Also discusses the family, social relations, and 
gender stereotypes in the ancient world and their 
influence today. 

WG 22 IH Black Women in America 

Slavery, the work force, the family, education, 
politics, social psychology, and feminism. 



WRITING WORKSHOP 

See Creative Writing. 



114 



CAMPUS AND STUDENT LIFE 



At Eckerd, learning is not restricted to the 
classroom. TTie college cherishes the freedom that 
students experience in the college community and 
in the choices they make concerning their own 
personal growth. At the same time, each student, 
as a member of a Christian community 
of learners, is expected to contribute to this 
coinmunity and to accept and live by its \'alues 
and standards: commitment to tmth and excel- 
lence; devotion to knowledge and understanding; 
sensitivity to the rights and needs of others; belief 
in the inherent worth of all human beings and 
respect for human differences; contempt for 
dishonesty, prejudice and destaictiveness. Just as 
Eckerd intends that its students shall be compe- 
tent givers throughout their lives, it expects that 
giving shall be the hallmark of behavior and 
relationships in college lite. Just as Eckerd seeks to 
provide each student with opportunities for 
learning and excellence, each student is expected 
to play a significant part in the vitality and 
integrity of the college community. 

As an expression of willingness to abide by these 
standards, every student, upon entering Eckerd 
College, is expected to sign the Shared Commit- 
ment and the Honor Pledge that guide student life 
on campus. For a full description of the Shared 
Commitment, see page 4. 



THE CITY 

St. Petersburg is a vibrant cit^' in its own right, and 
St. Petersburg, Tampa, and Clearwater together 
fonn a metropolitan area of over two million 
people with all the services and cultural facilities 
of any area this size. 

St. Petersburg and nearby cities ofter art museums, 
symphony orchestras, road show engagements of 
Broadway plays, rock concerts, circuses, ice shows, 
and other attractions. 

There are major golf and tennis tournaments in 
the area. Professional football fans can follow 
the Tampa Bay Buccaiieers, professional hockey 
tans can toUow the Tampa Bay Lightning, and 
professional baseball tans can follow the Tampa 
Bay Devil Rays. 

The Tampa Bay area hosts many regattas for sail 
boats and races for power boats every year. Eine 
public beaches on the Gulf of Mexico are within 
bicycling distance of the Eckerd College campus, 
as are public golf courses. 

St. Petersburg has a pleasant semi-tropical climate 
with an average temperature of 73.5 degrees E 
and annual rainfall of 51.2 inches. 




Photo courtesy City of St. Petersburg 
115 



THE CAMPUS 



CAMPUS ACTIVITIES 



Situated in a suburban area at the southwest tip of 
the peninsula on which St. Petersburg is located, 
Eckerd's campus is large and uncrowded — 1 88 
acres with about a mile and a half of waterfront 
on Boca Ciega Bay and Frenchman's Creek. 
Our air-conditioned buildings were planned to 
provide a comfortable environment tor learning 
in the Florida climate. Professors and students 
frequently forsake their classrooms and gather 
outdoors in the sunshine or under a pine tree's 
shade. Outdoor activities are possible all year; 
cooler days during the winter are usually mild. 



RESIDENCE LIFE 

Eckerd College has eleven residential complexes 
for student housing, consisting of eight complexes 
with four houses of 34-36 students including the 
newly constructed Iota complex, 16 eight person 
suites in Nu Donn, 33 four and five person 
apartments with livmg room and kitchen in 
Omega, and 60 double occupancy rooms with 
private bath in Sigma. Most of the student 
residences overlook the water. Each residence unit 
has a student Residential Advisor (R.A.) who is 
available for basic academic and personal counsel- 
ing and is generally responsible for the residence. 
Resident Advisors and student residents are 
supported by full-time professional residence life 
staff living on campus. 



STUDENT GOVERNMENT 

Tlie Eckerd College Organization of Students 
(ECOS) is the college's student government 
association. It acts as a link between the students 
and the administration, with its officers sitting on 
many policy making committees, representing 
student views and issues. It also coordinates the 
budgetiiig of student organizations and activities, 
with funds accumulated from each student's 
activities fee. The membership of ECOS consists 
of all residential degree seeking students, full and 
part time. 



Eckerd believes that significant learning takes 
place both within and beyond the classroom. 
The Campus Activities office, in cooperation with 
Palmetto Productions — the student activities 
board — and other student organizations, offers a 
broad array of cultural, social, recreational, and 
fitness activities. The result is a rich, active 
campus life that complements the student's 
academic program and that offers options for co- 
curricular activities that suit a variety of interests. 



HOUGH CENTER 

The Hough Center serves as the hub for recre- 
ational and social activities. The facilities include 
a fitness center, conversation lounge, several 
meeting rooms, multipurpose room, and Triton's 
Pub. The Pub is a place where students and faculty 
may continue a discussion that started in class, 
attend a poetry reading or open mike, enjoy a 
movie in our state-of-the-art theater system, 
share a game of pool, or enjoy the featured 
entertainment. 




116 



ENTERTAINMENT AND 
CULTURAL ACTIVITIES 

Tlie College Program Series, jointly planned by 
students, faculty and administration, is designed to 
enhance the intellectual, religious and cultural life 
of the college community through bringing well- 
known scholars, artists, scientists and distinguished 
Americans to the campus each semester. 

The student activities board, Palmetto 
Productions, sponsors movies, coffee house 
programs, dances, comedy nights and concerts 
featuring local and nationally known artists. The 
Ofifice of Multicultural Affairs, along with the 
Afro-American Society, International Students 
Association, and International Student Programs 
Office, sponsors an array of ethnic programs 
throught)ut the year. 

The music, art and theatre disciplines sponsor 
student and faculty recitals, programs from the 
concert choir and chamber ensemble, exhibitions 
by student and faculty artists, dance perfonnances, 
and a series of plays produced by the theatre 
workshops. 

The intramural and recreatiori program allows 
residential houses and individuals to compete in a 
variety of programs. The intramural sports include 
volleyball, flag football, basketball and softball. 
Recreational facilities include outdoor swimming 
pex^l, outdoor basketball courts, sand volleyball 
courts, and fitness center with free weights, cardio- 
equipment, and aerobics room. Plans and designs 
are underway for a new Wellness Center. 
Amenities will include fitness, cardio and exercise 
space; a leisure swimming pool, an outdoor 
covered sports pavilion, and performance venue. 



ORGANIZATIONS AND CLUBS 

If there is enough student interest to fomi a club, 
it may be easily chartered and funded through 
the Eckerd College Organization of Students 
(ECOS). Organizations which have been student- 
initiated include the Afro- American Society, 
Biology Club, Circle-K, International Students 
Association, the Triton Sailing and Boardsailing 
Teams, Athletic Boosters, Model UN, Earth 
Society, Men's Volleyball, and Men's Lacrosse. 



RELIGIOUS LIFE 

The College Chaplain directs the Campus 
Ministry Program, a joint effort of students, faculty, 
and staff. The program provides religious activities 
in a Christian context. These include worship 
services, special speakers, themed weeks, small 
group studies, service projects, and fellowship 
activities. Individuals and groups of other religious 
traditions receive assistance from Campus 
Ministries in connecting students, of like tradition, 
with one another and with their faith communi- 
ties off campus. Tl'ie Chaplain serves as minister to 
students, faculty and staff, is available for counsel- 
ing or consultation, and works closely with 
Student Affairs to enhance the quality of campus 
life. Campus Ministries also works in partnership 
with the Center for Spiritual Life and with Service 
Learning to encourage a well-rounded spiritual life 
for all members of the campus community. 

Regardless of their backgrounds, students are 
encouraged to explore matters of faith and 
commitment as an integral part of their educa- 
tional experience. 



STUDENT PUBLICATIONS 

Publications are funded by student government 
and fully controlled by the students themselves. 
Student media include The Triton, the student 
newspaper; WECX, the campus radio station; 
EC-TV, the campus television station; 
The Eckerd Review, a literary magazine featuring 
artwork, prose and poetr>' by members of the 
entire campus community?; and The EC-Book, 
the student handbook. 



CENTER FOR SPIRITUAL LIFE 

Tlie Center exists because of Eckerd's long- 
standing conviction that the liberal arts 
experience is an expression of the human quest 
for meaning. This conviction is grounded in 
Eckerd's rich Christian heritage as a college 
founded by the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.). 
These founding Presbyterians were propelled by a 
vision of human life that is thoroughly integrated 
and flourishing in all matters of body, mind, and 
spirit. The mission of the Center is to serve this 
founding vision by encouraging all members of 
the campus community to take their spiritual lives 
seriously, as a vital dimension of a well-rounded 
human life. 



117 



In addition to stewarding Eckerd's covenant 
relationship with the church, the Center oversees 
a lecture and workshop series that addresses 
matters of faith and life, and "Faculty' Fellows" and 
"Community Fellows" programs that study and 
publish on urgent themes of human spirituality'. 

The Center also works in close partnership with 
Campus Ministries and with Service Learning, in 
a non-exclusive Christian context, to facilitate 
weekly worship, a range oi small-group programs 
in Bible study and discipleship, and hands-on 
ministries of outreach and healing in the 
broader world. 

The Center believes that any authentic expression 
oi faith, any concrete issue of religion, any genuine 
spiritual experience, and any real question about 
God is worth serious exainination in a church- 
related liberal education. The Center strives to 
make Eckerd College a safe haven for all such 
examination. 



WATERFRONT PROGRAM 

Eckerd's Waterfront Program is one of the largest 
collegiate watersports programs in the southeast- 
em United States. All members of the Eckerd 
community have access to the Waterfront facilities 
without iTiembership in a club or organization. 

The facilities, located on Frenchman's Creek, 
include the Wallace Boathouse, an Activities 
Center, multiple docks, and a boat ramp. Addi- 
tional resources include a fleet of sailboats, canoes, 
sea kayaks, sailboards, and multiple power boats 
used for water skiing, fishing, and special trips. In 
addition to daily use of boats and equipment, the 
Waterfront provides guided recreational activities 
focusing on exploring the outdoors through 
camping, kayaking, and hiking. 

The Triton varsity sailing team participates in 
sloop, dinghy and single-hand competitions as a 
member of the South Atlantic Intercollegiate 
Sailing Association (SAISA) and the Intercolle- 
giate Sailing Association (ICSA). The Eckerd 
College Search and Rescue (EC-SAR) team is a 
highly trained group of students who provide 
maritime search and rescue services to the Tampa 
Bay boating community' arid assist over 400 
boaters each year. 



Courses offered by the Waterfront during the 
academic year include sailing (beginning to 
advanced levels), windsurfing, kayaking and 
other watersports. During the summer months, 
a Watersports Camp is held for children and 
teens. Classes include kayaking, windsurfing, 
wakeboarding, water skiing, saltwater fishing, 
exploring marine life, and multiple levels of 
sailing instmction. 

Tlie Waterfront Program is an important and 
unique feature of the Eckerd College community. 
While providing a reprieve from the rigors of 
the classroom, the Waterfront Program also 
provides students with an added extracurricular 
dimension — a chance to learn life-long water 
sports skills and to make valuable contributions 
to the community. 



HEALTH SERVICES 

Health services at Eckerd College are focused 
upon providing accessible, cost-effective, high 
quality primary care and preventative services to 
the students of Eckerd College. The Health 
Center on campus is supervised by a physician and 
staffed by registered nurses experienced in college 
health. Referral for more serious evaluation and 
treatment is made to nearby physicians and 
medical specialists. Two full-service hospitals, with 
state-of-the-art emergency services, are within 10 
minutes of the college campus. 

Tlie Health Center provides examinations, 
diagnostic tests, allergy injections, immunizations, 
medications, well-woman care, supplies, and 
minor procedures. Payment is due at the time of 
service and may be made by cash, personal check, 
major credit card, or charged to the student's 
account. Most major insurance plans are accepted. 
No student will be refused care because of an 
inability to pay at the time of service. 

TTie Health Center staff works closely with 
Eckerd College Counseling Services and the 
Eckerd College Health Educator to provide a 
holistic approach to meeting student health and 
wellness needs. 



118 



COUNSELING SERVICES 

College students encounter new and different 
experiences and face many difficult life decisions. 
TTiere may be times when they need some help 
negotiating these challenges. 

Eckerd College Counseling Services offers an 
atmosphere where personal concerns can be 
examined and discussed freely and confidentially. 
Such an atmosphere increases the chance 
that problems and conflicts will be resolved 
successfully. 

Through the counseling process, students come 
to see themselves and others in a different light, 
learn how to change self-defeating habits and 
attitudes, and become more able to make a 
positive contribution to the lives of others. 

Counselors are interested in assisting students 
with personal, intellectual and psychological 
growth and development. The Office of Counsel- 
ing Services is fully staffed by two full-time and 
three part-time therapists, and all services are free 
and completely confidential. 

In addition to providing psychological counsel- 
ing for students, Counseling Services staff offer 
consultation services to faculty, staff, and 
students who need specialized programs or 
infomiation regarding psychological issues such 
as conflict resolution, crisis intervention, or 
wellness related issues. Topical presentations arid 
workshops are available by request. 

The Office of Disability Support Services (DSS) 
is also housed in Counseling Services, providing 
support services that enable students with 
disabilities to participate in, and benefit from, all 
College programs and activities. DSS ensures 
that otherwise qualified individuals with 
disabilities are protected from discrimination in 
the educational setting. Accommodations for 
Eckerd College students with disabilities are 
arranged through the DSS office. Guidelines for 
eligibility of accommodations are available at the 
Office of Counseling Services and on the Eckerd 
College website www.eckerd.edu. 

The Eckerd College Office of Counseling 
Services, an active member of the American 
College Health Association, is also committed to 
providing accessible, cost-effective, high quality 
primary care, preventative services and health 



education to the students of Eckerd College. 
Tlie Office of Counseling Services strives to 
integrate the universal concepts of wellness and 
health promotion. 



STUDENTS 0¥ COLOR 

As evidence of its active commitment to recaiit 
and encourage minority students, Eckerd supports 
a number of programs in this field. Visits to the 
campus give students of color who are considering 
Eckerd College a chance to view the college, visit 
the faculty, live in the residence halls, and talk 
with other students. 

The Office of Multicultural Affairs works with 
students, faculty and staff to plan a full range 
of programs that celebrate diversity. The Office 
of Multicultural Affairs is available to provide 
assistance for any special needs of students of color. 



DAY STUDENTS 

Students who are married, are over 22 years of age, 
or who live with their families are provided with 
campus post office boxes and a college e-mail 
address to receive communications. Opportunities 
for participation in campus sports, activities, 
cultural events, and student government (ECOS), 
are available to day students. 



ATHLETICS 

Eckerd College is a member of the National 
Collegiate Athletic Association. Men play a full 
intercollegiate schedule in baseball, basketball, 
golf, soccer and tennis. Women's intercollegiate 
sports include basketball, golf, soccer, softball, 
tennis and volleyball. The College is a member of 
the Sunshine State Conference, and both men and 
women play NCAA Division 11 competition. 

The McArthur Physical Education Center houses 
locker rooms, physical education faculty offices, 
two basketball courts, a weight room, three 
volleyball courts, a swimming pool, and areas of 
open space. The Turley Athletic Complex 
includes lighted baseball and softball fields, a 
lighted, synthetic turf soccer field, grandstands, 
and a building which consists of a locker room 
facility and a snack bar. 



119 



ADMISSION 



ADMISSION POLICY 

Eckerd College seeks to admit students of various 
backgrounds, ethnic and national origins who are 
prepared to gain from the educational challenge 
they will encounter at the College while also 
contributing to the overall quality of campus life. 
Admission decisions are made after a careful 
review of each applicant's aptitudes, achievements, 
and character. When you apply, we will look at 
your academic performance in college preparatory 
courses (mathematics, science, social studies, 
English, foreign languages, creative arts). This 
course work must be completed at an accredited 
high school. We will also consider your perfor- 
mance on the college entrance examinations 
(ACT or SAT 1). We do not consider the SAT or 
ACT writing test as a factor in the admission 
decision. SAT IPs are not required. Your potential 
for personal and academic development and 
positive contributioii to the campus community is 
important, and we will look closely at your 
personal essay, record of activities and recommen- 
dations from your counselors and/or teachers. 
Admission decisions are made on a rolling basis 
beginning in October and continuing to the 
academic year for the following fall. Students 
considering mid-year admission for winter term 
(January) are advised to complete application 
procedures by December 1 . Applicants for fall 
entr>' should complete procedures by April 1 . 



FRESHMAN ADMISSION 

High school juniors and seniors considering 
Eckerd College should have taken a college 
preparatory curriculum at an accredited high 
school. Our preference is for students who have 
taken four units of English, three or more units 
each of mathematics, sciences and social studies, 
and at least two units of a foreign language. 
Although no single criterion is used as a determi- 
nant for acceptance and we have no automatic 
"cutofiP' points, the great majority of students 
who gain admission to Eckerd College have a 
high school average of B or better in their college 
preparatory courses and have scored in the top 
25 percent of college-bound students taking the 
ACT or SAT 1. 



APPLICATION PROCEDURES 
FOR FRESHMEN 

1 . Request application fornns in junior year 
or early in senior year from the Office 
of Admission. 

2. Complete and return your application to the 
Office of Admission, with an application fee 
of $35 (non-refundable) no later than April 1 
of the senior year. Students who are financially 
unable to pay the $35 application fee may 
request a fee waiver. Eckerd College accepts 
the Common Application in lieu of its own 
fonn and gives equal consideration to both. 

3. Request the guidance department of the 
secondary school from which you will be 
graduated to send an acaclemic transcript and 
personal recommendation to: Office o{ 
Admission, Eckerd College, 4200 - 54th 
Avenue South, St. Petersburg, Florida 33711. 

4. An-ange to take the SAT 1, offered by the 
College Entrance Examination Beiard or the 
ACT, offered by the American College Testing 
Program. Take your test in spring of junior year 
or early fall of senior year. 

TRANSFER ADMISSION 

Eckerd College welcomes students from other 
colleges, universities, junior and community 
colleges that have earned full regional accred- 
itation. Applicants are expected to be in good 
academic and social standing at the institution last 
attended and eligible to return to that institution. 

APPLICATION PROCEDURES 
FOR TRANSFER ADMISSION 

1 . Complete and return application form to the 
Office c^f Admission with an application fee 
of $35 (non-refundable) by August 1 for fall 
semester and December 1 for winter term. 

2. Request that official college transcripts be 
sent to us from each college or university you 
have attended. 

3. Send us a record of college entrance exams 
(SAT I or ACT). This may be waived if you 
have completed more than two full time 
semesters of college level work. 



120 



4. Request a letter of recommendatitin from 
one of your college professors. 

5. If you have completed less than two full time 
semesters at another college, you must submit 
your final high school transcripts. All other 
students must submit proof of high school 
graduation by submitting either your final 
high school transcripts or a copy of your high 
school diploma. 

6. Request the Dean's Reptut to he completed 
by your cun-ent/previous institution. 
Dean's Report is included in the Application 
for Admission and may also be found c^n 
our website. 



EVALUATION AND AWARDING 
OF TRANSFER CREDIT 

Once your official transcript is received, it will be 
forwarded to the registrar for credit evaluation. 

Eckerd College only accepts transfer credits from 
other regionally accredited institutions. It is the 
policy of the college to: 

1 . Award block two-year credit to students who 
have earned an Associate of Arts degree with 
a cumulative grade point average of at least 
2.0; or 

2. Accept, {or transfer students without As- 
sociate of Arts degrees, only those appropriate 
courses in which grades of C or higher were 
earned. Transfer credits will be awarded for 
courses comparable to Eckerd College ccxirses. 

3. Accept a maximum of 63 semester hours of 
transfer credit because the last two academic 
years of study for an Eckerd College degree 
must be completed at Eckerd. 

4. Therefore, all transfer students to Eckerd 
College will have cumulative grade point 
averages of at least 2.0 in courses accepted 
from other institutions toward an Eckerd 
College degree. 

5. Request that applicants who have earned 
credits more than five years ago, or whose 
earlier academic records are unavailable or 
unusual, to direct special inquiry' to the Office 
of Admission. 

6. Award traiisfer credit toward meeting the 
requirements of a major at the discretion 
of the faculty. 



PROCEDURES AFTER 
ACCEPTANCE 

As soon as a student has decided to matriculate 
at Eckerd College for the autumn term or fall 
semester, a $400 enrollment deposit and the 
Candidate Reply Fonn must be sent to the Office 
of Admission no later than postmark May 1 . 
This deposit is refundable until May 1 . Students 
accepted to matriculate for the winter ternn should 
seiid a $400 nori-refundable enrollment deposit 
with the Candidate Reply Fonn within 50 days of 
receipt of the acceptance letter. The enrollment 
deposit is applied toward tuition costs and credited 
to the student's account. 

A Student Infomiation Fonn, Housing Form, and 
Health Fomi are sent to all accepted students. 
The Student Information Form and Housing Form 
should be returned by June 1 . These forms enable 
us to begin planning for needs of the entering class 
of residential and commuting students. 

The Health Form should be completed by your 
personal physician and forwarded to Health 
Services prior to the erirollment date. 



EQUIVALENCY CERTIFICATES 

Students who have not completed a high school 
program but who have taken the General Educa- 
tion Development (GED) examinations may be 
considered for admission. In addition to submitting 
GED test scores, students will also need to supply 
ACT or SAT 1 test results. 



ADMISSION INTERVIEW 

Students considering Eckerd College are strongly 
urged to visit the campus for an interview with an 
admission counselor. We also encourage you to 
visit a class and meet students and faculty members. 
An interview is not a required procedure for admis- 
sion but is always a beneficial step for you, the 
student, as well as for those of us who evaluate your 
candidacy. Phone interviews may also be arranged. 



121 



EARLY ADMISSION 

Eckerd College admits a tew outstanding students 
who wish to enter college directly after their junior 
year in high school. In addition to regular applica- 
tion procedures outlined above, early admission 
candidates must submit a personal letter explaining 
reasons for early admission; request two letters of 
recommendation from an English and a mathemat- 
ics teacher; and come to campus for an interview 
with an admission counselor. A high school 
diploma or GED is required for early admission. 



DEFERRED ADMISSION 

A student who has been accepted for admission 
for a given term may request to defer enrollment 
for up to one year. Requests should be addressed to 
the Director of Admission. 

To secure a place at Eckerd College tor the follow- 
ing year and retain an academic scholarship award, 
a $400 non-refundable enrollment deposit must 
be paid. Candidates for deferral may not matriculate 
to any college or university and receive college 
credit during their year off. 



CREDIT THROUGH TESTING 

Awards based on test scores are limited to one year 
of college credit. This means the maximum 
amount of credit which a student may be awarded 
through any combination of such programs as the 
College Level Examination Program (CLEP), 
Advanced Placement Examinations, or the 
International Baccalaureate program may not 
exceed nine Eckerd College course equivalents 
(31.5 semester hours). Each specific program may 
have further limitations on the amount oi credit 
possible through that program. 

ADVANCED PLACEMENT 

Eckerd College awards course credit on the basis 
of scores on the Advanced Placement examina- 
tions administered by the College Entrance 
Examination Board. Students who have obtained 
scores of four or five will be awarded credit. 
Applicants who seek advanced placement 
should have examination results sent to the 
Oftice of Admission. 



COLLEGE LEVEL EXAMINATION PROGRAM 



Course credit will be awarded on the basis of C 
level scores received on the College Level 
Examination Program (CLEP) as recommended 
by the American Council on Education. The 
amount ot academic credit possible through CLEP 
is limited to three courses. Credit is awarded tor 



exams m subject areas comparable to those accepted 
as transfer credit and must not duplicate courses 
accepted from other institutions or courses taken at 
Eckerd. Use of CLEP credit toward meeting the 
requirements ot a majcu is at the discretion oi the 
taculty. Credit is awarded tor the tollowing: 



EVALUATION 



MAXIMUM 

COURSE 

CREDIT 



E\'ALUAT10N 



MAXIMUM 

COURSE 

CREDIT 



Composition and Literature 

American Literature 

Analyzing and Interpreting Literature 

Freshman College Composition 

Englisli Literature 
Foreign Languages 

College French (Levels 1 and 2) 

College Gemian (Levels 1 and 2) 

College Spanish (Levels 1 and 2) 
Social Sciences and History 

American Government 

American History 1: Early Colonizations to 1877 

American History II: 1865 to Present 

Human Growth and Development 

Introduction to Educational Psychology 

Principles ot Macroeconomics 

Principles of Microeconomics 



International saidents may not use CLEP to recei\'e col 
CLEP results should he sent to the Dean of Admission. 



Social Sciences and History continued 

2 Introductory Psychology' 

2 Introductory Sociology 

2 Western Civilization I: Ancient Near East to 1648 

2 Western Civilization II: 1648 to the Present 

Science and Mathematics 
-3 Precalculus 

-3 Calculus 

-3 College Algebra 

College Algebra-Trigonometry 
General Biolog)' 
General Chemistry 
Trigonometry 
•usiness 
Inttimiation Systems and Computer Applications 
Principles of Management 
Principles of Accounting 
Introductory Business Law 
Principles of Marketing 
lege credit tor elementar\- or mtemiediate foreign language in dieir native tongue. 



122 



INTERNATIONAL 
BACCALAUREATE PROGRAM 

Eckerd College will center sophomore standing 
to students who have completed the full Interna- 
tional Baccalaureate and who have earned grades 
of five or better in their three Higher Level 
subjects. IB students who do not earn the full 
diploma may receive credit tor Higher Level 
subjects in which grades of five or better were 
earned in the examinations. 



INTERNATIONAL 
STUDENT ADMISSION 

Eckerd College enrolls students from all over the 
world. Our International Admission and Scholar- 
ship Committee gives special attention to the 
evaluation of studerits who have completed their 
secondary education outside the United States. 
International candidates whose native language is 
English should submit an official SAT I exam 
report. It English is not the native language 
international candidates must submit an otificial 
TOEFL exam report. Students who completed 
their education in the following countries are 
exempt from the TOEFL reqtiirement: Australia, 
all British West Indies (Jamaica, Bahamas, etc.), 
Canada, Ireland, New Zealand and United 
Kingdom. Students from other countries who 
have competitive scores on the Critical Reading 
section of the SAT or ACT may be considered for 
a TOEFL waiver on an individual basis. 



4. Standardized Tests 

a. Submit an SAT or ACT score. You may 
be exempt it you have completed at least 
one year of full-time university studies. 

5. Certified, true copies of your secondary school 
records and corresponding national or 
provincial examination certificates. If official 
records are not in English, we should receive a 
certified translation in English in addition to 
the official records. 

6. It you need a student visa to study in the U.S.: 

a. Original Statement at Financial 
Responsibility signed by your sponsor. 

b. Sponsor's original bank statement or 
letter dated within nine months of 
intended enrollment. The statement or 
letter must be on bank letterhead and 
must specif^' the amount available for 
your education and support. 

INTERNATIONAL DIPLOMAS 

Tine following international diplomas are accepted tor 
consideration of admission with advanced staiiding: 

The General Certificate of Education of the 
British Commonwealth. Students v\'ith successful 
scores in "A" level examinations may be consid- 
ered tor advanced placement. 

The International Baccalaureate Diploma may 

qualify a candidate tor placement as a sophomore 
(see page 123). 



APPLICATION PROCEDURE 
FOR INTERNATIONAL 
STUDENTS 

1 . Complete and return the application 
fonn with an application fee of $35 
(non-retiindable) at least three months 
prior to the desired entrance date. 

2. Personal Statement 

3. English Proficiency Requirement - 

All students whose education was completed 
in countries other than thcxse listed in the 
section above: 

a. TOEFL score of at least 80 internet- 
based or 550 written examination 

OR 

b. Official Documentation of successful 
completion of ELS Level 112 at an ELS 
Language Center 



READMISSION OF STUDENTS 

It you have previously enrolled at Eckerd College 
and wish to return you should write or call the 
Dean of Students. It will not be necessary for you 
to go through admission procedures again. 
However, it you have been enrolled at another 
college or university you will need to submit an 
official transcript of courses taken there. 

To apply tor readmission after dismissal, a student 
should write to the Dean of Faculty, who chairs 
the Academic Review Committee. 



123 



FINANCIAL AID 



The Office of Financial Aid assists students 
with ways ot financing educational costs. 
Through various institutional, federal and state 
financial aid programs, Eckerd College helps 
students to develop financial plans, which make 
attendance possible. 

Financial aid is a comprehensive temi used to 
describe all sources used to finance college costs. 
This includes institutional scholarships; federal 
and state grants; educational loans and campus 
employment programs. To be eligible to receive 
any financial aid, a student must be admitted to 
Eckerd College and file the Free Application for 
Federal Financial Aid (FAFSA). Qift aid programs 
are scholarship arid grant funds, which do not 
require repayment or a work commitment. 
Self help programs are loans, which are repaid 
through future earnings or employment programs, 
which allow students to earn money, while 
attending college. 

Since some funds are limited, we encourage 
students to file the FAFSA by March 1. 
The FAFSA can be filed electronically at 
www.fafsa.ed.gov. Eckerd College's FAFSA 
code is 001487. 



GIFT AID PROGRAMS 

ECKERD COLLEGE 
SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAMS 

RESIDENTIAL PROGRAM 
STUDENTS 

ECKERD ACADEMIC 
ACHIEVEMENT SCHOLARSHIP 

Eckerd College Academic Achievement Scholar- 
ships are awarded at the time of admission. Awards 
are based on your academic perfomiance, as 
demonstrated through high school cumulative 
GPA and SAT/ ACT scores. Tliese awards are 
available for up to four years, based upon main- 
taining a grade point average of at least 2.0. 



ARTISTIC ACHIEVEMENT AWARDS 

Eckerd College recognizes artistic achievement in 
music, theatre, visual arts and creative writing. 
Scholarships are available to all incoming students, 
both majors and non majors, in these areas. 
An application is required and is available at 
http://www.eckerd.edu/admissions. 



FRESHMAN RESEARCH 
ASSOCIATESHIPS 

Eckerd College Research Associateships are 
awarded to incoming freshmen each year. Tlie 
Associateships are awarded on the basis of the 
student's high school record and are given 
the opportunity to work closely with a member 
of the faculty on a research project, detennined by 
the faculty member. Tliis is available only in the 
freshman year. 

ECKERD GRANT PROGRAM 

Eckerd College awards Eckerd Grant funds to 
students, who apply for financial aid through 
the Free Application for Student Aid (FAFSA). 
Awards are renewable based on continued 
demonstrated financial need and maintaining the 
cumulative grade point average required by 
Eckerd College for continued eligibility to enroll 
(see Renewal Requirements on page 128). 

PROGRAM FOR 
EXPERIENCED LEARNERS 

When Eckerd College started the Program for 
Experienced Learners, the PEL tuition rate was set 
considerably lower than the tuition rate charged 
to Residential Program students. Because of this 
reduced tuition rate, the college is not able to 
support an institutional scholarship program. 
There are some specific scholarships for PEL 
students, as well short temi loans. For further 
information, please contact PEL Financial 
Services at (727) 864-898L 



124 



CHURCH AND CAMPUS 
SCHOLARSHIPS 

Tlie Church and Campus Scholarships are a 
recognition ot merit for new Presbyterian students 
each year who have been recommended by their 
pastor and possess traits ot character, leadership 
and academic ability which in the pastor's opinion 
demonstrate the promise to become outstanding 
Christian citizens, either as lay persons or minis- 
ters. Students recommended by their pastor who 
become recipients of a Church and Campus 
Scholarship will receive a need based grant to be 
used during the freshman year and renewable 
annually on the basis of demonstrated financial 
need, leadership and service achievement, and a 
cumulative grade point average ot at least 2.0. 



GRANT PROGRAMS 
FEDERAL GRANTS 

FEDERAL PELL GRANT 

The Federal Pell Grant program provides grant 
funds to students with high financial need. 
Eligibility for this program is detennined by filing 
the Free Application for Federal Student Aid 
(FAFSA). Eligible students must also be enrolled 
at least half time in a degree program and making 
satisfactory progress to receive this grant. Tlie 
amount of the grant ranges from $400 to $4,3 10 
and is reduced for less than full tmie enrollment. 



FEDERAL ACADEMIC 
COMPETITIVE GRANT 

TTie Federal Academic Competitive Grant, 

which does not need to be repaid, is awarded to 
Federal Pell Grant recipients, who have graduated 
from a rigorous high school program after 
January 1, 2005 and are enrolled full time in a 
degree program. Awards for the first academic year 
are $ 750 and awards for the second academic year 
are $1,300. A second year student must have a 
GPA of 3.0 to receive this funding. To determine 
eligibility for the ACG, new students must have 
their final high school transcript sent to Eckerd 
College for evaluation. Florida students may satisfy 
this requirement by applying for the Florida Bright 
Futures Scholarship program. 



FEDERAL NATIONAL SMART GRANT 

Tlie Federal National SMART Grant is awarded 
to third and fourth year students, who are Pell 
Grant recipients, are attending full time, have a 
3.0 GPA and are majoring in physical, life or 
computer science, engineering, mathematics, 
technology or critical foreign languages. The 
SMART Grant award is for $ 4,000. 



FEDERAL SUPPLEMENT EDUCATIONAL 
OPPORTUNITY GRANT 

Tl-ie Federal SEOG gnmt is awarded by Eckerd 
Q^Uege to students, who are eligible for the Federal 
Pell Grant. Tliese funds are limited cVe awarded 
to students widi exceptional financial need. Appli- 
cants must submit die Free Application for Student 
Aid (FAFSA). 

STATE GRANT PROGRAMS 

FLORIDA RESIDENTS 

The state of Florida pro\'ides scholarship and 
grant programs for Florida residents. 

FLORIDA RESIDENT ACCESS GRANT 

The Florida Resident Access Grant (FRAG) 
supports Florida students attending a private 
college or unix'ersit)'. Students must be residents of 
Florida and enroll full time. This award is not 
made on the basis of academic achievement or on 
the basis of financial need. For renewal, students 
must complete a minimum of 24 credit hours and 
achieve a 2.0 cumulative grade point average. 
Please contact the Office of Financial Aid for 
application requirements. 



FLORIDA BRIGHT FUTURES 
SCHOLARSHIP 

The Florida Bright Futures Scholarship programs 
are funded awarded to Florida high school 
graduates, who have demonstrated academic 
achievement, meet Florida residency requirements 
and enroll at least half time in an eligible Florida 
college. The Honda Academic Scholars program 
awards the equivalent of 100% of a state 
university's tuition, plus a book allowance of 
$600.00. The Horida Medallion and the Horida 



125 



Gold Seal programs award the equivalent of 75% 
of a state university's tuition. Students must meet 
academic requirements established by the state of 
Florida for renewal of this scholarship. 

FLORIDA STUDENT 
ASSISTANCE GRANT 

The Florida Students Assistance Grant (FSAG) 
is awarded by Eckerd College on the basis of 
financial need and fund availability. Applicants 
must be residents of Florida, complete the Free 
Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA), 
meet eligibility guidelines established by the State 
ot Florida and be enrolled as a full time student. 
Since funds are limited, students are encouraged 
to file the FAFSA before the March 1st priority 
deadline. Renewal of this award is based on 
continued financial need, fund availability and 
academic progress, by completing 24 credit 
hours and maintaining a 2.0 cumulative grade 
point average. 



OTHER STATE SCHOLARSHIPS 

The states of Vemiont, Rhode Island and 
Pennsylvania allow their state scholarship awards 
to be used for attendance at Eckerd College. 
Please contact your state scholarship agency 
for application and renewal information. 

PRIVATE SCHOLARSHIPS 

Many private individuals and organizations 
support continued education through scholarship 
programs. Students are encouraged to explore 
private funding though local civic organizations, 
church groups or businesses. A free scholarship 
search is available on the web at 
www.fastweb.com. 

SELF HELP PROGRAMS 

Students help to contribute to educational expenses 
by bonowing through student loan programs or 
working on student employment programs. 



LOANS 

FEDERAL PERKINS LOAN 

The Federal Perkins Loan is awarded by Eckerd 
College to students with exceptional financial 
need. These loans are funded by Federal and 
Eckerd College contributions and are limited. Tlie 
interest rate is 5%. Interest begins to accaie during 
repayment, which begins nine months after the 
borrower is no longer enrolled in college at least 
half time and continues for up to ten years, with a 
$50.00 minimum monthly payment. Students 
must complete the Free Application for Student 
Aid (FAFSA) to be considered for this program. 



FEDERAL STAFFORD LOAN PROGRAM 

TTlie Federal Stafford Loan program allows 
students to borrow low cost, long temi to assist 
with educational expenses. Repayment begins six 
months after a student is no longer enrolled at 
least half time in college and continues for up to 
ten years. All applicants for the Stafford Loan 
must complete the Free Application for Student 
Aid (FAFSA) for Stafford consideration. With a 
subsidized Stafford Loan, the Federal government 
pays the interest when the borrower is enrolled at 
least half time in an eligible degree program and 
during the six month grace period. With an 
unsubsidized Stafford Loan, the student is 
responsible for the interest. Students caii elect 
to have the interest capitalize while attending 
college and added to the principal before 
entering repayment. 

Students can receive a minimum amount of 
Stafford Loan funds depending upon their grade 
level. Freshmen students may borrow up to 
$3,500.00 per year. Sophomore students may 
borrow up to $4,500.00 per year. Junior and senior 
students may boiTow up to $5,500.00 per year. 
If the student has financial need, the loan, or 
portion of the loan, will be subsidized. When 
there is no remaining financial need, then the 
loan, or portion of the loan, is unsubsidized. 

Independent students and dependent students 
whose parents are unable to receive the Federal 
PLUS loan have extended annual borrowing 
limits. Theses extended loans are unsubsidized 
loans. Freshmen and sophomore students may 
borrow an additional $4,000.00 per year. Junior 
and senior students may borrow an additional 
$5,000.00 per year. 



126 



FEDERAL PLUS LOAN PROGRAM 

Parents oi undergraduate dependent students may 
borrow the difference between college costs and 
the student's financial aid from the Federal PLUS 
loan program. Repayment begins after the second 
disbursement has been made on the loan and 
continues for up to ten years. Eligibility is 
determined by the Federal PLUS lender. Please 
contact the Office of Financial Aid for further 
infonnation. 



THE MARY E. MILLER PEL 
STUDENT LOAN FUND 

Tins fund established through the generosity of 
Mary E. Miller '97, to provide short-temi, no 
interest loans to PEL students, enabling them to 
continue their education, without intemiption. 

ECKERD COLLEGE LOANS 

Eckerd College has limited institutional loan funds 
available for students with exceptional need. For 
additional information, please contact the Office 
of Financial Aid. 



ALTERNATIVE LOAN PROGRAMS 

Private lenders offer alternative loan programs for 
students. These loans, such as the Key Altema- 
tu'e, CLC, AFC and Wells Fargo, are not sup- 
ported by federal funds and are not governed by 
federal regulations. The interest rate is based on 
credit scoring. Eligibilit\' is detemiined by the 
lender, who may require a co-signer for the loan. 



Repayment temis var^' depending upon the 
program. The Free Application for Federal 
Student Aid (FAFSA) is not required for this 
prt)gram. Additional information can be obtained 
through the Office of Financial Aid. 



EMPLOYMENT 

The Career Services Office assists students in 
finding part-time employment both on and off 
campus. Placement preference on campus is given 
to students with financial need. 



FEDERAL WORK STUDY PROGRAM 

The Federal Work Study program provides 
employment opportunities to needy students. 
A Free Application for Federal Student Aid 
(FAFSA) must be completed to be considered for 
this program. Students are paid for the hours that 
they have worked. 



VETERANS' BENERTS 

Eckerd College is approved for the education and 
training of veterans, service members, and depen- 
dents of veterans eligible for benefits under the 
x'arious V.A. educational programs. Students who 
may be eligible for V.A. benefits are urged to contact 
dieir local V.A. oftice as soon as accepted by die 
college and must file an application for benefits 
through the Office of the Registrar. No certification 
can be made until die application is on file. Since the 
first checks each year are often delayed, it is advisable 
for the veteran to be prepared to meet all expenses 




127 



for about two montlis. There are special V.A. 
regulations regarding indeperident study, audit 
courses, standards of progress, special student 
enrollment, dual enrollment in two schools, and 
summer enrollment. It is die students responsibility 
to inquire to die V.A. office concerning special 
regulations and to report any change in status which 
affects the rate of benefits. 

A student's V.A. educations benefits will be 
temiinated if he/she remains on probation tor 
more than two consecutive semesters/temis as 
mandated by The Department of Veterans Aftairs. 



based on maintaining the cumulative grade point 
average required by Eckerd College for continued 
eligibility to enroll (see Probation on page 24) and 
completion of 66% ot the credits attempted in the 
prior academic year. Students not meeting these 
standards will be placed on financial aid probation 
for one academic year. Failure to meet these 
requirements in the following academic year 
will lead to temiination ot financial aid. 

Any questions, concerns or appeals of financial 
aid decisions should be directed to the Office ot 
Financial Aid. 



APPLYING FOR 
FINANCIAL AID 

Tlie financial aid programs offered by Eckerd 
College require the applicant to complete the Free 
Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA). 
The financial intomiation analyzed from the 
FAFSA provides a foundation ior the equitable 
treatment of all financial aid applicants. The 
FAFSA form must be completed annually. 
Applications are available on line at: 
www.fafsa.ed.gov. There is no application charge. 

To receive federally sponsored financial aid, an 
applicant must be a U.S. citizen or eligible 
non-citizen; be pursuing a degree program; be 
making academic progress towards a degree; and 
not be in default on a federal student loan or owe a 
repayment on a federal grant. 

Since some funds are limited, we encourage 
students to complete the FAFSA application 
by March 1 . 

At times, applications are chosen for a process 
called verification. Verification requires that tax 
returns and other intonnation be submitted to the 
Office of Financial Aid for review. Most financial 
aid awards will not be made until the verification 
process has been completed. 



STUDENT CONSUMER 
INFORMATION 

CAMPUS SAFETY 

In accordance with the Campus Awareness and 
Campus Security Act of 1990 and recent amend- 
ments known as the Cleary Act and associated 
amendments to the Higher Education Act, Eckerd 
College provides infomiation relating to crime 
statistics and security measures to prospective 
students, enrolled students, and employees. The 
Eckerd College Office of Campus Safety submits 
an annual report on crime statistics to the State of 
Florida and beginning in 2000 to the Federal 
Department of Education. To view this and related 
information, please go to the following link: 

http://www.eckerd.edu/safety/stats.html 

GRADUATION RATES 

Information concerning graduation rates at Eckerd 
is available upon request from the Office ot 
Institutional Research. Graduation rates tor 
students who receive athletically related aid, listed 
by team and gender, are also available. Contact 
the Office of Institutional Research at Eckerd 
College for a copy of the report. 



RENEWAL REQUIREMENTS 

Most financial aid awards can be renewed 
based upon academic progress or continued 
financial need. 

Eckerd College Academic Achievement Scholar- 
ships require a 2.0 cumulative grade point average 
for renewal. 

Eckerd College Grants, awarded on financial 
need, and all federal financial aid, is renewed 



RIGHTS UNDER FAMILY EDUCATION 
RIGHTS AND PRIVACY ACT (FERPA) 

Students and parents may obtain information 
pertaining to their rights under the Family 
Education Rights and Privacy Act. The proce- 
dures for obtaining and the right to review the 
student's academic and educational records may be 
requested from the Registrar's otiice (see page 27). 



128 



EXPENSES 



Eckerd College is a private, non-tax-supported 
institution. Tuition and fees pay only a portion of 
the educational costs per student. Thanks to the 
support of donors, the balance of costs is paid from 
endowment income and gifts from individuals, 
Presbyterian Churches, and various corporations. 

The following schedules list the principal expenses 
and regulations concerning the payment of fees for 
the academic year 2007-08. All fees and expenses 
listed below are those in effect at the time of 
publication of the catalog. Tliey are subject to 
change by the action of the Board of Trustees. 
When such changes are made, notice will be given 
as far in advance as possible. 

COMPREHENSIVE CHARGES 

Resident Commuter 

Tuition $28,860' $28,860 

Room and Board 8,338- 

Total $37.198 $28,860 

'The kill-time tuition fees cover a maximum of 
ten (10) course registrations during the academic 
year. This includes one short term project, four 
courses each 14-week term, and one extra course. 
Sophomores, Juniors and Seniors may take the 
extra course in either the fall or spring 14-week 
term. Freshmen may take the extra course in the 
spring 14-week term. Year long or two-year long 
courses may be taken without an overload charge. 
Registrations beyond these limits will result in 
additional tuition charges. 

"Students with home addresses outside a 30 mile 
radius of the college are required to live on 
campus. Exceptions may be made with the 
approval of the Associate Dean of Students. 
Since resident students are required to participate 
in the board plan, all resident students will be 
charged for both room and board. 

A Students' Organization Fee of $276 per 
academic year is collected in addition to the 
above charges. Cost of books and supplies is 
approximately $500 per semester. 



TUITION AND SEMESTER FEES 

Tuition, full-time per semester: $14,430 

Students' Organization Fee, per semester: $138 



ROOM AND BOARD 

Semester 



Annual 



CEC - Sigma Domi 


$ 2,459 


$4,918 


Double Occupancy 


2,138 


4,276 


Double Single 


3,125 


6,250 


Single 


2,742 


5,484 


Comer-Double 


2,459 


4,918 


New Hall Double 


2,888 


5,776 


New Hall Single 


3,229 


6,458 


Nu-Dorm 


2,560 


5,120 


Oberg - Double 


2,138 


4,276 


Oberg - Single 


2,841 


5,682 


Oberg - Suite - 2 person 


2,841 


5,682 


Oberg - Suite - 4 person 


2,403 


4,806 


Omega Double 


2,998 


5,996 


Omega Single 


3,366 


6,732 



Base room rate ($2,138) has been included in 
Comprehensive Charges. Charges above the base 
rate for single occupancy of double room or for 
single room will be added to Comprehensive 
Charges. These added charges are noted above. 

Room Damage Deposit: $50.00. Tliis deposit is 
reciuired in anticipation of any damage which may 
be done to a dormitory room. If damage is in excess 
of the deposit, the balance will be charged to the 
student's account. Any balance left of the deposit 
will be reftmded to the student upon leaving college. 

MEAL PLANS 

Meal plans are required for students who live on 
campus in residence halls other than Omega. New 
incoming students are automatically enrolled in the 
Tier A plan, returning students are enrolled in the 
meal plan of choice from the prior semester. Meal 
plans may be changed during the first two weeks of 
each semester by submitting a change form to the 
Residence Life office. 

Semester Semester Annual 
Plan Tax Cost 



Tier A Plan 


$1,898 


$133 


$4,062 


Tier B Plan 


$1,748 


$122 


$3,740 


Tier C Plan 


$1,662 


$116 


$3,556 



129 



FEE FOR PART-TIME STUDENTS 

Tuition per course: $3,480 

Students are considered part-time when 
they enroll for fewer than three (3) courses 
per semester. 

OVERLOAD FEE 

Tuition per course: $3,480 

Fee for students enrolling in more than 
10 courses per academic semester. 



AUDIT FEE 

Tuitit~)n per course: 



$530 
(no credit or evaluation) 



Full-time students may audit courses without fee 
with the permission of the instructor. 



LAB FEE (per course) $50 

A fee assessed all students participating in a 
scientific laboratory. 



PARKING FEE $70 

All vehicles must be registered with the 
security oflice. Fee is assessed annually. 



PET FEE $75 

Pets are allowed only in designated donns 
and at an additional charge. 



LATE PAYMENTS $35 

A charge assessed for payments received after the 
scheduled due dates. In addition a monthly 
finance charge will be assessed on all outstanding 
balances. The rate is adjusted quarterly. 



MISCELLANEOUS FEES 

Application Fee: $35 

Tliis fee accompanies the application for 
admission submitted by new students. 

Application Fee for Study Abroad: $100 

This fee accompanies the application for 
study abroad. 

Audit Fee: (per course) $530 



Credit by Examination Fee: (per course) 

A fee for an examination to determine proficiency 

in a particular subject to receive course credit. 

Enrollment Deposit: $400 

A fee required for each new student upon 
acceptance to reserve the student's place in class. 
Tliis fee will be applied against the comprehensive 
charges. Non-refundable. 

Graduation Fee: $125 

Processing fee for graduation does not cover 
academic attire. 

Health Insurance: (subject to change) 
Domestic $150 

International $649 

Individual Course Cost: $3,480 

LDSP Course Fee: $400 

Winter term for Freshmen only 

London Activity Fee: (per semester) $138 

London Comprehensive Fee: $1,550 

(cost based on exchange rate) 

London Theatre Tickets: $450 

(cost based on exchange rate) 

Lost Key Charge: 

Replacing lost dormitory room key. 

Traditional and Zeta dorms $40 

Nu, Oberg, Omega and New dorms $75 

Music Instruction: 

1 hour per week $535/semester $l,070/year 
1/2 hour per week $268/semester $536/year 

Orientation Fee: (New Freshmen only) 
Tliis fee partially covers the additional 
cost of special orientation activities 
provided during Autumn Term. 

Overload Tuition: (per course) 

Replacement ID/Meal card: 

Returned Check Fee: (NSF) 

A fee assessed for each check returned 
by the bank for nonpayment. 

Short Term Tuition: $3,480 

(Autumn or Winter) 

Transfer Fee: (New Transfer only) $75 

Transcript Fee: (per transcript) $5 

For special handling costs see "Requesting 
a Transcript" at www.eckerd.edu/registrar 



$150 



$3,480 
$25 
$25 



130 



HEALTH INSURANCE 



SHORT-TERM LOANS 



Accident Insurance (Plan I) is provided by the 
college and co\'ers the student for the academic 
year (9 months) at no charge. All full-time 
students are automatically enrolled in the major 
medial (Plan 11) expanding the accident insurance 
to cover sickiiess as well as accidents for a full 12 
months. Participation in this plan is automatic 
unless a signed waiver card is returned to the 
business office. 

Domestic $150 

International 



BILLING AND 
PAYMENT METHODS 

Payments are due in full by the due dates listed in 
the Financial Guide Book. No student shall be 
permitted to register for a semester unless all 
balances are paid in full. For your convenience, 
MasterCard, VISA, American Express and Discover 
payments are accepted by telephone, written 
request or on-line through the E-Bill system. 

Monthly bilUng is provided electronically through 
the E-Bill system. Students and authorized users 
may access a student's account through E-Bill, the 
Eckerd College billing and account infomiation 
system. Unless you elect, you will only receive one 
account statement by mail at the start of each 
semester. Hiereafter, your monthly bill will only be 
available on-line. An e-mail notification will be 
sent to the student and authorized users when 
a new bill is generated each month. It is the 
student's responsibilirv' to manage and satisfy' their 
student account through the E-Bill system. 

If you have any questions or need further 
information concerning E-Bill please visit 
www.eckerd.edu/bursar. 

Students desiring a monthly payment plan must 
make arrangements through the following 
company providing this service. 

Sallie Mae Tuition Pay 

One AMS Place 

PO. Box 100 

Swansea, MA 02777 

800-635-0120 

wwav.TuitionPayEnroll.com 

All arrangements and contracts are made directly 
between the parent and Sallie Mae Tuition Pay. 



The college has limited funds for emergency 
short-temi loans up to $50. These loaiis must be 
paid within a maximum thirty day period. 
Students should apply to the campus cashier for 
such loans. 



DIRECTED STUDY, 
INDEPENDENT STUDY AND 
FINANCIAL AID 

If a student who is receiving financial aid is 
enrolled in only Directed Study or Independent 
Study courses and the student is not enrolled in 
an Eckerd College travel abroad program, the 
enrollment may be reviewed. The student may 
receive a markedly reduced cost of education with 
a greatly reduced financial aid package. 



STUDENTS WHO WITHDRAW 
FROM ECKERD COLLEGE 
MUST COMPLETE THE 
FOLLOWING STEPS: 

1 . Complete a withdrawal form in the Student 
Affairs office. 

2. Ha\'e tlie witlidrawal fomi signed iii tlie Finiincial 
Aid ofiice. If you have been awarded die Federal 
Stafford Loaii, you must have exit coiuTseling. 

3. If you have been awarded tlie Federal Perkins 
Loan or an institutional loan, you must complete 
exit counseling for those loaris in the Student 
Loan office located in the Bursar's office. 

4. Return the wididrawal fomi to the Student 
Aftairs oftice and schedule an appointment for 
a brief interview with the Dean of Students. 

5. Go to the Housing office and complete a 
room inventor^'. 

6. Go to the Bursar's office to determine the 
status of your account, and determine what 
refunds must be returned to applicable 
assistance programs and, if applicable, to 
the student (see pertinent infomiation in 
sections below). 

Please note additional information in the Eckerd 
College Financial Guide concerning withdrawal 
policies and procedures. 



131 



TUITION REFUND POLICY 

CHARGES 

All charges tor a semester will be cancelled 
except the $400 acceptance fee tor those 
withdrawing hetore the start of classes. 

For thc^se students withdrawing after the start of 
classes the following refund will he issued tor 
tuition, room and meals. There will be no refund tor 
fees. It is the student's responsibility to notify the 
Dean of Students office of their withdrawal. 
Students who fail to notify the Dean of Students 
office will be assessed an administrative fee. 



Within 7 days 


75% 


Withml5days 


50% 


Within 2 5 days 


25% 


After 25 days 


No Refunc 



For those students withdrawing within 1 5 calendar 
days of the first day of a short tenn (autumn/winter 
terms), the following refund will he issued for 
tuition, room and meals. 

Within 7 days 50% 

Withml5days 25% 

After 15 days No Refund 

FINANCIAL AID 

Institutional Aid may be pro-rated based on date 

of withdrawal. 

Florida Aid will be granted only it the withdrawal 
occurs after the end of the drop/add period. 

Federal Aid is granted based on a specific Federal 
formula, which is applied to students at Eckerd 
College through 60% of the semester. By the 
Federal fonnula, it is detemiined whether any 
refund must be returned by the institution and by 
the student to Federal Aid programs. The Federal 
Aid Programs are: 

Federal Unsubsidized Stafford Loan 

Federal Subsidized Stafford Loan 

Federal Perkins Loan 

Federal PLUS Loans 

Federal Pell Grant 

Federal Supplemental Educational 

Opportunity Grant 

Other Title IV Assistance 
It is important to note that students with financial 
aid who withdraw during a semester will typically 
owe a balance to the College because of the loss 
of aid and because only a percentage of charges 
are cancelled. 



STUDENT/PARENT APPEAL 
PROCESS 0¥ WITHDRAWAL 
POLICIES 

Any student or parent may appeal any decision 
made concerning a refund of Title IV Federal 
assistance in relation to the withdrawal policies 
described above. The appeal may be addressed 
to the Director of Financial Aid at the Financial 
Aid office, Eckerd College. 



ADMINISTRATIVE HOLD 

An administrative hold will be placed on a 
delinquent balance; the hold will prevent 
registration and the release of transcripts and 
diploma. Students who default on any Federal 
Title IV loans or an Institutional loan will have 
their academic transcript at Eckerd College 
withheld. The Registrar may not release the 
academic transcript until the College receives 
notification in writing from the applicable 
guarantee agency, the Department of Education, 
or other holder of the defaulted loan that the 
default status has been resolved. 

Federal Title IV Loans affected by this policy 
are as follows: 

Federal Perkins Loan 

Federal Subsidized Stafford Loan 

Federal Unsubsidized Stafford Loan 

Institutional Loans affected by this policy are: 

Beck Donor Noyes 

Ben Hill Griffin Oherg 

Frueauft Selby 

Helen Hardier Brown Trockey 

To resolve the default status, the borrower 
holding a Federal Perkins Loan or Institutional 
Loan should contact the Eckerd College 
Bursar's office. The borrower holding a defaulted 
Stafford Loan should contact the lender or 
guarantee agency. Provisions may be obtained 
for satisfactory arrangements for repayment to 
resolve the default status. Also, consolidation of 
Federal loans or other alternatives may be 
available to resolve the default. 

The Registrar will also withhold the academic 
transcript and/or diploma for the students who 
withdrew or graduated from Eckerd College 
owing a balance on their student account. 
To resolve the debt, contact the Bursar's office. 



132 



THE FACULTY OF ECKERD COLLEGE 



Faculty of the Collegium 
of Behavioral Science 
Diana L. Fuguitt 

Chair, Behaiioral Science Colle^um 

Professor of Economics 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.A., Ph.D., Rice University' 

Thomas D. Ashman 

.\ssistani Professor of Finance 
B.A., Williams College 
M.B.A., Loyola College 
Ph.D., State Universiry of New York 
at Buftilo 

Anthony R. Brunello 

Professor of Political Science 

B.A., University of California, Da\is 

M.S., Ph.D., University' of Oregon 

Salvatore Capobianco 
Professor of Psychology 
B.A., M.A., University of Kansas 
Ph.D., Rutgers University' 

Jill P. Collins 

Assistant Professor of Economics 
B.A., Wellesley College 
M.S., Arizona State University 
Ph.D., University of Tennessee 

Mark H. Davis 

Professor of Psychology 

B.A., University of Iowa 

Ph.D., Uni\-ersir\' ot Texas, Austin 

William F. Felice 

Professor of Political Science 
B.A., University of Washington 
M.A., Goddard College 
Ph.D., New York University 

Michael G. Flaherty 
Professor of Sociology 
B.A., M.A., University of 

South Florida 
Ph.D., University of Illinois 

Edward T. Grasso 

Professor of Decision Sciences 
B.A., B.S., M.B.A., Old Dominion 

University 
Ph.D., Virginia Polytechnic Institute 
and State University 

Frank Hamilton 

Assistant Professor of Management 
B.S., Kent State University 
M.S., University' of Southern 

California 
Ph.D., University of South Florida 

Peter K. Hammerschmidt 
Professor of Economics 
B.S., M.S., Ph.D., Colorado State 
University 

Marjorie Sanfilippo Hardy 
Chair. Foundations Collegium 
Assistant Dean of Faculty 
Associate Professor of Psychology 
B.S., Mary Washington College 
Ph.D., University of Miami 

John Patrick Henry 
Professor of Sociology 
B.S., University' of South Carolina 
M.A., Ph.D., University' of 
Massachusetts 



Jeffrey A. Howard 

Professor of Psychology 

B.A., Valparaiso University 

M.S., Ph.D., Kansas State University' 

James M. MacDougall 
Professor of Psychology 
B.S., Highlands University, 

New Mexico 
M.A., Ph.D., Kansas State University- 

Jamsheed Marker 

Diplomat in Residence 
Honours Degree in Economics, 
Universiry ot the Punjab 

Mary Meyer-McAleese 

.Associate Professor of Political Science 
B.A., M.A., University of 

South Florida 
Ph.D., University ot Massachusetts 

Gregory J. Moore 

Assistant Professor of Political Science 
B.A., Concordia College 
M..A., University of Virginia 
Ph.D., University of Denver 

Tom Oherhofer 

Professor of Economics 
B.S., Fordham University 
M.A., Ph.D., Rutgers University 

Donna Marie Oglesby 
Diplomat m Residence 
B.A., Washington College 
M..^.., Columbia Universiry 

Muhamad S. Olimat 

.Assistant Professor of Political Science 
B.A., M.S., University of Jordan 
Ph.D., University of North Texas 

Alison Ormsby 

Assistant Professor of Emnronmental 

Studies 
B.S., The College of William 

and Mar\- 
M.S., Yale University 
Ph.D., Antioch New England 
Graduate School 

Lora Reed 

iAsststant Professor of Management 
B.A., Eckerd College 
M.A., Norwich University' 
Ph.D., Capella Uni\'ersity 

William E. Winston 
Professor of Sociology 
B.A., Central Washington Unn-ersirv' 
M.A., Ph.D., Washington State 
University 



Faculty of the Collegium 
of Comparative Cultures 

Lee B. HiUiker 

Chair, Comparative Cultures Collegium 
Associate Professor of French 
B.A., University of Florida 
M.A., Florida State University 
Ph.D., Duke Universiry 

Yanira Angulo-Cano 

Assistant Professor of Spanish 
B.A., M.A., University of 

South Florida 
Ph.D., Florida State University 

Victoria J. Baker 

Professor of Anthropology 
B.A., Sweet Briar College 
B.A., M.A., Ph.D., University of 
Leiden, Netherlands 

Scott Burnett 

Assistant Professor of Anthropology 
B.A., Texas A&M University' 
M.A., Arizona State University' 
Ph.D., Arizona State University 

Christina Chabrier 

Assistant Professor of French 
B.A., M. A., University of Florida 
Ph.D., Universiry of North Carolina- 
Chapel Hill 

Thomas J. DiSalvo 
Professor of Spanish 
B.A., Hillsdale College 
M.A,, Middlehury College, Spain 
Ph.D., University of Wisconsin 

Robert Jozkowski 

Assistant Professor of Finance 
B.S., Boston University 
M.B.A., Fordham University 

Margarita M. Lezcano 
Professor of Spanish 
B.A, Florida International University 
M.A., University of Florida 
Ph.D, Florida State University 

Naveen K. Malhotra 

Professor of Management al^d Finance 
M.B.A., University of Tampa 
Ph.D., University of South Florida 

Antonio Melchor 

Assistant Professor of Italian and 

Spanish 
B.A., University ot California at 

Berkeley 
Vl.A., Yale University 
Ph.D., Yale University 

Allan D. Meyers 

Associate Professor of Anthropology 
B.A., Centre College of Kentucky 
M.A., University of Alabama 
Ph.D., Texas .A&M University 

Eileen Mikals-Adachi 

Assistant Professor of Japanese 
B.A., Manhattanville College 
M.A., Sophia University 
Ph.D., Ochanomizu University 



133 



Yolanda Molina-Gavilan 

Associate Professor oj Spanish 
B.A., University of Wisconsin 
M.A., University ot Oregon 
Ph.D., Arizona State University 
Morris Shapero 

Assistant Projessor oj 

Intenuitional Business 
B.S., M.B.A., University of 

Southern Califon-iia 
Jing Shen 

Associate Professor oj Chinese 

Language and Literature 
B.A., M.A., Beijing Foreign Studies 

University 
Ph.D., Washington University, 

St. Louis 
Steve Sizoo 

Associate Professm of Management 

aivi International Biisines.s 
B.S., University of Southern 

California 
M.B.A., University of Southern 

California 
D.B.A., Nova Southeastern 

University 



Faculty of the Collegium 
of Creative Arts 

Arthur N. Skinner 

Chair, Creative Arts Collegium 
Professor of Visual Arts 
B.A., Eckerd College 
M.V.A., Georgia State University 
Joan Osborn Epstein 
Professor of Miisic 
B.A., Smith College 
M.M., Yale University School 
of Music 
David E. Gliem 

Assistant Professon- of Art History 
B.A., Juniata College 
M.A., Ph.D., Pennsylvania State 
University 
Jessica Greene 

Assistant Professor of Theater 
B.A., University of Dallas 
M.F.A., West Virginia University 
Sandra A. Harris 

Professor of Human Development 
B.S., M.S., Ph.D., Virginia 
Commonwealth University 
Gavin Hawk 

Assistant Professor oj Theater 
Diploma in Acting, 

TTie JuUiard School 
M.F.A., California State University- 
Long Beach 
James A. Janack 

Assistant Professor oj Oral 

Communication and Director oj 
the Oral Communication Program 
B.A., Colgate University 
M.A., Syracuse University 
Ph.D., University of Washington 



Nancy G. Janus 

Associate Projessor of Human 
Development 

B.A., Wells College 

M.Ed., University of Hartford 

Ed.D., University of Massachiisetts 
Karen C. Pitcher 

Assisttint Professor of Communication 

B.A., University of Northern Iowa 

M.A., Ph.D., University of Iowa 
Brian Ransom 

Professo)- of Visual Arts 

B.FA., New York State College of 
Ceramics 

M.A., University of Tulsa 

M.EA., Claremont Graduate School 
April Schwarzmueller 

Associate Professor of Human 
Development 

B.A., Wake Forest University 

M.A., Ph.D., Emory University 
Marion Smith 

Projessor of Music 

B. Mus., Xavier College 

M.A., Washington State University 

Ph.D., Washington University, 
St. Louis 
Claire A. Stiles 

Professor of Human Development 

B.S., Rutgers University 

M.A., Southwest Texas State 
University 

Ph.D., University of Florida 
Cynthia Totten 

Professor oj Theatre 

B.A., M.A., Northwestern State 
University of Louisiana 

M.F.A., Southern Illinois University 

Ph.D., University of Nehraska 
Kirk Ke Wang 

Associate Professor of Visual Arts 

B.EA., M.FA., Nanjing Normal 
University, China 

M.F.A., Univetsiry ot South Florida 
D. Scott Ward 

Professor oj Creative Writing aivl 
Literature 

B.S., Auburn University 

M.A., University of South Carolina 
Kathryn J. Watson 

Assistant to the President for 
Academic Affairs 

Associate Dean for Faculty 
Developrment 

Professor' of Education 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.Ed., Ed.D., University of Florida 
V. Sterling Watson 

Projessor of Literature and 
Creative Writing 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.A., University cif Florida 



Faculty of the Collegium 
of Letters 

Julienne H. Empric 

Chair, Letters Collegium 

Professor of Literature 

B.A., Nazareth College of Rochester 

M.A., York University 

Ph.D., University of Notre Dame 
Nathan Andersen 

Assockite Professor of Philosophy 

B.S., Brigham Young University 

Ph.D., Pennsylvania State University 
Constantina Rhodes Bailly 

Professor of Religious Studies 

B.A., Rutgers University 

M.A., Ph.D., Columbia University 
Jewel Spears Brooker 

Professor oj Literature 

B.S., Stetson University 

M.A., University of Florida 

Ph.D., University of South Florida 
David J. Bryant 

Projessor of Religious Studies 

B.A., Harding College 

M.A., Abilene Christian College 

M.Div., Ph.D., Princeton 
Theological Seminary 
Andrew Chittick 

E. Leslie Peter Associate Professor of 
East Asian Humanities 

B.A., Pomona College 

M.A., Ph.D., University of Michigan 
Kent Curtis 

Assistant Professor of Eniwomnental 
Studies 

B.A., The New School for 
Social Research 

Ph.D., University of Kansas 
Bruce V. Foltz 

Professor of Philosophy 

B.A., Sonoma State University 

M.A., Ph.D., Pennsylvania State 
University 
Daniel R. Fredrick 

Assistant Professor of Rhetoric 

B.A., M.A., California State 
University-Sacramento 

Ph.D., Texas Christian University 
James R. Goetsch, Jr. 

Assistant Professor of Philosophy 

B.A., M.A., Louisiana State 
University 

Ph.D., Emory University 
Suzan Harrison 

Associate Dean of Faculty 

Professor of Rhetoric 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.A., Florida State University 

Ph.D., University of North Carolina 
Barnet P. Hartston 

Associate Professor of History 

B.A., University of California, 
Los Angeles 

M.A., Ph.D., University of 
California, San Diego 



134 



Carolyn Johnston 

Professor of American Studies 

B.A., Samtord University 

M.A., Ph.D., University of 
Calitoniia, Berkeley 
Kathleen Keller 

Assistant Professor of History 

B.A., University of Notre Dame 

Ph.D., Rutgers University 
William B. Kelly 

Associate Professor of Rhetoric 

B.S., Eckerd College 

M.A., Ph.D., University of 
South Florida 
Davina Lopez 

Assistant Professor of Religious 
Studies 

B.A., Emory College 

M.A., M. Phil, Ph.D., Union 

Theological Semmarv', New York 
George P. E. Meese 

Director, Writing Excellerice Program 

Professor of Rhetoric 

B.A., Wittenberg University 

M.A., Ph.D., University of Chicago 
Gregory B. Padgett 

Associate Professm oj History 

B.A., Stetson University 

M.A., Ph.D., Florida State University 
Erika Spohrer 

Assistant Professor of Rhetoric 

B.A., University' of Florida 

M.A., Pennsylvania State 
University 

Ph.D., Pennsylvania State 
University 
Jared Stark 

Assistcziit Professor of Literature 

B.A., Yale University 

M.Phil, Yale University 

Ph.D., Yale University 
Heather Vincent 

Assistant Professor of Classics 

B.S., Vanderbilt University 

M.A., University of Maryland 

Ph.D., BrowTi University 
Robert C. Wigton 

Professor of Political Science 

B.A., State University of New York, 
Oswego 

M.A., J.D., Ph.D., State University 
of New York, Buffalo 



Faculty of the Collegium of 
Natural Sciences 
David D. Grove 

Chair, Natural Sciences Collegium 

Professcrr of Chemistry 

B.S., California State University, 

San Diego 
Ph.D., University of California, 

Los Angeles 
Gregg R. Brooks 

Professor of Manne Science 

B.S., Youngstown State University 

M.S., Ph.D., University of 

South Florida 



Jonathan H. Cohen 

■Assistdnt Professor of Biology and 

Marine Science 
B.S., Dickinson College 
Ph.D., Duke University 

Anne J. Cox 

Professo)- of Physics 
B.S., Rhodes College 
Ph.D., University of Virginia 

Catherine B. Dayton 

Assistant Professor of Biology 

B.S., Centenary College of Louisiana 

Ph.D., Louisiana State University 

Kelly Debure 

lAssociate Professor of Computer Saence 
B.S., Christopher Newport University 
M.S., The College of William 

and Mary 
Ph.D., University ot South Carolina 

Steven H. Denison 

.Assocwte Professor of Biology 
B.S., Ph.D., Baylor University 

Harry W. Ellis 

Professor' of Physics 
B.S., Ph.D., Georgia Institute of 
Technology 

Eduardo Fernandez 

Associate Professor of Physics and 

Mathematics 
B.S., University ot Wisconsin- 

Eau Claire 
Ph.D., University ot Wisconsin- 
Madison 

Denise B. Flaherty 

Assistant Professor of Biology 
B.A., Wl-ieaton College 
Ph.D., Emory University 

Elizabeth A. Forys 

Professor of Environmental Sciences 
B.A., M.S., University of Virginia 
Ph.D., University of Florida 

Edmund L. Gallizzi 

Professor of Computer Science 
B.Sc, University ot Florida 
M.Sc, Ph.D., University of 
Southwestern Louisiana 

Shannon Gowans 

Assistant Professor of Biology 
B.Sc, Dalhousie University 
Ph.D., Dalhousie University 

David W. Hastings 

Associate Professor of Maiine Science 

and Chemistry 
B.S., Princeton 
M.S., Ph.D., University of 
Washington 

Reggie L. Hudson 

Professor of Chemistry 
B.A., Pfeifter College 
Ph.D., University of Tennessee 

Gerald J. G. Junevicus 

Associate Professor of Mathematics 
B.Sc., Worcester Polytechnic Institute 
M.Sc, Ph.D., University of 
Victoria, Canada 

David Kerr 

Assistant Professor of Matheinatics 
B.A., M.A., Ph.D., University of 
South Florida 



Jeannine M. Lessmann 

Assistant Professor of Biology 

B.S., University of Maryland 

Ph.D., Louisiana State University 
Polina Maciejczyk 

Assistant Professor of Chemistry 

B.S., Rowan University 

Ph.D., University of Maryland 
Holger Mauch 

Assisttmt Professor of CoT7if>uter Science 

Diploma, University ot Mannheim, 
Germany 

M.S., Ph.D., University of Hawaii 
at Manoa 
Peter A. Meylan 

Professor of Biology 

B.S., M.S., Ph.D.; University' of 
Florida 
Chris Schnabel 

Associate Professor of Chemistry 

B.S., University of Wyoming 

Ph.D., University of Wyoming 
Nancy Frances Smith 

Associate Professoi' of Biology 

B.S., University of Washington, 
Seattle 

M.A., Ph.D., University of California, 
Santa Barbara 
Alan L. Soli 

Professor of Chemistry 

B.A., Augsburg College 

M.S., Ph.D., Universiry ot Wisconsin 
William A. Szelistowski 

Associate Professor of Biology 

B.S., University of Florida 

Ph.D., University of Southern 
Califonaia 
Joel B. Thompson 

Associate Professor of Marine 
Geochemistry 

B.S., M.S., California State University 

B.S., Ph. D., Syracuse University 
Walter O. Walker 

Associate Professor of Mathematics 

B.S., Eckerd College 

M.S., Ph.D., Clemson University 
Stephen P. Weppner 

Associate Professor of Physics 

B.A., The State University of 
New York at Geneseo 

Ph.D., Ohio University 
Laura Reiser Wetzel 

Associate Professor of Manne Geophysics 

B.S., Beloit College 

Ph.D., Washington University 
Jianqiang Zhao 

Assistfint Professor of Mat/iet7iatics 

B.Sc, Nakai University 

M.Sc, Nankai University 

Ph.D., Brown University 



135 



Foundations Collegium Faculty 
Marjorie Sanfilippo Hardy 

Chan, Foundarians Collcfpum 
Assistant Dean of Faculty 
Behavioral Sciences ColleRium 
George P. E. Meese 

Director, Writing Excellence Program 
Letters Collegium 



Library Faculty 

David W. Henderson 

Director oj Library Services 

arid Professor 
B.A., University ot Gmnccticut 
M.S., Ohio University 
M.S.L.S., Florida Stare University 
Keri Dhondup 

Instructiorial Services & Science Liaison 

Librarian and Assistant Professor 
B.A., University of South Florida, 

Tampa 
M.A., University of South Florida 
Jamie A. Gill 

Technical Services Librarian and 

Professor 
B.A., The State University of 

New York, Geneseo 
M.L.S., Kent State University 
Helene Ellen Gold 

Electronic Services Lihanan arid 

Associate Professor 
B.A., M.S., State University of 

New York at Alhany 
Beatrice Nichols 

Refererice Libr'arian and Systems 

Administrator and A.ssistant 

Professor 
B.A., Anderson University 
M.A., University ot South Florida, 

Tampa 



EMERITI 

Joseph M. Bearson 

Associate Professcrr Enteiitus of 

Marketing aiid InteiTiatiorvil BiLsmess 

M.B.A., Columhia Universitv 
Wilbur E Block 

Professor Emeritus of Physics 

Ph.D., University of Florida 
Clark H. Bouwman 

Professor Ementus of Sociology 

Ph.D., New School for Social 
Research 
Albert Howard Carter, III 

Professol^ of Comparative Literature 
and Hunianities 

Ph.D., University of Iowa 
Nancy Corson Carter 

Professor of Humanities 

Ph.D., University ot Iowa 
J. Stanley Chesnut 

Projessor Emerittis of Humanities 
ar\d Religion 

Ph.D., Yale University 
James G. Crane 

Professor Emeritus of Visual Arts 

M.F.A., Michigan State University 
Sarah K. Dean 

Professor Emerita of Human 
Development 

Ed.D., Nova University 
Dudley E. DeGroot 

Professor Emeritus of Anthropology 

Ph.D., Ohio State University 
John C. Ferguson 

Professor Ementas of Biology 

Ph.D., Cornell University 
Erank M. Figueroa 

Professor Ementus of Spanish 

Ed.D., Columhia University 
Teachers College 
Rejane P. Genz 

Professor Emerita of French Langua,ge 
aiui Literature 

Ph.D., Laval University 
Wayne Charles Guida 

Professor Emeritus of Biochemistry 

Ph.D., University ot South Florida 
Richard R. Hallin 

Dean of Admissions and Financial Aid 
and Associate Professor of 
Political Science Emeritus 

Ph.D., Columbia University 
Sheila D. Hanes 

Professor Emerita of Biology 

Ph.D., Ohio University 
James R. Harley 

Professor of Physical Education and 
Director of Athletics , Emeritus 

M.A., George Peabody College 



Keith W. Irwin 

Professor Emeritus of Philosophy 

M.Div., Garrett Tlieological Seminars- 
Gilbert L. Johnston 

Professor Emeritus of Asian Studies 
and Religion 

Ph.D., Har\'ard University 
K. Russell Kennedy 

Regi',st7-ar Emeritus 
George W. Lofquist 

Professor Emeritus of Mathematics 

Ph.D., Louisiana State University 
Linda L. Lucas 

Professor Ementa of Economics 

Ph.D., LIniversity ot Hawaii 
Billy H. Maddox 

Projessor Emeritus of Mathematics 

Ph.D., University of South Carolina 
William E. McKee 

Professor Emeritus of History 

Ph.D., University of Wisconsin 
J. Peter Meinke 

Professor Ementus of Literature 

Ph.D., University ot Minnesota 
Anne A. Murphy 

Professor Emerita of Political Science 

Ph.D., University of North Carolina 
William Parsons 

Professor Emeritus of History and 
Russian Studies 

Ph.D., Indiana University 
Peter A. Pav 

Professor Emeritus of Philosophy 

Ph.D., Indiana University 
Richard A. Rice 

Professor Eynentus of Theatre 

Ph.D., University- of Utah 
Margaret R. Rigg 

Professor Emerita of Visual Art 

M.A., Presbyterian School of 
Christian Education 
William B. Roess 

Professor Emeritus of Biology 

Ph.D., Florida State University 
Hendrick Serrie 

Professor Emeritus of Anthropology 
and International Business 

Ph.D., Northwestern University 
J. Thomas West 

Professor Emeritus of Psychology and 
Hwnan Devehjpinent 

Ph.D., Vanderbilt University 
William C. Wilbur 

Professor Emeritus of History 

Ph.D., Columbia University 



136 



ROBERT A. STAUB OUTSTANDING TEACHERS 

Awarded each year at Commencement 



1980 William B. Roess 

Professor of Biology 

1981 Julienne H. Empric 
Professor of Literature 

1982 J. Thomas West 
Professor of Psychology aitd 
Hunmn Developinent Services 

1983 A. Howard Carter, III 
Professor of Comparative 
Literature and Hn?7Uiii!ties 

1984 Peter K. Hammerschmidt 
Professcn of Economics 

1985 Molly K. Ranshury 
Professor of Education 

1986 John E. Reynolds, III 
Associate Professor of Biology 

1987 James G. Crane 
Professor of Visual Arts 

1988 Tom Oherhofer 
Professor of Ecoiwmics 



1989 Kathryn J. Watson 1999 
Professor of Education 

1990 J. Peter Meinke 2000 
Professor of Literature 

1991 Carolyn Johnston 2001 
Professor of Amencan Studies 

1992 Diana Fuguitt 2002 
Associate Professor of Economics 

1993 Arthur N. Skinner 

Associate Professor of Visual Arts 2003 

1994 Olivia H. Mclntyre 
Associate Professor of History 

1995 Mark H. Davis ' 2004 
Associate Professor of Psychology 

1996 Suzan Harrison 2005 
Assistant Professor of Rhetonc 

1997 Victoria J. Baker 2006 
Associate Professcn- of Anthropology 

1998 David Kerr ' 2007 
Assistant Professor of Mathematics 



William F. Felice 

Assistant Professor of Political Science 

Jeffrey A. Howard 

Associate Professor of Psychology 

James R. Goetsch, Jr. 

Assistant Professor of Philosophy 

W. Guy Bradley 

Associate Professor of 

Molecular Physiology 

Elizabeth A. Forys 

Associate Professor of 

Eni'iro7tmenta( Sciences 

Anne J. Cox 

Associate Professor of Physics 

Marjorie Sanfilippo Hardy 

Associate Professor of Psychology 

Edward T. Grasso 

Professor of Decision Sciences 

Laura Reiser Wetzel 

Associate Professor of 

Marine Geophysics 



1991 



SEARS ROEBUCK TEACHING EXCELLENCE/ 
CAMPUS LEADERSHIP AWARD 



Jewel Spears Brooker 

Professor of Literature 



George P. E. Meese 

Professor of Rhetoric 



1993 



Tom Oherhofer 

Professor of Economics 



JOHN M. BEVAN TEACHING EXCELLENCE/ 
CAMPUS LEADERSHIP AWARD 

Awarded each year at Academic Convocation 



1994 William B. Roess 1998 
Professor of Biology 

1995 Molly K. Ranshury 1999 

Professor of Education 

1996 Anthony R. Brunello 2000 
Associate Professor of Political 

Science aiid Associate Dean of 2001 

Facidty for General Education 

1997 Kathryn J. Watson 2002 
Professor of Education and 

Associate Dean for Faculty 
Development and 
Intergenerational Education 



John E. Reynolds, III 

Professor of Biolog^' 
Mark H. Davis 
Professor of Psychology 
Juhenne H. Empric 
Professor of Literature 
Arthur N. Skinner 
Professor of Visual Arts 
Harry W. Elhs 
Professor of Physics 



2003 Robert C. Wigton 

Professor of Political Science 

2004 Catherine M. Griggs 
Associate Professor of 
Amencan Stiuiies 

2005 William E Felice 
Professor of Political Science 

2006 V. Sterling Watson 
Professor of Literature and 
Creative Writing 



2001 John E. Reynolds, III 

Professor of Marine Science 
and Biology 

2002 Jewel Spears Brooker 
Professm of Literature 



THE LLOYD W. CHAPIN AWARD FOR 
EXCELLENCE IN SCHOLARSHIP 

Awarded each year at Academic Convocation 



2003 



2004 



Gregg R. Brooks 

Professor of Manne Science 
Michael G. Flaherty 

Professor of Sociology 



2005 



2006 



Reggie L. Hudson 

Professor of Chemistry 
V. Sterling Watson 

Professor of Literature and 
Creatit'C Writing 



137 



ADMINISTRATION 



OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT 

Donald R. Eastman III 

President 

B.A., University ot Tennessee 

Ph.D., University ot Florida 

Lisa A. Mets 

Executive Assistant to the President 
B.A., University ot Michigan 
M.A., Indiana University 
Ph.D., University of Michigan 

Kathryn J. Watson 

Special Assistant to the President for 

Academic Affairs 
B.A., Eckerd College 
M.Ed., Ed.D., University ot Florida 



OFFICE OF VICE PRESIDENT 
FOR ACADEMIC AFFAIRS 
AND DEAN OF FACULTY 

Lloyd W. Chapin 

Vice President and Dean of Facidty 

Professor of Philosophy and Religion 

B.A., Davidson College 

M.Div., Ph.D., Union Tlieological 
Seminary, New York 
Juli Chavez 

Human Resources Speciahst 
Diane L. Ferris 

Director, Inter^iational Education 
and Off-Campus Progiams 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.A., University ot South Florida 
Marjorie Sanfilippo Hardy 

Assistant Dean of Faculty 

Associate Professor of Psychology 

B.S., Mary Washington College 

Ph.D., Universit\' ot Miami 
Suzan Harrison 

Associate Dean of Faculty 

Professor of Rhetoric 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.A., Florida State Uni\-ersity 

Ph.D., Univetsity ot North Catolina 
David W. Henderson 

Director of Library Services 
and Professor 

B.A., University of Connecticut 

M.S., Ohio University 

M.S.L.S., Florida State University 
William F. Junkin III 

Director, Instructional Technology 

B.A., King College 

Ph.D., Massachusetts Institute of 
Technology 
David Pawlowski 

Director of Information Technology 
Services 

B.A., Eckerd College 
Norman R. Smith 

Associate Dean and Director of 
Center for Applied Liberal Arts 

B.S., University of Michigan 

J.D., Northern Kentucky University 

M.A., National Louis University 



Sharon Stacy 

Director, Imtitutional Research 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.B.A., University of South Florida 
Linda Swindall 

Registrar 

B.S.N. , Emory University 

M.A., Georgia State University 
Kathryn J. Watson 

Associate Dean of Faatky Development 

Professor of Education 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.Ed., Ed.D., University of Florida 
Iris Yetter 

Director of Sponsored Programs 

B.A., Hunter College, 

City University ot New York 

M.S., Florida State University 



OFFICE OF ADMISSION 

John F. Sullivan 

Dean of Admission 
and Financial Aid 

B.A., Coe College 
Cristi L. Cruz 

Assistant Director of Admission 

B.A., The University of the South 
Matthew T. D'Antonio 

AdiTiission Cowiselor 

B.A., Ecketd College 
Lauren G. Fisher 

Admission Counselor 

B.A., Eckerd College 
Maria Furtado 

Director of Admission 

B.A., Stonehill College 
Jessica A. Nelson 

Admission Counselor 

B.A., Miami University 

M.A., University of Iowa 
Vicki L. Pastore 

Associate Directcrr of Admission 

B.A., Eckerd College 
Brian M. Zaun 

Ass(.stont Director of Admission 

B.A., Butler University 



OFFICE OF FINANCIAL AID 

Pat G. Watkins 

Director of Fiitancial Aid 
B.S., Boston State College 
M.Ed., Boston State College 
Ed.D., Temple University 

Debra Aracri 

Associate Director for Federal Programs 
B.A., Northeasteni University 

M. Joan Kaplan 

Associate Director for Florida 

Programs and PEL 
B.A., Eckerd College 



OFFICE OF SPECLAL 
PROGRAMS 

James E. Deegan 

Vice President and Dean of 

Special Programs 
B.S., State University of 

New York, Buffalo 
M.S., Ed.D., Indiana University 

John Duff 

Administratii'e Director, Program for 

Experienced Learners 
B.A., Westminster College 
M.B.A., Bowling Green University 
Ph.D., Kent State University 

James E. Frasier 

Director, Continuing Education Center 
B.S., The Ohio State University 
M.Ed., University of Cincinnati 
Ed.D., University ot Cincinnati 

Cheryl Chase Gold 

Director, Conferences and Summer 

School 
B.A., City College of New York 

Jane E. McBride 

Acting Director, Academy of Senior 

Professionals at Eckerd College 
B.A., Mundelein College 
M.A., Northwestern University 

Margret Skaftadottir 

Academic Director, Program for 

Experienced Learners 
B.A., University of Iceland 
M.Ed., Ph.D., Emory University 



OFFICE OF STUDENT 
AFFAIRS 

James J. Annarelli 

As.sociate Vice President for Academic 

Affairs and Dean of Students 
B.A., M.A., St. John's University 
M.Phil., Ph.D., Drew University 
Mona Bagasao 

Director of Religious Life and 

Chaplain 
B.Mus., Webster University 
M.Div., Pacific School of Religion, 

Berkeley, CA 
M.A.,Vanderbilt University' 
Sylvia Chillcott 

Director of Campus Safety 

and Security 
B.A., Catawba College 
Jane G. Colson 

Director- of Career Resources 
B.A., Eckerd College 
William C. Covert 

Assocwte Dean of Students 
Director, Waterfront Program 
Olivier C. Debure 

Director, Interriatiorial Student 

Programs 
B.A., Christopher Newport 

University 
M.B.A., Old Dominion University' 
M.A., University of South Carolina 



138 



Bob Fortosis 

Director of Athletics 

B.A., Wheaton College 

M.A., Azusa Pacific University 

Ed.D., Nova Southeastern 
University 
Lorisa Lorenzo 

Assistant Dean of Students /or 
Residence Life 

B.A., University of Florida 

M.A., Northern Ari:ona University 
Michelle Mageras 

Outreach Services Coordinator 

B.S., Florida State University 

M.S.W., Florida State University 
Courtney Ramous 

Staff Psycholo^st 

B.A., Washington &. 
Jefferson College 

M.A., Florida School of 
Professional Psychology 

Psy.D., Florida School of 
Professional Psychology 
Frederick R. Sabota, Jr. 

Assistant Dean of Students for 
Campus Activities 

B.S., Slippery Rock University 

M.PRTM., Clemson University 
Scott Strader 

Director of Cowtsehng Services 

B.A., Earlham College 

M.A., Western Michigan University 

Ph.D., Ball State University 
Whitney Wall 

Health Educator 

B.S. College of Charleston 

M.P.H., University ot 
South Carolina 
Anne Wetmore 

Director of Student and 
Family Relations 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.A., Florida State University 
Lena Wilfalk 

Associate Dean of Students 

B.A., M.A., University of 
South Florida 



OFFICE OF ADVANCEMENT 

Matthew S. Bisset 

Vice President fin- Advancement 
B.A., Saint Anselm College 
Valerie M. Gliem 
Ca)7ipaioii Director 
B.A., The Pennsylvania 

State University 
B.S., The Pennsylvania 

State University 
M.B.A., The Pennsylvania 
State University 
Richard R. Hallin 

Dean of Admissions and Fmancul Aid 
and Associate Professor of Political 

Science Emeritus 
B.A., Occidental College 
B.A., M.A., Exeter College, Oxford 

University, England 
Ph.D., Columhia University 
E. Grace Lager 

Dirt?ctoT of Alumni Relations and 

Advancement Progianitnin,!j 
B.A., Eckerd College 
M.A., Texas Tech University 
Ph.D., Georgia State Univetsity 
Erik C. Oliver 

Director of Annual Giving arid 

the President's Collegium 
B.A., Ecketd College 
Scott Rivinius 

Director of Advancement Services 
B.A., Eckerd College 
M.A., University of Michigan 
Judith D. Schraer 

Director of Gift PLmning 
B.A., Stephens College 
Thomas E. Schneider 
Associate Vice President 

for Development 
B.S., Bowling Green State University 
M.A., The University' of Memphis 
Wendy L. Wesley 

Director of Corporate and 
Foimdation Relations 
B.A., University of Central Florida 



OFFICE OF 
COMMUNICATIONS 
Lisa A. Mets 

Executive Assistant to the President and 

Executive Director of Communications 

B.A., University of Michigan 

M.A., Indiana University 

Ph.D., University of Michigan 
Dawn R. EUenhurg 

Creative Director 

B.A., Eckerd College 
Casey Paquet 

Web Manager 

B.S., California State Polytechnic 
University at Pomona 
Alirza T. Punzalan-Hall 

Director of Community and 
Media Relations 

B.A., Rhodes College 



OFFICE OF 
VICE PRESIDENT 
FOR FINANCE 

Christopher P. Brennan 

Chief Financial Officer 

B.S., University of South Florida 
Luz Arcila 

Associate Chief Financial Officer 

B.A., University of Bridgepiirr 

M.A., University of South Florida 
Gerald (Jerry) Ganz 

Controller 

B.S., Bloomshurg University 



It is the policy of Eckerd College not to discriminate on the basis of sex, age, handicap, religion, creed, color, or national origin 
in Its educational programs, activities, or employment policies as required by Title IX of the 1972 Educational Amendments. 
Inquiries regarding compliance may be directed to Dr. James Annarelli, Dean of Students, Eckerd College, 4200 54th Avenue 
South, St. Petersbutg, Florida 3 3711. 



139 



BOARD OF TRUSTEES 



OFFICERS 

Miles C. Collier 

Chairman 
Grover C. Wrenn '64 

Vice Chamnan 
Donald R. Eastman III 

President 
Lisa A. Mets 

Secretary 
Christopher P. Brennan 

Treasurer 



TRUSTEES 

Mr. Payton F. Adams 

Retired GTE Executive 

St. Petersburg. Florida 
Mr. Robert H. Atwell 

Retired President 

American Council on Educatum 

Sarasota, Florida 
Mr. Miles C. Collier 

Collier Enterprises 

Naples, FliimLi 
Dr. Donald R. Eastman III 

President 

Eckerd College 

St. Petersh^rg, Florida 
Mr. Ronald H. Francis '65 

First Landnuirk Bank 

in organization 

Marietta, Geor.t^a 
Mr. Charles E. Hart 

CFO 

Gypsum Products, Inc. 

Largo, Florida 
Mr. Ian P. Johnson '89 

Vice President jor Operations 

Fidelity Investments 

Boston, Massachitsetts 
Ms. Eve Konstan '89 

Vice President & 

Senior Cniiiisel Litigation 

HBO 

Neil' York, New York 
Mr. Dennis Lehane '88 

Novelist 

Boston, MA 

St. Petersfmrg, Florida 
Dr. Theodore J. Marchese 

Senior Conswiiant 

Academic Search 

Consiifcition Service 

Washington, D.C. 
Dr. Michael C. Markovitz 

Chairman of Argosy University 

Chicago and Chairman oj 

]ohn Marshall Law School 

Atlanta, Georgia 



Mr. Gahriele Mazza '68 

Director of School, Out of School and 

Higher Education Council of Europe 

Strasbourg, France 
Mr. Bill McBride 

Attonie^ at Law 

Bamett, Bolt, K'irku'ood , Long 

& McBnde 

Tampa. Florida 
Mrs. Mary E. Miller '97 

CommiinitN' Leader 

Longhoat Key, Florida 
Mr. Helmar Nielsen 

Retired Executive 

Carolina Profile 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. George W. Off 

Chairman of the Board and CEO 

Checkpoint Systems, Inc. 

Thorofare , New ]ersey 
The Honorable John B. Phelps, III '65 

Curator of the Historic Capitol 

Florida House of Refnesentatives 

Retired Clerk of the House 

Tallahassee . Florida 
Mr. William R. Ripberger '65 

Retired MetLife ExecKtii'c 

/^7(nlenton, Florida 
Mr. P. N. Risser, III 

Chaimmn 

Risser Oil Corporation 

Clearwater, Florida 
Mr. John R. Saunders '71 

Saimdcrs Propert;y Company 

Loridon Coin Galleries 

Navport Bettch, California 
The Rev. Frederick D. Terry 

Retired Presbyterian Minister 

Trinity Presbyterian Church 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
The Honorable Susan Russ Walker '77 

United States Magistrate Judge 

Montgomery, Alabama 
Dr. David L. Warren 

Presitlt'Tit, National Association of 

/ndef)endent Colleges and L'nii'ersines 

Washington, D.C. 
Mrs. Jean Giles Wittner 

Presitient 

Wittner Companies 

St. Petersburg, Flonda 
Mr. Grover C. Wrenn, Jr. '64 

Retired Corp(,mue Executive 

St. Petersburg, Fkmda 



EMERITUS TRUSTEES 

Mr. David J. Fischer 

Former Ma^ior 

President and CEO 

Communit;y Foundation of 

Tampa Bay 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Jeffrey L. Fortune 

Retired Business Oxvner 

St. Pete Beach, Florida 
Mr. Harold D. Holder, Sr. 

The Holder Group 

Reno, Nevada 
Mr. William R. Hough 

RBC Dain Raiischer 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Benjamin J. Jacobson 

Rerired Presh^'tenan Minister 

Sarosotij, Flomla 
Mr. Alan I. Mossberg 

President 

O.F. Mossberg & Sons. Inc. 

Tierra Verde, Flonda 
Mr. Arthur J. Ranson III '65 

Attorney At Latv 

Shuffield Lowman. PA 

Orlando, Florida 
Mrs. Deedie M. Simmons 

Presbyterian Church Leader 

Jacksonville, Florida 
Mr. Les R. Smout 

Rerired Vice President 

JME, Inc. 

Clearwater, Florida 
Mrs. Martha Rudy Wallace 

Retired Community Leader 

St. Petersburg, Flonda 
Mr. Stanley P. Whitcomb Jr. 

President 

Whitcomb Associates, Inc. 

Bonita Sfmngs , Florida 



HONORARY TRUSTEES 

Mr. Charles J. Bradshaw 

Retired Business Execurit'e 

Vero Beach, Florida 
Ms. Anne M. Hoerner 

Preslrvte7ian Church Leader 

St. Petersburg. Florida 
Mr. Frank M. Hubbard 

Rerired Bitsiness Owner 

Orlando, Florida 



140 



ACADEMIC CALENDAR 2006-2007 



AUTUMN TERM 

Fri., Aug. 1 1 
Sat., Aug. 12 
Wed., Aug. 23 
Fri., Sept. 1 

FALL SEMESTER 

Tliurs., Aug. 31 
Fri., Sept. 1 
Mon., Sept. 4 
Wed., Sept. 6 
Thurs., Sept. 14 
Mon.'Tues., Oct. 30-31 
Mon., Nov. 6 
Fri., Nov. 10 

Thurs.-Fri., Nov. 23-24 
Fri., Dec. 8 

Mon.-Tluirs.. Dec. 1M4 
Fri., Dec. 15 

WINTER TERM 

Tues., Jan. 2 
Tues., Jan. 2 

Wed., Jan. 3 
Tliurs., Jan. 4 
Fri., Jan. 12 
Mon., Jan. 15 
TFiurs.-Fri., Jan. 25-26 
Fn., Jan. 26 

SPRING SEMESTER 

Mon., Jan. 29 



Tues., Jan. 30 
Thurs., Feb. 8 
Fn.-Sun., Feb. 23-25 
Sat., Mar. 17 
Mon., Mar. 26 
Tues., Mar. 27 
Fri., April 6 
Tues., April 10 
Fn., Apnl 13 

Thurs.-Fn., April 19-20 
Fri., May 11 
Mon.-Fri., May 14-18 
Sat, May 19 
Sun., May 20 
Mon., May 21 
Mon., May 28 

SUMMER TERM 

May 29-July 20 
May 29-June 22 
June 25-July 20 



Freshmen arrive. Students check-in before 3:00 p.m. Ceremony of Lights 

Autumn Term begins. 

Fall semester 2006 Freshman registration begins. 

End ot Autumn Term. 



Orientation and move-in tor new students. Mentor assignments, registration. 

Residence houses open for returning students at 9:00 a.m. Check-in for Fall semester. 

Fall semester begins at 8:00 a.m. 

Opening Convocation, 1 :30 p.m. 

End of drop/add period for Fall semester courses. 

Fall recess (if not needed to make up class days). 

Winter Term/Spring semester 2007 registration begins at 10:00 p.m. 

Last day to withdraw from Fall semester courses with W grade, 

or change from audit to credit. 

Thanksgiving holiday, no classes. 

Last day of classes. 

Examination period. 

Christmas recess begins. Residence houses close at noon. 



Residence houses open at 9:00 a.m. 

New student registration/orientation for Winter Temi. 

Check-in for returning students registered for Winter Tenn. 

Winter Term begins. All on-campus projects meet first day ot Winter Temi . 

Last day to enter Winter Term; end ot drop/add period; last day tor change ot project. 

Last day to withdraw from Winter Temn with W grade. 

Martin Luther King day, no classes. 

First comprehensive examination period. 

Winter Term ends. 



Residence houses open at 9:00 a.m. for new and returning students. 

New student orientation. 

Spring semester check-m for returning students who did not attend Winter Tenn. 

Spring semester begins at 8:00 a.m. 

End of drop/add period for Spring semester courses. 

Family Weekend. 

Spring recess begins. 

Students return. 

Classes resume at 8:00 a.m. 

Good Friday, no classes. 

Fall semester 2007 registration begins at 10:00 p.m. 

Last day to withdraw from Spring semester courses with W grade, 

or change from audit to credit. 

Second comprehensive examination period. 

Last day of classes. 

Examination period. 

Baccalaureate. Residence houses close at noon tor non-Seniors. 

Commencement. 

Residence houses close at noon for graduates. 

Memorial L^ay - holiday. 



Summer term. 
Session A. 
Session B. 



141 



ACADEMIC CALENDAR 2007-2008 



AUTUMN TERM 

Fri., Aug. 10 
Sat.,Aue. 11 
Wed., Aug. 22 
Fri., Aug. 31 

FALL SEMESTER 

Thurs., Aug. }0 
Fri., Aug. 31 
Mon., Sept. 3 
Wed., Sept. 5 
Thurs., Sept. 13 
Mon.Tues., Oct. 29-30 
Mon., Nov. 5 
Fn., Nov. 9 

Thurs.Tri., Nov. 22-23 
Fri., Dec. 7 

Mon.-Thuns., Dec. 10-13 
Mon. -Thurs., Dec. 10-13 
Fri., Dec. 14 

WINTER TERM 

Wed., Ian. 2 
Wed., Jan. 2 

Tliurs., Jan. 3 
Fn., Jan. 4 
Fri., Jan. 1 1 
Mon., Jan. 21 
Thurs.-Fn., Jan. 24-25 
Fri., Jan. 23 

SPRING SEMESTER 

Mon., Jan. 28 



Tues., Jan. 29 
Thurs., Feb. 7 
Fri.-Sun., Feb. 22-24 
Sat., Mar. 15 
Mon., Mar. 24 
Tues., Mar. 25 
Tues., April 8 
Fn., April 11 



17-18 



Thurs. -Fri., Ay 
Fri., May 9 

Mon.-Fri., May 12-16 
Mon.-Fri., May 12-16 
Sat., May 17 
Sun., May 18 
Mon., May 19 
Mon., May 26 

SUMMER TERM 

May 27-July 18 
May 27-June 20 
lune 2 3 -July 18 



Freshmen arrive. Students check-in before 3:00 p.m. Ceremony of Lights 

Autumn Tenn begins. 

Fall semester 2007 Freshman registration begins. 

End of Autumn Term. 



Orientation and move-in for new students. Mentor assignments, registration. 

Residence houses cipen for returning students at 9:00 a.m. Check-in tor Fall semester. 

Fall semester begins at 8:00 a.m. 

Opening Convocation, 1:30 p.m. 

End of drop/add period for Fall semester courses. 

Fall recess (it not needed to make up class days). 

Winter Term/Spring semester 2008 registration begins at 10:00 p.m. 

Last day to withdraw from Fall semester courses with W grade, 

or change from audit to credit. 

Thanksgiving holiday, no classes. 

Last day of classes. 

Examination period. 

All students mtist vacate residence halls 24 hours atter last exam. 

Christmas rece.ss begins. Residence houses close at noon. 



Residence houses open at 9:00 a.m. 

New student registration/orientation tor Winter Tenn. 

Check-in for retummg students registered for Wiiiter Term. 

Winter Term begins. All on-campus projects meet first day of Winter Term . 

Last day to enter Winter Term; end of drop/add period; last day tor change of project. 

Last day to withdraw from Winter Tenn with W grade. 

Martin Luther King day, no classes. 

First comprehensive examination period. 

Winter Term ends. 



Residence houses open at 9:00 a.m. for new and returning students. 

New student orieiitation. 

Spring semester check-in tor returning students who did not attend Winter Term. 

Spring semester begins at 8:00 a.m. 

End of drop/add period tor Spring semester courses. 

Family Weekend. 

Spring recess begiiis. 

Students return. 

Classes resume at 8:00 a.m. 

Fall semester 2008 registration begins at 10:00 p.m. 

Last day to withdraw from Spring semester courses with W grade, 

or change from audit to credit. 

Second comprehensive examination period. 

Last day of classes. 

Examinatioti period. 

Non-graduates must vacate residence halls 24 hours after last exam. 

Baccalaureate. Residence houses ck)se at noon for non-Seniors. 

Commeiicement. 

Residence houses close at noon for graduates. 

Memorial Day - holiday. 



Summer term. 
Session A. 
Session B. 



142 



INDEX (Courses and Programs are listed in italics.) 



Academic Areas 6, 18, 20 

Academic Calendar 5, 141 

Academic Credit 22 

Academic Minor 29 

Academic Policies 18 

Academic Program 5 

Academic Progress Standards 24 

Academic Review Committee 24 

Academy of Senior Professionals 17 

Accreditation 1 

Add/Drop 26, 141 

Administration 138 

Admission 120 

Early Admission 122 

Equivalency Certificates 121 

Freshman 120 

International Students 123 

Policy 120 

Procedures after Acceptance 121 

Transfer Students 120 

Adult Education 16 

Advanced Placement 122 

Afro-American Society 117 

Alumni Association 17 

Amencan Stupes 29 

Anthropology 31 

Area of Concentration/Vlajor 19, 22 

Art 33 

Art Histcrry 36 

Athletics^ 119 

Attendance 24 

Auditing Classes 26 

Autumn Term 5, 8 

Bachelor of Arts Degree 18 

Bachelor of Science Degree 19 

Behavioral Science, Collegium ot 8, 37 

Billing and Payment Methods 131 

Biochemistry (see Chemistry) 37 

Bwlngy 37 

Board of Trustees 140 

Biismess Admmisti-ation 40 

Calendar, Academic 5, 141 

Campus Activities 116 

Campus Lite 115 

Career Resources 13 

Centet for the Applied Liheral Arts (CALA) 13 

Center for Spiritual Life 117 

Chemistry 40 

Chinese 42 

Classical Hwrumities 43 

Co-Curricular Program 10 

Co-Curricular Transcript 11 

College Entrance Examinations 120 

College Leave 25 

College Level Examination Program (CLEP) 122 

College Program Series 19, 117 

Collegium Concept 7 



Commitments 2 

Faculty to Students 2 

General Education 3 

Honor Pledge 4 

Human Relationships 5 

Individual Development 2 

Integration of Liberal Arts and 

Career Preparation 3 

Pace-Setting Institution 4 

Shared Commitment 4 

Spiritual Life 2 

Communication 44 

Comparative Cultures, Collegium ot 8 

Compararii'e Literature 46 

Composition 46 

Comprehensive Examinations 19 

Computational Science 47 

Computer Science 47 

Costs 129 

Counseling Services 119 

Course and Major Descriptions 29 

Course Requirements 18 

Course Numbers and Letters Explanation 29 

Creative Arts, Collegium of 9, 49 

Creative Writing 50 

Credit, Academic 22 

Ctedit Thiough Testing 122 

Cultural Acti\ities and Entertainment 117 

Day Students 119 

Dean's List 25 

Deferred Admission 122 

Degree Requirements, B.A 18 

Degree Requirements, B.S 19 

Degrees Offered 18 

Demonstrated Proficiency 23 

Directed Study 22, 131 

Directed Study Courses 51 

Dismissal, Academic 24, 25 

Drop/Add 26, 141 

Early Admission 122 

East Asian Stiukes 51 

Economics 52 

Employment on Campus 127 

Engineenng Dual Degree Progiwn 11,54 

Entertainment and Cultural Activities 117 

EnnronmentijI Perspective Courses 18,55 

Eni'ironmental Studies 55 

Examination, Comptehensive 19 

Expenses 129 

Experienced Learners, Program for 16 

Experiential and Community-Based Learning 13 

Faculty 133 

Fees 129 

FERPA 27 

Film Studies 57 



143 



1NL)EX (Courses and Programs are listed in italics.) 



Finance 58 

Financial Aid 124 

Applying for Financial Aid 128 

Directed/Independent Study 131 

Employment 127 

Grants 125 

Loans 126 

Renewals 128 

Scholarships 124 

Tuition Retund Policy 132 

Veterans' Benefits 127 

Withdrawal Refund 132 

Ford Apprentice Scholars Program 20, 58 

Foreign Language Competency 18 

Foundations Collegium 8 

French 59 

Gender and Women's Studies 113 

General Education 6 

Geography 60 

Geology 60 

German 60 

Global Affairs and International Relations 72 

Global Perspective Courses 18, 61 

Grading System 23 

Graduation Requirements 18, 25 

Grants 125 

Health Insurance 131 

Health Services 118 

History 61 

Honor Pledge 4 

Honors at Graduation 26 

Honors Program 20, 64 

Honor Societies 21 

Hough Center 1 16 

Human Development 65 

Humanities 67 

Incomplete Grades 23 

Independent Study 22, 131 

Information Technology Competency 18 

Information Technology Services 11 

/nterdisciplimiry Arts 9,67 

International Baccalaureate 123 

Interruitional Business 68 

International Education 14 

International Education Courses 70 

International Students 15 

International Student Admission 123 

/ntemational Relatiom and Global Affairs 72 

Inteiixational Studies 73 

Insurance 131 

Interview, Admission 121 

Italian 74 

Japanese 74 

Latin 75 

Law and Justice 75 

Leadership Studies 75 

Letters, Collegium of 9 

Library 10 

144 



Literature 75 

Loans 126 

Loridon Offerings 70 

London Study Centre 79 

Majors and Areas of Concentration 19, 22 

Major and Course Descriptions 29 

Manageinent 79 

Marine Science 83 

Mathematics 87 

Meal Plans 129 

Medical Technology 88 

Mentors 5 

Minor, Academic 29 

Modem Languages 89 

Music 89 

Natural Sciences, Collegium of 9, 91 

Oft-Campus Programs 14 

Oral Competency 12, 18 

Organizations and Clubs 117 

Payment Methods 131 

Perspective courses 18,55,58,61 

P/i!losopli:y 92 

Physical Education 94 

Physics 94 

Policies, Academic 18 

Political Science 96 

Pre-Professional Programs 11 

Probation, Academic 24, 25 

Program far Experienced Learners 16 

Psychology 99 

Public Information 28 

Quantitative Competency 18 

Quest for Meaning 19, 101 

Rahall Communication Program 12 

Readmission of Students 123 

Recreation Center 116 

Refunds 132 

Registration 26 

Religious Life 117 

Religibits Studies 101 

Requirements tor Degree 

Academic Area Courses 18 

Autumn Term 18 

College Program Series 19 

Comprehensive Examination/Thesis 19 

Foreign Language Competency 18 

Information Technology Competency 18 

Major/Area of Concentration 18 

Oral Competency 18 

Perspective Courses 18 

Quantitative Competency 18 

Residency 18 

Transfer Students 19 

Western Heritage in a Global Context 18 

Winter Term 18 

Writing Competency 18 



Residence Lite 116 

Residency Requirement 18 

Resident Adviser Internship (see Creative Arts) 49 

Room and Board 129 

ROTC 12,104 



St. Petersburg, the City 115 

Satisfactory Academic Progress 24 

Scholarships 124 

Sea Semester 14, 106 

Semester Abroad 14,70 

Senior Comprehensives, Theses, Projects 19 

Sociology 107 

Spanish 109 

Special Academic Programs 11 

Suitistics 110 

Student Government 1 16 

Student Life 115 

Student Publications 117 

Student Record Policy 27 

Student Rights under FERPA 27 

Summer Term 15 

Summer Term Abroad 14 



Theatre 110 

Theses, Senior 19 

Transfer Student Admission 120 

Transfer of Credit 22, 121 

Transfer Student Requirements 19, 120 

Tuition and Fees 129 

Tuition Refund Policy 132 

Veterans' Benefits 127 

Visual Art5 (see Art) 33 



Waterfront Program 118 

Westeni Heritage m a Gbbal Context 6, 8, 1 8, 1 1 2 

Winter Term 6, 18 

Winter Term Abroad 14 

Withdrawal and Financial Aid 131 

Withdrawal from College 25, 131 

Withdrawal Grades 23 

Women's and Gerukr Studies 113 

Writing Center 12, 18 

Writing Competency 12, 18 

Writing Workshop (see Creative Writing) 50 



Year Abroad 14 



145 



Maximo 
Park 



Frenchman's 
Creek 




Only from a campus visit can you judge it the school and your expectations "fit." 

Plan to take a campus tour, sit in on a class, visit with our professors and students, and 
take time to see the area. 

Also, try to visit when classes are in session. Check the academic calendar before 
planning your visit. We ask only one thing of you: Give us some advance notice of 
your arrival. Call or email - the Admission staff will be happy to work with you. 

The Office of Admission is open from 8:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Monday through Friday. 

For best results, please direct all conespondence prior to your acceptance to the 
Office of Admission. 



146 



EcKERD College 

Office of Admission, Franklin Templeton Building 

4200 54th Avenue South, St. Petersburg, Florida 33711 

Telephone (727) 867-1166 or (800) 456-9009 

www.eckerd.edu admissions@eckerd.edu 






M 




EcKERD College 



www.eckerd.edu